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NEW Cordova, a city in Andalusia was the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain. Its original name was Corduba. When it was made a Roman colony it was renamed Colonia Patricia, to honor the veterans and worthy men who settled it, to whom honor was due, as to Fathers (Patribus). Augustus visited Patricia in 15 or 14 B.C.RS97474. Silver denarius, RIC I 115 (S), RSC I 280, BMCRE I 389, BMCRR 4427, BnF I 1219, SRCV I 1635, VF, toned, scratches, porosity, weight 3.258 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 18 B.C.; obverse CAESARI AVGVSTO, laureate head left; reverse domed temple with four columns on a podium of three steps, triumphal car right inside, car with shaft upward, containing legionary eagle and surmounted by four miniature horses rearing right, S P Q R (Senatus Populusque Romanus - The Senate and the Roman People) in exergue; ex Janumismatics; $550.00 (€506.00)
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D.
NEW In 36 A.D., Herod Antipas suffered major losses in a war with Aretas IV of Nabataea, provoked partly by Antipas' divorce of Aretas' daughter. According to Josephus, Herod's defeat was popularly believed to be divine punishment for his execution of John the Baptist. Tiberius ordered Vitellius, the governor of Syria, to capture or kill Aretas, but Vitellius was reluctant to support Herod and abandoned his campaign upon Tiberius' death in 37.RS97220. Silver denarius, Giard Lyon, group 6, 154; RIC I 30 (C); BMCRE I 60; RSC II 16a; SRCV I 1763, VF, excellent portrait with high relief for this type, marks, reverse a little flatly struck, off center,, weight 3.086 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 36 - 37 A.D.; obverse TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, laurel wreath ties fall stiffly, Tiberius features are older and have become caricatures; reverse PONTIF MAXIM (high priest), Pax (or Livia as Pax) seated right on chair with decorated legs, a single line below, long scepter vertical behind in her right hand, branch in left hand, feet on footstool; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 88 (5 Apr 2020), lot 602; $550.00 (€506.00)
Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.
NEW Otho first appears as one of the most reckless and extravagant of the young nobles who surrounded Nero. This friendship was brought to an end in 58 A.D. At her insistence, Otho introduced his beautiful wife, Poppaea Sabina, to the Emperor. Poppaea soon became Nero's mistress, divorced Otho, and had Nero send Otho away as governor to the remote province of Lusitania. Otho remained in Lusitania for the next ten years, administering the province with a moderation unusual at the time. When in 68 A.D. his neighbor, the future Emperor Galba, the governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, rose in revolt against Nero, Otho accompanied him to Rome. Resentment toward Nero may have impelled him to this course, but he was soon inspired by personal ambition.RS97221. Silver denarius, RIC I 8 (R2), RSC II 17, BMCRE I 18, BnF III 10, Hunter I C3807, SRCV I 2162, VF, nice portrait, light scratches, die wear, tight flan, weight 2.552 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Feb-Mar 69 A.D.; obverse IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse SECVRITAS P R (security of the people of Rome), Securitas standing slightly left, head left, raising wreath in right hand, long scepter in left hand; ex Leu Numismatik auction 12 (30 May 2020), lot 1077; rare; $1100.00 (€1012.00)
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Aegeae, Cilicia
NEW Aegeae or Aigai was a town on the coast of ancient Cilicia, on the north side of the Bay of Issus. It is now separated from the outlet of the Pyramus (the modern Ceyhan) by a long narrow estuary called Gulf of Alexandretta. In Strabo's time it was a small city with a port. Aegae was a Greek town, but the origin of it is unknown. A Greek inscription of the Roman period has been discovered there; and under the Roman dominion it was a place of some importance. Tacitus calls it Aegeae. It was Christianised at an early date. RP92556. Bronze diassarion, RPC Online I 4031 (4 spec.), SNG Levante 1688, SNG BnF 2316, Waddington 4069, BMC Lycaonia -, VF, superb portrait, green patina with some red copper high points, earthen deposits, beveled reverse edge, weight 10.798 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aegeae (near Yumurtalik, Turkey) mint, magistrate Eyan, c. 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head of Tiberius left; reverse AIΓE/AIΩN / EYAN, inscription in three lines within wreath; from the Errett Bishop Collection, zero sales of this type listed on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $800.00 (€736.00)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
NEW In 85 A.D. Domitian appointed himself censor for life, which gave him control over the Senate. His totalitarian tendencies put the senatorial aristocracy firmly in opposition to him.RB93381. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 352, BMCRE II 362, BnF III 351, Cohen I 307, Hunter I -, SRCV I -, Choice aF, well centered, toned brassy surfaces, bumps and scratches, pit on obverse at neck, weight 26.289 g, maximum diameter 34.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Nov - Dec 85 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI CENS POT P P, laureate head right, wearing aegis; reverse IOVI VICTORI (Jove the victorious), Jupiter seated left, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs and over left arm, Victory in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; ex Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 (€138.00)
Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
NEW In 75 A.D., the Temple of Peace was built in Rome to celebrate the conquest of Jerusalem in 70 and house the Menorah and other sacred objects from Herod's Temple. A representation of the menorah is depicted in a frieze on the Arch of Titus. According to the Torah, the menorah was hammered from pure gold following the design God revealed to Moses. The menorah was looted by the Vandals in the sacking of Rome in 455, and taken to their capital, Carthage. According to Procopius, the Byzantine General Belisarius recovered it when he defeated the Vandals in 533 and it was carried through the streets of Constantinople during his triumph. Procopius adds that it was later sent back to Jerusalem, after which there is no further record of it. The menorah might have been destroyed when the Persians pillaged Jerusalem in 614.RS94720. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 772, RSC II 366, BMCRE II 161, BnF III 139, Hunter I 51, SRCV I 2301, aF/Fair, well centered, toning, marks, small edge cracks, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 75 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG (counterclockwise), laureate head right; reverse PON MAX TR P COS VI (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 6th time), Pax seated left, extending olive branch in right hand, left hand at side; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $50.00 (€46.00)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
NEW The Romans believed that Fortuna, after deserting the Persians and Assyrians, took flight over Macedonia and saw Alexander perish as she passed into Egypt and into Syria. At last arriving on Mount Palatine, she threw aside her wings and casting away her wheel, entered Rome where she took up her abode forever.RB97389. Copper as, RIC II-1 649, BMCRE II 416, BnF III 453, Hunter I 173, Cohen I 331, cf. SRCV I 2807 (COS XV), gF, nice portrait, areas of corrosion, weight 12.206 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 88 - 89 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XIIII CENS PER P P, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C across field below center; ex Ammon Shahar Collection; $120.00 (€110.40)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Flaviopolis, Cilicia
Flaviopolis was founded in 74 A.D. by Vespasian, as part of an imperial program for the urbanization of the Cilician Plain. Until then the rural hinterland, as well as the city of Anazarbos, was probably administered by the Tracondimotid dynasty from Hieropolis Castabala. Some mosaic floors, inscriptions, and building blocks have been found at Kadirli, and a 6th century church has been excavated. Flaviopolis was bishopric of Cilicia Secunda in the Christian era.RB96500. Bronze AE 23, RPC II 1758; SNG BnF 2167; SNG Levante 1530; SNG Cop 135; SNGvA 8670; SNG Hunterian 2376; BMC Lycaonia p. 78, 2; Lindgren-Kovacs 1494, F, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, a little rough/porous, slightly off center, weight 7.180 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Flaviopolis (Kadirli, Turkey) mint, fall 89 - fall 90 A.D.; obverse ∆OMETIANOC KAICAP, laureate head right; reverse ETOYC ZI (year 17) ΦΛAVIOΠOΛEITΩN, turreted and veiled Tyche seated right on throne, two stalks of grain in her right hand, half-length figure of river god Pyramus swimming right at her feet, his head turned facing ; ex CNG e-auction 463 (11 Mar 2020), lot 210; $80.00 (€73.60)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
In 88 A.D., the First Dacian War ended. Decebalus became a client king of Rome, he received money, craftsmen and war machines and agreed to protect the borders (Limes) of the Roman Empire. For the remainder of Domitian's reign Dacia remained a relatively peaceful client kingdom, but Decebalus also used the Roman money to fortify his defenses against Rome.JD97442. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 580, RSC II 234, BMCRE II 119, BnF III 116, Hunter I 45, cf. SRCV I 2737 (TR P XIIII), Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, flow lines, areas of dark toning, scratches, weight 3.266 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 1 Jan - 13 Sep 88 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII, laureate head right; reverse IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P, Minerva standing left, helmeted and draped, thunderbolt in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, grounded shield at feet behind; $150.00 (€138.00)
Judaea, Antonius Felix, Roman Procurator Under Claudius and Nero, 52 - 60 A.D.
In 54 A.D., violence erupted in Caesarea in response to a local ordinance restricting the rights of Jews. Jews and pagans clashed. The Roman garrison, made up of Syrians, sided with the pagans. Jews, armed with clubs and swords, gathered in the marketplace. Antonius Felix ordered his troops to charge. Violence continued and Felix asked Nero to arbitrate. Nero, sided with the pagans only increasing the Jews' anger.JD97321. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1347; Meshorer TJC 342; BMC Palestine p. 261, 1; Sofaer Collection pl. 220, 62; RPC I 4970, F, dark green patina with highlighting lighter green deposits, off center, weight 2.300 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 54 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA AΓ/PIΠΠI/NA (Julia Agrippina - wife of Claudius), within a wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse TI KΛAY∆IOC KAICAP ΓEPM (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Germanicus), two crossed palm fronds, L I∆ (year 14) low center; $70.00 (€64.40)
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