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Coins of Japan
Japan, Edo Period, c. 1626 - 1738, Kanei Tsuho

|Japan|, |Japan,| |Edo| |Period,| |c.| |1626| |-| |1738,| |Kanei| |Tsuho||1| |mon|
In 1636, the Tokugawa shogunate introduced the Kanei Tsuho coin to standardize copper coins and maintain a sufficient coin supply. These coins, the first government minted copper coins in 700 years, became the daily currency of the common people used for small payments. Although the Kanei era ended in 1643, coins continued to bear the Kanei Tsuho legend for 230 years. Kanei Tsuho produced before 1668, "old Kanei" coins, are recognizable by their consistent calligraphic style. Kanei Tsuho coins after 1668, "new Kanei" coins, have more diverse calligraphic styles. From 1738 government authorized iron Kanei Tsuho 1 mon coins, and in 1866 iron 4 mon Kanei Tsuho were authorized.
CH98640. Copper 1 mon, near Fine or better, with minor flaws, bumps, scratches, encrustations, c. 1626 - 1738; obverse kan ei tsu ho; reverse plain; randomly selected from the same lot as the coins in the photograph, no more specific identification provided, ONE COIN; $4.00 (3.28)

Japan, Musashi Province, Edo, Sendashinden Fukagawa, 1768 - 1769, Shin Kanei Tsuho, Meiwa-sen Nami, 21 Waves

|Japan|, |Japan,| |Musashi| |Province,| |Edo,| |Sendashinden| |Fukagawa,| |1768| |-| |1769,| |Shin| |Kanei| |Tsuho,| |Meiwa-sen| |Nami,| |21| |Waves||4| |mon|
The very first four mon coins, issued in 1768, had 21 waves on the reverse. Later four mon coins, all with 11 waves on the reverse, can be dated by the type and color of the metal. Meiwa-sen, brassy alloy (68% copper, 24% zinc, and 8% tin), was used for the first 11 wave issue, 1769 - 1788. Bunsei-sen, reddish alloy (75% copper, 15% zinc, and 10% lead), was used for the second issue, 1821 - 1825. Ansei-sen, dark alloy (65% copper, 15% zinc, and 20% lead), was used for the third issue, 1857 - 1859. After 1866, all four mon coins were cast in iron.
JA92358. Brass 4 mon, New Kanei; Meiwa-sen (brassy alloy); Nami (wave) cash; Jones Kanei 201; Hartill EJC 4.250; Jacobs-Vermeule K601, gVF, light marks, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Musashi Province, Edo, Sendashinden Fukagawa mint, 1768 - 1769; obverse kan ei tsu ho, long right leg of kan; reverse twenty-one waves; SOLD


Hartill, D. Early Japanese Coins. (Bedfordshire, UK, 2011).
Jacobs, N. & C. Vermeule. Japanese Coinage. (New York, 1972).
Jones, R. Attribution Guide to Shin Kan Ei Tsu Ho. (Kearney, NE, 1984).
Jones, R. History and Guide to the Copper Cash Coinage of Japan. (Kearney, NE, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Kudo, Y. Shin Kanei Tsuho Zue. (Sapporo, 1998).
Masuo, T. Honpo Bita Sen Zufu. (Illustrated Catalogue of Our Country's Bita Sen) (Tokyo, 1982).
Masuo, T. Ko Kanei Sen Shi. (Old Kanei Coin Encyclopedia) (Tokyo, 1971).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins and Their Values, Vol. 3: Non-Islamic States & Western Colonies. (London, 1979).
Masuo, T. Honpo Bita Sen Zufu. (Illustrated Catalog of Our Country's Bita Sen). (Tokyo, 1982).
Masuo, T. Ko Kanei Sen Shi. (Tokyo, 1971).
Munro, N. Coins of Japan. (Yokohama, 1904).
Ogawa, Y. Shin Kanei Tsuho, The Catalog of Japanese Coins. (Japan, 1987).
Sakuraki, S, H. Wang, & P. Kornicki. Catalogue of the Japanese Coin Collection (Pre-Meiji) in the British Museum. (London, 2010).

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