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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Anatolia (Asia Minor)

Anatolia is the region comprising most of modern Turkey, bounded by the Black (North), Aegean (West) and Mediterranean (South) seas; to the East it is bounded by the Taurus Mountains and main Asia. The name comes from Ionian Greek meaning "the land of the sunrise" or simply "the East." It was named Asia Minor by the Romans. The land is first mentioned by Akkadian records, and played a very important role for all subsequent Mesopotamian civilizations. We should not forget to add that Anatolia is the birthplace of coinage in the late 7th Century B.C.!

Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

|Maximinus| |II|, |Maximinus| |II| |Daia,| |Late| |309| |-| |30| |April| |313| |A.D.|, |follis|NEW
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. This coin is dedicated "to the Genius (guardian spirits) of our emperors and caesars."
RT94253. Billon follis, Hunter V 32 (also 4th officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 55 (S), Cohen VII 39, SRCV IV 14724, VF, well centered, encrustations, spots of corrosion, weight 6.300 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, as caesar, c. 309 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse GENIO CAESARIS (to the guardian spirits of our caesars), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, ∆ left, * right, MKV in exergue; scarce; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.00


Kaystriani, Lydia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Kaystriani,| |Lydia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |20|NEW
"The peoples of the plain of the lower Kayster river issued small coins in the 2nd or 1st century BC. Only one coin has been suggested as having been struck in imperial times." -- Greek| and Roman| Imperial| |Coins - |Lydia GRPC Lydia) by Dane Kurth
GB95821. Bronze AE 20, GRPC Lydia II Kaystriani 1; BMC Lydia p. 60, 1; SGCV II 4695; SNG Cop -; SNG Munchen -; SNG Tubingen -, F, dark near black patina with brassy spots, cleaning scratches, bumps, trace of a pre-strike casting sprue, weight 6.030 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, tribal Kaystrianoi mint, magistrate Socrates, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse ΣΩΣIKPATOYΣ, head of Apollo right; reverse winged kerykeion (caduceus), KAYΣTPI/ANΩN starting downward on left, ending upward on right, followed on right by ΠHTP monogram after ethnic; this is the first coin of any type from the Kaystriani handled by FORVM, zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades (similar coins half this size are less rare); very rare; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Zela, Pontos

|Pontos|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Zela,| |Pontos|, |AE| |31|NEW
According to Strabo, Zela had the temple of Anaitis, who was also revered by the Armenians.
SH92637. Bronze AE 31, Dalaison Zela 80 (D18/R64); BMC Pontus p. 41, 3 var. (ΠON); Rec Gen 9 var. (ΠONT), VF, broad flan, light corrosion, weight 14.423 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 345o, Zela (Zile, Turkey) mint, 205 - 206 A.D.; obverse AY KAI M AYPH ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse ZHΛITWN TOY ΠONTOY, hexastyle temple (of Anaitis), further pediment seen between divided pediment in front, ET PMB (year 142) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 134 A.D.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |134| |A.D.|, |dupondius|NEW
Eurypylos was a Mysian hero of the Trojan War. His image is otherwise unknown on coinage. Like Bellerophon at Corinth and Dionysos at Tium, this image of a local hero appears modeled on Antinous. Homer (Odyssey 11.522) has Odysseus say that Eurypylus was, next to Memnon, the most beautiful man he had ever seen.

The strategos I. Pollion is named on several coin types of Pergamon during the reign of Hadrian, including one for Sabina (RPC III 1737) and another for Antinous (RPC III, 1738).

The link between Pergamon and Paphos, evidenced by this coin, is not well understood. However, the same reverse was used, from Hadrian to Philip I, on coins struck to honor an alliance between Sardes and Paphos.
RP96071. Orichalcum dupondius, RPC Online III 1740 (4 spec.), SNG BnF 1897, Weber 5206, SNG Cop -, BMC Mysia -, F, porous, reverse off center, countermark obscure, weight 11.652 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon mint, time of Hadrian, c. 134 A.D.; obverse HPΩC EYPYΠYΛOC (Hero Eurypylos), head of hero Eurypylos (with the features of Antinous) right, flowing hair, uncertain oval countermark; reverse ΠEPΓAMHNΩN EΠI CTP ΠΩΛΛIΩNOC (Pergamon, struck under strategos Pollion), temple of Aphrodite at Paphos, in which conical xoanon, semicircular walled courtyard, ΠAΦIA (of Paphos) across the courtyard; extremely rare, the 5th known; $1200.00 SALE |PRICE| $1080.00


