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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Adoptive Emperors||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the Adoptive Emperors
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Seleucia, Seleucia Pieria, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Seleucia,| |Seleucia| |Pieria,| |Syria||AE| |20|NEW
One of the rare examples of ancient coinage showing a three-dimensional view with somewhat accurate perspective. The sacred stone enshrined on this coin was probably a meteorite.
RP97250. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online III 3770 (3 spec.); Butcher CRS 420/54b; SNG Hunterian II 2728; SNG Cop 403; cf. BMC Galatia p. 274, 38 (larger denomination), VF, dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, well centered, small edge splits, weight 5.390 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Seleucia (Cevlik, Hatay Province, Turkey) mint, 25 Jan 98 - 8/9 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AYTOK KAIΣ NEP TPAIANOC APIΣT ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate head right; reverse CELEYKEΩN ΠEIEΠIAC, sacred stone of Zeus Kaisos draped with ribbon, in shrine with four columns supporting a pyramidal roof surmounted by an eagle, SEYC / KACIOC in two lines in exergue, Γ lower right; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 12 (31 May, 2020), part of lot 2018; $110.00 (€90.20)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Chalcis ad Belum, Chalcidice, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Chalcis| |ad| |Belum,| |Chalcidice,| |Syria||AE| |21|NEW
Trajan's last coinage struck at Chalcis ad Belum used the same reverse, dated KE. Year 25 of the local era must have been Autumn 116 - Autumn 117 A.D.; thus the era of the city began in Autumn 92 A.D. The KE reverse was used for Hadrian's coinage only for the short time after the mint learned he was the new emperor until the local New Year's day (perhaps 29 August). When the New Year began the date was changed to B referring to Hadrian's second regnal year (a new regnal year began on New Year's day, not the one year anniversary of rule).
RP97251. Bronze AE 21, RPC III 3471A (1 spec., added post publication); Butcher CRS p. 437, 15 var. (obv. leg.); SNG Hunterian II 2711 var. (same, slight drapery), VF, near black patina with red earthen highlighting, tight flan, marks, edge a little ragged, weight 9.023 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Chalcis ad Belum (Qinnasrin, Syria) mint, Autumn 119 - Autumn 120 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIC Θ TPA YI Θ NEP YI - A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ΦΛ XAΛ/KI∆EWN / ∆ (Flavius Chalkis [year] 4) in three lines, all within laurel wreath of eight bunches of leaves, closed at the top with a jewel; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 12 (31 May, 2020), part of lot 2018; very rare; $120.00 (€98.40)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

|Commodus|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
In 184 A.D., the Antonine Wall in Britannia was permanently abandoned.
RS94674. Silver denarius, RIC III 71, RSC II 427, BMCRE IV 119, Hunter II 21, SRCV II -, aVF, flow lines, light tone, edge cracks, weight 2.002 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 184 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P, Mars standing right, spear in right hand, shield resting on ground in left; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $120.00 (€98.40)


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

|Marcus| |Aurelius|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.||denarius|NEW
Virtus (courage, valor) is depicted as a helmeted soldier, often a female, in armor holding a spear, parazonium, victory or a shield. Virtus and Mars can usually be distinguished since Mars is usually shown nude and Virtus is always shown clothed.
RS94675. Silver denarius, RIC III AP473, RSC II 721, BMCRE IV AP893, Hunter II 21, Strack III AP219, SRCV II 4793, VF/F, unusual portrait, flow lines, toned, scratches and marks, reverse a little off center, edge cracks, weight 3.307 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 156 - 157 A.D.; obverse AVRELIVS CAES ANTON AVG PII F, bare head right; reverse TR POT XI COS II, Virtus standing slightly left, head left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, parazonium in extended right hand, vertical spear with point on both ends in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $120.00 (€98.40)


Caesarea, Cappadocia, 111 - 112 A.D.

|Cappadocia|, |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia,| |111| |-| |112| |A.D.||AE| |16|NEW
Kayseri, originally called Mazaka or Mazaca, is in central Turkey on a low spur on the north side of Mount Erciyes (Mount Argaeus in ancient times). During Achaemenid Persian rule, it was the capital of a Satrapy on the crossroads of the Royal Road from Sardis to Susa and the trade route from Sinope to the Euphrates. It was conquered by Alexander's general Perdikkas, was ruled by Eumenes of Cardia, then passed to the Seleucid empire after the battle of Ipsus. It became the capital of the independent Cappadocian Kingdom under Ariarathes III, around 250 B.C. During Strabo's time it was also known as Eusebia, after the Cappadocian King Ariarathes V Eusebes, 163 – 130 B.C. The name was changed again to "Caesarea in Cappadocia" in honor of Caesar Augustus, upon his death in 14 A.D. The city passed under formal Roman rule in 17 A.D. In Roman times, it prospered on the route from Ephesus to the East. Caesarea was destroyed by the Sassanid King Shapur I after his victory over the Emperor Valerian I in 260 A.D. At the time it was recorded to have around 400,000 inhabitants. Arabic influence changed Caesarea to the modern name Kayseri. The city gradually recovered and has a population of almost 1 million people today. Few traces of the ancient city survive.
RP97246. Bronze AE 16, RPC Online III 3141, Henseler I, p. 150, type 164, 259 - 260; SNGvA 6342, SNG Cop 173; Sydenham Caesarea 250; BMC Galatia -, F, rough from corrosion, weight 3.214 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, year 14 of Trajan, 111 - 112 A.D.; obverse turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; reverse pyramid or baetyl (sacred stone), ET − ∆I (year 14) divided across field; from a Las Vegas dealer; $140.00 (€114.80)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Bostra, Arabia

