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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Licinius I||View Options:  |  |  |   

Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

Licinius I was a comrade of emperor Galerius in the Tetrarchic period. Following the abdication of Diocletian and Maximianus, Licinius was raised to the rank of Augustus despite never having held the position of Caesar. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius marched against him and defeated him soundly. Over the next few years, relations between Licinius and Constantine I deteriorated. Armed conflict broke out several times and Licinius was defeated. Only through the intervention of Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, was his life spared. However, shortly after he was executed for additional political machinations against Constantine.


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis| |(large)|
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO IMPERATORIS dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Imperators. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT91638. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Alexandria 101b, Hunter V 229 ff. var. (officina, parallel ties), SRCV IV 15179, Cohen VII 43, VF, well centered, slightly uneven strike with some legend weak, porosity, spots of light corrosion, weight 6.669 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, c. late 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, divergent ties, pointed neck truncation; reverse GENIO IMPERATORIS (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor as Commander in Chief), Genius standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, pouring libations from patera with right hand, cornucopia in left hand, K left, Γ over P right, ALE in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
Open civil war between Constantine and Licinius broke in 316 when Constantine invaded Licinius' Balkan provinces. Licinius fled to Adrianople where he collected a second army, under the command of Valerius Valens whom he raised to the rank of Augustus. Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis, but the victory was indecisive. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. The peace lasted for about seven years.
RT89695. Billon follis, RIC VII London 23 (R1), SRCV IV 15185, Cohen 49, Hunter V -, VF, nice portrait, off center and a little uneven reverse strike, edge cracks, weight 3.301 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint mint, 314 - 315 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), turreted Genius standing slightly left, head left, wearing crown of city walls on head, boots, himation over left shoulder around hips and over left arm, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - F across field, MLL in exergue; ex Beast Coins, ex Harlan Berk CICF show April 2013; rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
This billon type is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RB89960. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196 (R2), SRCV IV 15347, Cohen VII 101, Hunter V 24 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, excellent centering, dark green patina, a few tiny spots of porosity, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, SARL (S engraved over P?) in exergue; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
In 315, Constantine the Great and Licinius battled the Sarmates, the Goths and the Carpians along the Danube. Constantine led a punitive expedition into Dacia and reestablished the Roman fortifications of the frontier.
RL91225. Billon follis, RIC VII Alexandria 10 (R2), SRCV IV 15246. Cohen VII 108, Hunter V 233 ff. var. (1st officina not listed), VF, well centered and struck, green patina, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 3.521 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 315 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude but for cloak on left shoulder, Victory on globe with wreath and palm frond in Jupiter's right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, eagle left at feet on left with head turned back and wreath in beak, wreath over A over N in right field, ALE in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 76 (7 Apr 2019), part of lot 942; scarce; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people." For this issue, the altar is always marked I for the first (A) and second (B) officinae, and S for the third (Γ), fourth (∆) and fifth (E) officinae.
RL89672. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 96 (R4), SRCV IV 15357, Cohen VII 170, Hunter V -, Choice VF, much silvering, well centered, scattered porosity, weight 2.410 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people), set on altar inscribed with an S, ΓSIS* in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
Very unusual mint error! Poor letter spacing on the reverse forced the engraver to make the final two letters extraordinarily small and curve back up to the exergue line. On many examples of this type the last two letters extend into the exergue to the mintmark. This engraver had his own idea of how to handle the problem.
RL89684. Billon follis, Hunter V 170 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Cyzicus 9, SRCV IV 15237, Cohen VII 114, Choice gVF, bold well centered strike, some silvering, weight 3.196 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINVS P F AVG, consular bust left, mappa in right hand, globe and scepter in left hand; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter in left hand, wreath lower left, B right, SMK in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
In 315, Constantine the Great and Licinius battled the Sarmates, the Goths and the Carpians along the Danube. Constantine led a punitive expedition into Dacia and reestablished the Roman fortifications of the frontier.
RL88830. Billon follis, Hunter V 238 (also 7th officina), RIC VII Alexandria 10 (R1), SRCV IV 15246, Cohen VII 108, aF, corrosion, encrustation, weight 2.915 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Alexandria mint, 315 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, eagle at feet left with wreath in beak, wreath over Z over N in right field, ALE in exergue; $12.00 SALE |PRICE| $10.80
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RL89635. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Lyons 70a (R1), Hunter V 17, SRCV IV 15360, Cohen 174, Choice VF, well centered, some silvering, porosity on obverse, weight 2.613 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NVS AVG, Laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two victories standing confronted, holding shield inscribed VOT / P R over tall altar (type a) with a garland, two captives seated back to back in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Keith Metzer Collection; scarce; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50
 


Lot of 3 Choice gVF Roman Radiate Coins from Alexandria, Egypt, 284 - 324 A.D.

|Roman| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Lot| |of| |3| |Choice| |gVF| |Roman| |Radiate| |Coins| |from| |Alexandria,| |Egypt,| |284| |-| |324| |A.D.|, |Lot|
Alexandria is a Mediterranean port city in Egypt. During the Hellenistic period, it was home to a lighthouse ranking among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World as well as a storied library. Today the library is reincarnated in the disc-shaped, ultramodern Bibliotheca Alexandrina. The city also has Greco-Roman landmarks, old-world cafes and sandy beaches. Its 15th-century seafront Qaitbay Citadel is now a museum.
LT88497. Bronze Lot, Lot of 3 radiate bronze coins, Licinius I (2) and Diocletian, 19.6mm - 20.2mm, Choice gVF, well centered, attractive desert patinas with highlighting earthen deposits, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 284 - 324 A.D.; no additional identification, no tags or flips, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $122.00
 


|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
Open civil war between Constantine and Licinius broke in 316 when Constantine invaded Licinius' Balkan provinces. Licinius fled to Adrianople where he collected a second army, under the command of Valerius Valens whom he raised to the rank of Augustus. Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis, but the victory was indecisive. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. The peace lasted for about seven years.
RT87241. Billon follis, RIC VII London 31 (R1), Cohen VII 53, SRCV IV 15186, Hunter V -, Choice aEF, excellent centering and portrait, small green encrustations, flaw at Genius' face, round flan with a somewhat ragged edge with cracks and small split, weight 2.634 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint mint, 314 - 315 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), turreted Genius standing slightly left, head left, wearing crown of city walls on head, boots, himation over left shoulder around hips and over left arm, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - F across field, MSL (Moneta Sacra Londinium) in exergue; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00
 




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IMPCLICLICINNIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPCVALLICINLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSAVG
IMPLICINIVSPFAVG
IMPLICINIVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPLICLICINIVSPFAVG
LICINIVSAVGVSTVS
LICINIVSPFAVG
VALLICINNIANVSLICINNIVSPFAVG



REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Réforme Monétaire de Dioclétien à la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318 - 337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Dioclétien a Constantin I (284 - 337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D.. (Washington D.C., 2002).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV...The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 26, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Licinius I