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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Geta||View Options:  |  |  |   

Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

Publius Septimius Geta was the younger son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna. No love was lost between him and his older brother Caracalla, and although at their father's deathbed they pledged to remain united, within months each had their own rival factions and vied with each for supremacy. Pretending reconciliation, Caracalla scheduled a meeting at their mother's house where instead Geta was ambushed and murdered. Geta died in his mother's arms.

|Geta|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
In 198 A.D. Septimius Severus' oldest son Caracalla was made Augustus and his youngest son Geta received the title of Caesar.
RS112544. Silver denarius, RSC III 188 (S), RIC IV 3, BMCRE V 147, cf. SRCV II 7201 (Laodicea), Hunter III 50 (Laodicea), VF, well centered, toned, flow lines, small edge cracks, weight 3.555 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 198 - 200 A.D.; obverse L SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse SEVERI PII AVG FIL, implements of the augurate and pontificate: lituus, knife, tall jug, simpulum and sprinkler; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 129 (4 Jun 2023), lot 1002 (part of); scarce; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Silandus, Lydia

|Other| |Lydia|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Silandus,| |Lydia||AE| |23|
Silandus is not mentioned by any ancient geographer or historian. Some inscriptions and coins but no ruins have been found at a site near Selendi, Turkey.
RP112010. Bronze AE 23, apparently unpublished, GRPC Lydia -, BMC Lydia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, aF, tight flan, porous/rough, weight 13.235 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Silandus (near Selendi, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.; obverse AVK ΠO - CE ΓETAC, laureate head right; reverse CIΛANΔ-EΩN, Dionysus standing facing, head left, cantharus in right hand, filleted thyrsus in left hand, panther at feet left; legends on our specimen confirmed by a die match to the only other specimen (sold at auction) known to FORVM; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


|Geta|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
In 205, Hadrian's Wall was restored, after heavy raids by Caledonian tribes had overrun much of northern Britain.
RS112513. Silver denarius, RIC IV 8; RSC III 36; BMCRE V p. 197, 218; Hunter III 5; SRCV II -, VF, flow lines, scratches, obv. off center, small edge cracks/splits, weight 2.200 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 200 - 202 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, older boy's bare-headed draped bust right; reverse FELICITAS AVGG (the good fortune of the two emperors), Felicitas standing slightly left, head left, caduceus in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

|Geta|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
The estimated worldwide human population was about 257 million in 200 A.D. According to the United Nations, the worldwide human population reached 7 Billion on October 31, 2011.
RS112671. Silver denarius, RSC III 157b; RIC IV 18; BMCRE V p. 198, 234; Hunter III p. 70, 10; SRCV II 7196, Choice aVF, well centered, toned, flow lines, edge cracks, weight 3.188 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, c. 200 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, boy's bare-headed and draped bust right, no cuirass; reverse PRINC IVVENTVTIS (Prince of Youth), Geta standing left, baton in right hand, scepter in left hand, trophy of captured arms behind; from the Collection of Dr. Jregen Buschek; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Apameia, Phrygia

|Apameia|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Apameia,| |Phrygia||AE| |26|
Struck under the authority of Artemas, agonothetes (the organizer of public games). Apamea is mentioned in the Talmud (Ber. 62a, Niddah, 30b and Yeb. 115b). Christianity was very likely established early in the city. Saint Paul probably visited the place when he went throughout Phrygia.
RP112206. Bronze AE 26, SNGvA 3503 var. (rev. leg. arrangement); SNG Cop 217 var. (same); BMC Phrygia p. 100, 174, VF, full legends, nice green deposits, earthen deposits, mild porosity, weight 8.253 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Phrygia, Apameia (Dinar, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 198 - 209 A.D.; obverse ΠO CEΠTI ΓETAC KAI, bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse EΠI AΓΩNOΘETOV APTEMA AΠA/MEΩN (last four letters in fields), Tyche standing half left, holding rudder by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Serdica, Thrace

|Serdica|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Serdica,| |Thrace||AE| |18|
The figure on the reverse is sometimes identified as Eros (Cupid) or a generic winged Genius. The inverted torch represents a life extinguished, indicating the figure is Thanatos (death). By the Severan Era, there was increased hope for an afterlife in pleasant Elysium rather than in dismal Hades. Thanatos was associated more with a gentle passing than a woeful demise. Thanatos as a winged boy, very much akin to Cupid, with crossed legs and an inverted torch, became the most common symbol for death, depicted on many Roman sarcophagi.
RP85917. Bronze AE 18, Moushmov 4929, H-J Serdica 12.22.16.1 (R4) var. (rev. leg.), Varbanov III 2527 var. (same), SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered and struck, dark patina, porous, small edge cracks, weight 3.415 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 225o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, c. 198 - 209 A.D.; obverse Λ CEΠT ΓETAC K, bare headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse OVΛΠI CEPΔIK, Thanatos standing half right, legs crossed, leaning on inverted extinguished torch set on altar; very rare variant; SOLD


