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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Adoptive Emperors| ▸ |Trajan||View Options:  |  |  |   

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

Marcus Ulpius Traianus, a brilliant general and administrator, was adopted and proclaimed emperor by the aging Nerva in 98 A.D. Regarded as one of Rome's greatest emperors, Trajan was responsible for the annexation of Dacia, the invasion of Arabia and an extensive and lavish building program across the empire. Under Trajan, Rome reached its greatest extent. Shortly after the annexation of Mesopotamia and Armenia, Trajan was forced to withdraw from most of the new Arabian provinces. While returning to Rome to direct operations against the new threats, Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia.Roman Dominions in the Time of Trajan

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||drachm|NEW
The Nilometer measured the height of the annual Nile flood. Sixteen cubits was considered the ideal height of the annual Nile flood. Less could mean drought or famine. Even in modern times, grand celebrations were held when the flood reached 16 cubits. In years when the flood failed to reach 16 cubits, the celebrations were canceled, and prayers and fasting were held instead. The peak flood occurred at the end of August, which explains why the Egyptian year began on 29 August.
RX110549. Bronze drachm, RPC Online III 4837 (6 spec.), Dattari 992, Kampmann-Ganschow 27.602, Geissen 677 var. (laureate, draped and cuirassed), F, well centered, part of obv. legend weak/unstruck, weight 14.271 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 114 - 28 Aug 115 A.D.; obverse AYT TPAIAN CEB ΓEPM ∆AKIK (Imperator Traianus Augustus Germanicus Dacicus), laureate half-length nude bust of Trajan right, chest bare, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse Nilus reclining left on hippopotamus, trunk bare, himation around hips and legs and over left arm, reed in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, genius standing by nilometer in background on left on far side of legs, LIH (year 18) in exergue; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00


Sardes, Lydia, c 98 - 117 A.D.

|Sardes|, |Sardes,| |Lydia,| |c| || |98| |-| |117| |A.D.||AE| |17|NEW
CTP in the reverse legend identifies the magistrate, Lo. Io. Libonianos, as a strategos. Strategos, plural strategoi, is Greek meaning "general." In the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Empires the term was also used to describe a military governor. In the modern Greek army, it is the highest officer rank.
RP99970. Bronze AE 17, RPC Online III 2393 (18 spec.); SNG Cop 508; SNG Leypold 1201; SNG Tatis 757; Imhoof-Blumer LS p. 139, 13; BMC Lydia p. 246, 75; Winterthur 3917, VF, near centered, dark green patina, light scratches, light earthen deposits, weight 2.786 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, time of Trajan, c. 98 - 117 A.D; obverse CAP∆IA-NΩN, draped youthful bust of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse CTP ΛO IO ΛI-BΩNIANOY, filleted thyrsus, bee to right; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50


|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||quadrans|
"The boar was a common design on the smallest regular denomination, the copper quadrans - notably those struck by the emperor Trajan (ruled 98-117 CE). The obverse of Trajans quadrans bears the bust of Hercules, so the reverse is surely the Erymanthian boar captured as the fourth labor of Hercules." -- "This Little Piggy Went to Market: Boars, Hogs, Sows and Piglets on Ancient Coins" by Mike Markowitz in CoinWeek
RB94994. Copper quadrans, RIC II 702, BMCRE III 1062, Cohen II 341, SRCV II 3248, aF, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits (desert patina), scratches2.751, weight 2.751 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 98 - c. 106 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM, diademed bust of Hercules right, Nemean lion skin tied around his neck; reverse Erymanthian Boar walking right, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $28.00 SALE PRICE $25.20


|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||quadrans|
"The boar was a common design on the smallest regular denomination, the copper quadrans - notably those struck by the emperor Trajan (ruled 98-117 CE). The obverse of Trajans quadrans bears the bust of Hercules, so the reverse is surely the Erymanthian boar captured as the fourth labor of Hercules." -- "This Little Piggy Went to Market: Boars, Hogs, Sows and Piglets on Ancient Coins" by Mike Markowitz in CoinWeek
RB94995. Copper quadrans, RIC II 702, BMCRE III 1062, Cohen II 341, SRCV II 3248, aF, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits (desert patina), scratches, weight 2.586 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 98 - c. 106 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES TRAIAN AVG GERM, diademed bust of Hercules right, Nemean lion skin tied around his neck; reverse Erymanthian Boar walking right, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Tiberias, Galilee

