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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Constantine II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.
RL93296. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 255, SRCV IV 17188, Cohen VII 38, Hunter V 38, Choice F, well centered, dark patina, light earthen deposits, scrapes, weight 2.406 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in wreath, Q*AR in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $34.00 SALE |PRICE| $30.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 326, Constantine traveled to Rome to celebrate the 20th anniversary of his accession to power.
RL93275. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 51 (also 3rd officina), RIC VII Rome 289, SRCV V 17229, LRBC I 518, Cohen VII 165, Choice gVF, nice portrait, dark patina small deposits, weight 3.076 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, as caesar, 326 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, R wreath T in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 327, construction of the Domus Aurea, the cathedral of Antioch, began on an island between two branches of the Orontes River, where the Imperial Palace was located. It was dedicated on 6 January 341, in the presence of Constans, Constantius II and ninety-seven bishops. In the following centuries, it was repeatedly destroyed by earthquakes and fires and rebuilt. It was finally destroyed in 588 after a major earthquake left the dome resting on a pile of rubble. Today the site of the cathedral is uncertain.
RL93233. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 73 (R2), LRBC I 1324, SRCV IV 17256, Cohen 165, Hunter V 94 var. (1st officina), Choice gVF, well centered, dark brown patina, weight 2.704 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 326 - 327 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, dot in doorway, SMANTH in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Theta (Θ) in the mintmark is the Greek numeral nine and indicates the coin was struck by the 9th officina (mint workshop). On earlier coins, a sum of Greek numerals, usually ∆E (4 + 5 = 9), was often used to indicate the 9th officina to avoid the use of theta. Because they sound alike, theta was associated with Thanatos, the personification of death and used as a warning symbol of death, in the same way that skull and crossbones are used in modern times. It survives on potsherds used by Athenians voting for the death penalty. Also, after a funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow" were solemnly observed by Roman families. Over time, and perhaps especially under Christian influence, the association of theta with death had faded.
RL92712. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 24, LRBC I 1054, SRCV V 17437, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered on tight flan cutting off tops of legends, red earthen deposits, slight porosity, weight 1.658 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 22 May 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, pearl and rosette diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONS∆ in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 340, Constantine II crossed the Alps and attacked Constans' army at Aquileia. Constantine II was defeated and killed, leaving Constans as sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire. His other brother, Constantius II, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire.
RL92664. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 41 (R), LRBC I 1378, SRCV V 17443, Cohen VII 117, Voetter -, Hunter V -, VF, earthen encrusted, weight 1.392 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 9 Sep 337 - Mar/Apr 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANΓ in exergue; rare; $30.00 SALE |PRICE| $27.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Sear notes that this type was only issued by the first officina.
RL92853. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Rome 47 (R), LRBC I 608, SRCV V 17453, Cohen VII 233, Hunter V -, F, nice green patina, tight flan, a little rough, weight 1.155 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 9 Sep 337 - May 340; obverse VIC CONSTANTINVS AVG, laurel and rosette diademed and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTI, Emperor standing facing, bare head right, wearing military garb, spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, R crescent P in exergue; rare; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 323, at the age of seven, he took part in his father's campaign against the Sarmatians. At age ten, he became commander of Gaul, following the death of his half-brother Crispus. Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II initially became emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans, with the Empire divided between them and two of their cousins. This arrangement barely survived Constantine Is death, as his sons arranged the slaughter of most of the rest of the family by the army. The three brothers gathered together in Pannonia and there, on 9 September 337, divided the Roman world among themselves. Constantine, proclaimed Augustus by the troops received Gaul, Britannia and Hispania.
RL91853. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Antioch 59 (R4), SRCV IV 17203, Cohen VII 83, LRBC I 1325, Hunter V 90 var. (officina), Choice VF, highlighting green patina, weight 2.425 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 330o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, no legend; reverse CONSTAN/TINVS / CAESAR / SMANTH in four lines, star above, pellet below; rare; $115.00 SALE |PRICE| $104.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at the confluence of the Colapis and the Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae. Dates of operation: 260 - c. 390. Mintmarks: S, SIS, SISC, SISCPS.
RL89671. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 99 (R4), SRCV IV 17265, Cohen VII 192, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, weak areas, weight 2.720 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as caesar, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar, I on altar, ASIS* in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 320, Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He imprisoned Christians, confiscated their properties and destroyed churches.
RL89673. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII 181 (R2), SRCV 17270, Cohen VII 224, Hunter V -, VF, near full silvering, oval flan, die wear, weight 3.176 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, as caesar, 320 A.D.; obverse FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, seen from behind; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar with wreath, [PLN] in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.
RL89691. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII 95 (R4), SRCV IV 17273, Cohen 221 var. (bust laureate), Hunter V -, Choice VF, attractive style, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, weight 2.627 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, 319 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, boy's radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories holding wreath on altar, VOT / P R in two lines within wreath, C on altar with garland, PT exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CONSTANTINVSAVG
CONSTANTINVSIVNAVG
CONSTANTINVSIVNNC
CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBC
CONSTANTINVSIVNNOBCAES
CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTINVSPFAVG
DNCONSTANTINVSIVNNOBCAES
DNFLCLCONSTANTINVSNOBC
FLCLCONSTANTINVSIVNNC
FLCLCONSTANTINVSPFAVG
IMPCONSTANTINVSAVG
VICCONSTANTINVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la rouverture de l'atelier en 318 la mort de Constantin (318-337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine: The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 2011).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

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