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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantius II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

The longest lived of Constantine the Great's sons and successors, he ruled until 361 A.D. Upon Constantine's death, Constantius received the entire eastern empire as his inheritance. Soon after he added Thrace to his empire and as his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the Western usurper Magnentius he was master of the entire empire. Although he started campaigning along the Danube, war with Persia forced his return to the East. Shortly after, he received news that Julian II had been proclaimed Augustus against him. Constantius died on his way to fight this new usurper and Julian II became ruler of the Roman Empire.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92704. Bronze reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 18071 (various mints), VF, dark patina with attractive highlighting red earthen deposits, tight flan cutting off about half of legend on obverse and mintmark on reverse, weight 1.610 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, [...] in exergue; $16.00 SALE |PRICE| $14.00
 


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |maiorina|
On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antioch, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL92707. Bronze reduced maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Nicomedia 110, LRBC II 2313, SRCV V 18302, Cohen VII 47, Hunter V -, aVF, dark patina, earthen deposits, tight flan, blundered mintmark, weight 1.768 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Nicomedia(?) mint, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed Persian cap and raising hand, shield at feet, M upper left, SMN∆(?) in exergue; $16.00 SALE |PRICE| $14.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |maiorina|
In 356, Constantius II published a decree ordering the closure of all pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL92709. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Antioch 188, LRBC II 2635, SRCV V 18287, Hunter V 147 var. (officina), cf. Cohen VII 48, aVF, dark patina, red earthen deposits, tight flan, remnants of pre-strike flan casting sprues, weight 3.623 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 355 - 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier spearing horseman who has fallen on face down on the horses neck, ANE in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
 
RL92710. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 49 (S), SRCV V 18074, LRBC II 1307, Cohen 335, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, earthen encrustation, scrapes, obverse legend weak and obscured, weight 1.822 g, maximum diameter 14.4180 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed head right; reverse VOT XX MVLT XXX, inscription in four lines within wreath, SMKH in exergue; scarce; $28.00 SALE |PRICE| $25.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.| |as| |Caesar|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 334, Flavius Dalmatius put down a revolt in Cyprus led by Calocaerus. Calocaerus was brought to Tarsus in Cilicia and executed.
RL92711. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 61 (R4), LRBC I 1007, SRCV V 17693, Cohen VII 104, Hunter V 27, var. (officina), aVF, well centered on a tight flan, dark patina, red earthen encrustation, weight 2.280 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 333 - 335 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONSS in exergue; $21.00 SALE |PRICE| $18.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92713. Bronze reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 17971 (Constantina/Ares), F, red earthen deposits, porosity, weight 2.040 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, c. 339 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG (or similar), diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, two dots above standard, [...] in exergue; $14.00 SALE |PRICE| $12.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92714. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V 117 ff., aVF, earthen encrustation, tight flan, weight 1.799 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMAN[..] in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92715. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 118 (same officina), RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, VF, red earthen deposits, small edge splits, weight 1.515 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMANAI in exergue; $29.00 SALE |PRICE| $26.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
RL92716. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, VF, well centered, red earthen deposits, small edge crack, weight 1.576 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMAN∆ in exergue; $23.00 SALE |PRICE| $20.00
 


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL92717. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia 191 (R4), LRBC I 1119, SRCV V 17695, Cohen VII 104, Hunter V 33 var. (officina), F, centered on a tight flan, dark patina, red earthen deposits, scratches, weight 2.538 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMNΓ in exergue; rare; $23.00 SALE |PRICE| $20.00
 




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSAVGVSTVS
CONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG DNCONSTANTIAVGVSTI
DNCONSTANTIVSAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLACONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPIVSFELIXAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Sunday, March 29, 2020.
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