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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the 12 Caesars

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

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Constantia is the personification of consistency. On Roman coinage, she is found only on coins struck under Claudius. A typical example of the fabricated propaganda on Roman coinage, consistency was a characteristic that Claudius lacked. His biographer Suctonius said of him, "In the faculties of reflection and discernment, his mind was remarkably variable and contrasted, he being sometimes circumspect and sagacious; at others inconsiderate and hasty, often frivolous and as though he were out of his wits." On the other hand, BMC notes, that Constantia personifies courage, endurance and resolution in civil life - the quality that enabled Claudius to bear the trials of his early years.
RB91824. Copper as, RIC I 111, BMCRE I 199, BnF II 226, Cohen I 14, SRCV I 1857, weight 7.333 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI (consistency of the emperor), Constantia standing left, in helmet and chiton, raising right hand, spear vertical behind in left, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $10.00 (€8.80)


Antonia, Daughter of Mark Antony, Wife of Nero Drusus, Mother of Claudius, Grandmother of Caligula

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Antonia was daughter of Marc Antony and Octavia, wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, sister-in-law of Tiberius, mother of Claudius, and grandmother of Caligula. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives. All her coinage was issued early in the reign of Claudius. She died around 37 A.D., possibly as a result of forced suicide ordered by Caligula.
RB91827. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC I Claudius 92, BMCRE I Claudius 166, Cohen I 6, BnF II Claudius 143, SRCV I 1902, weight 11.960 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Claudius, c. 41 - 50 A.D.; obverse ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait; reverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Claudius standing left, veiled and togate, simpulum in right, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $6.50 (€5.72)


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Sestos, Thracian Chersonesos

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Sestos was an ancient town of the Thracian Chersonesos, the modern Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey. Situated on the Hellespont opposite Abydos, it was an Aeolian colony, founded by settlers from Lesbos, and the home of Hero in the legend of Hero and Leander.
CM89992. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 1740 (2 spec.; RPC online 6 spec., 2 with c/m), Varbanov III 2967 (R7); c/m: Howqego 460 (1 spec., same coin type, same placement), VF, tight flan, reverse a bit flattened opposite countermark, weight 3.485 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sestos mint, obverse CEBACTOY, bare head right, countermark: six pointed star in a 7mm round punch; reverse CHCTI, lyre; very rare; $180.00 (€158.40)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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In Greek myths, dolphins were invariably helpers of mankind and often rescued people in danger of drowning. These legends continued in into modern times and across the world, probably because dolphins have actually rescued people. Byzantine, Arab, Chinese and European sailors and explorers, all had tales of dolphins rescuing sailors or ships in trouble. Dolphins could predict calm seas. And a ship accompanied by dolphins was sure to find safe harbor, fair weather, and following seas.
RS92958. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 2 (R); RSC II 551; BMCRE II p. 297, 3; Hunter I -; SRCV I -, F, uneven toning, scratches and marks, spots of corrosion, weight 3.005 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 210o, Rome mint, 13 Sept - 31 Dec 81 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M, laureate head right; reverse TR P COS VII, dolphin coiled around anchor, head down; $80.00 (€70.40)


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Legio X Fretensis Countermark

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In 72 A.D. the Roman governor Lucius Flavius Silva laid siege to Masada, a desert fortress, the last outpost of the Jewish rebels following the end in 70 of the First Jewish Revolt. The Legio X Fretensis surrounded the mountain fortress with a 7-mile long siege wall and built a rampart of stones and beaten earth against the western approach. In the Spring of 73 A.D., 960 Zealots under the leadership of Eleazar ben Ya'ir committed mass suicide when defeat became imminent.
SL89795. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II 1156, Lyon 41, BMCRE II , Cohen I , SRCV I; countermark: Howgego 733 (reign of Domitian, 84-96 A.D.), NGC G, strike 4/5, surface 3/5, countermark LXF [=Legio X Fretensis] (2490386-006), weight 10.912 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS III (or IIII), radiate head right, globe at point of bust; countermark: LXF (Legio X Fretensis) in a rectangular punch; reverse SECVRITAS AVGVSTI, Securitas seated right, resting head on raised hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, flaming altar to right, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; $600.00 (€528.00)


Judaea, Porcius Festus, Roman Procurator under Nero, 59 - 62 A.D.

