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Roman Coins of the Secessionist Empires

Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RB92992. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 146, SRCV III 11256, Cohen VI 200, Hunter IV - (p. ciii), VF, under-size flan, weight 1.773 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVG (valor of the emperor), helmeted soldier (Virtus or Mars?) standing left, resting right hand on grounded shield, spear vertical behind in left hand; ex Quadriga Ancients (2002); rare; $30.00 (€27.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Oriens is Latin for "east." Literally, it means "rising" from orior, "rise." The use of the word for "rising" to refer to the east (where the sun rises) has analogs from many languages: compare the terms "Levant" (French levant "rising"), "Anatolia" (Greek anatole), "mizrahi" in Hebrew (from "zriha" meaning sunrise), "sharq" in Arabic, and others. The Chinese pictograph for east is based on the sun rising behind a tree and "The Land of the Rising Sun" to refers to Japan. Also, many ancient temples, including the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, were built with their main entrances facing the East. To situate them in such a manner was to "orient" them in the proper direction. When something is facing the correct direction, it is said to have the proper "orientation."
RS91836. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 316, RIC IV 213d, Elmer 568, Cunetio 2454, Schulzki AGK 49, SRCV III 10964, Hunter IV 96 var. (no P), VF, some silvering, flow lines, slightly off center, encrustations, die wear, edge crack, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse ORIENS AVG (the rising sun of the Emperor), Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding sunrise, whip in left hand, P left; $40.00 (€36.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 268, Gallienus was killed by his own senior officers at Mediolanum (Milan) while besieging his rival Aureolus, one of the Thirty Tyrants. Aureolus was murdered in turn by the Praetorian guard.
RA89652. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 97, Cunetio 2453 (511 spec.), Schulzki AGK 53, RSC IV 215c, Elmer 566 (267), RIC V-2 318, SRCV III 10967, VF, excellent centering, nice portrait, much silvering, ragged edge with splits and flan cracks, weight 2.326 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cologne (Germany) mint, 6th series, c. mid - late 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, P in left field; ex Beast Coins; $65.00 (€58.50)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RS89653. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 9, Elmer 586, RIC V-2 287, RSC IV 31a, Mairat 168 - 171, Hunter IV 42, SRCV III 10932, Cunetio -, VF, well centered, traces of silvering, edge a little ragged with small splits and crack, reverse struck with a very worn die, weight 3.184 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse COS IIII (consul for the 4th time), Victory standing right, raising wreath in right hand, long grounded palm frond in right hand before her; ex Beast Coins; $70.00 (€63.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RS89654. Billon antoninianus, Schulzki AGK 9, Elmer 586, RIC V-2 287, RSC IV 31a, Mairat 168 - 171, Hunter IV 42, SRCV III 10932, Cunetio -, VF, well centered, some silvering, edge splits, die wear, weight 2.914 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippina (Cologne) mint, 267 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse COS IIII (consul for the 4th time), Victory standing right, raising wreath in right hand, long grounded palm frond in right hand before her; ex Beast Coins; $70.00 (€63.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 267 A.D., the Goths, originally from Scandinavia, along with the Sarmatians, originally from the area of modern Iran, first invaded the Empire. They ravaged Moesia, Thrace, the Balkans and Greece. In southern Greece, the cities they sacked included Athens, Corinth, Argos and Sparta. An Athenian militia force of 2,000 men, under the historian Dexippus, pushed the invaders north where they were intercepted by the Roman army under Gallienus. Gallienus defeated them near the Nestos River, on the boundary between Macedonia and Thrace.
RS91609. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 331a, RIC V-2 325, Hunter IV 79, Elmer 593, Mairat 143, Schulzki AGK 77, Cunetio 2444, SRCV III 10983, VF, nice white metal, excellent portrait, toned, flow lines, a few tiny encrustations, edges a little ragged, weight 3.175 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right from the front; reverse SAECVLI FELICITAS (era of good fortune), Postumus standing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, transverse spear in right hand, globe in extended left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $90.00 (€81.00)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Londinium (London today), established around 43 A.D., was sacked in 60 A.D. by the Iceni led by queen Boudica, but quickly rebuilt. At the end of the 1st century, Londinium was a cosmopolitan community of merchants from across the Empire and the capital of Roman Britain. In 286, the usurper Carausius declared himself the Emperor of Britain. In 296, Rome invaded and reclaimed Britain from his successor Allectus. Twice British legions rebelled and elected their own emperors, Magnus Maximus in 382 and Constantine III, in 407. Both crossed the channel with their legions and were defeated, leaving Britain largely unprotected. As the Empire declined, Britain became increasingly isolated. In 410, the Romano-British authorities appealed to Honorius for help. He replied that the Britons would have to look after their own defenses, meaning Roman occupation of Britain had ended. Britain was increasingly vulnerable to attack by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisii. By the middle 5th century only a small number of wealthy families maintained a Roman lifestyle. At the end of the 5th century the city was largely an uninhabited ruin.Londinium
RA91642. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 128; RIC V-2 101; Hunter IV 36; SRCV IV 13639A; Cohen VII 193, VF, nice portrait, a little rough, ragged edge, weight 4.774 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 289 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing slightly left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, F - O flanking at sides, ML in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $160.00 (€144.00)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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In 265, Gallienus launched a campaign to defeat Postumus. Postumus escaped the first assault due to the carelessness of Aureolus, Gallienus' cavalry commander. Gallienus led the second campaign himself but was wounded and forced to withdraw. By the end of 265, Postumus' coins proudly announced his victory.
RS91835. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 309, RSC IV 159a, Hunter IV 57, Cunetio 2449, Elmer 563, Mairat 149 - 153, Schulzki AGK 38a, SRCV III 10954, gF/VF, well centered, toned, obverse a little rough, small edge splits, weight 3.859 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, 265 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI STATORI (to Jove who upholds), Jupiter standing slightly left, nude, head right, long scepter in right hand, thunderbolt cradled in left arm; $38.00 (€34.20)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Deusoniensis probably refers to modern Deutz, on the Rhine across from Cologne. Apparently, Hercules was worshiped there and it has been suggested that Postumus was born in the town. From these relatively obscure provincial origins, Postumus would have risen through the ranks of the army until he held command of the Roman forces "among the Celts." What his precise title was is not definitely known, though he may have been promoted by Valerian to imperial legate of Lower Germany. Postumus was evidently in favor at Valerian's court, and may even have been granted an honorary consulship.
RS91838. Silver antoninianus, RSC IV 91a, RIC V-2 64, Mairat 13, Schulzki AGK 25, Elmer 124, Hunter IV 14, SRCV III 10944, F, scratches, ragged edge, weight 3.479 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, c. 260 - 261 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse HERC DEVSONIENSI (to Hercules of Deuson), Hercules standing slightly right, head right, nude, resting right hand on grounded club behind, bow in left hand, Nemean lion skin draped over his left arm; $32.00 (€28.80)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Six sales of this type are recorded on coin archives for the last two decades. In 2018 a gVF specimen sold for $2648 plus fees and in 2017 a Fine specimen sold for $576 plus fees.
RA73480. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 15, RIC V-2 11 (R2), Linchmere Hoard 14 var. (no captive, emperor holds scepter), Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, Burton -, Bourne -, et al. -, Fair, rough, weight 2.096 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 287 - 288 A.D.; obverse CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS AVG (arrival of the Emperor), emperor riding horse left, wearing military garb, raising right hand, captive with hands bound behind seated left before horse, ML in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; very rare; $80.00 (€72.00)











Catalog current as of Sunday, February 16, 2020.
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Secessionist Empires