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Coins of the Late Roman Empire

Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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On 1 November 365, the Alamanni crossed the Rhine and invaded Gaul. Valentinian I moved to Paris to defend the Gallic cities. Large numbers of Alamanni crossed the frozen Rhine into the Empire on 2 January 366. Valentinian moved his base to Trier and in 368 defeated the Alamanni near the Rhine.
RL89959. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 17(a) 1, LRBC II 1702, SRCV V 19477, Cohen VIII 21, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, well centered, flow lines, die wear/damage, weight 2.801 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIP, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in left hand, TESA in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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In 378, after the disastrous Battle of Adrianople where Valens was killed, Gratian invited Theodosius to take command of the Illyrian army. As Valens had no successor, Gratian's appointment of Theodosius amounted to a de facto invitation for Theodosius to become co-Augustus of the East Roman Empire. Theodosius received the purple on 19 January 379. The Gothic crisis was so dire that his co-Emperor Gratian retired to Trier in Gaul to let Theodosius operate without hindrance.
RL88577. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Thessalonica 37(d)3, LRBC II 1826, SRCV V 20500, Cohen VIII 27, Hunter V -, F, well centered, uneven strike with weak areas, a little rough, edge splits/cracks, weight 3.526 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 19 Jan 379 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO REIPVB, emperor standing facing, head left, raising kneeling turreted woman with his right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in his left hand, Γ in right field, SMTES in exergue; $16.00 (€14.08)


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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The Edict of Thessalonica (also known as Cunctos populos), issued on 27 February 380 A.D. by the three reigning Roman emperors, ordered all subjects of the Roman Empire to profess the faith of the bishops of Rome and of Alexandria, making Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire. In 391, all non-Christian temples in the Empire were closed. The eternal fire in the Temple of Vesta in the Roman Forum was extinguished, and the Vestal Virgins were disbanded.
RL88656. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Rome 43(d), LRBC II 753, SRCV V 20498, Cohen VIII 27, Hunter V 14, aVF/aF, tight flan, rough, encrustations, weight 5.596 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 379 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO REIPVB, Emperor standing half left, raising kneeling turreted woman with his right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in his left hand, SMR[...] in exergue; $11.00 (€9.68)


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
RL88686. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Antioch 47(c)4, LRBC II 2706, SRCV V 20534, Cohen VIII 5, Hunter V 57 var. (rosette diademed), F, green patina with buff earthen highlighting, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, porosity, weight 2.853 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG (harmony among the three emperors), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, helmeted, head right, spear in right hand, globe in left hand, right leg bare, right foot on a galley prow, Θ left, Φ over K right, ANTΓ in exergue; $16.00 (€14.08)


Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.

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The divided obverse legend was employed upon Valentinian's death and Gratian ascension to the rank of senior emperor. The old Gloria and Securitas types were discontinued shortly after.
RL88747. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 20069, Cohen VIII 23, F, green patina, scratches, earthen deposits, edge flaw and cracks, weight 2.319 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 367 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor forcing barbarian to kneel, holding labarum (Chi-Rho standard), star left, star over Γ right, [...] in exergue; $10.00 (€8.80)


Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.

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Valentinian II tried to restrain the despoiling of pagan temples in Rome. Buoyed by this instruction, pagan senators, led by Aurelius Symmachus, the Prefect of Rome, petitioned in 384 for the restoration of the Altar of Victory in the Senate House, which had been removed by Gratian in 382. Valentinian, at the insistence of Ambrose, refused the request and, in so doing, rejected the traditions and rituals of pagan Rome.
RL89958. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Antioch 51.1, LRBC II 2670 corr. (no star), SRCV V 20330, Cohen VIII 80, Hunter V -, VF, nice green patina, light scratches, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS IVN P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VRBS ROMA (City of Rome), Roma seated left on cuirass, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, star right, ANTB in exergue; $65.00 (€57.20)


Magnus Maximus, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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After the Roman troops in Britain, proclaimed general Magnus Maximus emperor, he invaded Gaul and drove Gratian before him until the latter was overrun and assassinated. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and his son, Flavius Victor, as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 386 A.D., driven by reckless greed, Magnus Maximus invaded Italy, driving out Valentinian II, who fled to Theodosius I. Commanding an army of Goths, Huns and Alans, Theodosius marched west and defeated Magnus Maximus at the Battle of the Save. On 28 August 388, Magnus Maximus surrendered at Aquileia and was executed.
RL91027. Bronze half centenionalis, Hunter V 16 (also 1st officina), RIC IX Arelate 29(a)1, LRBC II 560, SRCV V 20656, Cohen VIII 7,, F, well centered, porous, rough, ragged edge with flan cracks, weight 0.800 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 135o, 1st officina, Arelate (Arles, France) mint, c. 387 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, campgate with star between two turrets, PCON in exergue; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; scarce; $30.00 (€26.40)


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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In 389, all pagan buildings in Alexandria, including the library, were destroyed on the order of Theodosius.
RL91040. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Alexandria 21(a)2 (S), SRCV V 20493, LRBC II 2910, Cohen 18, Hunter V -, gF, green patina, buff earthen deposits, light corrosion, edge a bit ragged with splits, weight 3.968 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 387 - 392 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor standing facing, head right, vexillum in right hand, globe in left hand, ALEB in exergue; ex Sayles & Lavender; scarce; $50.00 (€44.00)


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL91441. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Constantinopolis 55.2 (S), LRBC II 2149, SRCV V 20611, Cohen VIII 4, Hunter V 3 ff. var. (5th officina), gF, well centered, near black patina, red earthen deposits, scratches, weight 3.757 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hair in plait up back and top of head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on column, CONB in exergue; scarce; $110.00 (€96.80)


Magnus Maximus, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the restoration of the Republic. The turreted woman symbolizes the cities and the state of Rome, grateful to the Emperor who lifts her up while he holds the world in his hand and is crowned by Victory.
RL91663. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Arelate 27(c)2 (S), LRBC II 557, SRCV V 20652, Cohen VIII 10, Hunter V -, F/aF, well centered, rough, weight 4.466 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantina-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 28 Aug 383 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXI-MVS P F AVG, rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGG, emperor standing facing, head left, standard in left hand Victory on globe in right hand crowning him with wreath, SCON in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $30.00 (€26.40)











Catalog current as of Sunday, October 13, 2019.
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The Late Roman Empire