Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome To Forum Ancient Coins!!! All Items Purchased From Forum Ancient Coins Are Guaranteed Authentic For Eternity!!! Please Call Us If You Have Questions 252-646-1958 or 252-497-2724 Expert Authentication - Accurate Descriptions - Reasonable Prices - Coins From Under $10 To Museum Quality Rarities Welcome To Forum Ancient Coins!!! All Items Purchased From Forum Ancient Coins Are Guaranteed Authentic For Eternity!!! Internet Challenged? We Are Happy To Take Your Order Over The Phone 252-646-1958 Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!!

× Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Antiquities Showcase
New & Reduced

Mar 30, 2023

Mar 29, 2023

Mar 28, 2023

Mar 27, 2023

Mar 26, 2023

Mar 25, 2023

Mar 24, 2023

Mar 23, 2023

Mar 22, 2023

Mar 21, 2023

Mar 20, 2023

Mar 19, 2023

Mar 18, 2023

Mar 17, 2023

Mar 16, 2023

Mar 15, 2023

Mar 14, 2023

Mar 13, 2023

Mar 12, 2023

Mar 11, 2023

Feb 23, 2023

Feb 18, 2023

Feb 13, 2023

Feb 09, 2023

Feb 08, 2023

Feb 07, 2023

Dec 28, 2022

Nov 21, 2022

Nov 19, 2022

Nov 13, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Nov 06, 2022

Nov 02, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Oct 09, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Sep 27, 2022

Sep 24, 2022

Sep 21, 2022

Sep 19, 2022

Sep 18, 2022

Sep 17, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Sep 15, 2022

Sep 14, 2022

Sep 12, 2022

Aug 31, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Aug 30, 2022

Aug 29, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Aug 02, 2022
Greek Coins

Aug 01, 2022
Books, Supplies & Services

Jul 12, 2022

Jul 08, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jul 05, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jul 03, 2022

Jun 30, 2022

Jun 23, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

Jun 17, 2022

Jun 16, 2022

Jun 02, 2022
Medieval & Modern Coins

May 26, 2022

Apr 22, 2022

Apr 17, 2022

Apr 14, 2022

Apr 13, 2022

Apr 11, 2022

Apr 10, 2022

Apr 09, 2022

Apr 06, 2022

Apr 02, 2022

Mar 23, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 21, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 18, 2022

Mar 17, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 15, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 14, 2022

Mar 13, 2022

Mar 12, 2022

Mar 11, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 06, 2022
Judean & Biblical Coins

Mar 04, 2022

Mar 03, 2022

Feb 12, 2022

Feb 05, 2022
Greek Coins

Jan 31, 2022

Jan 03, 2022

Nov 26, 2021

Oct 13, 2021
Judean & Biblical Coins

Oct 04, 2021
Judean & Biblical Coins

Jun 27, 2021

May 09, 2021

Nov 06, 2020
Books, Supplies & Services

Medieval & Modern Coins
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Antiquities| ▸ |Antiquities by Type| ▸ |Weights & Scales||View Options:  |  |  |   

Weights and Scales

Weights are among the more common objects of the ancient and medieval world. Weights and a balance were essential for measuring quantities of many commodities and for evaluating coins. Probably the most common class of weights are those for evaluating coins. Balance weights were made of metal (most often bronze or lead), glass, or stone. If the mass of any small solid object conforms to an appropriate weight unit, it is likely to be a balance weight. Many excavated weights have been wrongly identified as game pieces or tokens.

Judah, Bronze Dome Weight (13.649g), c. 800 - 586 B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Judah,| |Bronze| |Dome| |Weight| |(13.649g),| |c.| |800| |-| |586| |B.C.|
 
AS111503. Judah, bronze dome weight, cf. Hendin Weights 222 (12.24g, 1 shekel), Hecht A -, Kletter 1998 -, Tushingham -, Choice, 13.649g, 15.2mm diameter, pre-exile, c. 800 - 586 B.C.; spherical bronze weight with a flat bottom, unmarked; ex Archaeological Center (Robert Deutsch, Tel Aviv, Israel, 2012); $300.00 (303.00)


Judah, Bronze Dome Weight, 1 Shekel (10.571g), c. 800 - 586 B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Judah,| |Bronze| |Dome| |Weight,| |1| |Shekel| |(10.571g),| |c.| |800| |-| |586| |B.C.|
 
AS111504. Judah, bronze dome weight; cf. Hendin Weights 225 (10.05g), Hecht A -, Kletter 1998 -, Tushingham -, Choice, earthen encrustations, 10.571g, 14.6mm diameter, 11.0mm high, pre-exile, c. 800 - 586 B.C.; spherical leaded bronze weight with a flat bottom, unmarked; ex Archaeological Center (Robert Deutsch, Tel Aviv, Israel, 2012); $220.00 (222.20)


