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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis & Decline||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the 3rd Century Crisis and Decline of the Roman Empire
The Victories of the Emperor Gallienus

|Roman| |Coin| |Books|, |The| |Victories| |of| |the| |Emperor| |Gallienus|
If you order a large group of books or booklets, please select Priority or Express Mail. First Class Mail is limited to envelope size mail. If you think your order may need a box, please select Priority or Express Mail.
BL43184. The Numbering of the Victories of the Emperor Gallienus and of the Loyalty of his Legions by Andreas Alfoldi, Attic Books Numismatic Chronicle reprint series, 1977 reprint, paperback, 62 pages, priced at FORVM's cost!; $3.00 SALE PRICE $2.70


The Coinage of Trajan Decius (A.D. 249 - 251)

|Roman| |Coin| |Books|, |The| |Coinage| |of| |Trajan| |Decius| |(A.D.| |249| |-| |251)|
Please note that if you order 3 or more books and our shopping cart shipping charges add up to an excessive amount, we will reduce the shipping charge and only charge the actual cost of postage!
BL43194. The Coinage of Trajan Decius (AD 249 - 251) by Augustus Brown, published by the author c. 1960, 8vo, paperback, 20 pages plus one plate, priced below FORVM's $5 cost!; $4.00 SALE PRICE $3.60


Tranquillina, Augusta, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Caesaraea, Cappadocia

|Cappadocia|, |Tranquillina,| |Augusta,| |May| |241| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Caesaraea,| |Cappadocia||AE| |24|NEW
Tranquillina was the beautiful daughter of the faithful Praetorian Prefect Timisitheus and was married to Gordian III in May 241 A.D. Greatly loved by her husband, she survived his assassination, possibly due to her immense popularity with both the general population and the soldiery. The imperial coinage of Tranquillina is very rare. Provincial coinage of Tranquillina is more available.
RP110431. Bronze AE 24, Ganschow 921c/1435; BMC Galatia p. 93, 350; SNGvA 6534; SNG Tub 4707; SNG Schweiz II 1808; Lindgren 1731; RPC VII.2 3401, Choice VF, well centered, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, light marks/scratches, weight 7.322 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 243 - 244 A.D.; obverse CAB TPANKVΛΛINA AV (Sabinia Tranquillina Augusta), draped bust to right, wearing stephane; reverse MHTP KAI B NE (Metropolis Caesarea, 2 neokoroi), six grain ears bound together, ET-Z (year 7 [of Gordian III]) across fields; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

|Philip| |I|, |Philip| |I| |the| |Arab,| |February| |244| |-| |End| |of| |September| |249| |A.D.||antoninianus|NEW
Nice gift for a lawyer or a judge. In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RS110259. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 27b, RSC IV 9, Hunter III 25, SRCV III 8918, Choice EF, well centered, flow lines, die wear, weight 3.172 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 30o, Rome mint, Feb 244 - 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG (equity of the two emperors), Aequitas standing facing, head left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; ex Raffaele Negrini (Milan, Italy); $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Gordian III and Tranquillina, May 241 - 25 February 244 A.D., Anchialos, Thrace

|Anchialus|, |Gordian| |III| |and| |Tranquillina,| |May| |241| |-| |25| |February| |244| |A.D.,| |Anchialos,| |Thrace||AE| |27|
Anchialus (Pomorie, Bulgaria today) was 15 km north of Apollonia on the opposite coast of the Gulf of Burgas. Ovid wrote of the fortified walls of Anchialus in 9 A.D., en route to Tomis. Anchialos thrived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries serving as the most important import and export station of Thrace and acquired the appearance of a Roman city under the Severan Dynasty.
RP110450. Bronze AE 27, Tachev Anchialos pl. 156, 220; RPC Online VII-2 1136; AMNG II 662; BMC Thrace -; SNG Cop -, aVF, obverse off center, some porosity, central dimples, weight 12.403 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 195o, Anchialos (Pomorie, Bulgaria) mint, May 241 - 25 Feb 244 A.D.; obverse AYT K M ANT ΓOR∆IANOC AYΓ CAB, confronted busts of Gordian III, on left, laureate, draped, and cuirassed, and Tranquillina, on right, draped and wearing stephane, TPANKVΛΛ/INA (in two lines below); reverse OYΛΠIANWN AΓXIAΛ,EWN (NWN ligate, EWN in exergue and WN ligate), Athena seated left, helmeted, patera in right hand, inverted spear in left hand, round shield at side; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia||AE| |29|
Paul of Tarsus gave his first sermon to the Gentiles (Acts 13:13-52) at Antiochia in Pisidia, and visited the city once on each of his missionary journeys, helping to make Antioch a center of early Christianity in Anatolia. Antioch in Pisidia is also known as Antiochia Caesareia and Antiochia in Phrygia.
RP110456. Bronze AE 29, Krzyzanowska pl. LIII, XVI/37; SNG Hunterian I 2144; cf. SNGvA 4985; SNG Pfalz 165; BMC Lycia -; SNG Cop -; SNG BnF -, VF, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits porous, legends weak, weight 12.597 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Aug 253 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse IMP GALIHNVS PIVS AV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse ANTIOSHI COL (sic), she-wolf Lupa Romana right, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, head turned back left, tree arching above, S R in exergue; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Samos, Islands of Ionia

