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Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt

After Alexander the Great's death, Egypt was administered by Ptolemy, one of his friends and generals. In 305 B.C., Ptolemy crowned himself king, establishing one of the most important and flourishing Hellenistic monarchies. Ptolemaic rule lasted for 275 years, until 30 B.C. The culture was a complex mixture of Egyptian and Greek traditions, best represented by the famous city of Alexandria. All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, while queens regnant were all called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.

Hellenistic Greek, Bronze Relief Ring Fragment, Eastern Mediterranean, 3rd - 1st Century B.C.

|Jewelry|, |Hellenistic| |Greek,| |Bronze| |Relief| |Ring| |Fragment,| |Eastern| |Mediterranean,| |3rd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|NEW
This bronze ring fragment is very similar to the referenced ring fragment in the British Museum, seen to the right. It is clearly the same woman depicted and they are very likely from the same engraver and workshop. The British Museum piece is similarly broken and missing almost the entire hoop. In fact, all known examples of this ring type are broken in this same manner. Perhaps wearing the ring indicated the wearer had the authority of the queen and these rings were officially recalled and made unwearable when this authority expired.ring_fragment
AS90259. cf. BM Collection 1917.0501.1267 (very similar ring fragment), VF, pitting, corrosion, scratches, edge chip, high relief portrait of a woman facing left, draped and wearing her hair in a bun at the back (perhaps a Ptolemaic queen, either Berenike II or Arsinoe II); $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00 ON RESERVE


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IV or Ptolemy V, 222 - 205/4 B.C. or 204 - 180 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |IV| |or| |Ptolemy| |V,| |222| |-| |205/4| |B.C.| |or| |204| |-| |180| |B.C.||AE| |28|NEW
There is not agreement among scholars on the date or reign for this type. Weiser assigns the type to Ptolemy X Alexander, presumably because Alexander would favor his namesake as a type, but notes the attribution is hypothetical. The latest research "A Metrological Survey of Ptolemaic Bronze Coins II: Alexandria First and Second Centuries BC, by Daniel Wolf, in American Journal of Numismatics 2021, Vol. 33, pp. 57 - 119, indicates attribution to Ptolemy IV or Ptolemy V, 222 - 180 B.C. While we are using the latest research, our confidence in the reigns and dates is low.
GP110233. Bronze AE 28, Svoronos 1493 (Ptolemy VI & VIII), SNG Cop 334 (Ptolemy VIII), Noeske 253 (Ptolemy VIII), Weiser 174 (Ptolemy X), Hosking -, aVF, central dimples, obv. edge beveled, weight 16.361 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 222 - 205/4 B.C. or 204 - 180 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right wearing elephant-skin headdress; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings open; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX to Ptolemy XII, 116 - 51 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |to| |Ptolemy| |XII,| |116| |-| |51| |B.C.||diobol|NEW
Cleopatra III was the daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II, a sister to Ptolemy Eupator, Cleopatra Thea, Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, and possibly Berenice. Her father died in 145 B.C. from injuries sustained when falling from his horse during a battle against Alexander Balas. Her uncle Ptolemy VIII became the King of Egypt (again). Ptolemy VIII first married Cleopatra IIIs mother Cleopatra II in 145 B.C., and married Cleopatra III in c. 139 B.C. Cleopatra II rebelled c. 132 B.C. and Cleopatra III fled to Cyprus with her husband in 130 B.C., but was able to return to Alexandria in 127. In c. 124 B.C. Cleopatra III and her husband were joined again by her mother Cleopatra II as joint rulers. After the death of Ptolemy VIII in 116 B.C. Cleopatra III ruled jointly with her mother Cleopatra II and her son Ptolemy IX. Her mother died late into the same year or early into the next year. Cleopatra III expelled Ptolemy IX from Alexandria in 107 B.C. and replaced him as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. After six years of joint rule Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered in 101 B.C. Cleopatra III was succeeded by Ptolemy X, possibly in joint rule with his wife Berenice III, who was Cleopatra III's granddaughter.
GP110237. Bronze diobol, Svoronos 1426; SNG Cop 311; Noeske 216; Weiser 143; BMC Ptolemies p. 106, 31; Hosking 83; SNG Milan 347; Weber 8285, VF, red patina with colorful light deposits, small edge cracks, obverse edge beveled, central dimples, weight 8.172 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 116 - 51 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles standing left, side-by-side, on thunderbolt, heads left, wings closed, double cornucopia left; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00 ON RESERVE


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||hemiobol|NEW
Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GY110319. Bronze hemiobol, Lorber CPE B469, Svoronos 709, SNG Cop 496, BMC Ptolemies p. 53, 70, Weiser 57, Hosking 27; SNG Milan 138; Noeske 96, VF, centered on a broad flan, edge cracks, earthen encrustation on edge, obverse edge beveled, central dimples, weight 6.254 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 330o, Phoenicia, Tyre mint, c. 230 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, club left, no control letters; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II, 116 - 110 B.C. and 109 - 107 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |Soter| |II,| |116| |-| |110| |B.C.| |and| |109| |-| |107| |B.C.||tetradrachm|NEW
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP110329. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1667, Noeske 305, SNG Cop 351, Cohen DCA 60/6, Weiser -, SNG Milan -, Malter -, aVF, well centered and struck, toned, flow lines, weight 13.800 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 112 - 111 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, prominent square chin; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle with wings closed stands half left atop fulmen, LC (year 6) left, ΠA right; $260.00 SALE PRICE $234.00 ON RESERVE


