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Ancient Greek Coins of Macedonia
Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

|Macedonia|, |Roman| |Macedonia,| |"Thasian"| |Type,| |c.| |148| |-| |80| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
SH95250. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XIII, monogram 6, cf. 957 (O BB4 / -); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, attractive style, well centered, toned, small edge crack, weight 16.316 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH monogram inner left; ex Forum (2013); $280.00 SALE |PRICE| $252.00


Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 149 B.C.

|Roman| |Macedonia|, |Macedonia| |Prima| |Merida| |(First| |Region),| |Roman| |Dependent| |Republic,| |c.| |168| |-| |149| |B.C.|, |tetradrachm|
This type was minted with Artemis' age ranging from childhood to maturity. "Artemis is presented as ageless in the sense that she is every age. These coins were all struck at the same time and the same place as hoard evidence verifies." -- Wayne Sayles, "Ancient Coin Collecting III, Numismatic Art of the Greek World"
SH95247. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 1310 - 1311; SNG Ashmolean 3290; BMC Macedonia p. 7, 2, aVF, toned, porous, light marks, small open flan crack, weight 14.637 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 270o, Amphipolis mint, c. 168 - 149 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ (First Macedonia Province) in two lines above and below club, AP monogram above, all within oak wreath, thunderbolt left; ex Forum (2014); $280.00 SALE |PRICE| $252.00


Neapolis, Macedonia, 424 - 350 B.C.

|Other| |Macedonia|, |Neapolis,| |Macedonia,| |424| |-| |350| |B.C.|, |hemidrachm|
Neapolis, Macedonia (Kavala, Greece today), was founded by settlers from Thasos near the end of the 7th century B.C., to exploit the rich gold and silver mines of the area. At the end of the 6th century B.C. Neapolis ("new city" in Greek) claimed its independence from Thasos and struck its own silver coins with the head of Gorgon. A member of the Athenian League, Neapolis was besieged by the allied armies of the Spartans and the Thasians in 411 B.C., during the Peloponnesian War, but remained faithful to Athens. The Apostle Paul landed at Neapolis on his second and third missionary journeys.
GS95219. Silver hemidrachm, SNG Cop 229 (same dies); SNG ANS 457 (same); AMNG III-2 9; BMC Macedonia p.85, 17; HGC 3 588, VF, well centered, toned, etched surfaces, closed crack, weight 1.603 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Neapolis mint, 424 - 350 B.C.; obverse facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) tongue protruding; reverse diademed female (nymph?) head right, NEOΠ downward on right, convex fields; ex Forum (2018); $175.00 (157.50)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Amphipolis|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |23|
Tauropolos is an epithet for the goddess Artemis, variously interpreted to mean worshiped at Tauris (Crimea), or pulled by a yoke of bulls, or the hunting bull goddess. A statue of Artemis Tauropolos by Iphigenia in her temple at Brauron in Attica was said to have been from the Taurians. The festival of Artemis at Athens was called the Tauropolia.
RP92733. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1630; SNG ANS 162; SNG Cop 92; AMNG III 71; BMC Macedonia p. 52, 76; Varbanov III 3117 (R5), F, spots of corrosion, deposits and encrustations, a little off center, weight 6.708 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; obverse KAIΣAROΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head right; reverse Artemis Tauropolos seated facing riding on bull galloping right, holding billowing veil with both hands, ∆HMOY AMΦIΠOΛITΩN in two lines below; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Amphipolis|, |Antoninus| |Pius,| |August| |138| |-| |7| |March| |161| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |24|
In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos traveled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over to Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this, Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.
RP92633. Bronze AE 24, RPC Online IV 4232 (17 spec.); AMNG III 81; SNG ANS 183; SNG Cop 104; Evelpidis 1172 ff.; McClean II 3241, pl. 118, 9; BMC Macedonia -, VF, exotic portrait, some corrosion/porosity, weight 6.764 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, obverse KAICAP ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Tyche seated left, wearing turreted crown, patera in right hand, left elbow resting on back of chair; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 148 - 31 B.C.

|Amphipolis|, |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia,| |c.| |148| |-| |31| |B.C.|, |tetrachalkon|
Excavations of Roman Amphipolis have revealed traces of all the impressive architecture one would expect from a thriving Roman city. A bridge, gymnasium, public and private monuments, sanctuaries, and cemeteries all attest to the city's prosperity. From the early Christian period (after 500 CE) there are traces of four basilicas, a large rectangular building which may have been a bishop's residence, and a church. --
GB91465. Bronze tetrachalkon, SNG Cop 85, SNG ANS 147, BMC Macedonia -, HGC 3 -, VF, green patina, scratches, crude style, weight 13.246 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 30o, Amphipolis mint, c. 148 - 32/31 B.C.; obverse Winged gorgoneion facing slightly to right; reverse Athena Nikephoros standing half left, Nike in right hand, spear and grounded shield in left; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Philip| |III| |and| |Alexander| |IV,| |c.| |323| |-| |317| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander|, |tetradrachm|
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Olympias had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.
GS94260. Silver tetradrachm, Price 112, Mller Alexander 854, Demanhur 1344- 1455, SNG Cop 684, SNG Alpha Bank 499, SNG Mn 283, SNG Ash 2594, Newell Reattribution 43, Troxell H2, VF, light corrosion, weight 16.129 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 125o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, under regent Antipater, c. 322 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Atophoros seated left on throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Phrygian cap inner left; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 80 (4 August 2019), lot 68; ex Tareq Hani Collection; $280.00 SALE |PRICE| $252.00


