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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Septimius Severus||View Options:  |  |  |   

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

Septimius Severus, a native of Leptis Magna, Africa was proclaimed emperor by his troops after the murder of Pertinax. He is at the same time credited with strengthening and reviving an empire facing imminent decline and, through the same policies that saved it, causing its eventual fall. Severus eliminated the dangerous praetorians, unified the empire after turmoil and civil war, strengthened the army, defeated Rome's most powerful enemy, and founded a successful dynasty. His pay increases for the army, however, established a severe burden on Rome. Future emperors were expected to increase pay as well. These raises resulted in ever-increasing taxes that damaged the economy. Some historians believe high taxes, initiated by Severus policies, played a significant role in Rome's long-term decline. In 208 A.D., he traveled to Britain to defeat a disastrous barbarian invasion. He died in York in 211 A.D and was succeeded by his sons, Caracalla and Geta.

|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
In 197, Septimius Severus excluded the Senate from controlling the Roman Empire by declaring a military dictatorship.
RS113157. Silver denarius, RIC IV 101, BMCRE V 57, SRCV II 6331, RSC III 433, Hunter III -, F, off center, edge flaw, weight 3.592 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 197 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P V COS II P P, Sol standing slightly left, radiate head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left hand; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 130 (2 Jul 2023), lot 1309 (part of); $65.00 SALE PRICE $58.50


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Thessalonika, Macedonia

|Thessalonika|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Thessalonika,| |Macedonia||AE| |27|
This type normally has Nike left, but we do know of two specimens from auctions with Nike right, struck with the same dies. Under Commodus the same type was struck with Nike right. Perhaps this a mule struck with a leftover die.
RP113162. Bronze AE 27, Touratsoglou 13 (V5/-) var. (Nike left), SNG ANS 855 var. (Nike left), Varbanov 4343 var. (same), SNG Cop -, Moushmov -, F, green patina, red-brown areas of corrosion, part of reverse leg. obscure/weak, weight 10.776 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, emission 2, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AV K Λ CEΠ CEYHPOC ΠE, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse ΘECCEAΛ-ONIKEΩN (clockwise from upper right), Nike (Victory) advancing right, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 130 (2 Jul 2023), lot 1244 (part of); first specimen of this type handled by FORVM, Coin Archives records only two specimens of the type at auction in the last two decades; very rare with Nike right; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain.
RS111657. Silver denarius, RIC IV 200; RSC III 476; BMCRE V p. 252, 489; Hunter III 58; SRCV II 6338, VF, toned, radiating flow lines, edge cracks, weight 3.511 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 206 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XIIII COS III P P, Annona standing slightly left, head left, stalks of grain in right hand downward over modius, cornucopia in left hand; ex Victoria Numismatics auction 4 (21 Dec 2022), lot 627; $100.00 SALE PRICE $80.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Antiocheia, Pisidia

|Pisidia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Antiocheia,| |Pisidia||AE| |22|
A temple of MÍn has been excavated at Antioch, Pisidia. Luna, the Greek moon-goddess, was female, which seems natural because the female menstrual cycle follows the lunar month. But MÍn was a male moon-god, probably originally of the indigenous non-Greek Karian people. By Roman times, MÍn was worshiped across Anatolia and in Attica. He was associated with fertility, healing, and punishment. MÍn is usually depicted with a crescent moon behind his shoulders, wearing a Phrygian cap, and holding a lance or sword in one hand and a pine-cone or patera in the other. His other attributes include the bucranium and cock.
RP112809. Bronze AE 22, Krzyzanowska IX/10, pl. 8; SNG BnF -; SNG Pfalz -, nice gVF, attractive black patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 5.740 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch in Pisidia (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, regnal year 4, 196 - 197 A.D.; obverse IMP C S-EV PERP AV-G IIII, laureate head of Septimius Severus right; reverse ANTIOCH - COLONIAE, draped bust of MÍn right, crescent behind shoulders, wearing Phrygian cap ; ex Leu Numismatik auction 25 (11-14 Mar 2023), lot 4116 (part of); ex European collection (formed before 2005); first specimen of the type handled by FORVM, Coin Archives records only two specimens of the type at auction in the last two decades; very rare; $270.00 SALE PRICE $216.00


|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|
Providence is most often depicted clothed in a matronís gown, holding a cornucopia in her left hand and in her right a short wand, which she points to a globe. She holds this globe in her right hand or it lies at her feet. The type is intended to mark the power and wisdom of the emperor, who ruled the Roman world. On this coin the plural AVGG indicates two Augusti, Severus and his son Caracalla.
SH112498. Silver denarius, RIC IV 166, RSC III 586, BMCRE V 197, SRCV II 6354, Hunter III -, VF, attractive dark toning, light earthen deposits, light scratches, weight 2.824 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 200 - 210 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS AVG PART MAX, laureate head right; reverse PROVID AVGG (the foresight of the two emperors), Providentia standing left, wand in right hand held over globe at feet on left, long grounded scepter vertical in left hand; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00


