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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Coins of the 12 Caesars

Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.

|Galba|, |Galba,| |3| |April| |68| |-| |15| |January| |69| |A.D.|, |dupondius|NEW
A nearly identical type was struck with Pax holding an olive branch in her right hand and a caduceus in her left hand. Another similar type was struck with Pax holding a caduceus and cornucopia, as on this coin, but she leans on a cippus (short column).
RB93753. Orichalcum dupondius, BMCRE I 123 var. (no IMP, notes this legend var. in Hall Coll.), SRCV I 2119 var. (no IMP), RIC I 277 var. (no drapery), Cohen I 155 (same), Choice gVF, superb portrait, attractive image of Pax, well centered, dark patina, scratch, areas of minor corrosion, light deposits, weight 14.113 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, late summer - Nov 68 A.D.; obverse IMP SER GALBA - AVG TR P, laureate and draped bust right; reverse PA-X - AVGVST, Pax standing left, olive branch (caduceus-like shape) pointed diagonally downward in right hand, cornucopia overflowing with grain and fruit in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection, zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; extremely rare; $1500.00 SALE |PRICE| $1350.00

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Restoration Struck by Nerva

|Augustus|, |Augustus,| |16| |January| |27| |B.C.| |-| |19| |August| |14| |A.D.,| |Restoration| |Struck| |by| |Nerva|, |sestertius|
Octavian Augustus, the first and possibly greatest Roman emperor, founded the empire after defeating Mark Antony and Cleopatra. He reformed the coinage and military, and embarked on a huge building program across the empire. He died at 77 years, having ruled 27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
RB95776. Copper sestertius, RIC II 136 (R) (The Restored Coins of Nerva); BMCRE III Nerva 149; BnF Nerva 141, 3076, Cohen I 570, F, nice portrait, scratches, legends weak/unstruck, edge crack, weight 22.674 g, maximum diameter 33.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, restitution issue struck under Nerva, 98 A.D.; obverse DIVVS AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse IMP NERVA CAESAR AVGVSTVS REST, legend around large S C (senatus consulto); ex Romae Aeternae Numismatics; rare; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00

Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D., Parium, Mysia

|Parium|, |Galba,| |3| |April| |68| |-| |15| |January| |69| |A.D.,| |Parium,| |Mysia|, |AE| |22|
The capricorn, a symbol of Augustus, was adopted as a symbol of Parium, probably after an Augustan refoundation of the colonia.
RP94043. Bronze AE 22, RPC Online I 2267.3 (this coin, 3 specimens), SNG Fitzwilliam 4202, SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, VF, the nicest of three known specimens, dark green patina, some legend weak, scratches, spots of corrosion, weight 8.606 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Parium mint, 3 Apr 68 - 15 Jan 69 A.D.; obverse GALBA CAESAR, bare head of Galba (or Augustus?) right, star below chin; reverse capricorn right, head reverted, cornucopia over shoulder, AVGVSTVS / D D in two lines in exergue; ex CNG mail bid sale 64 (24 Sep 2003), 601; ex Lanz auction 109 (27 May 2002), 334; ex CNG e-auction 456 (13 Nov 19), 286; Coin Archives records only the sale of one specimen in the last two decades - this coin; extremely rare; $600.00 SALE |PRICE| $540.00

Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.

|Galba|, |Galba,| |3| |April| |68| |-| |15| |January| |69| |A.D.|, |denarius|Price| Reduced
Sixty-five years old when he was made emperor, Galba was bald and his feet and hands were so crippled by arthritis that he could not wear shoes, or hold a book. He had a growth on his left side which was held in by a corset. Suetonius wrote that Galba was, in sexual matters, more inclined to males, and then none but the hard bodied and those past their prime. Although many of the Roman emperors are believed to have been homosexual, this seems to be the only case in Roman history where a named individual male is stated to prefer adult males. The freedman Icelus, rumored to have been Galba's homosexual lover, was said to have embezzled more in his seven months in office than all of Nero's freedmen had stolen in 13 years.
RS94492. Silver denarius, RIC I 45 (R2), RSC II 223, BMCRE I 187, BnF III 26, Hunter I 70, SRCV I -, gF, a little rough, flan crack, weight 3.084 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Spainish (Tarraco?) mint, Apr - late 68 A.D.; obverse GALBA IMPERATOR, laureate head right, large globe below behind point of neck; reverse ROMA VICTRIX, Roma standing left, helmeted and wearing military dress, right foot on globe, raising laurel branch in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; from an Israeli collection; Roma Numismatics e-sale 58 (20 Jun 2019), lot 1070 (noted from the inventory of a European dealer); very rare; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $200.00

Caius and Lucius, Caesars Under Augustus, 17 B.C. - 2 A.D., Skepsis, Troas

|Troas|, |Caius| |and| |Lucius,| |Caesars| |Under| |Augustus,| |17| |B.C.| |-| |2| |A.D.,| |Skepsis,| |Troas|, |AE| |15|
Struck around the time of Jesus' birth.

The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were each designated caesar and were due to succeed Augustus, but they predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.

