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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty| ▸ |Constans II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

Joint rule with Heraclonas (his uncle), September - October 641 A.D.
Joint rule with Constantine IV (his son), 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.
Joint rule with Constantine IV, Heraclius and Tiberius (his sons), 2 June 659 - 15 July 668 A.D.

The son of Heraclius Constantine, Constans II was made co-emperor by his uncle, Heraclonas. He officialy ruled as Constantine. Constans was a nickname first used in Byzantine texts. Later in life, he was called Constans II Pogonatos, "the Bearded." Shortly after his elevation, the unpopular Heraclonas was deposed, mutilated and banished. During the reign of Constans II, Egypt was lost and would never again be part of the empire. Unpopular in Constantinople, near the end of his reign, he moved his capital to Syracuse, Sicily. Due to this unpopular move and his tyrannical behavior, he was assassinated in 668 and the capital was returned to Constantinople. He was succeeded by his sons, with Constantine IV assuming the role as senior emperor.
Map of Europe 650 AD

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II,| |September| |641| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||follis|
According to Sebeos' account, it was Valentinus, a general of Armenian origin, who engineered the fall and mutilation of Martina and Heraklonas, and imposed Constans II as the sole Byzantine emperor. Early in 642, Valentinus was appointed commander-in-chief of the Byzantine army, he was also rendered quasi-imperial honors - most notably he was allowed to wear the imperial purple, and his daughter Fausta was married to the young Constans II and proclaimed Augusta. In 643 and 644, Valentinus led a campaign against the Arabs but his army was routed and he reportedly panicked and fled, leaving his treasury to be captured by the Arabs. In 644 or 645, Valentinus appeared at Constantinople with a contingent of troops, and demanded to be crowned emperor. The people of the capital and the leading men of the state, Patriarch Paul II foremost, rejected his claim. A mob lynched his envoy Antoninos and then killed Valentinus.
BZ111906. Bronze follis, cf. DOC II-2 60a, Wroth BMC 105, Tolstoi 144, Morrisson BnF 13/Cp/AE/04, SBCV 1000, Sommer 12.45, Hahn MIB 162, Ratto -, F, centered, highlighting earthen deposits, hexagon flan, weight 4.244 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 642 - 643 A.D.; obverse EN TouTO NIKA (In this, be victorious, ou ligate), Constans standing facing, beardless, wearing crown with cross and chlamys, long staff surmounted by globus cruciger in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse large m (40 nummi), cross above, A/N/A downward on left, N/E/O/ς/[ς?] downward on right (last two letters in exergue); AII (1st officina, regnal year 2) in exergue on left; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II| |and| |Constantine| |IV,| |13| |April| |654| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||solidus|
In 659, Constans II signed a peace treaty with the Rashidun Caliphate. He used the pause to strengthen his defenses and consolidate Byzantine control over Armenia. Constans established the themata; dividing territorial command in Anatolia.
SH73336. Gold solidus, Hahn MIB 69; Ratto 1595; DOC II-2 124 (not in the collection, refs Ratto); SRCV 1042; Morrisson BnF -; Wroth BMC -; et al. -, VF, small thick flan with most obverse legend off flan as is normal for the type, weight 4.384 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 659 - 660 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANT (or similar), facing busts of Constans II, on left, with long beard and moustache, holding globus cruciger in right, and Constantine IV, beardless, each wearing crown with cross and chlamys, pellet between heads; reverse VICTO-R AΣ Γ (Carthage indictional year 3), cross potent on three steps, star(?) in left field, CONOB in exergue; we believe this is only the 3rd known example of this type with the star(?) left; extremely rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constans II and Constantine IV, 13 April 654 - 15 July 668 A.D.

|Constans| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constans| |II| |and| |Constantine| |IV,| |13| |April| |654| |-| |15| |July| |668| |A.D.||solidus|
In 662, Constans II invaded south Italy.
SH56768. Gold solidus, Wroth BMC 57; Tolstoi 301; DOC II-2 30e (not in collection, refs W. & T.); Morrisson BnF - (p. 339, same); Hahn MIB 31; Sommer 12.23; SBCV 964, EF, sharp and lustrous, weight 4.381 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 661 - 663 A.D.; obverse [legend fragmentary], facing busts of Constans & Constantine IV, Constans wears plumed helmet, Constantine a helmet with cross, small cross between heads; reverse VICTORIA AVGU S (victory of the Emperor, 6th officina), cross potent on three steps between Heraclius (left) and Tiberius standing facing, each wears crown and chlamys and holds globus cruciger in right, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD










REFERENCES

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Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini, Volume 3: Heraclius - Leo III (610 - 720). (Vienna, 1981).
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Metlich, M. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Ricotti-Prina, D. "La monetazione siciliana nell'epoca bizantina" in Numismatica 16 (1950), pp. 26 - 60.
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