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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Anatolia (Asia Minor)

Anatolia is the region comprising most of modern Turkey, bounded by the Black (North), Aegean (West) and Mediterranean (South) seas; to the East it is bounded by the Taurus Mountains and main Asia. The name comes from Ionian Greek meaning "the land of the sunrise" or simply "the East." It was named Asia Minor by the Romans. The land is first mentioned by Akkadian records, and played a very important role for all subsequent Mesopotamian civilizations. We should not forget to add that Anatolia is the birthplace of coinage in the late 7th Century B.C.!

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Nicomedia, Bithynia

|Bithynia|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Nicomedia,| |Bithynia||AE| |20|NEW
Nemesis was the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers.
GB39055. Bronze AE 20, Rec Gen II.3 p. 556, 306, BMC Pontus -, F, green patina, corrosion, weight 4.339 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 45o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, obverse M AVP CEVH AΛEΞAN∆POC AVΓ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse TPIC NEΩKOPΩN NIKOMH∆EΩN, Nemesis standing half left, scales in right hand, scepter in left, wheel at feet; scarce; $20.00 SALE |PRICE| $18.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia||AE| |29|NEW
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RP93136. Bronze AE 29, Henseler 316d; RPC Online IV.3 T6889 (5 specs.); Sydenham 383; SNG Cop 255; SNG Lewis 1718; BMC Galatia p. 73, 218 corr. (Γ only in ex.), F, dark green patina, earthen deposits, bumps and marks, legends weak, weight 13.470 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 180o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 191 - 192 A.D.; obverse A K M AV KOMO∆OC ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse MHTPOΠOΛ - KAICAPEIAC, agalma of Mount Argaeus placed on an altar, ET inscribed on altar, ΓI (year 13) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 145 - 100 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Ionia,| |c.| |145| |-| |100| |B.C.||AE| |21|NEW
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB93594. Bronze AE 21, SNG Kayhan 431, SNG Cop 850, SNGvA 2043, BMC Ionia p. 163, 44, F, earthen deposits, parts of reverse inscriptions off flan, weight 8.780 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 145 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Attic helmet; reverse cavalryman galloping right, wearing crested helmet, cuirass and chlamys, holding couched spear, MAΓN-HTΩN above, N left, EYKΛHΣ / KPATINOΣ (Eukles [son of] Kratinos) in two lines below; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Nicomedia, Bithynia

|Bithynia|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.,| |Nicomedia,| |Bithynia||AE| |26|NEW
Nicomedia was the Roman metropolis of Bithynia. Diocletian made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained the eastern (and most senior) capital of the Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in Nicomedia as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa near Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.
RP92638. Bronze AE 26, RPC IV.1 T9895 (1 spec.), Rec Gen 144(2), SNG Cop 568, SNGvA -, Corsten -, aVF, well centered, earthen highlights, porous, weight 10.629 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 30o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, obverse A K M AV KO ANTΩNI, laureate head right; reverse MHT NEΩ NEIKOMH∆, Athena standing left, wearing crested helmet, small galley in extended right hand, grounded vertical spear and round shield in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection, this is the second known and finest know specimen of the type; extremely rare; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00


Sabina, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Kibyra, Phrygia

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Sabina,| |Augusta| |128| |-| |c.| |136| |A.D.,| |Kibyra,| |Phrygia||AE| |18|NEW
Kibyra (Cibyra) near the modern town of Gölhisar in south-west Turkey, was possibly originally settled by Lydians. The city was in the far south of Phrygia adjoining Lycia. It is uncertain whether the city was part of the Province of Asia or of Lycia in the early imperial period. According to Strabo, the Lydian language was still being spoken by a multicultural population in the 1st century B.C. Thus Kibyra was the last place where the Lydian culture, by then extinct in Lydia proper, persevered.
RP92640. Bronze AE 18, RPC Online III 2301 (3 spec.), SNG Leypold 1610, SNGvA -, BMC Phrygia -, aF, brassy surfaces with uneven partial toning, porosity, legends weak, weight 3.428 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kibyra (near Golhisar, Turkey) mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.; obverse CABEINA CEBACTH, diademed and draped bust right, hair coiled above double stephane; reverse KIBYPATΩM, Asclepius standing facing, head left, leaning on serpent-entwined staff; from the Errett Bishop Collection; very rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia||hemidrachm|NEW
Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RY93121. Silver hemidrachm, RPC II 1659; Metcalf Cappadocia 17; Sydenham Cappadocia 94; BMC Galatia p. 47, 17; SNGvA 6362, SNG Hunterian 2207, VF, toned, tight flan, edge chip, light marks, porosity, weight 1.383 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, c. 69 - 79 A.D.; obverse AYOKP KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBA, laureate head right; reverse Nike advancing right, wreath in extended right hand, palm over left shoulder in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Smyrna, Ionia, 2nd Century B.C.

