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Ancient Coins of North Africa
Ptolemaic Kyrenaica, Ptolemy III Euergetes - Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, c. 246 - 116 B.C.

|Kyrenaica|, |Ptolemaic| |Kyrenaica,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes| |-| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II,| |c.| |246| |-| |116| |B.C.||dichalkon|
Cyrene was an ancient Greek and later Roman city near present-day Shahhat, Libya. It was the oldest and most important of the five Greek cities in the region. It gave eastern Libya the classical name Cyrenaica that it has retained to modern times. Cyrene lies in a lush valley in the Jebel Akhdar uplands. The city was named after a spring, Kyre, which the Greeks consecrated to Apollo. It was also the seat of the Cyrenaics, a famous school of philosophy in the fourth century B.C., founded by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates. Cyrene
GP96785. Bronze dichalkon, Lorber CPE B488; Asolati 76; Svoronos 873 (10 spec.); BMC Ptolemies p. 38, 13; Weiser 105; SNG Cop 439; SNG Milan 480; Noeske 130, F, weight 2.986 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 246 - 116 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I Soter right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), head of Libya right, wearing tainia and necklace, hair in formal curls down neck, cornucopia below chin; ex Naville auction 54 (15 Dec 2019), lot 201 (part of); ex Elvira Clain-Stefanelli Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.50


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Scarce small denomination of the popular Chi-Rho series. This chi rho (XP) monogram was later used for Christ. Ptolemy III Euergetes was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He promoted the translation of Jewish scriptures into Greek as the Septuagint. Due to a falling out at the Seleucid court, his eldest sister Berenice Phernophorus was murdered along with her infant son. In response, he invaded Syria, occupied Antioch, and even reached Babylon. This war, the Third Syrian War, is cryptically alluded to in Daniel XI 7-9. The Ptolemaic kingdom reached the height of its power during his reign.
GP96786. Bronze hemiobol, Lorber CPE B399 (19 spec.), Svoronos 968, SNG Cop 181, SNG Milan -, Weiser -, Noeske -, Malter -, VF, mottled green-red-brown patina, some flatness of strike, broad flan, central depressions, obverse edge beveled, weight 5.290 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, c. 230 - 222 B.C.; obverse horned and diademed head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on fulmen, head left, wings closed, filleted cornucopia ascending behind from shoulder, chi rho monogram (control symbol) between legs; ex Naville Numismatics auction 54 (15 Dec 2019), lot 201 (part of); ex Elvira Clain-Stefanelli Collection; scarce; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II, 116 - 110 B.C. and 109 - 107 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |Soter| |II,| |116| |-| |110| |B.C.| |and| |109| |-| |107| |B.C.||obol|
The reattribution from Ptolemy V to Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX is based on a hoard found in Egypt and the contents of an Egyptian shipwreck that contained these coins mixed with tetradrachms attributed with certainty to Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra III. The ΣΩ in the left field probably refers to the epithet of Ptolemy IX Soter II.
GP95822. Bronze obol, Svoronos 1191, Weiser 114, SNG Cop 534, Noeske 187, Cohen DCA 35, VF, highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan cutting off right side of reverse legend, old scratch, obverse edge beveled, central depressions, weight 8.199 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, series 8, 115 - 114 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, K behind; reverse ΠToΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, Ω over Σ in left field, LΓ (year 3) in right field; rare; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II, 116 - 110 B.C. and 109 - 107 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |Soter| |II,| |116| |-| |110| |B.C.| |and| |109| |-| |107| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP96052. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1671, Noeske 308, SNG Cop 356, Cohen DCA 60/10, Weiser -, Malter -, gVF, centered on a tight flan, toned, scrapes, weight 13.083 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 108 - 107 B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle with wings closed stands half left atop fulmen, LI (year 10) left, ΠA right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $260.00 SALE |PRICE| $234.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||tetrobol|
Ptolemy III was more liberal towards Egyptian religion than his predecessors. He supported, promoted, and contributed towards various cults, particularly those of the Apis and Mnevis Bulls, as is stated in the Canopus Decree of 238 B.C., in which the Egyptian priesthood praise him and his wife as "Benefactor Gods" for this religious support, as well as for maintaining peace by strong national security, and for good governance, including when he imported, at his own expense, a vast amount of grain to compensate for a weak Nile flood.
GP94518. Bronze tetrobol, Lorber CPE B359, Svoronos 1166, SNG Cop 220 - 221, Weiser 87 - 88, Hosking -, Noeske -, aVF, well centered, slightest corrosion, central depressions, weight 44.552 g, maximum diameter 40.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, series 4A, c. 246 - 230 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing half left on fulmen, wings closed, head right, filleted cornucopia ascending behind from shoulder, Λ between legs; from The Ray Nouri Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II, 116 - 110 B.C. & 109 - 107 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Cleopatra| |III| |and| |Ptolemy| |IX| |Soter| |II,| |116| |-| |110| |B.C.| |&| |109| |-| |107| |B.C.||tetradrachm|
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP94923. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1659, pl. LVII, 1; SNG Cop 347; Cohen DCA 60/1, Weiser -, Noeske -, Malter -, VF, scratches, spots of corrosion, slightly uneven strike, reverse slightly off center, tight flan, weight 13.607 g, maximum diameter 27.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 116 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, L A (year 1) left, ΠA right; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), 163 - 145 B.C.