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |II| |Philadelphos,| |285| |-| |246| |B.C.||obol|NEW
Ptolemy II encouraged education, commerce, industry, immigration and trade resulting in a prosperous growing economy. He was the richest monarch of his age.
GP110330. Bronze obol, Lorber CPE B219; Svoronos 439; Weiser 34; SNG Cop 158; SNG Milan 87; BMC Ptolemies p. 57 111; Noeske 67, VF, brown tone, earthen deposits, spots of corrosion, obv. edge beveled, central dimples, weight 10.840 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 270 - 246 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander right, wearing elephant scalp headdress and aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on fulmen (thunderbolt), head left, wings open, ∆ between legs; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00 ON RESERVE


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||obol|
This XP monogram was later used for Christ.

Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GP110232. Bronze obol, Lorber CPE 398, Svoronos 967; SNG Cop 178; Weiser 75; SNG Milan 175; SNG Blackburn 1166, BMC Alexandria p. 55, 93; Noeske -, Hosking -, Choice VF, well centered, toned bare bronze, small encrustations, central dimples, weight 11.463 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 245 - 222 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, filleted cornucopia left, chi-rho monogram between eagle's legs; scarce; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Kyrene, North Africa, Ptolemy Apion, c. 101 - 96 B.C.

|Kyrenaica|, |Kyrene,| |North| |Africa,| |Ptolemy| |Apion,| |c.| |101| |-| |96| |B.C.||quarter-obol|
Ptolemy Apion was a son of Ptolemy VIII, perhaps by an Egyptian concubine. This makes him a half-brother of Ptolemy IX and X. Ptolemy Apion died in 96 B.C., without an heir, leaving his kingdom to the Roman Republic.

According to Butrey, Apion's coinage was nothing but very small change, with a peak about 1.3 grams. Buttrey notes, "the Greek coinage of Cyrenaica, of glorious tradition, ended in the lamentable small bronzes of Apion."
GB110044. Bronze quarter-obol, Buttrey Cyrene 542 - 603, VF, tight flan, dark patina, earthen deposits, weight 1.127 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 101 - 96 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I as Zeus right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, head of Libya or Isis right; ex Naville auction 65 (30 May 2021), lot 111 (part of); ex Richard Plant collection; rare; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, 9 Large Bronze Coins, c. 264 - 204 B.C.

|Greek| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |9| |Large| |Bronze| |Coins,| |c.| |264| |-| |204| |B.C.||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Ptolemy II, AE41 drachm, 66.3g, cf. Svoronos 463.
2) Ptolemy III, AE32 hemidrachm, Svoronos 965.
3) Ptolemy IV, hemidrachm, Svoronos 1127.
4) Ptolemy IV, drachm, Svoronos 1148.
5-9) Ptolemy IV, AE35, Svoronos 974 (4 specimens).
LT96234. Bronze Lot, 9 large bronze coins, c. 33g - 66g, 33.5mm - 39.7mm, average F-VF, with porosity and pitting, c. 264 - 204 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse eagle or two eagles standing on thunderbolt; unattributed, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 9 large bronze coins; $340.00 SALE PRICE $306.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Lot of 11 Scarce Bronzes, 305 - 30 B.C.

|Multiple| |Coin| |Lots|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Lot| |of| |11| |Scarce| |Bronzes,| |305| |-| |30| |B.C.||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor. Types and grades have not been verified by FORVM:
1) Ptolemy I, AE20, Bust of Alexander, Svoronos 220, gF.
2) Ptolemy I, AE15, Cypriot Mint, Svoronos 630, VF, ex Ora Eads Collection.
3) Ptolemy II, imitative issue, Syracuse, Svoronos 610. aVF.
4) Ptolemy IV, AE20, Draped bust of Ptolemy III right, Svoronos 1000, gF/aF, countermark on each side.
5) Ptolemy IV, AE20, Draped bust of Ptolemy III right, Svoronos 1000, aF.
6) Berenike II or Cleopatra I, AE22, Veiled female bust right / Marathos standing, leaning on column, VF, rough, ex Ora Eads Collection.
7) Marathos, AE16, Veiled goddess or Cleopatra I right / prow right, BMC 15-18, VF, ex Ora Eads Collection.
8) Ptolemy IV, AE26, Kyrene, Jugate heads Apollo and Artemis, Svoronos 1137, F, harshly cleaned, obv. pitted, very rare, ex CNG 340 (12 Mar 14), lot 216.
9) Ptolemy VIII, AE12, Kyrene, Eagle left, wings open, Svoronos 1655, VF.
10) Ptolemy XII, AE24, Cypriot Mint, large cornucopia symbol before one eagle standing left, Svoronos 1814, aVF, typical thin flan.
11) Late Ptolemaic, c. 100 B.C., Svoronos 1698 var., VF, skeuomorph central marks.
LT96208. Bronze Lot, Ptolemaic Egypt, 11 scarce bronzes, c. 305 - 30 B.C.; unattributed, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns, 11 coins; $490.00 SALE PRICE $441.00




  






REFERENCES

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