Tradition holds that Saint Cornelius the Centurion, the first non-Jewish convert to Christianity, became the first bishop of Skepsis in the early days of Christianity.
SL95879. Bronze AE 15, RPC I 2326 (8 spec.), BMC Troas -, SNG Cop -; countermark: Howgego -, NGC F, Strike 4/5, Surface 3/5, countermark (5872605-024), weight 2.36 g, maximum diameter 15 mm, die axis 180o, Skepsis (Kursunlutepe, Turkey) mint, c. 5 B.C. - 2 A.D.; obverse ΓAI KAIΣAP clockwise from lower left, bare head of Gaius right, countermark: N in rectangular punch on and behind back of neck; reverse ΛEY (downward on left), KAIΣAP (downward on right), HKΣ (below), bare head of Lucius right; NGC| Lookup; rare; $170.00 SALE |PRICE| $153.00

Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D.

|Agrippa| |II|, |Judaean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |Agrippa| |II,| |c.| |49| |-| |95| |A.D.|, |quarter| |unit|
Agrippa was studying in Rome when his father died. Too young to rule, his father's kingdom was made a Roman province. Later he was given the kingdom of his uncle, Herod of Chalcis. Agrippa tried Saint Paul. He sided with Rome during the rebellion. Though he ruled until at least 95 A.D., his territories were in Syria, not Judaea.
SL95784. Bronze quarter unit, Hendin 1320, RPC II 2267, Meshore TJC 156, Meshorer AJC II 28, NGC VF, strike 4/5, surface, 3/5 (5768937-004), weight 2.77 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas(?) mint, 84 - 85 A.D.; obverse ∆OMET KAIC ΓEPM (Domitian Caesar Germanicus), Domitian's laureate head right; reverse eight-branched palm tree with two bunches of dates, inscription across fields, ET - KE / BAC - AΓP/IΠ (Year 25 King Agrippa) in three lines divided by trunk; NGC| Lookup; scarce; $280.00 SALE |PRICE| $252.00

Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Flaviopolis, Cilicia

|Cilicia|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Flaviopolis,| |Cilicia|, |AE| |27|
Vespasian founded both the province of Cilicia and the city of Flaviopolis in 74 A.D. as part of an imperial program for urbanization of the Cilician Plain. Prior to establishing the province, the rural hinterland and the city of Anazarbos were probably administered by the Tracondimotid dynasty from Hieropolis Castabala. The location of Flaviopolis is believed to be Kadirli, Turkey were some mosaic floors, inscriptions, and building blocks have been found. This coin was struck in year 17 of the local era, the first year that Flaviopolis issued coins.
SL21984. Bronze AE 27, RPC II 1757; SNG BnF 2171 - 2172; SNG Levante 1529; BMC Lycaonia p. 78, 1; SGICV 861; c/m: Howgego 190 (21 pcs.), NGC XF, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (countermark, 5768432-010), weight 13.107 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Flaviopolis (Kadirli?, Turkey) mint, 89 - 90 A.D.; obverse ∆OMETIANOC KAICAP, laureate head right; countermark: helmeted bust of Athena in 4 x 6 mm rectangular incuse; reverse ΦΛAVIOΠOΛEITWN ETOYC ZI (Flaviopolis year 17), laureate and draped confronted busts of the Dioscuri, each wearing laureate pileus and surmounted by star above forehead; ex FORVM 2014, NGC| Lookup; $450.00 SALE |PRICE| $405.00

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Judaea Capta

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Judaea| |Capta|, |denarius|
This type celebrates the success of Vespasian and Titus in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues.
SL95783. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 4 (R), Hendin 1480, BMCRE II 43, Hunter I 20, RSC II 229, SRCV I 2297, BnF III -, NGC VG, strike 4/5, surface 4/5 (5768937-002), weight 3.20 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 21 Dec 69 - early 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse Judaea or Jewess seated right on ground at foot of palm tree behind her, her hands bound behind and tied to the tree, IVDAEA in exergue; NGC| Lookup; rare; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

|Claudius|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.|, |quadrans|
PNR may stand for pondus nummi restitutum (the weight of the coinage restored) or ponderum norma restituta (the standard of weights restored). This interesting obverse likely commemorates a weight improvement for certain denominations.
RB93387. Copper quadrans, RIC I 85; BnF II p.99, 181; Cohen I 71; BMCRE I 174; von Kaenel type 68, VF, off centered on a tight flan, brown tone with darker fields, a little porous, light deposits, weight 2.737 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 5 Jan 42 - 31 Dec 42; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, hand holding scales above letters PNR; reverse PON M TR P IMP COS II (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power, imperator, consul for the 2nd time), legend around large S C; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.00

Agrippa, Military Commander, Friend of Augustus, Grandfather of Caligula, Great-grandfather of Nero

|Agrippa|, |Agrippa,| |Military| |Commander,| |Friend| |of| |Augustus,| |Grandfather| |of| |Caligula,| |Great-grandfather| |of| |Nero|, |as|
First commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus, the Pantheon was a temple dedicated to all the gods of ancient Rome. Hadrian rebuilt it in 126 A.D. The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment. A rectangular vestibule links the porch to the rotunda, which is under a coffered concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) to the sky. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 meters (142 ft. It is one of the best-preserved of all Roman buildings. It has been in continuous use throughout its history, and since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a Roman Catholic church dedicated to "St. Mary and the Martyrs" but informally known as "Santa Maria Rotonda." The square in front of the Pantheon is called Piazza della Rotonda.Pantheon on Wikipedia
RB94279. Copper as, RIC I Gaius 58, BMCRE II Tiberius 161, BnF II Caligula 77, Hunter I 1, Cohen I 3, SRCV I 1812, F, nice portrait, well centered, dark patina, weight 10.479 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 38 A.D.; obverse M AGRIPPA L F COS III, head left wearing a rostral crown; reverse Neptune standing facing, head left, nude but for cloak draped over arms, dolphin in right hand, trident vertical in left hand, large S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $240.00 SALE |PRICE| $216.00

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