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Celtic Coins and Ancient Tribal Coinage

This page offers coins of the Celtic tribes, as well as coins of Iberian, German, Thracian, Paenonian, Illyrian, Dacian, Gaete, and other European tribes. These tribes struck coins from the late 4th century B.C. until the late 1st century B.C. They were introduced to coinage by the Greeks, with whom the traded, and for whom they sometimes worked as mercenaries. Tribal coins often copied Greek designs, especially Macedonian coins from the time of Philip II of Macedon and his son, Alexander the Great. Some became increasingly abstract over time. Map of Celtic Territiory

Iberia, Hacksilver, Solid Lunate Earring, c. 650 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Hacksilver,| |Solid| |Lunate| |Earring,| |c.| |650| |-| |150| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|NEW
The lunate earring type, characterized by a solid crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop, is the most basic and popular form of earring found in Bronze and Iron Age contexts. The earliest know were found at Ur and date to the third millennium B.C. They are very often found in hacksilver hoards, indicating that they were a bullion medium of exchange. The referenced examples and others known to Forum are all from the East and are under 2 grams. This much larger and heavier example was found in Iberia. Perhaps it was produced locally or perhaps it was brought to the region by Phoenician trade.
CE96102. Silver Ring Money, cf. Gitler Hacksilber 24 ff. (Samaria, late 4th c. B.C.); Golani-Sass Fig. 10, 1 - 2 (Tel Miqne-Ekron, Canaan, 7th c. B.C.) , weight 7.044 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, solid silver, crescentric body in a tapered bent over hoop; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; photos are of both sides, ONE earring; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|NEW
GA96108. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 59; Van Alfen Hacksilber 53 ff., Garcia-Bellido 393, weight 4.271 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, a typical example, cut to the weight equal to one Attic drachm; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00
 


Iberia, Celtic, Ring Money, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Iberia,| |Celtic,| |Ring| |Money,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|NEW
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
CE96109. Bronze Ring Money, cf. Victoor I - 1b, Alvarez-Burgos P15; found in Spain, VF, very unusual with casting seam around outside edge and decorative punches around on both sides, weight 6.063 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, $30.00 SALE |PRICE| $27.00
 


Iberia, Hackgold and Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Hackgold| |and| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||Lot|NEW
 
CE96112. Mixed Lot, See Maria Paz Garcia-Bellido (2011), "Hackgold and Hacksilber in protomonetary Iberia", one very tiny piece of hackgold (0.22g), and one similar tiny piece of hacksilver (0.39g) both found in Spain, two pieces in lot; $180.00 (€165.60)
 


Iberia, Hackgold and Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Hackgold| |and| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||Lot|NEW
 
CE96076. Mixed Lot, See Maria Paz Garcia-Bellido (2011), "Hackgold and Hacksilber in protomonetary Iberia", one piece of gold hackgold (2.28g) and two pieces of hacksilver (2.27 and 1.23g), all found in Spain, three pieces in lot; $550.00 SALE |PRICE| $495.00
 


Iberian Celts, Hacksilver, c. 300 - 150 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberian| |Celts,| |Hacksilver,| |c.| |300| |-| |150| |B.C.||fragment|NEW
 
CE95745. Hacksilver fragment, cf. Kim and Kroll 70; Van Alfen Hacksilber 50, cut on three sides from an ingot; 11.75g, 24.1mm long, weight 11.752 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
 


Celtic, Ring Money, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Ring| |Money,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
CE96777. Bronze Ring Money, plain ring, cf. Victoor I - 1b, Alvarez-Burgos P15, VF, green patina, weight 4.670 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, found at Sutton-on-the-Forest, North of York, UK; $30.00 SALE |PRICE| $27.00
 


Celtic, Ring Money, Lot of 18 Small Rings, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Ring| |Money,| |Lot| |of| |18| |Small| |Rings,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
LT96527. Bronze Ring Money, 18 plain small rings, cf. Victoor I - 1b, Alvarez-Burgos P15, 15 - 21mm diameter, $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 


Celtic, Lot of 4 Ring Money, c. 800 - 100 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Celtic,| |Lot| |of| |4| |Ring| |Money,| |c.| |800| |-| |100| |B.C.||Ring| |Money|
Ring money of bronze, of silver, and of gold was used by the Celts in trade from Ireland to the Danube region. The dating of Celtic ring money is uncertain. Some authorities date the use of ring money from as early as 800 B.C. and it may have been used as late as 100 B.C. Some believe the bronze rings are actually just strap fittings, not a trade currency. Bronze rings are, however, sometimes found in quite large hoards and, in Spain, they are sometimes found with silver bar and disk ingots, and with 2nd century B.C. denarii of the Roman Republic. Undoubtedly they were used as fittings but they were also undoubtedly used as a store of wealth and for trade.
CE96526. Bronze Ring Money, plain rings, cf. Victoor I - 1b, Alvarez-Burgos P15, c. 27 mm diameter, $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.00
 


Pannonian Celts, Eravisci, Middle Danube, Imitative of Roman Republic, c. 74 - 40 B.C.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Pannonian| |Celts,| |Eravisci,| |Middle| |Danube,| |Imitative| |of| |Roman| |Republic,| |c.| |74| |-| |40| |B.C.||imitative| |denarius|
The die wear indicates a large number of this type was struck. On some examples the reverse legend appears to match the Roman original, POSTVMI / TA (TA ligate). On this specimen and another handled by Forum, it is blundered and appears to read SIVSAV / A. The Roman Republic prototype, struck by the moneyer C. Postumius, commemorated prayers at the shrine of Diana before the Battle of Lake Regillus, when the moneyer's ancestor, A. Postumius Albus Regillensis, was a consul. The hound was the companion of Diana the Huntress. See Phil Davis' website, "Imitations of Roman Republican Denarii" - https://rrimitations.ancients.info/
SH95314. Silver imitative denarius, cf. Freeman Eraviscan 24; Davis class B, group II, E15; Chitescu 173; for Roman Republic C. Postumius prototype see Crawford 394/1, VF, although it appears worn, this coin is nearly as struck with very worn crude dies, weight 3.469 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, c. 74 - 40 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Diana right, bow and quiver over shoulder; reverse hound bounding right, wearing collar, hunting spear below, remnants of legend POSTVMI TA (TA ligate) in exergue; rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00
 




  






REFERENCES|

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