Judah, Haematite Dome Weight (6.402g), c. 800 - 586 B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Judah,| |Haematite| |Dome| |Weight| |(6.402g),| |c.| |800| |-| |586| |B.C.|
Haematite is a black iron ore that is often red from oxidized iron on the surface.
AS111505. Judah, Haematite dome weight, Tushingham 7 (very similar, 6.51g); Hendin Weights 106 (polished, 7.71g), Hecht A -, Kletter 1998 -, Choice, 6.402g, 18.3mm diameter, 14.3mm high, pre-exile, c. 800 - 586 B.C.; rough unfinished surface, red oxidized surface; very rare; $200.00 (202.00)


Judah, Limestone Dome Weight, 4 Shekels (39.751g), c. 800 - 586 B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Judah,| |Limestone| |Dome| |Weight,| |4| |Shekels| |(39.751g),| |c.| |800| |-| |586| |B.C.|
This is a pre-exile limestone weight from Judah. Lead weights apparently were not used in Jerusalem. Ronny Reich in "Stone Scale Weights of the Late Second Temple Period from the Jewish Quarter," concludes that the Jerusalemites used limestone weights instead of lead for reasons of purity, since in Judaism, according to later rabbinical sources, stone does not acquire impurity.
AS111509. Judah, limestone dome weight; cf. Tushingham fig. 78, 27 (42.22g, pink and gray limestone); Hendin Weights 198 (43.82g, grey limestone), Choice, 39.751g, 27.3mm diameter, underweight, pre-exile, 800 - 586 B.C.; carved creamy white limestone, high dome, flat bottom, unmarked; $500.00 (505.00)


Judah, Limestone Dome Weight, 8 Shekels (90.151g), c. 800 - 586 B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Judah,| |Limestone| |Dome| |Weight,| |8| |Shekels| |(90.151g),| |c.| |800| |-| |586| |B.C.|
 
AS111511. Judah, limestone dome 8 shekels weight; cf. Tushingham fig. 79, 6 (91.87g); Hecht A 22 (92.90g), Hendin Weights 191 (91.0g, pink limestone), Choice, 90.151g, 42.4mm diameter, 33.5mm high, pre-exile, 800 - 586 B.C.; creamy white limestone, inscribed (8 shekels) in hieratic on top; ex Shick Coins (Max Shick, Israel, 2013); rare; $2600.00 (2626.00)


Phoenician, Bronze Trapezoid Cube Weight (Het - 8.644g), c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Phoenician,| |Bronze| |Trapezoid| |Cube| |Weight| |(Het| |-| |8.644g),| |c.| |7th| |-| |4th| |Century| |B.C.|
This weight is the usual shape for the type, an inverted truncated pyramid - a cube with the bottom slightly smaller than the top. The type dates from perhaps as early as the the 9th century B.C. to the end of the Persian period. They were undoubtedly used to weigh silver bullion for transactions. They are a common find at Ashkelon in 7th century B.C. contexts, but not often available for sale.
AS111483. Phoenician, bronze cube weight, cf. Kletter 2000 p. 32, 15 - 16 (8.33 - 8.86g), Hendin Weights 248 - 251 (16.81 - 17.77g), Hecht A 53 (3.5g), Choice, 8.644g, 10.0x11.3x10.1mm, c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.; inverted truncated pyramid, incised (Phoenician het) on top, ex Shick Coins (Max Shick, Israel, 2012); $400.00 (404.00)


Phoenician, Bronze Trapezoid Cube Weight (Samekh - 22.768g), c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Phoenician,| |Bronze| |Trapezoid| |Cube| |Weight| |(Samekh| |-| |22.768g),| |c.| |7th| |-| |4th| |Century| |B.C.|
This weight is the usual shape for the type, an inverted truncated pyramid - a cube with the bottom slightly smaller than the top. The type dates from perhaps as early as the the 9th century B.C. to the end of the Persian period. They were undoubtedly used to weigh silver bullion for transactions. They are a common find at Ashkelon in 7th century B.C. contexts, but curiously not often available for sale.
AS111484. Phoenician, bronze cube weight, cf. Hendin Weights 242 (24.46g), Hecht A 49 - 52 (5.59 - 11.09g), Kletter 2000 8 - 10 (4.79g - 5.92g), Collectible, minor pitting, 22.768g (3 shekels?), 15.7x17.2x13.4mm, c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.; inverted truncated pyramid, incised (Phoenician samekh) on top, ex Shick Coins (Max Shick, Israel, 2012); $400.00 (404.00)


