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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Licinius I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Licinius I was a comrade of emperor Galerius in the Tetrarchic period. Following the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus, Licinius was raised to the rank of Augustus despite never having held the position of Caesar. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius marched against him and defeated him soundly. Over the next few years, relations between Licinius and Constantine I deteriorated. Armed conflict broke out several times and Licinius was defeated. Only through the intervention of Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, was his life spared. However, shortly after he was executed for additional political machinations against Constantine.

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.||reduced| |follis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "Jupiter the Protector of the Two Emperors." The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored those in positions of authority similar to his own. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he was therefore the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RL93366. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Antioch 24 (R5) var. (2nd officina not listed), SRCV IV 15238 var. (same), Hunter V -, Cohen VII -, VF, reverse double struck, thin flan, minor encrustations, light corrosion, flan crack, weight 2.157 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 316 - 317 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate consular bust left, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left hand; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two emperors), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak on left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in his right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, star left, B right, ANT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; very rare; $90.00 (€73.80)
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.||centenionalis|
In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
SH26929. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 259, Choice aUNC, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse LICINI-VS P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), trophy of captured arms, flanked on each side at the base by a seated bound captive facing outward, star left, •PTR in exergue; flan crack, sharp; very rare (RIC R4); SOLD


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.||argenteus|
RB04348. Billon argenteus, RIC VII Trier 212 var., Choice VF+, weight 2.89 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left holding mappa in right and spear over shoulder in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, head left, wings spread, emperor holds scepter in left and thunderbolt in right, PTR in exergue; prima officina not recorded for this wings spread variety, from the Aiello Collection; SOLD










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCLICLICINNIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICINLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSAVG
IMPLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPLICLICINIVSPFAVG
LICINIVSAVGVSTVS
LICINIVSPFAVG
VALLICINNIANVSLICINNIVSPFAVG



REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Réforme Monétaire de Dioclétien à la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318 - 337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cloke, H. & L. Toone. The London Mint of Constantius & Constantine. (London, 2015).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Dioclétien a Constantin I (284 - 337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D.. (Washington D.C., 2002).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV...The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

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