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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Julia Mamaea||View Options:  |  |  | 

Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.

Julia Mamaea was the highly intelligent and capable mother of Severus Alexander. After the death of her mother Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea was the power behind the throne and largely responsible for the impressive recovery of the Roman state that took place during her son's rule. Though popular with the population of the empire, the military was deeply offended at being controlled by a woman. In 235 A.D., Julia Mamaea and Severus Alexander were both murdered by mutinous soldiers led by the thug Maximinus I.

|Julia| |Mamaea|, |Julia| |Mamaea,| |Augusta| |13| |March| |222| |-| |February| |or| |March| |235| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Fecunditas (Latin: "fecundity, fertility") was the goddess of fertility. She was portrayed as a matron, sometimes holding a cornucopia or a hasta pura, often with children in her arms or standing next to her.
RS92610. Silver denarius, RIC IV 331, RSC III 5, BMCRE VI 917 ff., Hunter IV 9, SRCV II 8207, EF/VF, toned, flow lines, light marks, reverse a little off center, weight 2.674 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 232 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse FECVND AVGVSTAE, Fecunditas standing left, extending right hand over small boy standing before her, boy nude and raising arms to her, cornucopia in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 


Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

|Julia| |Mamaea|, |Julia| |Mamaea,| |Augusta| |13| |March| |222| |-| |February| |or| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Tomis,| |Moesia| |Inferior||triassarion|
Hecate or Hekate is an underworld goddess of archaic origin associated with magic, childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, lunar lore, torches and dogs. During the Hellenistic period, she appeared as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is popular with modern witches and neo-pagans.
SH56016. Bronze triassarion, AMNG I/II 3296, Varbanov I 5453, aVF, rough surfaces, weight 7.322 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 225o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAMAIA AYΓ, draped bust right; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, bust of Hekate triformis set on column, her six arms holding her torches of lunar fire, serpents of immortality and knives of midwifery, Γ (mark of value) in left; rare; SOLD


Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Julia| |Mamaea|, |Julia| |Mamaea,| |Augusta| |13| |March| |222| |-| |February| |or| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Elpis was the Greek personification of Hope. According the Hesiod's famous story, Elpis was the last to escape the Pandora's box. It can be debated whether she was really about "hope" as we understand it, or rather mere "expectation." In art, Elpis is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. Elpis' Roman equivalent was Spes. She was also named "ultima dea" - the last resort of men.
SH20553. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 3064, VF, weight 12.026 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 231 - 232 A.D.; obverse IOY MAMAIA CEB MHTE CEB K CTP, diademed and draped bust right; reverse LIA ( year 11 ), Elpis (Greek Spes) standing left, holding flower and raising fold of drapery, palm branch before; nice surfaces; SOLD










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IVLIAMAMAEAAVG
IVLIAMAMAEAAVGMATAVGVSTI
IVLIAMAMAEAAVGVSTA
IVLIAMAMMAEAAVGVST


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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