Phoenician, Bronze Trapezoid Cube Weight (Het - 8.959g), c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Phoenician,| |Bronze| |Trapezoid| |Cube| |Weight| |(Het| |-| |8.959g),| |c.| |7th| |-| |4th| |Century| |B.C.|
If the markings on these weights indicate a value, we don't understand. Based on the weight of 8.959g, one might assume this is one shekel weight. Hendin lists four weights with the Phoenician het and all are about twice this weight and all are identified as 2 shekels weights. Kletter lists weights marked with the Phoenician het ranging from 0.95g to 16g.
AS111485. Phoenician, bronze trapezoid cube weight; Kletter 2000 16 (8.86g), Hendin Weights 248 - 251 (16.81 - 17.77g), Hecht A 53 (3.50g), Choice, earthen encrustations, 8.959g, 11.9x12.6x9.2mm, c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.; inverted truncated pyramid, incised (Phoenician het) on top, ex Shick Coins (Max Shick, Israel, 2012); $400.00 (404.00)


Phoenician, Bronze Trapezoid Cube Weight (Ayin - 21.595g), c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Phoenician,| |Bronze| |Trapezoid| |Cube| |Weight| |(Ayin| |-| |21.595g),| |c.| |7th| |-| |4th| |Century| |B.C.|
This weight is the usual shape for the type, an inverted truncated pyramid - a cube with the bottom slightly smaller than the top. The type dates from perhaps as early as the the 9th century B.C. to the end of the Persian period. They were undoubtedly used to weigh silver bullion for transactions. Kletter lists nine weights with circle marks, ranging from 2.55g to 80.67g. Some, like ours, were incised with straight lines or punches. Most were found at Akko.
AS111486. Phoenician, bronze trapezoid cube weight; cf. Hendin Weights 245 (21.63), Kletter 25 (21.17g), Hecht A 47 (20.03g), Choice, 21.595g (3 shekels?), 14.3x16.6x12.9mm, c. 7th - 4th Century B.C.; inverted truncated pyramid (a cube with the bottom slightly smaller than the top), incised circle (Phoenician ayin) on top created with a 8 short straight line cuts, ex Shick Coins (Max Shick, Israel, 2012); $800.00 (808.00)


Canaanite, Carved Hematite Sphendonoid Weight, 2 Shekels (15.393g), Late Bronze Age II, 14th - 13th Century B.C.

|Weights| |&| |Scales|, |Canaanite,| |Carved| |Hematite| |Sphendonoid| |Weight,| |2| |Shekels| |(15.393g),| |Late| |Bronze| |Age| |II,| |14th| |-| |13th| |Century| |B.C.|
Sphendonoid weights are found in excavations from Egypt to Mesopotamia, dating from the Early Bronze Age to as late as the Iron Age. The style originated in Syria or Babylonia, but they are found corresponding to various weight systems including Babylonian, Phoenician, Syrian and Egyptian. This weight was presumably more precisely attributed and dated by the Archaeological Center with the benefit of find information.
AS111499. cf. Hendin Weights 18, sphendonoid 2 shekel weight carved from hematite, polished, long thin ellipsoid, Choice, 15.393g, 63.3mm long, 9.9mm diameter, Late Bronze Age II, 14th - 13th Century B.C.; ex Collector Antiquities (Dr. Bron Lipkin, London, UK, 2012); $300.00 (303.00)




  






