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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Hellenistic Monarchies| ▸ |Indo-Greek Kingdoms||View Options:  |  |  | 

Indo-Greek Kingdoms

Alexander's successors in India became increasingly isolated and eventually became an island of Hellenic people, completely cut off from their western kinsman. Surrounded on all sides, they succumbed to the superior numbers of local people and disappeared from history.

Indo-Greek Kingdom, Menander I Soter, 155 - 130 B.C.

|Indo-Greek| |Kingdoms|, |Indo-Greek| |Kingdom,| |Menander| |I| |Soter,| |155| |-| |130| |B.C.||chalkous|
Menander is the most important Greek king who ruled in India and the only Greek king mentioned in Indian literature. Tradition maintains he was a wise and powerful King, who converted to Buddhism. This is further evidenced by his later coin legends which translate, "follower of the Dharma."
WA97503. Bronze chalkous, Bopearachchi Série 28E, Mitchiner IGIS Type 240a, SNG ANS 923 ff., SNG Cop 310, Mitchiner ACW -, VF, dark green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, areas of corrosion, weight 3.479 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, chief workshop, Pushkalavati mint, 155 - 130 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ MENAN∆POΣ, elephant head right, trunk raised, bell suspended from neck; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa Tratarasa Menandrasa (Great King Savior Menander), club of Herakles, vertical, handle down, monogram lower left, A lower right; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $70.00 (€57.40)
 


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Baktria, Antialkidas Nikephoros, c. 130 - 120 B.C.

|Indo-Greek| |Kingdoms|, |Indo-Greek| |Kingdom,| |Baktria,| |Antialkidas| |Nikephoros,| |c.| |130| |-| |120| |B.C.||AE| |22|
Brahmi is the modern name for a writing system of ancient India. The Brahmi script appeared in South Asia in the third century B.C. Its descendants, Brahmic scripts, continue to be in use today in South Asia and also in Southeast Asia.
GB95884. Bronze AE 22, HGC 12 261 (R2), SNG ANS 1106, Bopearachchi 15a, Fair/Fine, corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 4.467 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Baktria mint, 130 - 120 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ NIKHΦOPOY ANTIAΛKI∆OY, bust of Zeus brandishing thunderbolt; reverse Brahmi: Maharajasa jayadharasa Amtialkidasa (of Great King Antialkidas the Victory-bearer), two caps of Dioskouroi with palm branches in center, monogram below left; from the Michael Arslan Collection; rare; $80.00 (€65.60)
 


Indo-Greek Kingdom, Hippostratos, c. 65 - 55 B.C.

|Indo-Greek| |Kingdoms|, |Indo-Greek| |Kingdom,| |Hippostratos,| |c.| |65| |-| |55| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
The quantity and quality of Hippostratos' coinage indicates a quite powerful king. He seems to have initially fought successfully against the Indo-Scythian invaders led by Azes I. He was, however, ultimately defeated and became the last western Indo-Greek king.
SH56743. Silver tetradrachm, SNG ANS 1624 var. (normal M), Bopearachchi 7 var. (exergue control letter not listed), Mitchiner IGIS 445 var. (same), aVF, weight 9.340 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Hazara(?) mint, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ MEΓAΛOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, IΠΠOΣTPATOY (M as eta), diademed and draped bust right; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharajasa tratarasa mahatasa jayamtasa Hipustratasa, Hippostratos on horseback right, wearing crested helmet and military garb; Kharosthi letters left and in exergue, monogram right; variant not in sources consulted, SNG ANS notes otherwise unpublished for the similar type with a normal M; very rare; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Gréco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Lahiri, A.N. Corpus of Indo-Greek Coins. (Calcutta, 1965).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).

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