|Kyrenaica|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Kyrenaica,| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II| |(Physcon),| |163| |-| |145| |B.C.||hemidrachm|
Ptolemy VIII was made co-ruler of Egypt with his older siblings in 170 B.C. Soon after, Ptolemy VI was captured in the Sixth Syrian War and Ptolemy VIII became sole king. When the war ended in 168 B.C. Ptolemy VI was restored to joint rule. The brothers quarreled and in 164 B.C. Ptolemy VIII drove out his brother out and became sole king, but he was in turn expelled in 163 B.C. As a result of Roman intervention, Ptolemy VIII was awarded rule of Kyrenaica. After Ptolemy VI's death in 145 B.C., Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt as co-ruler with his sister.
GP95307. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1641, pl. LVI, 14; Asolati 84; SNG Cop 651; BMC Ptolemies p. 94, 78; Malter 242; Weiser -; Noeske -, EF, some areas of weakness, reverse with some doubling, obverse edge beveled, central depressions, weight 36.92 g, maximum diameter 44.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 150 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right, taenia with basileion above forehead; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY EYEPΓETOY, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, Φ right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 10 (7 Dec 2019), lot 619; rare; $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Kyrenaica, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), 163 - 145 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Kyrenaica,| |Ptolemy| |VIII| |Euergetes| |II| |(Physcon),| |163| |-| |145| |B.C.||hemidrachm|
Ptolemy VIII was made co-ruler of Egypt with his older siblings in 170 B.C. Soon after, Ptolemy VI was captured in the Sixth Syrian War and Ptolemy VIII became sole king. When the war ended in 168 B.C. Ptolemy VI was restored to joint rule. The brothers quarreled and in 164 B.C. Ptolemy VIII drove out his brother out and became sole king, but he was in turn expelled in 163 B.C. As a result of Roman intervention, Ptolemy VIII was awarded rule of Kyrenaica. After Ptolemy VI's death in 145 B.C., Ptolemy VIII returned to Egypt as co-ruler with his sister.
GP95308. Bronze hemidrachm, Svoronos 1641, pl. LVI, 14; Asolati 84; SNG Cop 651; BMC Ptolemies p. 94, 78; Malter 242; Weiser -; Noeske -, EF, areas of weak strike, obverse edge beveled, edge crack, weight 36.82 g, maximum diameter 43.0 mm, Kyrene (near Shahhat, Libya) mint, c. 150 B.C.; obverse diademed and horned head of Zeus Ammon right, taenia with basileion above forehead; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY EYEPΓETOY, eagle standing right on thunderbolt, head right, wings open, Φ right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 10 (7 Dec 2019), lot 618; rare; $720.00 SALE |PRICE| $648.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy III Euergetes, 246 - 222 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |III| |Euergetes,| |246| |-| |222| |B.C.||diobol|
Lorber notes that although Svoronos attributed this type to Ptolemy II, the range of denominations for the issue corresponds with the Alexandrian Chi Rho series of Ptolemy III. She dates the type to the latter part of Euergetes' reign.
GP94532. Bronze diobol, Lorber CPE 467; Svoronos 707; Wolf GAE 754; Cox Curium 76; Hosking 24; BMC Ptolemies p. 53, 67; Noeske -; Weiser -, VF, well centered, light corrosion, light earthen deposits, central depressions, weight 19.683 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 0o, Phoenicia, Tyre (Lebanon) mint, 242/1 - 222 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Zeus Ammon right, taenia with basileion above forehead; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing half left on fulmen, wings closed, head right, large club before; from The Ray Nouri Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.

|Ptolemaic| |Egypt|, |Ptolemaic| |Kingdom| |of| |Egypt,| |Ptolemy| |IV| |Philopator,| |221| |-| |204| |B.C.||tetrobol|
Lorber CPE B503b and Svoronos 1149 are the same as Lorber CPE B503a and Svoronos 1148 but with the addition of the cornucopia countermark. Lorber CPE B503c has an additional countermark with the Greek letters ∆E.

Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria.
GP94526. Bronze tetrobol, Lorber CPE B503b; Svoronos 1149; SNG Cop 211; Weiser 140; BMC Ptolemies p. 75, 76; Hosking 42; SNG Milan 230 (all with same c/m), aVF, dark patina, rough, corrosion, obverse edge beveled, central depressions, weight 42.143 g, maximum diameter 37.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 219 - 204 B.C.; obverse horned head of Zeus Ammon right, wearing taenia; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head turned back right, ΣE monogram between eagle's legs; countermark: cornucopia in a rectangular punch; from The Ray Nouri Collection; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.50










REFERENCES|

Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Falbe, C. & J. Lindberg. Numismatique de L'Ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Müller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Bāle, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).

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