|Other| |Ionia|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.,| |Samos,| |Islands| |of| |Ionia||AE| |27|
Samos is the birthplace of Pythagoras. A famous attraction on the island is the tunnel-aqueduct dug through a mountain to bring water to the city from a secret spring. An engineering marvel over 1000m long, it was dug from both ends by two teams working simultaneously and used for a very long period. Herodotus' wrote of it, which led to its discovery in the 19th century.
RP110323. Bronze AE 27, SNG Cop 1796, BMC Ionia p. 393, 370; SNGvA 2329 var. (AVΓ K... on obv.), VF, well centered, green patina, light earthen deposits, weight 9.261 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, Samos mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; obverse AVP T K ΠOΛIONSΛEPIANOC AVP, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CA-MI-ΩN (last two letters in exergue), facing standing cult statue of Samian Hera within temple with four columns and central arch; ex Naville Numismatics auction 58 (14 Jun 2020), lot 231; ex NAC auction 100 (29 May 2017), lot 1240; rare; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

|Gallienus|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.||sestertius|
Felicitas was the goddess or personification of happiness, good fortune, and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. On this coin she holds the caduceus, a symbol of peace, and the cornucopia, a symbol of prosperity.
SH110382. Orichalcum sestertius, Gbl MIR 83s, RIC V-1 J249, Cohen V 1298, Hunter IV J33 var. (obv. leg. no P F); SRCV III 10495 var. (same), Choice VF, superb portrait, well centered on a squared unusually full flan, double strike, weight 22.146 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder and back; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (the virtue of the two emperors), Virtus standing front, head left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, right hand resting on grounded oval shield, inverted spear in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across the field below center; ex Leu Numismatik auction 17 (14 Aug 2021), lot 2813; $1000.00 SALE PRICE $800.00


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

|Valerian| |I|, |Valerian| |I,| |October| |253| |-| |c.| |June| |260| |A.D.||sestertius|
Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them, in money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history. This coin advertises that Elagabalus has made his third distribution to the people. Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia.
RB110380. Orichalcum sestertius, Gbl MIR 66h, RIC V-1 J165 (S), Hunter IV J45; SRCV III 10468, Cohen V 110, VF/F, nice green patina, nice portrait, tight round flan, most of legends off flan, weight 17.182 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 2nd issue, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, laureate, cuirassed and slightly draped, bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG, Liberalitas standing slightly left, wearing long chiton, counting board in right hand, cornucopiae in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; ex Degani Venizia (Plaza San Marco, Venice, Italy); scarce; $240.00 SALE PRICE $192.00


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

|Gallienus|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.||sestertius|
Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them of money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history. Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the prosperity of the state and the abundance of wheat contained in the public granaries.
RB110375. Bronze sestertius, Gbl MIR 66w, RIC V-1 J221, Hunter IV 36, SRCV III 10474, Cohen V 572, VF, small squared flan, nice brown patina, excellent expressive portrait, rev. legend off flan or encrusted, weight 13.218 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 255 - 257 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS P F AVG, laureate, cuirassed and slightly draped, bust right; reverse LIBERTALITAS AVGG (the generosity of the two emperors), Liberalitas standing slightly left, wearing long chiton, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across the field; $380.00 SALE PRICE $304.00











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