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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline| ▸ |Philip II||View Options:  |  |  | 

Philip II, July or August 247 - late 249 A.D.

Marcus Julius Philippus Severus (Philip II) was the son of the Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa. He was six years old when, in February or March 244, his father became emperor and he was made caesar. In 247, he was consul, and in July or August, he was elevated to Augustus and co-ruler. His father was killed in battle by his successor Decius in late 249. When news of this death reached Rome, Philip II was murdered by the Praetorian Guard. He died in his mother's arms, aged eleven years.

|Philip| |II|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.||sestertius|NEW
During Philip's reign the 1000th anniversary of Rome (248 A.D.) was celebrated, and magnificent games were held. This coin was issued as part of that celebration and the reverse undoubted depicts one of the animals displayed during the games. Traditionally this type has been described as "goat" - hardly exotic enough for the event - but it might actually be the northern European elk (similar to an American moose).
RB110525. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 264a (S), Cohen V 73, Hunter III 34, SRCV III 9283, aVF, light corrosion, light earthen deposits, squared flan, weight 14.300 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 248 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SAECVLARES AVGG (Secular games [provided by] the Emperors), elk walking left, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; ex FORVM (2018); scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


|Philip| |II|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.||dupondius| |(or| |as)|
In 246, the first of the Two Councils of Arabia of the Roman Christian Church was held in Bostra, Arabia Petraea.
RB99630. Orichalcum dupondius (or as), RIC IV 256b, Hunter III 16, Cohen V 50, SRCV III 9253, VF, full flan, scratches, smoothing, flan crack, weight 12.217 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, bare-headed and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT (in honor of the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing left, bare-headed, in military dress, globe in extended right hand, inverted spear vertical behind in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; ex Richard Baker collection; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


|Philip| |II|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.||sestertius|
When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB13706. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 257, Cohen V -, Hunter III -, SRCV III -, gVF, very attractive coin with a nice portrait and beautiful cherry-brown patina, weight 19.327 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS (to the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing half right in military dress, transverse spear in right hand, globe in left hand; scarce; SOLD










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

MIVLPHILIPPVSCAES
MIVLPHILIPPVSNOBILCAES
IMPMIVLPHILIPPVSAVG
IMPPHILIPPVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bland, R. "Dr. Bland's List for Philip I and Family" - Summary on NumisWiki
Calic, X. The Roman Avrei, vol. 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Gbl, R. "Rmischer Mnzhort Tulln 1966 (Septimius Severus - Gallienus)" in NZ 83 (1969). pp. 7-57, pl. 1-48.
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Muona, J. "The Antoniniani of Philip the Arab" in The Celator, Feb. 2002, p. 10.
Muona, J. "The Imperial mints of Philip the Arab" - https://www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Philip_Arab/index.html
vri, F. "Philippus antiochiai veretu antoninianusairl" in Numizmatikai Kzlny 88/89 (1989/90), pp. 41 - 48.
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Thibaut, M. Antoniniani from the Mint of Antioch Under the Reign of Philip the Arab (244-249 AD) - http://marchal.thibaut.free.fr/e_index.htm
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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