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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Adoptive Emperors| ▸ |Faustina Jr.||View Options:  |  |  | 

Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius

The daughter, wife, and mother of emperors and empresses, Faustina II was born around 130 A.D. to Antoninus Pius and Faustina I. She was married to her cousin Marcus Aurelius in 145 A.D. In 146 A.D., she gave birth to the first of 14 children. To celebrate this occasion she was given the title of Augusta, which technically made her superior in rank to her husband. Faustina II was a devoted wife and mother and accompanied her husband on all his military campaigns. Her son Commodus went on to become emperor after his fathers' death, and her daughter Lucilla became Augusta when she married Lucius Verus. She died in the city of Halala in Anatolia in 175 A.D., plagued by baseless rumors about her infidelity. She was deified soon after and a grand temple was erected to her in the city where she died.

|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
Faustina Junior and Marcus Aurelius had 14 children. Commodus was the tenth of the fourteen children and the only son to survive. His twin brother Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius died at the age of four.
RS94546. Silver denarius, RIC III AP502a, RSC II 54, BMCRE IV AP1087, Hunter II 12, SRCV II 4704, aVF/aF, toned, radiating flow lines, struck with a worn reverse die, edge a bit ragged with small splits/cracks, weight 2.765 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, c. 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, draped bust right, hair waved and coiled at the back; reverse CONCORDIA (harmony), Concordia seated left, flower in extended right hand, left elbow resting on cornucopia atop globe; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
RS94550. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV MA107; RSC III 120a; RIC III MA688 var. (no diadem); Hunter II 8 var. (same); SRCV II 5255 var. (same), VF, well centered, light marks, porous, reverse die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.057 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 161 - 175 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, pearl diademed draped bust right, hair in a bun at the back; reverse IVNO, Juno standing left, veiled, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, peacock at feet on left standing left; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.00


|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
Venus in her aspect as the divine ancestress of the Roman people was known as Venus Genetrix. According to legend, and as recorded in Virgil's Aeneid, Aeneis was the son of Venus who fled Troy after its destruction and founded the city of Rome. Julius Caesar, being of the Gens Julia, claimed direct descent from Venus Genetrix and Aeneas. Julius Caesar built a Temple of Venus Genetrix in his new forum. Most depictions of Venus Genetrix on Roman coinage are of the statue in the Forum, and do not directly refer to pregnancy or fertility.
RS94552. Silver denarius, RIC III MA734, RSC II 280, BMCRE IV MA172 var. (note), SRCV II -, Hunter II -, aVF/F, well centered, flow lines, porosity, tiny edge cracks/splits, weight 3.283 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, struck under Marcus Aurelius, 161 - 176 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right with head bare, hair waved and coiled on back of head; reverse VENVS GENETRIX (Mother Venus), Venus standing slightly left, head left, Victory in right hand, resting left hand on shield set on helmet; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
It was Sulla who in a dream first saw Venus as Venus Victrix (victorious Venus), with the weapons of Mars. He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrificing to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RS94553. Silver denarius, RIC III AP495(a), RSC II 15, BMCRE IV AP1099, SRCV II 4700, Hunter II 21, F, light marks, porous, tight flan, weight 3.576 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, c. 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTA PII FIL (daughter of the pius emperor), Venus standing left, Victory in right hand, resting left hand on shield set on helmet; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


|Faustina| |Jr.|, |Faustina| |Junior,| |Augusta| |146| |-| |Winter| |175/176| |A.D.,| |Wife| |of| |Marcus| |Aurelius|, |denarius|
It was Sulla who in a dream first saw Venus as Venus Victrix (victorious Venus), with the weapons of Mars. He made her to his personal patroness. Pompey was inaugurating the cult of Venus Victrix in Rome. In the night before the battle of Pharsalus 48 B.C. Pompey was dreaming of Venus Victrix - seemingly a lucky sign -, whereas Caesar was sacrificing to Venus Genetrix, but issued as watchword 'Venus Victrix', and defeated Pompey!
RS94558. Silver denarius, RIC III AP495(a), RSC II 15, BMCRE IV AP1099, SRCV II 4700, Hunter II 21, F, tight flan, marks, porosity, weight 3.107 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, c. 154 - 156 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse AVGVSTA PII FIL (daughter of the pius emperor), Venus standing left, Victory in right hand, resting left hand on shield set on helmet; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.00










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVAAVGFAVSTINA
DIVAFAVSTINAPIA
DIVAEFAVSTINAVGMATRCASTROR
DIVAEFAVSTINAEPIAE
FAVSTINAAVGANTONINIAVG
FAVSTINAAVGANTONINIAVGPIIFIL
FAVSTINAAVGPIIAVGFIL
FAVSTINAAVGVSTA
FAVSTINAAVGVSTAAVGPIIF
FAVSTINAAVGVSTAAVGPIIFIL
FAVSTINAAVGVSTAPIIAVGFIL
FAVSTINAEAVGANTONINIAVGPIIFIL
FAVSTINAEAVGPIIAVGF
FAVSTINAEAVGPIIAVGFIL


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Vienna, 1984).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Strack, P. Untersuchungen zur rmischen Reichsprgung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil III: Die Reichsprgung zur Zeit Antoninus Pius. (Stuttgart, 1937).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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