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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantius II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

The longest lived of Constantine the Great's sons and successors, he ruled until 361 A.D. Upon Constantine's death, Constantius received the entire eastern empire as his inheritance. Soon after he added Thrace to his empire and as his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the Western usurper Magnentius he was master of the entire empire. Although he started campaigning along the Danube, war with Persia forced his return to the East. Shortly after, he received news that Julian II had been proclaimed Augustus against him. Constantius died on his way to fight this new usurper and Julian II became ruler of the Roman Empire.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |quarter| |maiorina|NEW
Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at the confluence of the Colapis and the Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae. Dates of operation: 260 - c. 390. Mintmarks: S, SIS, SISC, SISCPS.
RL93370. Bronze quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 243, LRBC II 1135, SRCV V 18261, Cohen VII 36, VF, well centered, green patina, light scratches, encrustations, weight 2.012 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor stands left in galley, phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, Victory seated steering in stern, BSIS and symbol (similar to reversed R) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $55.00 SALE |PRICE| $49.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|NEW
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL93372. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 118 (same officina), RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, VF, well centered and struck, porous, edge crack, weight 1.503 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMANAI in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL93281. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, LRBC II 2026, SRCV V 18148, Cohen VII -, Hunter V -, Choice VF, excellent centering, dark brown tone, edge split / crack, weight 5.510 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier with shield on left arm spearing bearded fallen horseman, horseman turning to soldier and raising right arm, shield on ground to right, Γ upper left, CONSE* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 326, Constantine traveled to Rome to celebrate the 20th anniversary of his accession to power.
RL93282. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 38 (R1), LRBC I 1193, SRCV V 17652, Cohen VII 167, Hunter V 38, Choice gVF, dark brown patina, well centered, areas of light corrosion / porosity, weight 3.645 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 324 - 330 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, SMKE in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
RL93373. Bronze reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Nicomedia 55, LRBC I 1153, SRCV V 18073, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V -, gVF, dark brown patina, highlighting earthen deposits, ragged edge, weight 1.642 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 45o, 6th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMNS in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |light| |maiorina|
The labarum, was a type of Roman cavalry standard, a vexillum with a military ensign marked with the Christogram (Greek monogram of Christ). It was an object of religious veneration amongst the soldiers, who paid it divine honors.
RL93280. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 89, LRBC II 2015, SRCV V 18231, Cohen VII 39, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, dark brown patina, highlighting light deposits, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 15 Mar 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), emperor standing left, labarum (chi rho Christogram banner) in right, resting left on shield, two captives before him, Γ (control symbol) left, CONSB* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.50


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |maiorina|
On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antioch, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL92707. Bronze reduced maiorina, cf. RIC VIII Nicomedia 110, LRBC II 2313, SRCV V 18302, Cohen VII 47, Hunter V -, aVF, dark patina, earthen deposits, tight flan, blundered mintmark, weight 1.768 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Nicomedia(?) mint, 6 Nov 355 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a pointed Persian cap and raising hand, shield at feet, M upper left, SMN∆(?) in exergue; $16.00 SALE |PRICE| $14.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92714. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V 117 ff., aVF, earthen encrustation, tight flan, weight 1.799 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMAN[..] in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action "vow, promise", it may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion, a bargaining expressed by do ut des, "I give that you might give."
RL92715. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 118 (same officina), RIC VIII Antioch 113, LRBC I 1398, SRCV V 18076, Cohen VII 335, VF, red earthen deposits, small edge splits, weight 1.515 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMANAI in exergue; $29.00 SALE |PRICE| $26.00


|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92718. Billon reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 17996 (Constantina/Arles), VF, dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, tight flan cutting of half of obverse legend and mintmark, small edge split, weight 1.850 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 315o, uncertain mint, 337 - 347 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, rosette-diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, O on standard, [...] in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTIVSAVG
CONSTANTIVSAVGVSTVS
CONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTIVSNOBC
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTIVSPFAVG DNCONSTANTIAVGVSTI
DNCONSTANTIVSAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSMAXAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
DNCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLACONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPERPAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPFAVG
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSPIVSFELIXAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la rouverture de l'atelier en 318 la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 11, 2020.
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