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NEW Dionysius I was tyrant of Syracuse. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies. He was regarded by the ancients as an example of the worst kind of despot - cruel, suspicious and vindictive.GI93807. Bronze drachm, Calciati II p. 111, 62; SNG ANS 454; SNG Cop 720; SNG Munchen 1135; SNG Morcom 697; BMC Sicily p. 187, 287; SGCV I 1189, F, mottled green patina, thick flan with rounded edge and pre-strike casting sprues (as expected for the type), weight 32.565 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, 395 - 367 B.C.; obverse ΣYPA, head of Athena left wearing olive wreathed Corinthian helmet; reverse sea star between two dolphins; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $270.00 SALE |PRICE| $243.00
Syracuse, Sicily, Timoleon and the Third Democracy, c. 344 - 317 B.C.
Threatened by Carthage and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for help to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for Sicily with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled Carthage in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of Syracuse erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.GI95238. Silver dilitron, SNG ANS 518; SNG Cop 717; SNG Munchen 1126; BMC Sicily p. 186, 283; Weber 1644; HGC 2 1373 (R2), VF, well centered, very dark toning, porosity, edge crack, weight 1.226 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 45o, Syracuse mint, c. 344 - 317 B.C.; obverse laureate Janiform female head, ΣYPAKOΣI-ΩN upward on left, two dolphins nose to nose on right; reverse horse galloping right, barley ear right above, N below; ex Forum (2018); rare; $400.00 SALE |PRICE| $360.00
Syracuse, Sicily, Deinomenid Tyranny (time of Gelon and Hieron), c. 485 - 479 B.C.
Ex Numismatic Fine Arts with old NFA envelope.SH28065. Silver tetradrachm, cf. Boehringer 123 (V56/R84) and SGCV I 914, EF, toned, weight 17.425 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 270o, obverse slow quadriga driven right by male charioteer holding goad, Nike above flying right crowning horses; reverse ΣYPAKOΣION, Artemis-Arethusa right, hair slightly waved in front turned up under diadem of beads, surrounded by four dolphins swimming clockwise; SOLD
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