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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Caracalla||View Options:  |  |  | 

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
This coin refers to the departure (profectio) of Caracalla, Septimius, and Geta on their British expedition. Historian's dating of this departure to the year 208 depends on these coins dated TR P XI for Caracalla and TR P XVI for Septimius.
RS97836. Silver denarius, RIC IV 108 (S); RSC III 510; BMCRE V 574; Hunter III p. 56, 52; SRCV II -, VF, excellent portrait, choice obverse, well centered, flow lines, reverse die wear, edge cracks, weight 3.341 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 208 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF TR P XI COS III (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 11 years, consul for the 3rd time), Emperor on horseback right, wearing military garb, paludamentum flying behind, transverse lance in right hand, enemy kneeling right with right hand raised below horse's raised right foreleg, PROF (departure) in exergue; from a Norwegian collection; scarce; $110.00 (€90.20)
 


|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by Serapis, was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. Julian II consulted the oracle of Apollo for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and Serapis were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.
RS97833. Silver denarius, RIC IV 208a; RSC III 211; BMCRE V p. 439, 50; SRCV II 6829; cf. Hunter III 6 (TR P XV), EF, sharp expressive portrait, flow lines, parts of legends weak, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.461 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate bearded head right; reverse P M TR P XVI COS III P P, Serapis standing half left, draped, head left, kalathos on head, raising right hand, scepter in left hand; from a Norwegian collection; $170.00 (€139.40)
 


|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
In 202, Septimius Severus returned to Rome after a five-year absence. Festivals were held to celebrate. At this time Rome was a city of about 1.5 million citizens, its people were housed mostly in 46,600 insulae (apartment blocks), each three to eight stories high, many flimsily made of wood. Some 400,000 slaves performed the menial work of Rome, with middle-class citizens often owning eight slaves, the rich from 500 to 1,000, the emperor owned as many as 20,000. Free urban residents enjoyed leisurely days, with free admission to baths, sporting events, and gladiatorial games.
RS97834. Silver denarius, RIC IV 65; RSC III 179a; BMCRE V p. 233, 392; Hunter III 22; SRCV II 6854, Choice gVF, attractive youthful portrait, well centered, flow lines, light tone tiny edge cracks, weight 3.509 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 202 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped youthful bust right, seen from behind; reverse PART MAX PON TR P V COS (victor over the Parthians, priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 5 years, consul), trophy of captured arms standing between two captives; trophy consisting of helmet, cuirass, spears, shields and greaves; captives seated back to back, mourning, each wearing a peaked cap; $150.00 (€123.00)
 


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia

|Stobi|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Stobi,| |Macedonia||AE| |24|
Stobi (now Gradsko, Macedonia) was an ancient town of Paeonia, conquered by Macedonia, and later made the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris. Stobi prospered under Rome and in 69 A.D. was designated a municipium. Citizens of Stobi enjoyed Ius Italicum and were citizens of Rome.
RP97500. Bronze AE 24, Josifovski Stobi 391 (V87/R103), Varbanov III 3992 (R3), Mionnet Supp. III 704, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, SNG ANS -, F, well centered, scratches, scrapes, reverse die damage on reverse, weight 6.776 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 45o, Stobi mint, c. 211 - 217 A.D.; obverse PIVS AVGV ANTONINVS, laureate bearded head right; reverse MVNIC STOBE, Victory advancing right, wreath extended in right, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder; from the Michael Arslan Collection; $50.00 (€41.00)
 


Lot 20 Roman Provincial Coins from Parium, Mysia, 3rd Century A.D.

|Parium|, |Lot| |20| |Roman| |Provincial| |Coins| |from| |Parium,| |Mysia,| |3rd| |Century| |A.D.||Lot|
Mostly or all Caracalla with Capricorn (9), wolf suckling twins (3), Genius sacrificing (8) reverses.
LT96128. Bronze Lot, Lot 20 Roman provincial coins from Parium, Mysia, mostly or all Caracalla, 198 - 217 A.D., c. 21 - 23 mm, aVF or better, unattributed to type, no tags or flips, the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $560.00 (€459.20)
 










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

ANTONINVSAVGVSTV
ANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY ELAGABALUS)
DIVOANTONINOMAGNO
IMPCAEMAVRANTAVGPTRP
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINETGETACAESAVGFIL
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPONTAVG
IMPMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXIII
MAVRANTCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONINVSCAES
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
The Barry P. Murphy Collection of Severan Denarii - http://bpmurphy.ancients.info/severan/severanhome.htm
Bickford-Smith, R. "The imperial mints in the east for Septimius Severus: it is time to begin a thorough reconsideration" in RIN XCVI (1994/1995), pp. 53-71.
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) - http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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