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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of Severan Period
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

|Severus| |Alexander|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
This coin was dedicated to Jupiter, the defender, probably to ask for protection the emperor in his war against the Persians. As Jupiter was the king of the gods, he took more interest in kings and emperors than the common man.
RS95277. Silver denarius, RIC IV 235, RSC III 76, BMCRE VI 790, Hunter III 70, SRCV II 7870, Choice EF, bold well centered strike, sharp portrait, flow lines, light tone on mint luster, weight 3.231 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, with a short neatly trimmed beard, seen from the front; reverse IOVI PROPVGNATORI, Jupiter standing left in fighting attitude, head right, nude but for chlamys on left arm and billowing behind, hurling thunderbolt in right hand; $170.00 SALE |PRICE| $153.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Amphipolis|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia||AE| |23|NEW
Amphipolis was on the Via Egnatia, the principal Roman road across southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century, the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and basilica, dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the port of Amphipolis).
RP96950. Bronze AE 23, cf. Varbanov III 3268 (R4); BMC Macedonia p. 58, 126; SNG ANS 196; SNG Righetti 344; SNG Cop -; SNG Evelpidis -; SNG Hunt -; AMNG III -, aVF, green patina, some corrosion, light encrustations, edge flaw, weight 7.930 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse Λ CEΠT CE-OYHPOC ΠER A-VΓ (YHP ligate), laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠO-ΛIEITWN, Tyche of Amphipolis enthroned left, draped, kalathos on head, patera in extended right hand, long torch in left hand, star(?) under throne; $38.00 SALE |PRICE| $34.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

|Elagabalus|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Curtis Clay notes, one of Elagabalus' four emperor sacrificing types is dated, and the horn disappears from its obverse soon after the beginning of TR P V on 10 Dec. 221. This coin, without the horn thus dates c. mid-Jan. to his death 11 March 222.
RS96976. Silver denarius, RSC III 61b, Eauze 356 (10 spec.), BMCRE V 209, RIC IV 88 (notes usually horned), SRCV II 7518 var. (horned), Choice VF, well centered, flow lines, light corrosion, cut reverse center, weight 2.772 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. mid-Jan - 11 Mar 222; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped and bearded bust right, no horn; reverse INVICTVS SACERDOS AVG, Elagabalus standing half left, branch in left, offering from patera over altar in right, recumbent bull behind altar, star left; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleukis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria||as|NEW
The Battle of Antioch. After Macrinus foolishly cut legionary pay, Legio III Gallica hailed Elagabalus as emperor on 16 May 218. Macrinus sent cavalry but they too joined Elagabalus. Macrinus finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated Macrinus was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. Macrinus shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the Bosporus, taken back to Antioch and executed.
RY93580. Bronze as, McAlee 792/1 (very rare), Waage 595, SNG Cop -, BMC Galatia -, VF, nice black with red earthen highlighting desert patina, porosity, tight flan cutting off much of obverse legend, weight 4.474 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AVT K M AV ANTONINOC C, laureate head right; reverse ram advancing right, head left, above leg and thigh of animal (sacrifice); small ∆E over larger S - C above ram; all within laurel wreath fastened at the top with a star; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 47 (28 Jun 2018), lot 506; very rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Diadumenian, Mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., Antioch, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Diadumenian,| |Mid| |May| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Syria||as|NEW
Richard McAlee notes that ∆ E probably abbreviates ∆ EΠAPXEIΩN, meaning "of the four eparchies.
RY93577. Bronze as, McAlee 745; BMC Galatia p. 201, 408 - 411; Waage 575; SNG Cop 235, aVF, green patina, earthen highlighting, porosity, tight flan, reverse slightly off center, weight 3.443 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 11 Apr 217 - mid May 218 A.D.; obverse KAI MO ∆ ANTΩNEINOC CE, bare-headed, cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse large SC, ∆ above, E below, all within laurel wreath; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 47 (28 Jun 2018), lot 500; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.00


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Macrinus,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria||as|NEW
The Battle of Antioch. After Macrinus foolishly cut legionary pay, Legio III Gallica hailed Elagabalus as emperor on 16 May 218. Macrinus sent cavalry but they too joined Elagabalus. Macrinus finally abandoned his pay cut and paid a bonus, but it was too late. Legion II Parthica defected. General Gannys, the commander of Elagabalus' forces, decisively defeated Macrinus was just outside Antioch on 8 June 218. Macrinus shaved off his hair and beard and fled, disguised as a member of the military police. He was recognized by a centurion at Chalcedon on the Bosporus, taken back to Antioch and executed.
RY93578. Bronze as, McAlee 743 (very rare), MacDonald Hunter III 242, aVF, desert patina with red earthen highlighting, porous, tight flan, weight 4.183 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Mid May - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; obverse AVT K M O C MAKPINOC CE, laureate head right, bare shoulder seen from behind; reverse AVT K M O ∆ ANTONINOC, laureate head right, bare shoulder seen from behind, S - C divided low across field; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 47 (28 Jun 2018), lot 498; very rare; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.00


Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.

|Julia| |Mamaea|, |Julia| |Mamaea,| |Augusta| |13| |March| |222| |-| |February| |or| |March| |235| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Fecunditas (Latin: "fecundity, fertility") was the goddess of fertility. She was portrayed as a matron, sometimes holding a cornucopia or a hasta pura, often with children in her arms or standing next to her.
RS92610. Silver denarius, RIC IV 331, RSC III 5, BMCRE VI 917 ff., Hunter IV 9, SRCV II 8207, EF/VF, toned, flow lines, light marks, reverse a little off center, weight 2.674 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 232 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse FECVND AVGVSTAE, Fecunditas standing left, extending right hand over small boy standing before her, boy nude and raising arms to her, cornucopia in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

|Septimius| |Severus|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
This type probably refers to Severus' departure for his eastern campaign.
RS96972. Silver denarius, RIC IV 106; BMCRE V p. 48, 106; RSC III 580; cf. Hunter III p. 37, 189 (Laodicea); SRCV II 6353 (same), aVF, light toning, tight flan cutting off much of legends, edge crack, weight 3.086 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 197 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII, laureate head right; reverse PROFECTIO AVG (travels of the Emperor), Septimius on horse pacing right, bare head, wearing military garb, transverse spear with point up in right hand, reins in left hand; ex FORVM (2008); $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

|Macrinus|, |Macrinus,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.||denarius|
This coin was dedicated to Jupiter the protector. Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.
RS92492. Silver denarius, RSC III 33a, RIC IV 73, BMCRE V 68, Hunter III 28, SRCV II 7338 var. (bust), Choice gVF, well centered, superb portrait, old collection toning, flow lines, small edge cracks, weight 2.903 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 217 - 218 A.D.; obverse IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude, thunderbolt in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $270.00 SALE |PRICE| $243.00


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior

|Nikopolis|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Nikopolis| |ad| |Istrum,| |Moesia| |Inferior||assarion|
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101-106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town peaked during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. In 447, Nicopolis was destroyed by Attila's Huns. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century.
MA95612. Bronze assarion, H-H-J Nikopolis 8.14.14.38 (R2), Varbanov I 2256 (R3), AMNG I/I 1425, Moushmov 970, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, well centered, minor light encrustations, end of reverse legend unstruck, weight 2.538 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse AV Λ CEVHPOC, laureate head right; reverse NIKOΠO−ΛI ΠPOC IC, club of Hercules set on ground line; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00











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