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Coins of Athens, Other Cities of Attica, and Athenian Imitatives

The ancient slang names for the coins of Athens were "owls" and "girls" (but in Greek of course). "Owls" were so popular as a central currency of the ancient world that the "old style" design remained essentially unchanged and somewhat archaic long after other cities began to produce coins of with more refined artistry. The Athens types were so popular, numerous imitatives were struck in the Levant, Egypt and elsewhere (we include those on this page too). Under Roman rule, as a semi-autonomous city, Athens struck "new style" (Hellenic style) tetradrachms. "Owls" are still very popular - for ancient Greek coin collectors, they are perhaps the most popular ancient coin type.

Persian Empire, Idumaea (Edomites in Judah), 4th Century B.C.

|Persian| |Rule|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Idumaea| |(Edomites| |in| |Judah),| |4th| |Century| |B.C.||1/4| |Shekel|NEW
The Kingdom of Edom, south of Moab and Judah, flourished between the 13th and 8th century B.C. It was conquered by King David and was destroyed by the Babylonians in the 6th century B.C. After the loss of the kingdom, the Edomites were pushed westward towards southern Judah by nomadic tribes coming from the east, among them the Nabataeans, who established their own kingdom in what used to be Edom. The Edomites assisted Nebuchadnezzar in the sack of Jerusalem in 587 B.C. Recent excavations show that Edomite settlement in the Kingdom of Judah began even before that. Under the Persian Empire, southern Judah was formed into the Idumaea satrapy. Herod the Great was of Nabataean and Edomite descent; his ancestors converted to Judaism.

This type is imitative of Athens. After the image of Athena was completely worn, the die was intentionally recut to a blank dome.
Edom
JD98140. Silver 1/4 Shekel, GTvA 58 (most similar); Hendin 1025; HGC 10 617 (R1), gVF, struck with unusually sharp fresh dies for the type, attractive dark toning/patina, tight flan cutting off part of owl's head, weight 4.166 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 0o, Idumaean mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse dome-shaped blank; reverse owl standing right, head facing, olive spray and crescent upper left, AΘE (Athens) downward on right; rare; $580.00 SALE PRICE $522.00 ON RESERVE


Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 454 - 404 B.C., Old Style Tetradrachm

|Athens|, |Athens,| |Attica,| |Greece,| |c.| |454| |-| |404| |B.C.,| |Old| |Style| |Tetradrachm||tetradrachm|
The old-style tetradrachm of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl reverse. Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the reverse, a crescent moon was added.

During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.
SL97988. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31, SNG Munchen 49, Kroll 8, Dewing 1611, Gulbenkian 519, HGC 4 1597, SGCV I 2526, NGC Ch AU (Choice about Uncirculated), strike 5/5, surface 5/5 (6156171-003), weight 17.196 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 225o, Athens mint, c. 440 - 404 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; reverse owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, AΘE downward on right, all within incuse square; ex Classical Numismatic Group, NGC| Lookup; $2350.00 SALE PRICE $2115.00
 










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