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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Macedonia| ▸ |Koinon of Macedonia||View Options:  |  |  | 

Koinon of Macedonia

The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second Neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ΔIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

Koinon of Macedonia, Alexander and Bucephalus, c. 238 - 244 A.D.

|Koinon| |of| |Macedonia|, |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia,| |Alexander| |and| |Bucephalus,| |c.| |238| |-| |244| |A.D.||AE| |27|
Plutarch tells the story of how, in 344 B.C. Philonicus the Thessalian, a horse dealer, offered a massive wild stallion to Alexander's father, King Philip II. Since no one could tame the animal, Philip was not interested. Alexander, however, seeing that the horse was afraid of his own shadow, promised to pay for the horse himself should he fail to tame it. He was given a chance and surprised all by subduing it. Alexander spoke soothingly to the horse and turned it towards the sun so that it could no longer see its shadow. Eventually, Bucephalus allowed Alexander to ride him. Embarrassed, Philip commented, "O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee." Alexander named the horse Bucephalus because the horse's head seemed "as broad as a bull's." Bucephalus died of battle wounds in 326 B.C., in Alexander's last battle. Alexander founded the city of Bucephala (thought to be the modern town of Jhelum, Pakistan) in memory of his wonderful horse.
RP85007. Bronze AE 27, SNG Cop 1356; SNG Hunt 748 var. (star below horse); BMC Macedonia p. 24, 121 var. (B NE); SNG Saroglos 982 var. (same); Lindgren II 1374 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered and struck, nice green patina, weight 11.761 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 225o, Beroea (Verria, Greece) mint, reign of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B N, Alexander riding his horse Bucephalus right, wearing military garb, cloak flying behind, couched spear in right hand; rare; SOLD


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

|Koinon| |of| |Macedonia|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia||AE| |23|
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
SH62394. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 1612; Varbanov III 305; AMNG III 238; SNG Cop 1334; SGICV 425; BMC Macedonia p. 27, 145; Lindgren II 1354, gVF, weight 8.594 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, Thessalonica(?) mint, 41 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY∆IOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head left; reverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ MAKE∆ONΩN, Macedonian shield; coppery highpoints; SOLD


Koinon of Macedonia, Portrait of Alexander the Great, c. 238 - 244 A.D.

|Roman| |Macedonia|, |Koinon| |of| |Macedonia,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great,| |c.| |238| |-| |244| |A.D.||AE| |26|
The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year.

The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ∆IC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

RP65229. Bronze AE 26, AMNG III 608; SNG Cop 1368; BMC Macedonia p. 25, 131, VF, weight 12.855 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 45o, Beroea (Verria, Greece) mint, reign of Gordian III, c. 238 - 244 A.D.; obverse AΛEΞAN∆POY, diademed head of Alexander the Great right; reverse KOINON MAKE∆ONΩN B NE, table with lion's feet, upon it two agonistic urns each containing palm; slightly rough, area of corrosion on obverse, struck with an excellent reverse die; scarce; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879).
Gaebler, H. Die antiken Münzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Macdonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow. (Glascow, 1899).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

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