Caracalla and Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Caracalla| |and| |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior||pentassarion|
The brothers, Caracalla and Geta, pledged to their dying father, Septimius Severus, they would rule together. But each had a rival faction and vied for supremacy. Pretending reconciliation, Caracalla scheduled a meeting at their mother's house where instead Geta was murdered, dying in his mother's arms.
RP85633. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.20.36.2 (R5), Varbanov I 1083 (R3) var. (rev. legend ends ΩN), SNG Cop -, SNG Munchen -, BMC Thrace -, AMNG -, Moushmov -, VF, choice obverse with attractive busts, nice green patina, reverse slightly off center, area of porosity, weight 11.726 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 30o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Flavius Ulpianus, 210 - 211 A.D.; obverse AY K M AV ANTΩNINOC AY K Π CEΠ, ΓETAC (ending below busts), confronted busts of Caracalla, laureate, draped and cuirassed, and Geta, laureate and draped; reverse Y ΦΛ OYΛΠIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩ, Fortuna standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, E (mark of value) in field left; scarce; SOLD


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace

|Pautalia|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Pautalia,| |Thrace||AE| |17|
The Greeks and Romans did not view snakes as evil creatures but rather as symbols and tools for healing and fertility. Asclepius, the son of Apollo and Koronis, learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RP68945. Bronze AE 17, Ruzicka Pautalia 843, Moushmov 4335, Varbanov II -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, well centered, weight 2.710 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, Pautalia (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, 198 - 209 A.D.; obverse Π CEΠTI ΓETA KAI, bare-headed draped youth bust right, seen from behind; reverse ΠAYTAΛIAC, snake rising in three coils around omphalos, head left, on top of garlanded column altar; very rare; SOLD


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Augusta Traiana, Thrace

|Augusta| |Traiana|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Augusta| |Traiana,| |Thrace||AE| |30|
Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) was founded by Trajan, c. 106 A.D. During 2nd - 3rd century A.D., it was the second largest city in Roman Thrace, after Philippopolis, and was fortified by strong walls. The city struck bronze coins from the time of Marcus Aurelius to Gallienus.
RB72359. Copper AE 30, Varbanov 1353 (R7) var. (also with two trees on rev), Moushmov -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, Lindgren -, aF, rough, weight 12.720 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 180o, Augusta Traiana mint, Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria); obverse AVT K Π CEΠT-MIOC ΓETA, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse AVΓOVCTHC TPAIANHC, wall with three towers on a hill, river god Istrus reclining left on waves below, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs with end draped over left arm, reeds in left hand, left elbow resting on urn from which water flows; very rare; SOLD


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Mylasa, Caria

|Mylasa|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.,| |Mylasa,| |Caria||AE| |35|
The origin of the cult of the god of the double axe goes back to the worship of Tarhunt, the Hittite god of Heaven. The earliest evidence for the cult of Zeus Labraundos dates to the middle of the 7th century B.C. The cult statue of Zeus Labraundos was, according to a surviving inscription, a gift bestowed by Hecatomnus, the founder of the Hekatomnid dynasty of Karian satraps. This statue was a standing Zeus with a tall lotus-tipped scepter upright in his left hand and a double-headed axe, the labrys, over his right shoulder.
SH14681. Bronze AE 35, SNGvA 2630; SNG Cop 437; BMC Caria p. 133, 38, VF, weight 17.190 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 198 - 209 A.D.; obverse ΠO CΕΠTI-MIOC ΓETAC KAIC, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse MULA - CEΩN, facing cult statue of Zeus Labraundos, wearing polos, labrys (double-axe) in right, spear in left, inside Ionian tetrastyle temple; large and interesting bronze; SOLD




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

GETACAESPONTCOS
GETACAESPONTIF
IMPCAESPSEPTGETAPIVSAVG
LSEPTIMIVSGETACAES
LSEPTGETACAESPONT
PSEPTGETACAESPONT
PSEPTIMGETACAESAR
PSEPTGETAPIVSAVGBRIT
PSEPTIMIVSGETACAES
PSEPTIMIVSGETAPIVSAVGBRIT


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
The Barry P. Murphy Collection of Severan Denarii - http://bpmurphy.ancients.info/severan/severanhome.htm
Bickford-Smith, R. "The imperial mints in the east for Septimius Severus: it is time to begin a thorough reconsideration" in RIN XCVI (1994/1995), pp. 53-71.
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) - http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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