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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Judea & Palestina||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Judea and Palestina
Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||2| |prutot|NEW
Two prutot was equal to a Roman quadrans. -- Talmud Jerus., Kedushin 58d, written c. 200 A.D.
JD97695. Bronze 2 prutot, Meshorer TJC p. 222 & pl. 44, 48a; Sofaer p. 258 & pl. 207, 20; Hendin 1178; RPC Online I 4905; HGC 10 654, aF, off center, uneven strike, edge cracks, reverse edge beveled, weight 3.846 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, c. 30 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (Greek: of King Herod), cross surrounded by closed diadem; reverse dish on tripod table, flanked by two straight upright palm branches; from an Israeli collection; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
 


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
The anchor was adopted from the Selukids, who used it to symbolize their naval strength. Anchors are often depicted upside down, as they would be seen hung on the side of a boat ready for use.
JD97705. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 69b; BMC Palestine p. 235, 39; Meshorer AJC II p. 239, 2b; Hendin 1193; RPC I 4912, VF, weight 1.605 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 - 6 B.C.; obverse HPω∆OY (of Herod), anchor with long slender arms; reverse EΘ/AN (Ethnarch), surrounded by oak wreath; from an Israeli collection; scarce; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
 


Judaea, Valerius Gratus, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 15 - 26 A.D., Unofficial(?)

|Valerius| |Gratus|, |Judaea,| |Valerius| |Gratus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |15| |-| |26| |A.D.,| |Unofficial(?)||prutah|NEW
The blundered obverse inscription indicates this specimen may be unofficial. Crude examples and even retrograde inscriptions are known for the type, and apparently official specimens. We were unable to find an example similarly as crude as this coin.

Julia on the obverse, refers to Livia, wife of Augustus and mother of Tiberius. Livia took the name Julia Augusta after Augustus died.
JD98158. Bronze prutah, cf. Hendin 1333b, Meshorer TJC 317a, RPC I 4959, Sofaer Collection 12 (all Jerusalem mint official specimens), VF, highlighting earthen deposits, ragged sprue cuts, edge split, weight 1.715 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 240o, Jerusalem (or unofficial?) mint, 15 A.D.; obverse OY/AIΛ (Greek: Julia, blundered) in two lines within wreath; reverse palm frond, flanked by L - B (year 2 of Tiberius); rare variant; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00
 


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||2| |prutot|
Based on the fabric and style, we know that Herod used the same mint in Jerusalem as his father, Herod the Great.
JD98155. Bronze 2 prutot, cf. Meshorer TJC p. 225 & pl. 47, 70; Sofaer p. 258 & pl. 209, 68; BMC Palestine p. 231, 3; Hendin 1194; RPC I 4914, aF, highlighting earthen deposits (desert patina), small edge crack, edge chip, weight 1.767 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HRω∆ (of Herod), double cornucopia, horns parallel curved to the left, adorned with grapes; reverse EΘNP/N (Ethnarch, blundered), war galley left with aphlaston, oars, cabin, and ram; from an Israeli collection; rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
 


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt,| |66| |-| |70| |A.D.||prutah|
By 68, Jewish resistance in the north had been crushed. Vespasian made Caesarea Maritima his headquarters and methodically proceeded to clear the coast. In the winter of 68, Titus set up camp at Jericho and cut off escape routes toward Jerusalem.
JD98160. Bronze prutah, Kadman III 12; Meshorer TJC 196, Hendin 1360; SNG ANS 427; Sofaer Collection pl. 222, 11, VF, highlighting earthen deposits (desert patina), reverse a little off center, obverse edge beveled, weight 3.028 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 150o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew: Year two, amphora with fluted body, narrow neck, broad rim, and two small curved handles; reverse Paleo-Hebrew: The freedom of Zion, vine leaf on small branch with tendril; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
 


Judaea, Valerius Gratus, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 15 - 26 A.D.

|Valerius| |Gratus|, |Judaea,| |Valerius| |Gratus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |15| |-| |26| |A.D.||prutah|
In 15 A.D., Valerius Gratus was appointed Prefect of the Roman province of Judea. "And, as a further attestation to what I say of the dilatory nature of Tiberius, I appeal to this his practice itself; for although he was emperor twenty-two years, he sent but two procurator to govern the nation of the Jews. Gratus, and his successor in the government, Pilate." - Josephus, antiquities VIII, VI, 5.
JD97707. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1332; BMC Palestine p. 251, 2; Meshorer AJC II, Supp. V. 6; Meshorer TJC 316; RPC I 4958, VF, green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, well centered, slightly uneven strike, a bit porous, weight 1.849 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 15 - 16 A.D.; obverse KAI/CAP (Greek: caesar) in two lines within wreath; reverse TIB over LB (year 2 of Tiberius) within two crossed cornucopia; from an Israeli collection; very scarce; $205.00 SALE PRICE $185.00 ON RESERVE


Judaea, Valerius Gratus, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 15 - 26 A.D.

|Valerius| |Gratus|, |Judaea,| |Valerius| |Gratus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |15| |-| |26| |A.D.||prutah|
The government of Gratus is chiefly remarkable for the frequent changes he made in the appointment of the high-priesthood. He deposed Ananus, and substituted Ismael, son of Fabi, then Eleazar, son of Arianus, then Simon, son of Camith, and lastly Joseph Caiaphas, the son-in-law of Ananus.
JD97708. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1334; Meshorer TJC 320; Sofaer 15; RPC I 4960; BMC Palestine p. 252, 10, pl. XXVIII, 9, aVF, red earth and green encrustations on a dark green patina, obverse off center, obverse edge beveled, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 1.807 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 16 - 17 A.D.; obverse KAI/CAP (Greek: Caesar) in two lines within wreath; reverse TIBEPIOY (Greek: of Tiberius), two crossed cornucopia with caduceus between them, L - Γ (year 3 of Tiberius) across fields; from an Israeli collection; very scarce; $180.00 SALE PRICE $162.00
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.||prutah|
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD97711. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, Sofaer Collection 34, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, aF, corrosion, encrustations, weight 1.838 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 330o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); from an Israeli collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
 


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.||prutah|
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD97715. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1343, Meshorer TJC 334, Sofaer Collection 50, RPC I 4969, SGICV 5624, aF, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 1.900 g, maximum diameter 15.51 mm, die axis 120o, Jerusalem mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIH (year 18) within wreath; from an Israeli collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
 


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
The galley refers to Archelaus' voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus' younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus appealed to Rome and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Ya'akov Meshore
JD97703. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1197; Meshorer TJC 72; RPC Online I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, aVF, obverse off center, pre-strike casting sprue remnants, weight 1.524 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H P W, prow of war galley left; reverse EΘN (Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; from an Israeli collection; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
 




  






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