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"Now when Festus had come into his province, after three days he went up to Jerusalem from Caesarea. And the chief priests and the principal men of the Jews informed him against Paul; and they urged him, asking as a favor to have the man sent to Jerusalem, planning an ambush to kill him on the way. Festus replied that Paul was being kept at Caesarea, and that he himself intended to go there shortly...But Festus, wishing to do the Jews a favor, said to Paul, "Do you wish to go up to Jerusalem, and there be tried on these charges before me?" But Paul said, "I am standing before Caesar's tribunal, where I ought to be tried; to the Jews I have done no wrong, as you know very well. If then I am a wrongdoer, and have committed anything for which I deserve to die, I do not seek to escape death; but if there is nothing in their charges against me, no one can give me up to them. I appeal to Caesar." Then Festus, when he had conferred with his council, answered, "You have appealed to Caesar; to Caesar you shall go." - Acts 25:1-4,9-12
JD91398. Bronze prutah, cf. Hendin 1351, Meshorer TJC 345, RPC I 4972, VF, rough, porous, holed (probably a flan casting defect), weight 1.415 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 59 A.D.; obverse NEP/WNO/C (Nero, N's retrograde) in wreath tied at the bottom with an X; reverse KAICAPO (Caesar) and date LE (year 5), palm frond; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Pegasi Coins; scarce variant; $30.00 (€26.40)


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Sebastopolis, Caria

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Sebastopolis, also known as Saleia, was a town of ancient Caria, inhabited during Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine times.
RP92871. Bronze AE 21, RPC II 1241; Weber III 6551; SNG Lewis 1658; SNG Cop 466; Imhoof-Blumer KM I p. 150, 3; BMC Caria - (all from the same dies?), F, dark patina, well centered, nice portrait for the grade, weight 6.337 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Sebastopolis (near Kizilca, Turkey) mint, magistrate Papias Apolloniou; obverse OYEΣΠAΣIAN-OS ΣEBAΣTOC, laureate head right; reverse veiled goddess standing facing wearing long chiton (no supports, not a cult statue), right hand on breast, left hand at side, ΠAΠIAC / AΠOΛΛΩN)/OY in three upward lines on left, CEBCTOΠO/ΛITΩN in two upward lines on the right; scarce; $120.00 (€105.60)


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Perinthus, Thrace

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The style and find location indicate the origin of this coin at Perinthus, Thrace. All the Roman bronze types of Nero from Perinthus are rare.
RP91191. Bronze as, RIC I p. 186 - 187; RPC I 1760 (discussion on p. 318); BMCRE I 391 note, pl. 48, 11; Mac Dowall WCN p. 245, 1 (Moesia), Tooling and smoothing on the reverse, weight 9.331 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, obverse NERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM P M, laureate head right; reverse Neptune standing left, dolphin in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; rare; $200.00 (€176.00)


Judaea, Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefect under Augustus, 9 - 12 A.D.

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In 6 A.D., Herod Archelaus, son of Herod the Great, was deposed and banished to Gaul by Augustus. Archelaus' part of his father's kingdom (including Judea, Samaria, Idumea and Archelais) was (except for Archelais) organized as a Roman procuratorial province.
JD91400. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1330, Meshorer TJC 314, RPC I 4956, aF, rough, weight 1.742 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 9 - 10 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved to right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L - M (year 40 of Augustus) divided across lower field; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Pegasi Coins; $20.00 (€17.60)


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Kidramos, Caria

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Cidramus or Kidramos, also known as Kidrama, was between Sebastopolis and Cibyra in southern Caria. Its site, occupied until Byzantine times, is located near modern Yorga, Turkey.
RP93055. Bronze assarion, RPC I 2874, SNG Cop 193, SNGvA 2585, McClean 8469, Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 139, 1 & taf. V, 14 (all known specimens from the same dies), VF, dark patina, some porosity, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 4.702 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kidramos (near Yorga, Turkey) mint, magistrate Mousaios Kallikratous Pr., 37 - 41 A.D.; obverse ΣEBAΣTOΣ, bare head of Gaius (Caligula) left; reverse KI∆PAMHNΩN MOYΣAIOΣ KAΛΛIKPATOYΣ ΠP, Goddess (Sparzene?, mother of the gods) standing facing, with outstretched arms; this is the first coin from Kidramos handled by Forum; very rare; $180.00 (€158.40)











Catalog current as of Friday, November 22, 2019.
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12 Caesars