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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantius II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

The longest lived of Constantine the Great's sons and successors, he ruled until 361 A.D. Upon Constantine's death, Constantius received the entire eastern empire as his inheritance. Soon after he added Thrace to his empire and as his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the Western usurper Magnentius he was master of the entire empire. Although he started campaigning along the Danube, war with Persia forced his return to the East. Shortly after, he received news that Julian II had been proclaimed Augustus against him. Constantius died on his way to fight this new usurper and Julian II became ruler of the Roman Empire.


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In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92654. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V 117 var. (officina), VF, near black patina with red earthen "desert patina" highlighting, bumps and scratches, flan crack, weight 1.468 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT XX MVLT XXX, legend in wreath, SMANH in exergue; $24.00 (€21.12)
 


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On 11 May 330, Emperor Constantine the Great dedicated Constantinople, or Nova Roma (modern Istanbul), and moved the capitol of the Roman Empire there from Rome. He had spent 4 years building the city on the site of ancient Byzantium, having chosen the site for its strategic location (a seaport with easy access to Anatolia and the Danube).
RL92655. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 27, SRCV V 17994, Cohen VII 102, LRBC I 1055 var. (no terminating dot rev), Hunter V 73 var. (officina), VF, well centered, earthen encrustations, scratches, edge cracks, weight 1.884 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 330 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, rosette diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS• (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, one standard in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONSΓ in exergue; $18.00 (€15.84)
 


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In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92657. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V 117 var. (officina), VF, well centered, highlighting red earthen deposits, light marks and scratches, ragged flan, weight 1.225 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMANA in exergue; $30.00 (€26.40)
 


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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92660. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 52, LRBC I 1386, SRCV V 18003, Cohen VII 97, Hunter V 109 ff. var. (officina), VF, nice dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 1.923 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Sep 337 - late 347; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, two pellets flanking top of standard, SMANS in exergue; $22.00 (€19.36)
 


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In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92661. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, VF, attractive desert patina, tight flan, weight 1.951 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMAN[...] in exergue; $18.00 (€15.84)
 


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In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92662. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V 117, VF, earthen encrusted, weight 1.580 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMAN[..] in exergue; $16.00 (€14.08)
 


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On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL88806. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 121, LRBC II 2043, SRCV V 18277, Cohen VII 45, Hunter V 84 var. (6th officina), VF, well centered, earthen deposits, scratches, ragged flan, weight 2.335 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, ? center left, CONSIA in exergue; $3.01 (€2.65)


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On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
BB88807. Bronze reduced maiorina, cf. SRCV IV 18263 ff. (various mints), gF, well centered on a tight ragged flan, earthen deposits, mintmark not fully struck, weight 1.968 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, unknown mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, [...] in exergue; $.99 (€.87)


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In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign, you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL89685. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 304, SRCV V 18204, Cohen VII 142, LRBC II 1190, Hunter V 54, VF, green patina, light earthen deposits, light marks, slightly off center, weight 4.981 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind (A's often appear as H in this period); reverse HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, Constantius standing facing head left, holding labarum (Chi Rho Christogram standard) and spear, Victory right crowning him, palm in left hand, III left field, ASIS crescent in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


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Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at the confluence of the Colapis and the Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RL89949. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 133, LRBC II 1660, SRCV V 18197, Cohen VIII 32, Hunter V -, Choice VF, excellent centering, well struck with slight weakness in center, light marks, porous, weight 5.029 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 28 Sep 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Emperor standing left on boat, holding Victory and labarum (Christogram standard), Victory steering at helm with star above, B left, •TSB• in exergue; $90.00 (€79.20)
 




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSAVGVSTVS
CONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG DNCONSTANTIAVGVSTI
DNCONSTANTIVSAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLACONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPIVSFELIXAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Saturday, January 18, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Constantius II