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Tiberias,| |Galilee||AE| |19|
Tiberias, on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, was founded by Herod Antipas in 20 A.D., named in honor of the Roman emperor Tiberius. Tiberias was the capital of Galilee and for Herod Antipas. Tiberias is mentioned in John 6:23, after Jesus' miraculous feeding of 5000, a crowd seeking Jesus took boats from Tiberius across the lake. Tiberias did not participate in the Bar Kokhba revolt. Following the expulsion of Jews from Jerusalem and most of Judaea after 135, Tiberias and its neighbor Sepphoris became the major Jewish cultural centers. The Mishna and Talmud were both finished at Tiberias.
RB99988. Bronze AE 19, RPC Online III 3929 (10 spec.); BMC Palestine p. 7, 17; Rosenberger III 9; Baramki 6; De Saulcy 5; Sofaer -, aVF, green patina, broad flan, earthen deposits, weight 6.269 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Tiberias (Israel) mint, 107 - 108 A.D.; obverse AY KAI NE TPAIANOC CE ΓE ∆A (Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Augustus Germanicus Dacicus), laureate head right; reverse TIBEP KΛAY, palm frond between two crossed cornucopia, ET - with overline (year 90) divided across field; rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.||sestertius|
"Trajan, having crossed the Ister by means of the bridge, conducted the war with safe prudence rather than with haste, and eventually, after a hard struggle, vanquished the Dacians. In the course of the campaign he himself performed many deeds of good generalship and bravery, and his troops ran many risks and displayed great prowess on his behalf. It was here that a certain horseman, after being carried, badly wounded, from the battle in the hope that he could be healed, when he found that he could not recover, rushed from his tent (for his injury had not yet reached his heart) and, taking his place once more in the line, perished after displaying great feats of valor." -- Roman History by Cassius Dio
RB99991. Orichalcum sestertius, Woytek 203cA, BnF IV 562, BMCRE III 836, RIC II 534 var. (slight drapery vice aegis), Cohen II 503, SRCV II 3204, aF, porous, grainy, legends weak, weight 20.907 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate bust right, aegis on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Trajan on horseback, galloping right, in military dress, brandishing spear at Dacian warrior who is raising his hands while falling on his knees, and being trampled by horse's fore-hooves, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; $140.00 SALE PRICE $112.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.,"Limes" Denarius

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,"Limes"| |Denarius
||limes| |denarius|
The origin and purpose of the bronze "limes" denarii is uncertain. They may have been a token currency used only along the borders of the Empire. They may have been illegal counterfeits with a now long gone thin silver wash.

This type was issued to commemorate the founding of the Roman province Arabia Petraea, consisting of the former Nabataean kingdom in Jordan, the southern Levant, the Sinai Peninsula, and the northwestern area of the Arabian peninsula.
RS99992. Billon or bronze limes denarius, cf. RIC II 245, Woytek 396b, RSC II 26, BMCRE III 474, SRCV II - (silver, Rome mint, 112 - 115 A.D.), VF, centered, nice dark patina, light marks, small lamination defects/patina chipping, weight 2.236 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint mint, c. 112 - 115 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Arabia standing front, head left, holding branch and bundle of cinnamon sticks, camel walking left behind at feet, ARAB ADQ in exergue; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50 ON RESERVE


