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Ancient Coins of Anatolia (Asia Minor)

Anatolia is the region comprising most of modern Turkey, bounded by the Black (North), Aegean (West) and Mediterranean (South) seas; to the East it is bounded by the Taurus Mountains and main Asia. The name comes from Ionian Greek meaning "the land of the sunrise" or simply "the East." It was named Asia Minor by the Romans. The land is first mentioned by Akkadian records, and played a very important role for all subsequent Mesopotamian civilizations. We should not forget to add that Anatolia is the birthplace of coinage in the late 7th Century B.C.!

Maeonia, Lydia, c. 138 - 192 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Maeonia,| |Lydia,| |c.| |138| |-| |192| |A.D.||AE| |18|NEW
Maionia (or Maeonia) was a city of the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine era located near the Hermos River, in ancient Lydia. The town is mentioned by mentioned by Pliny the Elder, Hierocles, and in the Notitiae Episcopatuum. In antiquity the city was part of the Katakekaumene Decapolis of towns. Its site is near Menye in Asiatic Turkey.
RP97252. Bronze AE 18, GRPC Lydia III 59; RPC Online IV.2 T1318 (5 spec.); Waddington 5059; SNG Hunterian I 1988; SNG Soutzos 1522; BMC Lydia P 129, 14, gF, well centered, rough and porous, weight 2.858 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Maionia (near Menye, Turkey) mint, c. 138 - 192 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC, laureate head of Demos right; reverse MAIONWN, cult statue of Artemis standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arm supports; this is the first example of this type handled by Forum; scarce; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00

Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||antoninianus|NEW
Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL94814. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 53 (also 4th officina), RIC V-2 607, Cohen VI 53, SRCV IV 13115, F, well centered, heavy deposits, scratches, some corrosion, weight 4.305 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 286 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right with short scepter, Jupiter standing left presenting Victory on globe with right and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, ∆ between them, XXI• in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.00

Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Apollonia Salbace, Caria

|Other| |Caria|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Apollonia| |Salbace,| |Caria||AE| |30|NEW
This coin is an obverse die match to a coin struck by the neighboring city, Alabanda, Caria, SNG München 464, RPC Online VI T5384. Dies shared by more than one city in the region were first discovered by Konrad Kraft in 1972. Groups of smaller cities in Anatolia shared traveling mints, which would sometimes use the same obverse dies for more than one city.
RP92646. Bronze AE 30, Apparently unpublished; RPC Online -, SNG BnF -, SNGvA -, SNG Cop -, BMC Caria -, F, porous, turquoise and earthen adhesions, reverse flatly struck, weight 11.787 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Apollonia Salbace (Edremit, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEY AΛEΞAN∆PO-C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CTPA AΓAΘEINOY TOY IH AΠOΛΛΩNIATΩN (strategos Agathinos, son of Hie.(?), Apollonia), Zeus standing slightly left, head left, wearing himation and chlamys, eagle in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; extremely rare, this is the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia

|Bithynia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Nicaea,| |Bithynia||AE| |14|NEW
The first ecumenical council of the Christian church was held in Nicaea by Constantine in 325.
RP97244. Bronze AE 14, Burrell p. 208, type 1; BMC Pontus -; Rec Gen II.3 -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; Weber -, aVF, rough, corrosion, weight 1.427 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse CEOVHPOC AVΓOVCTOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse NIKAIEΩN, temple with four columns; very rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00

Caesarea, Cappadocia, 111 - 112 A.D.

|Cappadocia|, |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia,| |111| |-| |112| |A.D.||AE| |16|NEW
Kayseri, originally called Mazaka or Mazaca, is in central Turkey on a low spur on the north side of Mount Erciyes (Mount Argaeus in ancient times). During Achaemenid Persian rule, it was the capital of a Satrapy on the crossroads of the Royal Road from Sardis to Susa and the trade route from Sinope to the Euphrates. It was conquered by Alexander's general Perdikkas, was ruled by Eumenes of Cardia, then passed to the Seleucid empire after the battle of Ipsus. It became the capital of the independent Cappadocian Kingdom under Ariarathes III, around 250 B.C. During Strabo's time it was also known as Eusebia, after the Cappadocian King Ariarathes V Eusebes, 163 – 130 B.C. The name was changed again to "Caesarea in Cappadocia" in honor of Caesar Augustus, upon his death in 14 A.D. The city passed under formal Roman rule in 17 A.D. In Roman times, it prospered on the route from Ephesus to the East. Caesarea was destroyed by the Sassanid King Shapur I after his victory over the Emperor Valerian I in 260 A.D. At the time it was recorded to have around 400,000 inhabitants. Arabic influence changed Caesarea to the modern name Kayseri. The city gradually recovered and has a population of almost 1 million people today. Few traces of the ancient city survive.
RP97246. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online III 3141, Henseler I, p. 150, type 164, 259 - 260; SNGvA 6342, SNG Cop 173; Sydenham Caesarea 250; BMC Galatia -, F, rough from corrosion, weight 3.214 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, year 14 of Trajan, 111 - 112 A.D.; obverse turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; reverse pyramid or baetyl (sacred stone), ET − ∆I (year 14) divided across field; from a Las Vegas dealer; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Tyana, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Tyana,| |Cappadocia||AE| |29|NEW
Under Caracalla the city became Antoniana colonia Tyana. After having sided with Queen Zenobia of Palmyra it was captured by Aurelian in 272, who would not allow his soldiers to sack it, allegedly because Apollo appeared to him, pleading for its safety. The ruins of Tyana are at modern Kemerhisar, three miles south of Nigde. There are remains of a Roman aqueduct and sepulchral grottoes.
RP97247. Bronze AE 29, SNGvA 8732, SNG Cop -, BMC Galatia -, Ganschow -, F, mild smoothing, small edge crack, weight 17.290 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tyana (Kemerhisar, Turkey) mint, 212 - 213 A.D.; obverse A KAI M AYP ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse ANT KOΛΩNIAC, emperor, radiate and togate, globe in extended right hand, plow in left hand, plowing left, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary) to found the new colony, TVANΩN / ET Iς (year 16) in in two lines in the exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 87 (1 Mar 2020), lot 345; this is the first example of this type handled by FORVM; only five sales of this type listed on Coin Archives in the last two decades, including the Naumann auction for this coin; very rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00

