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Celtic Coins and Ancient Tribal Coinage

This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. These tribes struck coins from the late 4th century B.C. until the late 1st century B.C. They were introduced to coinage by the Greeks, with whom the traded, and for whom they sometimes worked as mercenaries. Tribal coins often copied Greek designs, especially Macedonian coins from the time of Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great. Some became increasingly abstract over time. Map of Celtic Territiory

Celtic, Lot of 4 Ring Money, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Lot| |of| |4| |Ring| |Money,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT97822. Bronze Ring Money, 4 plain rings, cf. Victoor I - 1b, Alvarez-Burgos P15, c. 21 - 23.5 mm diameter, $50.00 (€46.00)
 


Thracian Kings, Kavaros, c. 230 - 218B.C.

|Thracian| |Tribes|, |Thracian| |Kings,| |Kavaros,| |c.| |230| |-| |218B.C.||AE| |18|
Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB96886. Bronze AE 18, SNG Black Sea 195; BMC Thrace p. 207, 1; SNG Stancomb 304 var. (slightly different monogram); SNG Cop 1175 var. (same); HGC 3.2 1357 (S), VF, green patina, some light corrosion, reverse off center, weight 6.104 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle (Kabile, Bulgaria) mint, c. 240/230 - 218/213 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse Nike standing left, crowning name wreath in right hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right KAYAPOY downward on left, KTI monogram inner left; ex Trusted Coins; scarce; $120.00 (€110.40)
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
 
CE96110. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 59; Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., Garcia-Bellido 393; 1.704gm, 13.0mm long, weight 6.063 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, c. 300 - 150 B.C.; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $80.00 (€73.60)
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
 
CE96111. Hacksilver fragment, perhaps from a disk ingot; cf. Kim and Kroll 59; Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., 20.883g, 21.1mm long, c. 300 - 150 B.C.; $220.00 (€202.40)
 


Iberia, Bronze Bar Ingot, 1st Century B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Bronze| |Bar| |Ingot,| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||Bar| |Ingot|
 
GA96512. Bronze Bar Ingot, Alvarez-Burgos P35, 12.536g, 23.2mm long , 1st Century B.C.; $50.00 (€46.00)
 


Gallic Celts, Uncertain (Lemovices?), c. 100 - 50 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Uncertain| |(Lemovices?),| |c.| |100| |-| |50| |B.C.||obol|
The tribe and mint that issued this obol type are unknown, but the Lemovices struck quinarii with similar types, including a human head above the horse on the reverse. It is possible the Lemovices also issued this rare type.
CE89067. Silver obol, Delestrée-Tache 3699; cf. CCBM II S404 ff., De la Tour 4561 (Lemovices, severed head series quinarii), F, well centered, toned, etched surfaces, weight 0.633 g, maximum diameter 10.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 100 - 50 B.C.; obverse female head right in classic style; reverse horse galloping right, small human head right above; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; rare; $175.00 (€161.00)
 


Iberia, Hackgold and Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Hackgold| |and| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||Lot|
 
CE96076. Mixed Lot, See Maria Paz Garcia-Bellido (2011), "Hackgold and Hacksilber in protomonetary Iberia", one piece of gold hackgold (2.28g) and two pieces of hacksilver (2.27 and 1.23g), all found in Spain, three pieces in lot; $490.00 (€450.80)
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|
 
CE95745. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 70; Van Alfen Hacksilber 50, cut on three sides from an ingot; 11.75g, 24.1mm long, weight 11.752 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, $130.00 (€119.60)
 


Gallic Celts, Carnutes, Beauce Area, c. 41 - 30 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Gallic| |Celts,| |Carnutes,| |Beauce| |Area,| |c.| |41| |-| |30| |B.C.||piastre|
The helmeted bust on the obverse is derived from that of Minerva on the Roman Republic denarius of C. Vibius Varus, 42 B.C. (Crawford 494/38, Sydenham 1140).
CE89589. Bronze piastre, CCBM III 119, De la Tour 7105, Delestrée-Tache 2473, Scheers S-M 324 ff., Blanchet 274, aVF, green patina with darker fields, some bumps and scratches, light corrosion, weight 2.923 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 270o, c. 41 - 30 B.C.; obverse PIXTILOS, helmeted head left, the neck adorned with a torque, branch left, ornaments above; reverse PIXTILOS, lion running left, tail curled above the back, two ringed pellets above, stylized bird right below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; scarce; $200.00 (€184.00)
 


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Philip II of Macedonia, "Dachreiter" Type, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Eastern| |Celts,| |Imitative| |of| |Philip| |II| |of| |Macedonia,| |"Dachreiter"| |Type,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
Although the body and head of the horseman on the prototype drachm of Philip III of Macedonia have been replaced by an S-shaped line over three pellets, the horseman's leg can still be found on the side of the horse!
SH89462. Silver tetradrachm, Göbl OTA tf. 15, 170/4; Lanz 448, aVF, light toning, reverse slightly off center, light marks, weight 11.953 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus right; reverse stylized horseman prancing left, rider's head and body reduced to an S-shaped line over three pellets, leg of horseman on side of the horse; $400.00 (€368.00)
 




  






REFERENCES|

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Paulsen, R. Die Münzprägung der Boier. (Leipzig/Wien, 1933).
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Scheers, S. Monnaies Gauloises de Seine-Maritime. (Rouen, 1978).
Scheers, S. Traité de numismatique celtique, II, La Gaule Belgique. (Louvain, 1983).
Sills, J. Gaulish and Early British Gold Coinage. (London, 2003).
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Van Arsdell, R. Celtic Coinage of Britain. (London, 1989).
Victoor, R. Roulles Celtes et Objets Assimilés. (Rosendaël-lez-Dunkerque, 1989).
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Ziegaus, B. Das Geld der Kelten und ihrer Nachbarn: Sammlung Josef Schörghuber. (Munich, 1994).
Ziegaus, B. Kelten Geld: Münzen der Kelten und angrenzender nichtgriechisher Völkerschaften. Sammlung Flesche. (Munich, 2010).


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