Roman Empire, Severan Dynasty, 8 Roman Provincial (Balkans) Bronzes, 193 - 235 A.D.

|Roman| |Bulk| |Lots|, |Roman| |Empire,| |Severan| |Dynasty,| |8| |Roman| |Provincial| |(Balkans)| |Bronzes,| |193| |-| |235| |A.D.||Lot|
The following list was provided by the consignor and has not been verified by FORVM:
1) Septimius Severus, AE15, Nikopolis, Salus standing.
2) Septimius Severus, AE17, Nikopolis, Dionysos standing.
3) Septimius Severus, AE16, Nikopolis, Tripod.
4) Septimius Severus, AE26, Nikopolis, Istrus, rider prancing right, bird on column behind. 5) Septimius Severus, AE18, Nikopolis, Ephesos, stag right.
6) Elagabalus, AE23, Nicaea, Bithynia; three standards.
7) Severus Alexander, AE18, Nicaea, Bithynia, three standards.
8) Severus Alexander, AE18, Nicaea, Bithynia, three standards.
LT110956. Bronze Lot, 8 Roman provincial (Balkans) bronzes, c. 16 - 28mm, average VF, 193 - 235 A.D.; ex R. Basler International Numismatics (Irvine, CA), seven with his tags; the actual coins in the photographs, as is, no returns, 8 coins; $140.00 SALE PRICE $112.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

|Nikopolis|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Nikopolis| |ad| |Istrum,| |Moesia| |Inferior||assarion|
A crescent with horns up with a star or stars above and within probably represents a solar eclipse.
RP110612. Bronze assarion, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.14.48.29, Varbanov I 2410, AMNG I/I 1435, Moushmov 986, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, green patina, full legends, edge a little ragged, weight 4.114 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 30o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, obverse AV K Λ - CEVHPOC, laureate head right; reverse NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTP, three stars above and within a crescent with horns up; $90.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Akrasos, Lydia

|Other| |Lydia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Akrasos,| |Lydia||AE| |19|
Akrasos was probably located on the upper course of the Caicus River. The site remains unknown. Even which river was once called the Caicus is uncertain. It is believed to be the modern Bakircay River in Turkey. Nothing is known of the city beyond its coinage.
RP110214. Bronze AE 19, GRPC Lydia 60 (same dies), SNG MŁn 22, Winterthur 3678, SNG Tire 320, Lindgren I 709 corr. (obv. leg.), BMC Lydia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, Choice VF, well centered, dark patina with attractive highlighting earthen deposits, weight 3.240 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Acrasus mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AV K Λ CEP CEOVHPO-C, laureate head right; reverse AKPACIΩTΩN, Asklepios standing facing, head left, wearing himation, right hand on serpent-entwined staff; $80.00 SALE PRICE $64.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Bagis, Lydia

|Other| |Lydia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Bagis,| |Lydia||AE| |25|
Inscriptions uncovered by Keppel place ancient Bagis near Sirghe on the left (south) side of the Hermos River. Modern scholars pinpoint a site at GŁre, Usak Province, Turkey. The "Treasures of Croesus" findings from Lydian tumuli around the town were plundered in the 1960s but recovered by the 2000s and now in the Usak Museum.
RP110155. Bronze AE 25, GRPC Lydia II 65 var. (legends); BMC Lydia p. 36, 26 (same); SNG Cop 48 var. (same); SNGvA -, SNG MŁnchen -, VF, centered, cleaning a bit rough with marks and bare metal high points, weight 7.994 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Bagis (GŁre, Turkey) mint, Archon Antigonus; obverse AY KA Λ CE CEOVHPO, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse EΠI ANTIΓ B AP - A TO B BAΓHNΩ (HN ligate), Zeus Lydios standing slightly left, head left, eagle in right hand, scepter in left hand; unpublished legend variety; $80.00 SALE PRICE $64.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Augusta Traiana, Thrace

