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Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 275, Aurelian prepared a campaign against the Sassanids in Asia Minor. In Thrace, while waiting to cross the Bosphorus with his army, he ordered severe punishments for corrupt soldiers and made a list of high-ranking officers marked for execution. In September, Aurelian fell victim to a conspiracy of the Praetorian Guard and was murdered near Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey).RX92520. Billon tetradrachm, Dattari 5477; Geissen 3096; BMC Alexandria p. 306, 2362; Milne 4456; Curtis 1773; SNG Cop 883; Kampmann 106.54; Emmett 3923, VF, a little off center, porous, edge cracks, weight 7.814 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 274 - 28 Aug 275 A.D.; obverse A K Λ ∆OM AVPHΛ IANOC CEB, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ETOVC S (year 6), eagle standing left head turned back, wreath in beak; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.RA92978. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 175, Hunter IV 57, SRCV IV 11986, Cohen VI 305, VF, full border centering, much silvering, areas of weak strike, weight 4.362 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 280 - 281 A.D.; obverse PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONS PROB AVG (to Jove protector of emperor Probus), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude but for thunderbolt in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, R thunderbolt B in exergue; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.
Mercury is the messenger of the gods. Hermes to the Greeks, an Olympian god, he is also the patron of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of thieves and road travelers, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures, of invention, of general commerce, and of the cunning of thieves and liars. His symbols include the tortoise, the rooster, the winged sandals, and the caduceus.RA92342. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 416; Cohen VI 57; SRCV III 12250; Pink VI-1 p. 34, emission 3b; Hunter IV 22, Choice EF, well centered, brown tone, areas of light corrosion, weight 4.136 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 283 A.D.; obverse IMP NVMERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), Mercury standing half left, head left, nude but for petasus and cloak over shoulders and left arm, message bag in right hand, caduceus in left hand, KA∆ in exergue; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI
Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click EQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark. The Q on the reverse is the second letter of the codeword EQVITI, referring to the cavalry. The S in the exergue indicates the second officina (mint workshop). Each officina was assigned letter of the codeword EQVITI corresponding to their officina number. With six coins, one coin from each of the six officina, you can spell out the "secret" codeword.RA92849. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 489, Cohen VI 481, Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, Choice VF, well centered, some silvering remaining, scratches, flan crack, weight 3.260 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle with Medusa on chest, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing slightly left, head left, globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, Q in left field, SXXI in exergue; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.RA92850. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 706; Pink VI/1, p. 50; Cohen VI 401; SRCV III 1200 var. (officina in field); Hunter IV 247 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, full border centering, green patina, traces of silvering, light marks, scattered porosity, weight 3.647 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 4th emission, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left slightly left, head left, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse long scepter in left hand, XXIS in exergue; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
The reverse depicts the double temple of Venus and Roma, designed by Hadrian, the largest and most splendid temple in Rome, finished by Antoninus Pius sometime between 140 and 145. Damaged by fire in 307, the temple was restored "in magnificent manner" by Maxentius (Aurelius Victor, De Caesaribus, XL). When Constantius visited Rome fifty years later, the so-called Temple of the City was one of the sights that he most admired (Ammianus, History, XVI.10.14). In 625, Pope Honorius received a special dispensation from Heraclius to strip the gilded bronze roof tiles for the repair of St. Peter's. During a twelve-day visit to Rome in 663, Constans II stripped it of its remaining bronze ornaments. It was damaged by an earthquake in 847. Later a church was built in the ruins.RA92321. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 190; Cohen VI 538; Pink VI-1, p. 55; Hunter IV - (p. cxxxv); SRCV III -, Choice VF, well centered, silvered, weight 4.193 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 2nd emission, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse ROMAE AETERNAE (to eternal Rome), six column temple, statue of Roma seated facing inside, her helmeted head left, holding Victory in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, R∆ in exergue; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.
Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.RS92338. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T4028 (13 spec.), BnF XII 1804, Venèra 2414 - 2416, RIC V-1 127 corr. (2nd officina not listed, Ticinum in error), Hunter IV -, Choice EF, well centered with full legends, some silvering, scattered tiny pits, weight 4.053 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 3, Jan - Jun 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CLEMENTIA TEMP (time of peace and calm), Mars on left, standing right, wearing military garb, holding spear with point up in left hand, offering globe with right hand, Aurelian on right, standing left, wearing military garb, long scepter in left hand, receiving globe from Mars with right hand, S in exergue; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00
Roman Empire, Two Roman Imitative Barbarous Radiates, c. 270 A.D.
During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.) the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change.RA91692. Two barbarous radiates, 1) imitative of a Quintillus antoninianus (r. 270 A.D., 2.132g, 20.3mm) and 2) imitative of a Claudius Gothicus antoninianus (r. 268 - 270 A.D., 1.733g, 16.5mm); from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
In 270, Claudius II Gothicus died of plague while preparing to fight the Vandals and Sarmatians, who had invaded Pannonia.RX91020. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4248; Curtis 1683; Geissen 3028; Dattari 5417; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2333; Kampmann-Ganschow 104.16; SRCV III 11418; Emmett 3879, gVF, orange-red earthen deposits, well centered on a tight flan, weight 11.478 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 269 - 270 A.D.; obverse AYT K KΛAY∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing left, looking back, holding wreath in beak, L - B (year 2) flanking across field; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
Carus, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.RA92961. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 81 (S), Cohen VI 78, La Venèra 4043, Venèra IV 252 (4 specimens), Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, VF, well centered, flow lines, corrosion, scratches, flan crack, weight 3.418 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, c. Mar - Jun 283; obverse IMP C M AVR KARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, raising flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton behind with left hand, SXXI in exergue; rare; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $113.00
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