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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Valens||View Options:  |  |  |   

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.


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Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RL88522. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 27(b)xvii, SRCV V 19843, Cohen VIII 47, LRBC II 1753, Hunter V 47 var. (field marks), F, green patina, porous, weight 2.209 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, star over ∆ left, star right, TES in exergue; $6.01 (€5.29) ON RESERVE


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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL88534. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)vii, LRBC II 1295, SRCV V 19745, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V 41 var. (field marks), F, green patina, rough, irregular ragged flan, weight 2.627 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, star over A right, DBSISC in exergue; $5.49 (€4.83) ON RESERVE


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In 371, The fortified cities of the Danube, with Sirmium at the forefront, contributed to stop an invasion of the Quadi.
RL88545. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 15(b)xxxvii, LRBC II 1447, SRCV V 19836, Cohen VIII 47, Hunter V 43 var. (rev. field F rt.), F, well centered, earthen encrustations, weight 2.858 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, R over A with hook left, S over pellet right, ASISCE in exergue; $.99 (€.87)


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Valens allowed Goths, who were driven from their home by the Huns, to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated and killed by the Goths at the battle of Hadrianople.
RL88550. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX 16(c)1 (S), LRBC II 2070, SRCV V 19756, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V -, aF, well centered, earthen encrustations, weight 2.689 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor advancing right, looking left, dragging captive with right hand, labarum (Christ monogram banner) in left hand, CONSP∆ in exergue; scarce; $9.00 (€7.92)
 


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In 364 A.D., Valens began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL88617. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)i, LRBC II 1272, SRCV V 19744, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V 38, var. (officina), F, centered, green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 2.404 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Valens advancing right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, BSISC in exergue; $8.00 (€7.04)


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The mint of Sirmium was closed in the first year of Valentinian's and Valens' reign. It was reopened 14 years later but only to strike in precious metal. Coins from the short early period, such as this one, are scarce or rare.
RL88639. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Sirmium 6(b)1 (R), LRBC II 1628, SRCV V 19771 Cohen VII 29, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, dark patina, rough porous,, weight 2.394 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - end of 364 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIP, Emperor standing facing, looking right, Victory on globe in left hand, standard in right, ASIRM in exergue; scarce; $14.00 (€12.32)
 


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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL88679. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 26(b)xxx, LRBC II 1775, SRCV V 19753, Cohen VIII 11, F, green patina, tight flan, edge a bit ragged, encrustations, marks, porosity, weight 2.547 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, M left, star over ∆ right, TES in exergue; $12.00 (€10.56)
 


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In 373, Valens converted to Arianism and ordered the persecution of orthodox Christians.
RL88742. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19752, Cohen VIII 11, VF, interesting double strike, dark green patina, weight 2.211 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor walking right, dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, ∆ right, [...]TES[...] in exergue; $10.00 (€8.80)
 


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A numismatically important coin, the field marks abbreviate "officina II," the second officina (mint workshop). This coin type and a few other types offer the only evidence that "officina" was the term used by the Romans to describe mint workshops.
RL88829. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19715 ff., VF/F, green patina, ragged edge, weight 1.722 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Valens advancing right, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, uncertain mintmark in exergue; $10.00 (€8.80)


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The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration among the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL91538. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX 15(b)vi (R), LRBC II 707, SRCV V 19740, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V -, VF, nice portrait, green patina, earthen deposits, marks, weight 2.414 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor dragging captive with right, labarum (chi-rho standard) in left, R B in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; $50.00 (€44.00)
 




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNVALENSPERAVG
DNVALENSPERFAVG
DNVALENSPFAVG
IMPCEVALENSPFAVG
VALENSAVGVS


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, October 18, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Valens