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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman coins of the Constantinian Era
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |follis|
In 310 A.D. Maximian, supposedly retired, attempted to make himself emperor again at Arles. When Constantine the Great marched with his army, Maximian fled but was captured at Marseille. Constantine encouraged his suicide and Maximian, age 60, hung himself.
RL93238. Billon follis, RIC VI Londinium 121a, SRCV IV 16046, Cohen VII 536, Hunter V 4, VF, dark patina, small deposits, broad flan ragged with edge splits, weight 2.829 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, 310 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, T left, F right, PLN in exergue; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |follis|
Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RL93243. Billon follis, RIC VI Lugdunum 304, SRCV IV 15986, Cohen VII 342, Hunter V 82, Choice gVF, dark patina, flow lines, areas of porosity, weight 3.989 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 45o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI CONSERVATORI (Mars the Protector), Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, F left, T right, PLG in exergue; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

|Members| |Auction| |Listed|, |Constans,| |9| |September| |337| |-| |19| |January| |350| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch

RL92669. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 116, VF, tight flan, dark patina with earthen fill, weight 1.946 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VOT XV MVLT XX in wreath, SMAN[...] in exergue; $3.50 (3.22)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Soon after the Feast of Easter 337, Constantine fell seriously ill. He left Constantinople for the hot baths near his mother's city of Helenopolis. There, in a church his mother built in honor of Lucian the Apostle, he prayed, and there he realized that he was dying. He attempted to return to Constantinople, making it only as far as a suburb of Nicomedia. He summoned the bishops, and told them of his hope to be baptized in the River Jordan, where Christ was written to have been baptized. He requested the baptism right away, promising to live a more Christian life should he live through his illness. The bishops, Eusebius records, "performed the sacred ceremonies according to custom." It has been thought that Constantine put off baptism as long as he did so as to be absolved from as much of his sin as possible. Constantine died soon after at a suburban villa called Achyron, on 22 May 337.
RL92672. Billon reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 17467 (various mints), F, dark patina, highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 1.605 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, posthumous, late 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS P T AVGG (Divus Constantinus Pater Trium Augusti = Divine Constantine, father of the three emperors), veiled bust right; reverse VN - MR (venerabilis memoria - revered memory), Constantine standing slightly right, togate, veiled head right, SM[...] in exergue; $1.49 (1.37)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |reduced| |follis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "Jupiter the Protector." The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored those in positions of authority similar to his own. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he was therefore the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
MA95694. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 17 (R3), SRCV IV 16685, Cohen VII 77, VF, nice green patina, earthen deposits, weight 2.592 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse D N FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left hand, eagle with wreath in beak to left, X/IIΓ and captive right, SMK∆ in exergue; $13.55 (12.47)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |heavy| |maiorina|
On 15 March 351, Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantina and put Constantius Gallus in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL93281. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 82, LRBC II 2026, SRCV V 18148, Cohen VII -, Hunter V -, Choice VF, excellent centering, dark brown tone, edge split / crack, weight 5.510 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier with shield on left arm spearing bearded fallen horseman, horseman turning to soldier and raising right arm, shield on ground to right, Γ upper left, CONSE* in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 326, Constantine traveled to Rome to celebrate the 20th anniversary of his accession to power.
RL93282. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 38 (R1), LRBC I 1193, SRCV V 17652, Cohen VII 167, Hunter V 38, Choice gVF, dark brown patina, well centered, areas of light corrosion / porosity, weight 3.645 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 324 - 330 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, SMKE in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.00


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
VOT X MVLT XX abbreviates Votis Decennalibus Multis Vicennalibus. Earlier in the empire, this inscription would have meant that Julian had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the tenth anniversary of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might help him achieve his twentieth anniversary. Julian ruled less than three and a half years. By Julian's time, votive inscriptions had come to express hopes rather than reality.
RL93283. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 130 (S), LRBC II 2512, SRCV V 19180, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, dark patina, a little rough, encrustations, weight 2.598 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 362 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, tied at the bottom, closed with a jewel at the top, CVZΓ in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.
RL93296. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 255, SRCV IV 17188, Cohen VII 38, Hunter V 38, Choice F, well centered, dark patina, light earthen deposits, scrapes, weight 2.406 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in wreath, Q*AR in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $34.00 SALE |PRICE| $30.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
RL93373. Bronze reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Nicomedia 55, LRBC I 1153, SRCV V 18073, Cohen VII 335, Hunter V -, gVF, dark brown patina, highlighting earthen deposits, ragged edge, weight 1.642 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 45o, 6th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed head right; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMNS in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00











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