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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the 12 Caesars
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Judaea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria, Judaea

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Samaria,| |Judaea||AE| |24|NEW
Judaea Capta issue minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. This issue mistakenly titles Domitian 'IMP XXIII' though he never received a twenty-third acclamation. All known specimens of this type display this error.
JD111095. Bronze AE 24, Meshorer TJC 395a (same c/m); Hendin 6486a (same); SNG ANS 489 (same); Sofaer 38 (same); RPC Online II 2308; BMC Palestine p. 281, 38, aF, near black patina, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 9.839 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 92 - 93 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM PM TR P XII, laureate head right; countermark: laureate head right (Howgego GIC 133); reverse IMP XXIII COS XVI CENS P P P, Victory advancing left in flowing gown, wreath in right hand, trophy in left hand; $200.00 (202.00)

Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Judea Capta, Caesarea Maritima, Samaria, Judaea

|Titus|, |Titus,| |24| |June| |79| |-| |13| |September| |81| |A.D.,| |Judea| |Capta,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Samaria,| |Judaea||AE| |21|NEW
This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. After Herod's death, Caesarea was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman Palestine for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to Caesarea when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From Caesarea, Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in Caesarea (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to Caesarea where he was tried before Festus and King Agrippa (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13)
JD111107. Bronze AE 21, Hendin 6473 (S); RPC II 2311; SNG ANS 466; Meshorer TJC 381a; Sofaer p. 275, 2, F, green patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, tight flan, porous, a little rough, weight 7.814 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima (Keisaria, Israel) mint, as caesar, 71 - 73 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP TITOC KAICAP (of Emperor Titus Caesar), laureate head right; reverse IOY∆AIAΣ EAΛWKYIAΣ (Judaea captured), Nike (Victory) standing right, nude to waist, left foot on helmet, writing on a shield hung on a palm tree; scarce; $170.00 (171.70)

Judaea, Coponius or Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefects under Augustus, 6 - 12 A.D.

|Coponius|, |Judaea,| |Coponius| |or| |Marcus| |Ambibulus,| |Roman| |Prefects| |under| |Augustus,| |6| |-| |12| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
Coponius and Marcus Ambibulus issued the same type, dated by year. Since the date of this example is off the flan, we cannot determine which of the prefects issued this coin.
JD111085. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6357 - 6360, Meshore TJC 311 - 315, VF, dark patina with highlighting earthen deposits, rev. off center, sprue and cut remnants, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 6 - 11 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), head of barley curved right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, uncertain date flanking trunk off flan; $40.00 (40.40)

Judaea, Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefect under Augustus, 9 - 12 A.D.

|Marcus| |Ambibulus|, |Judaea,| |Marcus| |Ambibulus,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Augustus,| |9| |-| |12| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
When the Romans invaded ancient Judea, thick forests of date palms up to 80 feet (24 m) high and 7 miles (11 km) wide covered the Jordan River valley from the Sea of Galilee in the north to the shores of the Dead Sea in the south. The tree so defined the local economy that Emperor Vespasian celebrated the conquest by minting the "Judaea Capta", a special bronze coin that showed the Jewish state as a weeping woman beneath a date palm. The Qur'an describes how Maryam (the Islamic parallel of Mary (mother of Jesus)) was advised to eat dates to ease her labor pains; presumably, this would have been a Judean date.
JD111090. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6359; Meshorer TJC 314; RPC I 4956; Sofaer, pl. 219, 6; BMC Palestine p. 249, 20, aF, green patina, obv. off center, edge cracks, weight 1.669 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 9 - 10 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved to right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L - M (year 40 of Augustus) divided across lower field; $60.00 (60.60)

Ascalon, Philistia, Judaea, Late 1st Century B.C.

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Ascalon,| |Philistia,| |Judaea,| |Late| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |16|NEW
Askalon lies on the shore of the Mediterranean, ten miles north of Gaza and about 40 miles south of Joppa. Herod the Great ruled all of Palestine, except Askalon, which remained a free city. Today, a national park at Ashqelon, Israel includes ruins of Canaanite, Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusader walls and buildings.
JD111091. Bronze AE 16, cf. RPC Online I 4873 (10 spec.); Sofaer 47; Baramki AUB 52; Rosenberger 79; BMC Palestine p. 110, 36, gF, green patina, earthen encrustations, irregular flan with part of the edge ragged, weight 2.831 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, late 1st century B.C.; obverse bare-headed and beardless young male head right; reverse prow of war galley left with ram, acrostolium, and oars, AΣ above (Σ in the form of a squared C); rare; $150.00 (151.50)