|Augusta| |Traiana|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Augusta| |Traiana,| |Thrace||AE| |32|
Hera (Juno to the Romans) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus. Her chief function was as the goddess of women and marriage. The cow, lion and the peacock were considered sacred to her. Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the kalathos. Hera was known for her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus' lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her. Paris earned Hera's hatred by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess.
RB73700. Bronze AE 32, SchŲnert-Geiss MATT 117 (V49/R96); Varbanov II 1029 (R4); Mionnet supp. II p. 508, 178 var. (head); SNG Cop -, VF, dark green patina, some light corrosion, central cavities, weight 16.852 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 225o, Augusta Traiana (Stara Zagora, Bulgaria today) mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus, 196 - 198 A.D.; obverse AVK Λ CEΠTIM CEVHPOC Π, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse HΓ ET BAPBAPOY AVΓOVCTHC TPAIANHC, Hera standing facing, head left, wearing kalathos and veil, patera in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand; SOLD




  






OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVOSEPTIMIOSEVEROPIO
DIVOSEVERO
DIVOSEVEROPIO
FELICITASPVBLICA
IMPCLSEPSEVERVSAVG
IMPCLSEPSEVERVSPAV
IMPCLSEPSEVERVSPAVG
IMPCLSEPTISEVERVSPPAVG
IMPCALSESEVERAGCOSII
IMPCALSEPSEVPERAVGCOSII
IMPCALSEPSEVPERTAVGOCS
IMPCAELSEPPERTAVGCOSII
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERAVGCOSII
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVG
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCII
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCIIC
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCOII
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCOIII
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCOSI
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGCOSII
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGII
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGIIC
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTAVGIICO
IMPCAELSEPSEVPERTIAVGIIII
IMPCAELSEPTSEVPERTAVG
IMPCAELSEPTSEVPERTAVGNC
IMPCAESLSEPSEVERVSPERTAVG
IMPCAESLSEPTSEVPERTAVG
IMPCAESSEVEPERTINAXAVG
IMPLCAESSEPTSEVPERTAVGTRPVI
IMPPINVICTPIIAVGG
LSEPSEVERVSPERAVGIMIMPXI
LSEPSEVERVSPERAVGIMPXI
LSEPSEVERVSPERAVGPVIMPXIPARPM
LSEPSEVERVSPERAVGPMIMPXI
LSEPSEVERVSPERAVGPMIMPXIPARDN
LSEPTSEVAVGIMPXI
LSEPTSEVAVGIMPXIPARTMAX
LSEPTSEVPERETAVGIMPI
LSEPTSEVPERETAVGIMPII
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMP
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPI
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPII
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPIII
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPIIII
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPV
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPVI
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPVII
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPVIII
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPVIIII
LSEPTSEVPERTAVGIMPX
LSEPTSEVPERTEAVGIMP
LSEPTSEVPERTEAVGIMPII
LSEPTSEVPRTEAVGIMPII
LSEPTSEVERPERETIMPI
LSEPTSEVERPERTAVGIMPVIII
LSEPTSEVERVSAVGPARTMAXPMTRPVIIII
LSEPTSEVERVSPERAVGPIVIMPXIPARTMAX
LSEPTSEVERVSPERAVGPMIMPXI
LSEPTSEVERVSPIVSAVG
LSEPTSEVERVSPIVSAVGBRIT
LSEPTIMIVSSEVERVSPERTINAXAVGIMPIIII
LSEPTIMIVSSEVERVSPIVSAVG
SEVERPAVGPMTRPXCOSIII
SEVERPAVGPMTRPXICOSIII
SEVERVSAVGPARTMAX
SEVERVSAVGPARTMAXPMTRPVIII
SEVERVSAVGPARTMAXPMTRPVIIII
SEVERVSPIVSAVG
SEVERVSPIVSAVGBRIT
SEVERVSPIVSAVGPMTRPVIIII
SEVERVSPIVSAVGPMTRPX
SEVERVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXI
SEVERVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXII
SEVERVSPIVSAVGVSTVS


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
The Barry P. Murphy Collection of Severan Denarii - http://bpmurphy.ancients.info/severan/severanhome.htm
Bickford-Smith, R. "The imperial mints in the east for Septimius Severus: it is time to begin a thorough reconsideration" in RIN XCVI (1994/1995), pp. 53-71.
Caliců, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayůn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) - http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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