REFERENCES

Balog, P. "Fatimid Glass Jetons: Token Currency or Coin-Weights?" in JESHO 24 (1981), pp. 93-109.
Balog, P. "Islamic Bronze Weights| from Egypt" in JESHO 13 (1970), pp. 235-255.
Balog, P. "Pesi di bronzo islamici del XIII secolo" in Quaderni ticinesi di numismatica e antichit classiche 1973, pp. 179-93.
Balog, P. "Poids forts fatimites en plomb" in Revue Belge de Numismatique 105 (1959), pp. 171-188.
Balog, P. "The Fatimid Glass Jeton" in Annali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 18-19 (1971-72), pp. 175-264; and 20 (1973), pp. 121-212.
Bates, M. "How Egyptian Glass Coin Weights Were Used" in Rivista Italiana di Numismatica e Scienze Affini 95 (1993), pp. 539-545.
Bates, M. "The Function of Fatimid and Ayyubid Glass Weights" in JESHO 24 (1981), pp. 63-92.
Bates, M. "Weights" for Encyclopedia of Islamic Archaeology (unpublished).
Bendall, S. Byzantine Weights, An Introduction. (London, 1996).
Bernard, S. "Notice sur les poids arabes anciens et modernes" in Description de l'egypte...l'expedition de l'armee francaise, XVI. (Paris, 1825), pp. 73-106.
Campagnolo, M. & K. Weber. Poids Romano-Byzantins et Byzantins en Alliage Cuivreux Collections du Musee d'Art et d'Histoire - Genve. (2015).
Curiel, R. & P. Gignoux. "Un poids arabo-sasanide" in Studia Iranica 5 (1976), pp. 165-169.
de Rochesnard, J. Album des poids antiques. (Colombes, no date).
Dieudonn, A. Manuel des poids montaires. (Paris, 1925).
Drr, N. Catalogue des poids byzantins. Mused'Art et d'Histoire de Genve. (Geneva, 1964).
Entwistle, C. "Late Roman and Byzantine Weights and Weighing Equipment" in The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies (Oxford, 2008), ch. I.2, pp. 1-11.
Elayi, J. & Elayi A. Reherches sur les poids Pheniciens. (Paris, 1997).
Hafford, W. "Hanging in the Balance: Precision Weighing in Antiquity" in Expedition 47 (2005).
Hafford, W. "Tools of Ancient Trade: Balance Pan Weights in the Egyptian Museum" in Studies for the Centennial of the Egyptian Museum. (Cairo, 2002), pp. 503 - 512.
Hendin, D. Ancient Scale Weights and Pre-Coinage Currency of the Near East. (New York, 2007).
Holland, L. "Islamic Bronze Weights from Caesarea Maritima" in ANSMN 31 (New York, 1986).
Holland, L. Weights and Weight-Like Objects From Caesarea Maritima. (Hadera, 2009).
Houben, G. The Weighing of Money. (Zwolle, Netherlands, 1982).
Ibrahim, T. "Ponderales andaluses" in Numisma 233 (July-December 1993), pp. 39-68.
Kisch, B. Scales and weights. (Massachusetts, 1965).
Kletter, R. "Bronze Cubical Weights from the Collections from the Eretz Israel Museum, Tel Aviv" in Jerusalem and the land of Israel I (2000), pp. 30 - 41.
Kletter, R. Economic Keystones: The Weight System of the Kingdom of Judah. (Sheffield, UK, 1998).
Krapivina, V. "Bronze Weights from Olbia" in Black Sea Studies 1 (Aarhus University Press, 2003), pp. 117 - 130.
Lane-Poole, S. Catalogue of Arabic Glass Weights in the British Museum. (London, 1891).
Manns, F. Some Weights of the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods: English translation by Godfrey Kloetzli. (Jerusalem, 1984).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Means of Exchange, Weights and Coins. The Reuben and Edith Hecht Museum Collection A. (Haifa, 1998).
Morton, A. A Catalog of Early Islamic Glass Stamps in the British Museum. (London, 1985).
Mutz, A. Romische Waagen und Gewichte aus Augst und Kaisaraugst. Augster Museumshefte 6. (Augst, Switzerland, 1983).
Petrie, F. Ancient Weights and Measures. (London, 1926).
Reich, R. & E. Shukron. Excavations in the City of David, Jerusalem (1995 - 2010). (Jerusalem, 2021).
Reich, R. "Stone Scale Weights of the Late Second Temple Period from the Jewish Quarter" in Geva, H. Jewish Quarter Excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem... 2006. (Jerusalem, 2006), pp. 329 388.
Ronen, Y. "Coins as scale weights" in INR 5, 2010.
Tekin, O. "Ancient and Ottoman Weights in the Collection of Bursa Museum" in Tarhan Armagani. (Istanbul, 2013). pp. 329 - 338.
Tekin, O. "Two Hellenistic Weights of Cyzicus From Dascylium" in Anatolia 39 (2013), pp. 121-127.
Tekin, O. Balance weights in the Aegean world, Classical and Hellenistic periods. (Istanbul, 2016).
Tekin, O. "Balance Weights in the Collection of the Anatolian Civilizations Museum in Ankara" in Anatolia Antiqua XXIV (2016), pp. 211 - 222.
Tekin, O. "Weights of Cyzicus in Athens Numismatic Museum" in Anatolia Antiqua XXI (2013).
Tushingham, A. Excavations in Jerusalem, 1961-67 Vol. I. (Toronto, 1985).
Weber, K. Byzantinische Mnzgewichte: Materialkorpus Fr 1-Nomisma-Gewichte: Studien Zur Vielfalt Der Ausfhrungsform, Metrologie Und Herstellung. (Solingen, 2009).
Weber, K. Late Antiquity Weights. Supplement 16. (Solingen, 2013).
Whitehouse, D. Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, Volume Three. (Rochester, 1997).

Catalog current as of Friday, March 31, 2023.
Page created in 5.344 seconds.
All coins are guaranteed for eternity