Julia Domna, Wife of Septimius Severus. Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Tabae, Caria

|Other| |Caria|, |Julia| |Domna,| |Wife| |of| |Septimius| |Severus.| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Tabae,| |Caria||AE| |25|NEW
Tabae (or Tabai) was a city in ancient Caria, although, according to Strabo it was located in a plain in Phrygia on the boundaries of Caria. Stephanus Byzantius mentions two cities of this name, one in Lydia (which is conjectured to be Tabala), the other in Caria. Livy says that it was on the frontier of Pisidia towards the coast of the Gulf of Pamphylia. The location at Tavas, near Kale, Denizli in Turkey has been confirmed by inscriptions and ancient remains.
RP97239. Bronze AE 25, SNGvA 2723; SNG Cop 564; SNG München XXII 459; BMC Caria, p. 171, 84, aVF, nice green patina, weight 8.444 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Tabae (Tavas, Denizli, Turkey) mint, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D; obverse IOV ∆OMNA CEB, draped bust right; reverse TABHNΩN, Tyche standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, holding rudder by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00

Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Alexandria Troas, Troas

|Troas|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Alexandria| |Troas,| |Troas||AE| |21|NEW
Alexandria Troas (modern Eski Stambul) is on the Aegean Sea near the northern tip of the west coast of Anatolia, a little south of Tenedos (modern Bozcaada). The city was founded by Antigonus around 310 B.C. with the name Antigoneia and was populated with the inhabitants of Cebren, Colone, Hamaxitus, Neandria, and Scepsis. About 301 B.C., Lysimachus improved the city and re-named it Alexandreia. Among the few structure ruins remaining today are a bath, an odeon, a theater and gymnasium complex and a stadium. The circuit of the old walls can still be traced.
RP97240. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 190; Bellinger Troy A439; SNG Canakkale 410 var. (obv. leg); SNGvA 7572 var. (legends); BMC Troas p. 30, 164 var. (legends, bust), gVF, bare toned bronze, flow lines, a little off center, scattered porosity, weight 4.139 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria Troas (Eski Stambul, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC VALERIA, laureate, draped, and bearded bust right, seen from behind; reverse CO AVG TRO, eagle flying right, bull forepart right in its talons; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00

Lampsakos, Mysia, c. 500 - 450 B.C

|Lampsakos|, |Lampsakos,| |Mysia,| |c.| |500| |-| |450| |B.C||tetrobol|NEW
Lampsakos was founded by Greek colonists from Phocaea in the 6th century B.C. Soon afterward it became a main competitor of Miletus, controlling the trade roots in the Dardanelles. During the 6th and 5th centuries B.C., Lampsacus was successively dominated by Lydia, Persia, Athens, and Sparta. Artaxerxes I assigned it to Themistocles with the expectation that the city supply the Persian king with its famous wine. When Lampsacus joined the Delian League after the battle of Mycale in 479 B.C., it paid a tribute of twelve talents, a testimony to its wealth.
GA97015. Silver tetrobol, SNG BnF 1116; SNG Ashmolean 648; Baldwin Lampsakos pl. V, 2; Waddington 871, aVF, toned, tight flan, scratches, weight 2.192 g, maximum diameter 9.8 mm, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 500 - 450 B.C; obverse forepart of a Pegasos right; reverse quadripartite incuse square; scarce; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00

Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||antoninianus|NEW
Maximian was emperor of the West in the Tetrarchy, abdicating with Diocletian in 305. In 306 he resumed the throne with his son Maxentius but was again forced to abdicate in 308. He took the throne again in 310 but this time he was defeated by Constantine the Great and forced to commit suicide.
RL94879. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 53 (also 4th officina), SRCV IV 13115, Cohen VI 53, RIC V-2 607 var. (no dot exergue), VF, highlighting desert patina, full border obv., small spot of corrosion on obv., rev. die wear, rev. slightly off center, weight 3.883 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 292 - 294 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right, holding scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing left, holding long scepter, ∆ between them, XXI• in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.50

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