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Coins of Germany

Germany is today a federal republic consisting of sixteen states. Federalism has a long tradition in German history. The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states, numbering more than 300 around 1796. The number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars (1796-1814). After the Congress of Vienna (1815), 39 states formed the German Confederation. The Confederation was dissolved after the Austro-Prussian War. Prussia and the other states in Northern and Central Germany united as a federal state, the North German Federation, on July 1, 1867. The Southern states Bavaria, Württemberg, Baden and Hesse-Darmstadt entered military alliances with Prussia. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870?71, those states joined the North German Federation. It was consequently renamed to German Empire, and the parliament and Federal Council decided to give the Prussian king the title of German Emperor. The new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. After the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation. These states were gradually de facto abolished and reduced to provinces under the Nazi regime. The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under American, British, and French administration) created in the aftermath of World War II.

German States, Pommern-Stralsund, 1607

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |Pommern-Stralsund,| |1607||pfennig|NEW
Stralsund is a Hanseatic town in the Pomeranian part of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Stralsund was granted city rights in 1234 and was one of the most prosperous members of the medieval Hanseatic League. In 1628, during the Thirty Years' War, Stralsund came under Swedish rule and remained so until the upheavals of the Napoleonic Wars. Its Old Town has many red-brick Gothic landmarks, like the 13th-century Town Hall. The Stralsund Museum maintains a medieval merchant’s house and monastery.
WO92096. Copper pfennig, Bratring 20, SCWC KM 2, gVF, weight 1.253 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, Stralsund (Germany) mint, 1607; obverse city arms (upside down anchor), 16-07 divided across field, striated border; reverse incuse of obverse; ex Manfred Olding (Osnabrück, Germany); $90.00 (€73.80)
 


German States, City of Nurnberg, Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor, 1779

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |City| |of| |Nurnberg,| |Joseph| |II| |Holy| |Roman| |Emperor,| |1779||Thaler|
Nurnberg, in northern Bavaria, was made a free city in 1219. A mint was established that same year. The city distinguished by medieval architecture such as the fortifications and stone towers of its Altstadt (Old Town). At the northern edge of the Altstadt, surrounded by red-roofed buildings, stands Kaiserburg Castle. The Hauptmarkt (central square) contains the Schöner Brunnen, the gilded “beautiful fountain” with tiers of figures, and Frauenkirche, a 14th-century Gothic church.
WO88346. Silver Thaler, SCWC KM 351, Davenport Talers 2495, Kellner 350, EF, toned, weight 28.022 g, maximum diameter 41.7 mm, die axis 0o, Nurnberg mint, 1779; obverse X • EINE FEINE MARCK • 1779 (tenth of a fine mark), view of city from the east, radiant triangle (eye of God) above, NURNBERG • over K • R • (G. Knoll, mintmaster and G. Riedner, engraver) in exergue; reverse IOSEPHVS II • D • G • - ROM • IMP • SEMP • AVG • (Joseph II, by the grace of God, Emperor of Rome, always Augustus), crowned double-headed eagle with crowned city arms shield within order chain on breast, each head nimbate, sword in right claw and scepter in left; rare; SOLD


German States, Prussia, Wilhem II, 15 June 1888 - 9 November 1918

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |Prussia,| |Wilhem| |II,| |15| |June| |1888| |-| |9| |November| |1918||20| |Mark|
Mintage 5,815,000. Gold .900, actual gold weight - 0.2305 oz.
SH73975. Gold 20 Mark, Jaeger 252, Friedberg 3831; SCWC KM 521, VF, weight 7.904 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Berlin mint, 1894-A; obverse WILHELM II DEUTSCHER KAISER KONIG V. PREUSSEN, head of Kaiser Wilhem II right, A below; reverse DEUTSCHES REICH 1912 / * 20 MARK *, crowned imperial eagle (type III); inscribed edge lettering: GOTT MIT UNS; ex CNG e-auction 345, part of lot 735; ex Patrick H. James Collection; SOLD










REFERENCES|

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