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Philippi, Macedonia

|Philippi|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Philippi,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |27|
Philippi was founded by Philip II of Macedonia to control nearby gold mines and the route between Amphipolis and Neapolis. Philip constructed fortifications, sent colonists, and established a mint in the city. In Oct 42 B.C., Mark Antony and Octavian defeated Caesar's assassins, Brutus and Cassius, at the Battle of Philippi west of the city. They released some of their veterans to colonize the city, which was refounded as Colonia Victrix Philippensium. In 30 B.C., Octavian sent more Italian settlers, veterans possibly from the Praetorian Guard. The city was renamed Colonia Iulia Philippensis, and then Colonia Augusta Iulia Philippensis after January, 27 B.C., when Octavian received the title Augustus from the Roman Senate.
RP94065. Bronze AE 27, RPC I 1653, Varbanov III 3774; SNG ANS 684, SNG Cop 3074, BMC Macedonia 24, AMNG III 17, Lindgren 1127, Moushmov 6923, F, overstruck, strong obscuring undertype effects, weight 8.865 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Philippi (near Filippoi, Greece) mint, 41 - 56 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left; reverse COLA VGIVL PHILIP, statues of Augustus to left and Caesar to right on cippus inscribed DIVVS AVG in two lines, altar flanking on each side of cippus; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

|Kingdom| |of| |Thrace|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Lysimachos,| |305| |-| |281| |B.C.,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great|, |tetradrachm|
Thompson notes that Pyrrhus held Pella until 286 B.C. It was one of the last, if not the last, mint opened by Lysimachos. Twenty-six obverse dies are known for the tetradrachms.
SH93849. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson 248, HGC 3.2 1750p (S), Mller 353 var. (monogram in ex.), VF, superb high relief portrait, light toning with some darker spots, bumps and marks, weight 16.645 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 180o, Pella mint, 286 - 281 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse Athena enthroned left, Nike crowning name in her right hand, resting left arm on grounded round shield behind, transverse spear against right side, HP monogram outer left, monogram inner left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ΛYΣIMAXOY downward on left; ex Divus Numismatik; scarce; $750.00 SALE |PRICE| $675.00


Koinon of Macedonia, Portrait of Alexander the Great, 231 - 235 A.D.

|Koinon| |of| |Macedonia|, |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |231| |-| |235| |A.D.|, |triassarion|
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year. The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.
GB92396. Bronze triassarion, AMNG III 341, RPC Online -, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Saroglos -, McClean -, Lindgren -, VF/F, near black patina, high points a bit flatly struck, light corrosion heavier at edge, central depressions, weight 9.353 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, Macedonia, Beroea(?) mint, reign of Severus Alexander, 231 - 235; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY clockwise on right, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ ONΩN NE (NE ligate), Zeus standing half left, head left, nude, thunderbolt in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; very rare; $240.00 SALE |PRICE| $216.00










REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. Trait des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Desneux, J. "Les Tetradrachmes d' Akanthos" in RBN 95 (1949), pp. 5-122.
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Mnzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Mnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1906).
Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Kremydi-Sicilianou, S. The Coinage of the Roman Colony of Dion. (Athens, 1996).
Le Rider, G. Le monnayage d'argent et d'or de Philippe II frapp en Macdoine de 359 294. (Paris 1977).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lorber, C. "The Goats of 'Aigai'" in pour Denyse.
MacKay, P. "Bronze Coinage in Macedonia, 168-166 B.C." in ANSMN 14 (1968), pp. 5 - 13, pl. III.
Mathisen, R. "Antigonus Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedonia Circa 280-270 B.C." in ANSMN 26 (1981).
Mller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Papaefthymiou, E. Edessa de Macdoine, Etude historique et numismatique. (Athens, 2002).
Price, M. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. Vol. 1-2. (Zurich - London, 1991).
Svoronos, J. L'hellnisme primitif de la Macdoine, prouv par la numismatique et l'or du Pange. (Paris and Athens, 1919).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Austria, Klagenfurt, Landesmuseum fr Krnten, Sammlung Dreer. Part 3: Thracien-Macedonien-Ponien. (Klagenfurt, 1984).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Makedonien - Knige, 10/11 Heft. (Berlin, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 3: Macedonia. (London, 1976).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece I, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis, Part 2: Macdoine - Thessalie - Illyrie - Epire - Corcyre. (Athens, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece II. The Alpha Bank Collection, Macedonia I: Alexander I - Perseus. (Athens, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II. Mnzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1987).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 8: Macedonia 2 (Alexander I - Philip II). (New York, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Tzamalis, A. "Uncertain Thraco-Macedonian Coins" in NK 16-18 (1997-1999).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).

Catalog current as of Thursday, April 2, 2020.
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