|Smyrna|, |Smyrna,| |Ionia,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||Homerium|NEW
Homer is a legendary ancient Greek epic poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. Smyrna was one of several cities that claimed to be the birthplace of the poet and at the source of the Meles River was a cave where the residents claimed he composed his poems. The city had a temple with a square portico in honor of Homer, which they called the Homerium. According to Strabo, they also called their bronze coins, this very type, Homerium.
GB93595. Bronze Homerium, Milne Smyrna 185; BMC Ionia p. 245, 86; SNG Cop 1142; SNGvA -, VF/F, well centered on a tight flan, patina flaking, weight 8.453 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, magistrate Pasikrates, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse Homer seated left in himation, right hand to chin (thinker pose), volume on knees in left hand, transverse staff between legs and on far side, IMYPNAIΩN downward on right, ΠAΣIKPATHΣ (magistrate's name) and (monograms) downward on left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Tralleis, Lydia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Tralleis|, |Tralleis,| |Lydia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |17|NEW
The city of Tralles, or Tralleis, said to have been founded by Argives and Thracians (Tralli), stood upon a lofty plateau on one of the southern spurs of the Messogis range overlooking the plain of the lower Maeander. At Tralles, Zeus was called Larasios, from a sanctuary at the neighboring village of Larasa. Zeus Eumenes (the Kindly) may have had a separate sanctuary.
GB93598. Bronze AE 17, cf. BMC Lydia p. 336, 63 - 65; SNGvA 3271 - 3272; SNG Cop -, F, multi-color mottled patina with bare brassy areas, weight 4.002 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tralles (Aydın, Turkey) mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Zeus right; reverse humped bull walking left, TPAΛΛI/ANΩN above and below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Seleukeia ad Kalykadnos, Cilicia, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Cilicia|, |Seleukeia| |ad| |Kalykadnos,| |Cilicia,| |c.| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |24|NEW
Seleucia ad Calycadnum (modern, Silifke, Turkey) took its name from its founder, Seleucus I Nicator. The Romans, who conquered the region in the 2nd century BC, built a bridge across the Calicadnus; its foundations still support the current bridge. According to tradition, Thecla, who was converted by St. Paul, escaped martyrdom by hiding in a nearby cave. The cave was later turned into a shrine, and in the 5th century, the Byzantine Emperor Zeno, who was born in the mountains to the north, built a large basilica above the cave.
GB93604. Bronze AE 24, Apparently unpublished; SNG BnF 903 ff. var. (monogram); SNG Cop 200 var. (same); BMC -; SNG Levante -; SNG Tüb -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Tahberer -, F, dark patina, scratches, areas of corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 9.135 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, Seleuceia ad Calycadnum (Silifke, Turkey) mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena right, ΣA behind, branch before; reverse ΣEΛEVKEΩN TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩI KAΛVKA∆NΩI, Nike walking left, wreath in extended right hand, NKI monogram over ΦΠA(?) monogram in left field; we were unable to find another example with the same lower left control monogram in references or online, from the Errett Bishop Collection; extremely rare variant; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Tarsos, Cilicia, c. 164 - 27 B.C.

|Cilicia|, |Tarsos,| |Cilicia,| |c.| |164| |-| |27| |B.C.||AE| |21|NEW
Sandan was a Hittite-Babylonian sun, storm, or warrior god, also perhaps associated with agriculture. The Greeks equated Sandan with Herakles (Hercules). At Tarsus an annual festival honored Sandan-Herakles, which climaxed when an image of the god was burned on a funeral pyre.
GB93605. Bronze AE 21, SNG Levante 940; SNG BnF 1321 - 22; SNG Cop 333 var. ff. (different controls); BMC Lycaonia p. 180, 95 var. ff. (same), VF, dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, bumps, porosity, weight 6.871 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, c. 164 - 27 B.C.; obverse veiled and turreted head of Tyche right; reverse Sandan standing right on horned and winged animal, on a garlanded base and within a pyramidal pyre surmounted by an eagle, two monograms over filleted club on left, TAPΣEΩN downward on right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00











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