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Macedonian Kingdom

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander

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Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Olympias had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.
GS94260. Silver tetradrachm, Price 112, Müller Alexander 854, Demanhur 1344- 1455, SNG Cop 684, SNG Alpha Bank 499, SNG Mün 283, SNG Ash 2594, Newell Reattribution 43, Troxell H2, VF, light corrosion, weight 16.129 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 125o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, under regent Antipater, c. 322 - 320 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Phrygian cap inner left; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 80 (4 August 2019), lot 68; ex Tareq Hani Collection; $280.00 (€252.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonus I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") was a nobleman and strategos (general and governor) under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.
SH92988. Silver drachm, Price 1560; ADM II, Series XIX, 375; Müller Alexander 252; SNG Cop 972; SNG Berry 158; SNG München 486, HGC 3.1 -, VF, attractive style, attractive toning, obverse a little off center, weight 4.282 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Troas, Abydos (near Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp as headdress, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, bare to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, ME monogram left, ivy leaf under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; ex Harlan J. Berk; $230.00 (€207.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III - Kassander, c. 323 - 310 B.C.

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Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the Nemean lion over his head. The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by his cousin King Eurystheus, was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
GB92910. Bronze unit, Price 2800, SNG Cop 1113, SNG München 919, SNG Saroglos 857, Müller Alexander -, VF, well centered, dark patina, encrustations, mild pitting, weight 5.594 g, maximum diameter 19.36 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain western Anatolia mint, c. 323 - 310 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck, uncertain round countermark; reverse from left to right: race torch, club, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward in center, bow in bowcase; $100.00 (€90.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Antigonos I Monophthalmos, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name and Types of Alexander the Great

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Struck by Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") as strategos of Asia (320 - 306 B.C.) or as king (306 - 301 B.C.). Antigonos I was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself King in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and Lysimachus, answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. Antigonus found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.
SL76591. Silver drachm, Price 1418, Müller Alexander, SNG Cop, SNG München, SNG Alpha Bank, NGC Ch XF, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (2490386-003), weight 4.140 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 270o, Mysia, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 310 - 301 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left, nude to waist, right leg drawn back, himation around waist and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, amphora in left field, Θ under throne; struck by Antigonus I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed") as strategos of Asia (320 - 306 B.C.) or as king (306 - 301 B.C.); $300.00 (€270.00)
 


Eastern Celts, Imitative of Alexander the Great and Phillip III, c. 319 - 250 B.C.

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Many Celtic coins copy Greek and Roman types. Some of these imitatives, such as this coin, closely resemble their prototypes. This coin is very similar to Macedonian Kingdom drachms struck with in the name of Alexander the Great with his usual types - "Alexandrine" type drachms. This coin copies an Alexandrine drachm struck for Alexander's brother and successor, Philip III, at Colophon, c. 323 - 319 B.C. It has the same controls as this Philip drachm type, but the inscription on this imitative is Alexander's, not Philip's.
CE92913. Silver drachm, cf. prototype Price P48 (Philip III, Colophon, 323 - 319), VF, porous and grainy, weight 3.088 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, tribal mint, c. 319 - 250 B.C.; obverse stylized head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus seated left on throne, diademed, right leg drawn back, eagle in right hand, long scepter in left hand, blundered ΠA monogram (control) left, B (control) under throne, inscription imitative of AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on the right; $90.00 (€81.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Philip

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This same type was also issued, presumably later, with a kerykeion between the B and the A below the rider. The countermark probably indicated this older coin was equal to the newer coins.
GB92911. Bronze AE 19, SNG München 979 (same countermark), Price P2, SNG Cop 124, HGC 3.1 980 (S), SNG ANS -, SNG Alpha Bank -, VF, well centered, dark green patina, reverse die wear, minor pitting/spots of corrosion, weight 6.163 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pella mint, 323 - 317 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, clad in Nemean Lion skin headdress; reverse youth on horse prancing right, arm extended above horse's head, cloak flying behind, ΦI (Philip) above, BA (Bασιλεως = king) below; countermark: kerykeion in a round punch; ex Savoca Numismatik auction 32 (14 Apr 2019), lot 27; scarce; $95.00 (€85.50)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.

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This coin was found in Southwestern Bulgaria (Serdi region) in 1997 alongside imitatives of the type struck by the Serdi Celts. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
GB46739. Copper AE 23, SNG Cop 1299, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG München,, VF, dark green patina, porous, weight 7.113 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of river-god, Strymon, right, with short horns and crown of reeds; reverse ornamented trident head, MAKE/∆ONΩN in two flanking upward lines, monograms below; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $80.00 (€72.00)
 


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46740. Bronze AE 20, Malloy Danubian Celts type F6B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, very crude, weight 7.541 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, tribal mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, dashes imitating monograms and inscription; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; $80.00 (€72.00)
 


Danubian Celts, Serdi Region, Moesia, 168 - 31 B.C.

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Celtic imitative of a rare Macedonian issue struck under Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46742. Bronze AE 19, Malloy Danubian Celts type F3B; imitative of a Macedonian Kingdom (Philip V or Perseus) type, 187 - 168 B.C., SNG Cop 1299, VF, green patina, weight 6.743 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, tribal mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse reed-wreathed head of the river god Strymon right; reverse trident, stylized dolphin ornaments between the prongs and flanking shaft, monograms flanking shaft below, blundered illiterate imitation of an inscription; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $80.00 (€72.00)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Philip V or Perseus, 187 - 168 B.C.

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This coin was found in Southwestern Bulgaria (Serdi region) in 1997 alongside imitatives of the type struck by the Serdi Celts. The choice was appropriate for the Serdi Celts as the river Strymon runs through the Serdi region.
CE46744. Copper AE 21, SNG Cop 1299, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG München,, VF, nice blue-green patina, weight 6.928 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, 187 - 168 B.C.; obverse head of river-god, Strymon, right, with short horns and crown of reeds; reverse ornamented trident head, MAKE/∆ONΩN in two flanking upward lines, monograms below; ex Alex G. Malloy Serdi Celts Collection; scarce; $120.00 (€108.00)
 




  






REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Sunday, February 16, 2020.
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Coins of the Macedonian Kingdom