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.|, |follis|NEW
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. In 74 B.C. allied with Rome, it withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterward of Hellespontus. Gallienus opened an imperial mint at Cyzicus, which continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era.
BZ93505. Bronze follis, DOC I 123c, Wroth BMC 180, Ratto 881, Tolstoi 149, Hahn MIB II 50b, SBCV 372, Sommer 5.31, Morrisson BnF -, Choice gF, well centered on a broad flan, brown tone, some porosity, light deposits, tiny edge cracks, weight 12.903 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 574 - 575 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AV, Justin II (on left) and Sophia seated facing on double throne, both nimbate, he holds a globus cruciger, she holds a cruciform scepter, cross above center, wavy line below feet; reverse large M (40 nummi) between ANNO and X (year 10), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, KYZ (Kyzikos) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Syria

|Philip| |I|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Syria|, |8| |assaria|NEW
When Philip visited Antioch, Saint Babylas refused to let him enter the gathering of Christians at the Easter vigil (Eusebius, Historia ecclesiastica, VI, 34). Later legend elaborates, stating that Babylas demanded that he do penance for his part in the murder of the young Gordian III before he would allow Philip to celebrate Easter. Saint Babylas died in prison in 253 during the Decian persecution. He asked to be buried in his chains.
RP94244. Bronze 8 assaria, McAlee 970; BMC Galatia p. 215, 524; SNG Cop 270; Butcher CRS 494a; McClean 9405; RPC Online VIII - (unassigned, ID 7514, 17 spec.), aF, broad flan, porous, scratches, weight 18.211 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse AVTOK K MA IOVAI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ANTIOXEΩN MHTPO KΛ, veiled turreted bust of Tyche right, ∆ - E over S - C across field in two divided lines, ram leaping right with head turned back above; from an American collector; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

|Severus| |Alexander|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia|, |AE| |25|NEW
Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RP94232. Bronze AE 25, RPC II Online 6783 (31 spec.), Sydenham Caesarea 557, BMC Cappadocia -, SNG Cop -, aF, centered, porous, weight 7.143 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 224 - 225 A.D.; obverse AVK CEOVH AΛEΞAN, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MHTPOΠ KAICAPIA, agalma of Mount Argaeus on altar, ET∆ (year 4) in exergue; $.99 (.91)


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Phocaea, Ionia

|Severus| |Alexander|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Phocaea,| |Ionia|, |AE| |29|NEW
Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost Ionian city, on the boundary with Aeolis. The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, developed a thriving seafaring economy, became a great naval power, and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empries, Spain) and Elea (Velia, Italy). They remained independent until all of mainland Ionia fell to Croesus of Lydia (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., Lydia was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia. After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I, Phocaea joined the Delian League, but later rebelled with the rest of Ionia. In 387 B.C., Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.
RB94233. Bronze AE 29, ANS Mantis 1944.100.46787, SNGvA 2146, SNG Leypold 707, RPC Online VI T4601 (10 spec.), aF, centered on a tight flan, rough, weight 11.822 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 180o, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse A K M AYP CE AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse EΠ C M AYP ΘEO∆OCIANOY, ΦΩKAI TO B (ending in fields; M. Aur. Theodosianos, strategos for the second time), Amazon standing left, right foot on prow, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; rare; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


Kyme, Aiolis, c. 350 - 320 B.C.

|Aeolis|, |Kyme,| |Aiolis,| |c.| |350| |-| |320| |B.C.|, |AE| |13|
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.
GB93489. Bronze AE 13, BMC Troas p. 107, 35 ff. var.; SNG Cop 62 ff. var., SNG Mun 456 var.; Weber 5488 var. (all different magistrate), gF, well centered, scratches, light deposits, weight 1.977 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 320 B.C.; obverse AΠOΛΛO∆AP (or similar), eagle standing right, head right, wings closed; reverse one-handled cup or vase, K-Y divided across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 85 - 65 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.|, |AE| |16|
The thyrsos (thyrsus) is the staff carried by Dionysus (Bacchus) and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy. It was a symbol of the immortality of his believers.
GB93484. Bronze AE 16, Rec Gen p. 53, 25; HGC 7 251 (R); SNG Stancomb 691 var. (monogram lower left); BMC Pontus p. 18, 57 var. (diff. monogram); SNG BM 1192 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered, attractive dark green patina with buff earthen highlighting, scattered 9999light porosity, weight 3.613 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse thyrsos, bell attached with fillet, AMI-ΣOY flanking across field, ΩΣ monogram lower right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00











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