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Celtic and Other Tribes

This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. Temple of Fortuna


British Celts, Tribes South of the Thames, Atrebates and Regni, Tincommius, c. 30 B.C. - 10 A.D.

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At the time of Caesar's invasion of Britain, the Atrebates, "the settlers," covered Sussex, Berkshire, west Surrey, parts of Hampshire, north-east Wiltshire. The Regni, originally Regini, "the stiff ones," occupied Sussex in Roman times.
CE91998. Silver unit, Cottam ABC 1127, Bean TIN4-8, Van Arsdell 371, SCBC 88, VF, toned, scyphate, crudely engraved dies (as normal for the type), weight 1.268 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, southern mint, 1 - 10 A.D.; obverse star with six rays and central pellet, blundered DIVVS IVLIVS across between the rays, pellets between other rays; reverse boy riding dolphin right, TINC below; ex CNG e-auction 328 (11 Aug 2010), lot 698; $120.00 (€105.60)
 


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Alexander the Great and Phillip III, c. 319 - 250 B.C.

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Many Celtic coins copy Greek and Roman types. Some of these imitatives, such as this coin, closely resemble their prototypes. This coin is very similar to Macedonian Kingdom drachms struck with in the name of Alexander the Great with his usual types - "Alexandrine" type drachms. This coin copies an Alexandrine drachm struck for Alexander's brother and successor, Philip III, at Colophon, c. 323 - 319 B.C. It has the same controls as this Philip drachm type, but the inscription on this imitative is Alexander's, not Philip's.
CE92913. Silver drachm, cf. prototype Price P48 (Philip III, Colophon, 323 - 319), VF, porous and grainy, weight 3.088 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, tribal mint, c. 319 - 250 B.C.; obverse stylized head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus seated left on throne, diademed, right leg drawn back, eagle in right hand, long scepter in left hand, blundered ΠA monogram (control) left, B (control) under throne, inscription imitative of AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on the right; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Celt-Iberian, Bolskan, Iberia, c. 150 - 90 B.C.

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Bolskan (modern Huesca, Spain) was the capital of the Iberian Vescetani tribe, located in Hispania Tarraconensis, about 65 km north of the Ebro River, on the road from Tarraco (modern Tarragona) and Ilerda (modern Lleida) to Caesaraugusta (modern Zaragoza). For six years Bolskan was the capital of Quintus Sertorius, the renegade Roman general and Iberian hero who took control of Spain, defeating all the Roman armies sent to remove him, until he was assassinated in 72 B.C. In 37 B.C., the city was refounded as a Roman colony, Urbs Victrix Osca.
GB92160. Bronze AE 26, Villaronga-Benages 1415 (R3), Alvarez-Burgos 1918, SNG BM 734, SNG Lorichs 814, F, broad flan, corrosion, weight 11.526 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 45o, Bolskan (Huesca, Spain) mint, c. 150 - 90 B.C.; obverse bearded male head right, curly hair, dolphin head down behind; reverse horseman galloping right, couched spear in right hand, reins in left hand, star if five rays around central pellet above, Iberian legend "BoLSCaN" above ground line below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; $40.00 (€35.20)
 


Belgic Celts, Bellovaci, c. 100 - 57 B.C.

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The Bellovaci, among the most powerful and numerous of the Belgian tribes of north-eastern Gaul, were conquered by Julius Caesar in 57 B.C. The name survives today in the French city of Beauvais, called by the Romans Caesaromagus. The Bellovaci territory extended from modern Beauvais to the Oise River, along the coast. When Caesar learned the Bellovaci intended to conquer the territory of their Suessiones neighbors, he decided to oppose them and prove Roman superiority. The Bellovaci were surprised by the arrival of Roman troops but, despite his force of about 30,000 men, Caesar was intimidated by the size of the Bellovaci forces. Neither initiated battle. The Belgic warriors set traps in the woods for Roman foragers. Caesar called for reinforcements and built a bridge across a marsh to position his troops within range of the Bellovaci camp. The Bellovaci retreated and then attempted an ambush. Caesar learned of their plan and had reinforcements ready to attack, but the Bellovaci were defeated and their general Correus killed, even before he arrived. After the battle, the Bellovaci were impressed by Caesar's clemency but some of their leaders fled to Britain. Belgae_Map
CE92095. Bronze AE 16, cf. Delestrée-Tache I 307, CCCBM III 1, Scheers Traité 601, De la Tour 7276, VF, attractive olive green patina, obverse off center, weight 2.676 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 270o, c. 100 - 57 B.C.; obverse figure running right, ornaments around; reverse human-headed horse galloping right, one large globule above and another below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; rare; $230.00 (€202.40)
 


Gallic Celts, Sequani, c. 58 - 50 B.C., Time of Caesar's Gallic Wars

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In 71 B.C., the Sequani hired the Germanic Suebi under Ariovistus to cross the Rhine and help them defeat the Aedui. The Sequani were worse off after their victory - Ariovistus deprived them of a third of their territory, threatened to take another third, and subjugated them into semi-slavery. The Sequani appealed to Caesar, who drove back the Germanic tribesmen in 58 B.C., but at the same time obliged the Sequani to surrender all that they had gained from the Aedui. This so exasperated the Sequani that they joined in the revolt of Vercingetorix in 52 B.C. and shared in the defeat at Alesia. The Sequani refused to join the Gallic revolt against Rome in 69 A.D. and drove out rebels who invaded their territory. In recognition for their loyal service, Vesontio (Besancon) was made a Roman colony.Gaul
CE89066. Silver quinarius, CCBM II 346, Delestrée-Tache 3245, De la Tour 5405, Forrer 204, VF, toned, strike a bit flat, typical tight flan, weight 1.895 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 105o, Vesontio (Besancon, France) mint, c. 58 - 50 B.C.; obverse helmeted head left (Roma?), Q DOCI (Quintus Docirix) before counterclockwise; reverse bridled horse galloping left, Q DO[CI] (Quintus Docirix) above, [SAM F] (Samulali Filius, AM ligate) below; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins; $140.00 (€123.20)
 


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46736. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type D4A; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, minor pitting, weight 8.047 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 45o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, stylized dolphin ornaments between the prongs and flanking shaft, incomplete inscription of a few blundered letters; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46737. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type E1C; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, grainy, weight 7.437 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, stylized dolphin ornaments between prongs and flanking shaft, blundered inscription similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46738. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type E1C; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, well centered, small edge cracks, weight 7.721 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 168 - 31 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, stylized dolphin ornaments between prongs, monograms flanking shaft, blundered inscription similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46740. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type F6B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, very crude, weight 7.541 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, tribal mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, dashes imitating monograms and inscription; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46741. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type E1C; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, green patina, weight 7.689 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, bar across near base of prongs, stylized dolphin ornaments and flanking shaft, blundered inscription similar to MAKE∆ONΩN; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $85.00 (€74.80)
 




  






REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Friday, October 18, 2019.
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Celtic Coins