|Roman| |Arabia|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Bostra,| |Arabia||AE| |20|NEW
Bostra was the northern Nabataean capital, until Trajan annexed the kingdom. It was then capital of Provincia Arabia, where the Third Legio Cyrenaica was garrisoned. The emperor Philip was born in Bostra and designated it a metropolis.
RY94938. Bronze AE 20, Spijkerman 2 (same dies); RPC Online III 4083 (21 spec.); Kindler Bostra 16; Sofaer 3; BMC Arabia p. 14, 3 - 6; SNG ANS 1168; SNG Cop -, F, irregular flan, orange earthen highlights, weight 6.129 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPAT KAICAP TPAIANOC A∆PIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate bust right, drapery on left shoulder; reverse bust of Arabia right, wearing turreted crown and mantle blown out behind, small figure of a seated child held in each arm, APABIA below; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $60.00 (€49.20)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Samosata, Commagene, Syria

|Samosata|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Samosata,| |Commagene,| |Syria||AE| |19|NEW
Samosata, meaning "sun," was an ancient city whose ruins existed at the modern city of Samsat, Adiyaman Province, Turkey until the site was flooded by the Atatürk Dam. -- wikipedia.org
RY94959. Bronze AE 19, cf. RPC III 3419; SNG Munchen XXVIII 373 ff.; BMC Galatia p. 118, 20 ff., VF, attractive portrait, nice dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan cutting off right side of obv. legend, reverse off center, weight 4.345 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Samosata (site now flooded by the Atatürk Dam) mint, 11 Aug 117 - 10 Jul 138 A.D.; obverse A∆PIANOC CEBACTOC (or similar with date at end of legend), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from rear; reverse ΦΛA / CAMO / MHTPO / KOM (Flavia Samosata Metropolis Commagene), inscription in four lines within oak wreath, pellet in annulet at top; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $100.00 (€82.00)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

|Commodus|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.||sestertius|NEW
This obverse legend is listed in references with reverses depicting three, four, or five soldiers. Specimens with six soldiers on the reverse in Cohen III, RIC III, and noted in BMCRE IV (refs. Cohen) all have the obverse legend, M COMMODVS ANT AVG P BRIT FELIX. The four specimens on Coin Archives with six soldiers all share the same obverse legend with our coin. Perhaps RIC III copied an error by Cohen?
RB97213. Orichalcum sestertius, Hunter II 126 var. (same obv. die, 5 soldiers), RIC III 468d (R) var. (obv. leg.), Cohen III 138 var. (same), BMCRE IV 579 var. (4 soldiers, note), F, green patina, tight flan cutting off reverse legend, weight 23.587 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 186 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P, Commodus standing left on platform, haranguing six soldiers, three legionary standards on the far side of soldiers, S - C (senatus consulto) across fields, FID EXERCIT (loyalty of the army) in exergue; rare; $200.00 (€164.00)


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Samaria

|Roman| |Judea| |&| |Palestina|, |Marcus| |Aurelius,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |17| |March| |180| |A.D.,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Samaria||AE| |22|NEW
Kadman Caesarea plate V, 53 is from the same dies. No other examples know to FORVM are from the same dies. Kadman listed it as otherwise unpublished, attributed it to Lucius Verus and read the obverse legend as IMP CAES L AVR VERVS AVG ARM. This portrait does favor Lucius Verus. On the Kadman coin the legend clearly starts IMP CAES but the rest is obscure (at least in the photo). On our coin the right side legend is much clearer and certainly ends ONINVS AVG. The combined legible obverse legend is IMP CAES [... ANT]ONINVS AVG, appropriate for Marcus Aurelius.
RP97647. Bronze AE 22, Kadman I plate V, 53 corr. (same dies, see note); RPC Online IV.3 T6318, BMC Palestine, 83 ff.; SNG ANS 778 f.; SNG Righetti 2383; SNG Hunt II 3560, aVF, dark green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, struck on a small flan cutting off part of obverse legend, light marks, weight 12.527 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 7 Mar 161 - 17 Mar 180 A.D.; obverse [IMP CAES M AVR ANT]ONINVS AVG (or similar), laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL PR FL AV-G CAESAREA, draped bust of Serapis right, wearing kalathos; $140.00 (€114.80)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Struck in Rome for use in Syria

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Struck| |in| |Rome| |for| |use| |in| |Syria||chalkous|NEW
In 116 A.D., Trajan made Syria a Roman province. The orichalcum coinage of 116 A.D., which included this coin, was struck in Rome and shipped to Antioch.
RY96780. Bronze chalkous, Woytek 939v (11 spec.), McAlee 526 (rare), RPC III 3681, BMCRE III 1075, Strack 496, gVF, thick earthen deposits, weight 0.748 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, c. 116 A.D.; obverse laureate and draped bust right; reverse large S•C in wreath; a little gem; rare; $120.00 (€98.40)











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