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Coracesium, Cilicia Trachea

|Cilicia|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Coracesium,| |Cilicia| |Trachea||AE| |19|
In Strabo's reckoning, Coracesium marked the boundary between ancient Pamphylia and Cilicia Trachaea. Because of its natural strategic position on a small peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea below the Taurus Mountains, Alanya has been a local stronghold for many Mediterranean-based empires, including the Ptolemaic, Seleucid, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires.
RP110223. Bronze AE 19, RPC Online III 2742 (18 spec.); Levante Korakesion 2; SNG BnF 613; SNG Levante 388; SNG Cop 109; SNG Leypold 2460; SNG Pflzer 780; Waddington 4234, gVF, green patina, edge flaw, reverse edge beveled, weight 4.432 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Coracesium (modern Alanya, Turkey) mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPATWP TPAIANOC, laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind; reverse KOPAKHCIWTWN, Demeter standing facing, head left, wearing long chiton, stalks of grain in right hand, lighted long torch grounded and vertical in left hand; rare; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||dichalkon|
In 103, Legio X Gemina moved to Vienna, where it remained until the 5th century.
RX94976. Bronze dichalkon, Dattari-Savio 7196, RPC Online III 4770/8, Kampmann 27.524, Emmett 692/16 (R3), BMC Alexandria 2913 corr. (Hadrian), Geissen -, Milne -, SNG Cop -, gF, dark tone, earthen deposits, obverse edg beveled, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 1.291 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 102 - 28 Aug 103 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, kerykeion (caduceus) between two ears of grain, L - IS (year 16) divided low across field (off flan); from the Ray Nouri Collection; rare; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||dichalkon|
The Hemhem crown, also known as the triple Atef crown, was symbol of Pharaonic power and authority credited with magical abilities that would protect Egypt from any enemy. It originated during the 18th dynasty was first seen in an image of the pharaoh Akhenaten in a tomb at Amarna. A Hemhem crown is worn Tutankhamen on the back of the gilded throne discovered in his tomb. No examples of this type of crown are known to have survived.
RX94981. Bronze dichalkon, Geissen 643; BMC Alexandria p. 68, 561; Milne 710; SNG Cop 265; SRCV II 3320; Kampmann 27.574; Emmett 707/7 (R5); Dattari -, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, bumps, marks, irregular flan shape. reverse edge beveled, weight 1.631 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 113 - 28 Aug 114 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, Hemhem crown, L I-Z (year 17) in lower field flanking ram horns; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00




  






OBVERSE LEGENDS

BONEVENTLIBO
DIVOTRAIANO
DIVOTRAIANOPARTHAVGPATRI
DIVVSTRAIANVSPATERAVGVSTVS
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDAC
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERDACPARTHICOPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERMDAC
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOPTIMAVGPMTRPCOSVI
IMPCAESNERVAETRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVPP
IMPCAESNERVAETRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERM
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERMDACICVSPM
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERMPM
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANAVGGERMPMTRPPP
IMPCAESNERVATRAIANOGERM
IMPCAESNERTRAIANAVG
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDAC
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDACPARTHICOPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPCAESNERTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERM
IMPCAESTRAIANAVGGERDACPPREST
IMPCAESTRAIANAVGGERM
IMPNERVATRAIANAVGGERMPM
IMPNERVACAESTRAIANAVGGERMPM
IMPNERVACAESTRAIANAVGGERMPMTRPPP
IMPNERVATRAIANVSAVGGERDACICVS
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRP
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPARTHICO
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVPP
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVDESVI
IMPTRAIANOAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPTRAIANOPTIMAVGGERMDAC
IMPTRAIANOOPTIMOAVGGERDACPMTRP
IMPTRAIANOPIOFELAVGPP
IMPTRAIANVSAVGGERDACPMTRPCOSVIPP
IMPTRAIANVSAVGGERMDACICVS


REFERENCES

Besombes, P. Bibliothque Nationale, Catalogue des Monnaies de l'Empire Romain, IV Trajan (98-117 aprs J.-C.). (Paris, 2008).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius. (Paris, 1883).
Hill, P. The Dating and Arrangement of the Undated Coins of Rome, A.D. 98-148. (London, 1970).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 3: Nerva to Hadrian. (London, 1936).
Mattingly H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II: Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Simic, V. & M. Vasic. "La monaie des mines romaines de I'llyrie" in RN 1977.
Strack, P. Untersuchungen zur rmischen Reichsprgung des zweiten Jahrhunderts, Teil 1: Die Reichsprgung zur Zeit des Traian. (Stuttgart, 1931).
Toynbee, J. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Woytek, B. Die Reichsprgung des kaisers Traianus (98-117). MIR 14. (Vienna, 2010).

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