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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the Tetrarchy
Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
In 301 A.D., Diocletian issued his Edict on Maximum Prices in an attempt to curb inflation.
RT97949. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Thessalonica 21a, Cohen VI 106, SRCV IV 12784, Hunter V -, aVF/gVF, well centered on a broad flan, flow lines, choice reverse, porosity/corrosion on obverse,, weight 9.952 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 300 - 301 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius kalathos on head, naked except chlamys over shoulder, standing left holding cornucopia and pouring liquid from patera, •TSA• in exergue; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

|Maximinus| |II|, |Maximinus| |II| |Daia,| |Late| |309| |-| |30| |April| |313| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
The mint of Serdica operated for a short period c. 303 - 308 A.D. and although some issues were minted in large quantities, most types from this mint are scarce. The early types are derived from those of the closed mint of Thessalonica as Serdica probably inherited most of the staff. The present coin belongs to the final group of the mint prior to its closing and reopening of Thessalonica.
RT97950. Billon follis (large), Hunter V 16 (also 4th officina), RIC VI Serdica 37 (S), Cohen VII 38, SRCV IV 14719, VF, well centered, porosity, rough areas, weight 6.542 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, late 307 - 308 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse GENIO CAESARIS (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star in left field, ∆ in right field, •SM•SD• in exergue; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

|Maximinus| |II|, |Maximinus| |II| |Daia,| |Late| |309| |-| |30| |April| |313| |A.D.||follis| |(large)|
"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT97966. Billon follis (large), Hunter V 46 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 70 (S), SRCV IV 14849, Cohen VII 51, Choice VF, brown patina, well centered, light marks, weight 6.387 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 311 A.D; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO IMPERATORIS (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor as Commander in Chief), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ left, three pellets arranged in a vertical line in right field, MKV in exergue; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.||antoninianus|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "Jupiter the Protector of the Emperors." The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored those in positions of authority similar to his own. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he was therefore the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RL98424. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 4 (also 1st officina), RIC V-2 506, SRCV IV 13143, Cohen VI 355,, aVF, much silvering, full borders on a wide flan, weakly struck centers, weight 3.62 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, c. 285 - 286 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jupiter the protector of the two emperors), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over left shoulder, thunderbolt in right hand, long scepter in vertical in left hand, XXIA in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
In 299, Galerius established the Peace of Nisibis with the Persian king Narseh, the Romans retained dominion over Armenia and northern Mesopotamia, and the Tigris became the boundary between Rome and the Sassanid Empire.
RL94836. Copper post-reform radiate, RIC VI Cyzicus 15a, SRCV IV 12834, Cohen VI 34 var. (also draped), Hunter V 82 var. (same), gVF, full legends on flan, earthen encrustations, scratches, weight 2.422 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 294/6 - 299 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Diocletian on left, standing right, baton in left hand, receiving from Victory from Jupiter with right hand, Victory standing on globe and offering wreath, Jupiter on right, standing left, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders, long scepter vertical in left hand, KΓ in center; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
In 296, after the Sassanid king Narseh declared war on Rome and invaded Armenia, Diocletian dispatched his son-in-law Galerius with a large army. Galerius was completely defeated near Carrhae and forced to retreat across the Euphrates to join Diocletian at Antioch. At Antioch, Diocletian forced Galerius to walk, still clad in the purple robes of an emperor, a mile in advance of his imperial cart. The message was clear: the loss at Carrhae was not due to the failings of the soldiers, but due to the failings of their commander.
RL94837. Copper post-reform radiate, SRCV IV 12835, Cohen VI 34, RIC VI Antiochia 60a corr. (laureate head), Hunter V 101 var. (2nd officina), VF, centered on an oval flan, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 2.726 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 296 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Diocletian on left, standing right, wearing military garb, baton (or parazonium) in left hand, receiving from Victory from Jupiter with right hand, Victory standing on globe and offering wreath, Jupiter on right, standing left, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders, long scepter vertical in left hand, * / Γ in low center, ANT in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.||antoninianus|
On 1 March 293, Diocletian and Maximian appointed Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World"). The four Tetrarchs established their capitals close to the Roman frontiers:
- Nicomedia (northwestern Asia Minor) became capital for Diocletian
- Mediolanum (Milan, near the Alps) became the capital for Maximian
- Augusta Treverorum (Trier, in Germany) became the capital for Constantius Chlorus
- Sirmium (Serbia, on the Danube border) became the capital for Galerius
RL94838. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 61 (also 1st officina), RIC V-2 306, Cohen VI 33, SRCV IV 12635, Choice VF, highlighting earthen deposits (desert patina), weight 4.368 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 293 - 294 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Diocletian on left, standing right, wearing military garb, baton (or parazonium) in left hand, receiving from Victory from Jupiter with right hand, Victory standing on globe and offering wreath, Jupiter on right, standing left, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders, long scepter vertical in left hand, A in low center, XXI• in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.||post-reform| |radiate|
In 296, Diocletian dispatched his son-in-law Galerius with a large army to Armenia. Galerius then invaded Mesopotamia, but outside Ctesiphon he suffered a complete defeat against the Persian king Narseh. He was forced to retreat across the Euphrates into Syria where he joined Diocletian at Antioch. In 297, Galerius prepared to attack again by recruiting veterans from Illyria and Moesia, and he also strengths his bodyguard with Gothic auxiliaries. In 298, with an army of 25,000 men, Galerius invaded again. At the Battle of Satala, Galerius decisively defeated King Narseh and captured the Persian camp, including Narseh's family, harem and treasure.
RL94839. Copper post-reform radiate, RIC VI Alexandria 47, SRCV IV 12836, Cohen VI 34, Hunter V 116 var, (1st officina), VF, well centered on a tight flan, attractive dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits (desert patina), slight porosity, weight 3.999 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Alexandria mint, 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Diocletian on left, standing right, wearing military garb, baton (or parazonium) in left hand, receiving from Victory from Jupiter with right hand, Victory standing on globe and offering wreath, Jupiter on right, standing left, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders, long scepter vertical in left hand, ∆ low in center, ALE in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Diocletian, called himself Jovius, after Jupiter, and Maximianus, assumed the name of Herculius, after Hercules. This connection between gods and emperors helped to legitimize the emperors' claims to power and tied imperial government closer to the traditional cult.
RL94841. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 323, SRCV IV 12654, Hunter IV 72 var. (3rd officina), Cohen VI 146 corr. (laureate), VF, broad flan, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits, slightly off center, weight 4.768 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 285 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG, Jupiter on left, standing right, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, Hercules on right, standing left, nude, Victory in right hand, club in left hand, Nemean lion's skin over left arm, crescent over ς in center, XXI in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In theory, the Roman Empire was not divided by the dual imperium of Diocletian and Maximian. Each emperor had his own court, army, and official residences, but these were matters of practicality, not substance. Imperial propaganda insisted on a singular and indivisible Rome, a patrimonium indivisum. Legal rulings were given and imperial celebrations took place in both emperors' names, and the same coins were issued in both parts of the empire. Diocletian sometimes issued commands to Maximian's province of Africa; Maximian could presumably have done the same for Diocletian's territory.
RL94842. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 330 (R), Cohen VI 276, SRCV IV -, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, dark patina, light marks, light earthen deposits, reverse die wear, weight 4.525 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) mint, c. 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Victory on left, walking right, palm in left hand over left shoulder, presenting wreath in right hand to emperor, emperor on right, standing left, globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, TR in low center, XXI exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00











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