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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Italy & Sicily||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins of Italy and Sicily
Sicily, c. 190 B.C.

|Roman| |Italy| |&| |Sicily|, |Sicily,| |c.| |190| |B.C.||tetras|NEW
 
GB111732. Bronze tetras, apparently unpublished; cf. Calciati I p. 361, 182A (Panormos, no pellets on obv.); SNG ANS -, HGC 2 - , gF, brown patina, weight 6.016 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Roman mint, c. 190 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus left, three pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse winged fulmen (thunderbolt), three pellets (mark of value) below; ex Aphrodite auction 6 (22-24 Oct 2022), lot 213; rare; $90.00 (82.80)


Paestum, Lucania, Italy, c. 218 - 201 B.C.

|Roman| |Italy| |&| |Sicily|, |Paestum,| |Lucania,| |Italy,| |c.| |218| |-| |201| |B.C.||sextans|
Paestum (originally Poseidonia) was founded near the end of the 7th century B.C. by Greek colonists from Sybaris. From the archaeological evidence it appears that Greeks and Oscans thrived alongside one another. Poseidonia became the Roman city of Paestum in 273 B.C. after the residents sided with Pyrrhus, the loser in a war against Rome. Paestum remained faithful to Rome against Hannibal and afterward was granted special favors, including minting coins. The city declined after the 4th century and was abandoned during the Middle Ages. Its ruins only came to notice again in the 18th century, after the rediscovery Pompeii and Herculaneum.

On 9 September 1943, the U.S. 36th Infantry Division landed at Paestum. Heavy fighting persisted within and around the town for nine days before the Germans withdrew.
GI93428. Bronze sextans, Crawford Paestum 19/3; SNG ANS 760; HN Italy 1211; BMC Italy p. 276, 27, VF, rough green patina, weight 2.405 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Paestum mint, Second Punic War, c. 218 - 201 B.C.; obverse head of Demeter (or Ceres) right, wreathed with grain, two pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse wild boar running right, QVA (VA ligate) over two pellets (mark of value) below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Panormos, Sicily

|Roman| |Italy| |&| |Sicily|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Panormos,| |Sicily||AE| |25|
Panormos was the ancient Greek name (meaning, 'All-haven') for present day Palermo. Palermo was, however, originally a Phoenician colony and numismatists identify the city before Greek rule with the Punic name Ziz. It seems the only evidence for this ancient name is the coinage and some scholars believe that Ziz may have been another city. In 254 B.C. Panormus was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained one of the principal cities of Sicily. It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under Augustus, Panormus received a Roman colony.
GI97541. Bronze AE 25, RPC I 640; Calciati I p. 334, 19; SNG Mnchen 820; McClean 2522; Gabrici 322 ff.; SNG ANS -; SNG Morcom -, aVF, nice green patina, marks, scattered porosity, weight 10.011 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 0o, Panormos (Palermo, Sicily, Italy) mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; obverse ΠANOP-MITAN (counterclockwise from upper left), bare head of Augustus left; reverse eagle slightly left, holding animal in talons, head turned back right, with open wings, tail right; first specimen of this type handled by FORVM, from a New England collector; scarce; SOLD










REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. Ripolls. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and suppl.).
Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage. (Milan, 1983 - 1987).
Coleiro, E. "Maltese Coins of the Roman Period" in NC 1971.
Crawford, M. "Paestum and Rome: The form and function of a subsidiary coinage" in La monetazione di bronzo do Poseidonia-Paestum. Annali 18-19 Supp. (Naples, 1971).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Sicily. (London, 1876).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Sear, D.R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 1: Italy - Sicily. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (Berlin, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: SpainKingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grce 1, Collection Rna H. Evelpidis, Part 1: Italie. Sicile - Thrace. (Athens, 1970). (Italy, Sicily - Thrace).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 3: Bruttium - Sicily 1 (Abacaenum-Eryx). (New York, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 4: Sicily 2 (Galaria - Styella). (New York, 1977).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part| 5: Sicily 3 (Syracuse - Siceliotes). (New York, 1988).

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