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Ascalon, Philistia, Judaea

|Judaea| |&| |Palestine|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Ascalon,| |Philistia,| |Judaea||AE| |18|NEW
The Philistines conquered Canaanite Ashkelon about 1150 B.C. and it became one of the five Philistine cities that were constantly warring with the Israelites and the Kingdom of Judah. The last of the Philistine cities to hold out against Nebuchadnezzar, it finally fell in 604 B.C.; burned and destroyed, its people exiled, the Philistine era ended. Ashkelon was rebuilt, dominated by Persian culture. After the Alexander's conquest, Ashkelon was an important Hellenistic seaport. The Jews drove the Greeks out of the region during the Maccabean Revolt, which lasted from 167 to 160 B.C. In 63 B.C. the area was incorporated into the Roman Republic. Cleopatra VII used Ashkelon as her refuge when her brother and sister exiled her in 49 B.C. The city remained loyal to Rome during the First Jewish Revolt.
JD111092. Bronze AE 18, RPC Online II 2216; SNG Cop 36; SNG ANS 700; SNG Righetti 2460; BMC Palestine p. 123, 132; Lindgren 2458; Rosenberger 118; Sofaer 85, Choice F, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 5.622 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, 94 - 95 A.D.; obverse CEBAC (caesar) downward before, laureate head left; reverse Phanebal (war god of Ascalon) standing facing, wearing military dress, raising sword above head in right hand, shield and palm frond in left hand, HP (year 198 of the Ascalon Era) downward on left, AC (Ascalon) upward on right; scarce; $180.00 (181.80)

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta||denarius|NEW
On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date. This type celebrates the victory of Vespasian and Titus. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
RS111077. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 2; Hendin 6509; BMCRE II 35; RSC II 226; Hunter I 18; SRCV I 2296, F, centered on a tight flan, light toning, light marks, weight 3.030 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 21 Dec 69 - early 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse Jewess captive seated right in attitude of mourning beside a trophy of captured arms behind her, IVDAEA in exergue; $200.00 (202.00)

Judaea, Porcius Festus, Roman Procurator under Nero, 59 - 62 A.D.

|Porcius| |Festus|, |Judaea,| |Porcius| |Festus,| |Roman| |Procurator| |under| |Nero,| |59| |-| |62| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
"Now when Festus had come into his province, after three days he went up to Jerusalem from Caesarea. And the chief priests and the principal men of the Jews informed him against Paul; and they urged him, asking as a favor to have the man sent to Jerusalem, planning an ambush to kill him on the way. Festus replied that Paul was being kept at Caesarea, and that he himself intended to go there shortly...But Festus, wishing to do the Jews a favor, said to Paul, "Do you wish to go up to Jerusalem, and there be tried on these charges before me?" But Paul said, "I am standing before Caesar's tribunal, where I ought to be tried; to the Jews I have done no wrong, as you know very well. If then I am a wrongdoer, and have committed anything for which I deserve to die, I do not seek to escape death; but if there is nothing in their charges against me, no one can give me up to them. I appeal to Caesar." Then Festus, when he had conferred with his council, answered, "You have appealed to Caesar; to Caesar you shall go." - Acts 25:1-4,9-12
JD111082. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6380; Meshorer TJC 345; RPC I 4972; Sofaer, pl. 220, 66; BMC Palestine p. 266, 1, F, porous, obv. edge beveled, edge cracks, weight 2.396 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 75o, Jerusalem mint, 59 A.D.; obverse NEP/WNO/C (Nero) in wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse KAICAPO (Caesar) and date LE (year 5), palm frond; $60.00 (60.60)

Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, Republic to Augustus

|Roman| |Books|, |Roman| |Silver| |Coins,| |Volume| |I,| |Republic| |to| |Augustus|NEW
Roman Silver Coins I. Republic to Augustus by H. A. Seaby (With David R. Sear)

The first of five volumes dealing exclusively with Roman silver coinage.
BK43868. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, Republic to Augustus by H. A. Seaby (With David R. Sear), hardcover, used, very light cover wear, international shipping at actual cost of shipping; $50.00 (50.50)

Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.

|Antonius| |Felix|, |Judaea,| |Antonius| |Felix,| |Roman| |Procurator| |Under| |Claudius| |and| |Nero,| |52| |-| |60| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
In 54 A.D., violence erupted in Caesarea in response to a local ordinance restricting the rights of Jews. Jews and pagans clashed. The Roman garrison, made up of Syrians, sided with the pagans. Jews, armed with clubs and swords, gathered in the marketplace. Antonius Felix ordered his troops to charge. Violence continued and Felix asked Nero to arbitrate. Nero, sided with the pagans only increasing the Jews' anger.
JD111113. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6376; Meshorer TJC 342; BMC Palestine p. 261, 1; Sofaer pl. 220, 62; RPC I 4970, F, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, scratches, obv. edge beveled, weight 2.347 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, under Claudius, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina [wife of Claudius]) in four lines within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse TI KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP ΓEPM (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Germanicus), two crossed palm fronds, L I∆ (year 14) below; ex Amphora Coins (David Hendin); $60.00 (60.60)

Catalog current as of Thursday, February 9, 2023.
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