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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Lugdunum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Lugdunum, Gaul (Lyons, France)

Strabo wrote, "The Romans possess Lugdunum, founded below a ridge at the confluence of the Arar and the Rhone. It is the most populous of all the other cities except Narbo; for it is a center of commerce, and the Roman emperors strike their silver and gold coinage there." (4.3.2). Dates of operation: 15 B.C. - c. 90 A.D., 195 - 196, and c. 254 - 423. Mintmarks: LG, LVG

Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.

|Vespasian|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.|, |denarius|
In the Roman Republic, and Empire, the curule chair (sella curulis, supposedly from currus, "chariot") was the seat upon which magistrates holding imperium were entitled to sit. This includes dictators, magistri equitum, consuls, praetors, censors, curule aediles, and the promagistrates, temporary or de facto holders of such offices. Additionally, the Flamen of Jupiter (Flamen Dialis) was also allowed to sit on a curule seat, though this position did not hold imperium. Livy writes that the three flamines maiores or high priests of the Archaic Triad of major gods were each granted the honor of the curule chair.
MA95654. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 1124 (R); RSC II 541a; BMCRE II p. 80, 393; Lyon 16; BnF III -; Hunter I -; SRCV I -, aF, scratches and marks, weight 2.567 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 225o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 71 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P, laureate head right; reverse TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN, Titus and Domitian seated left, side by side on curule chairs, each holding a laurel branch in extended right hand; rare; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00 ON RESERVE


|Lugdunum|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Hercules is depicted in the same pose as the Farnese Hercules, a massive marble sculpture, which depicts a muscular yet weary Hercules leaning on his club, which has his lion-skin draped over it. He has just performed the last of The Twelve Labors, which is suggested by the apples of the Hesperides he holds behind his back. The Farnese Hercules is probably an enlarged copy made in the early third century A.D., signed by Glykon, from an original by Lysippos that would have been made in the fourth century B.C. The copy was made for the Baths of Caracalla in Rome (dedicated in 216 A.D.), where it was recovered in 1546. Today it is in Naples National Archaeological Museum. The statue was well-liked by the Romans, and copies have been found in many Roman palaces and gymnasiums. It is one of the most famous sculptures of antiquity, and has fixed the image of the mythic hero in the human imagination.Farnese Hercules
RT93260. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 437, Cohen VI 565, SRCV IV -, Hunter V -, Choice VF, broad flan, full legends, dark patina, edge crack, weight 3.930 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 286 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (to the valor of the two emperors), Hercules standing right, leaning on club with lion's skin on pile of rocks, C (retrograde) left field; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

|Aurelian|, |Aurelian,| |August| |or| |September| |270| |-| |October| |or| |November| |275| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Aurelian defeated the Alamanni, Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and Carpi. He defeated the Palmyrene Empire in the east and the Gallic Empire in the west, reuniting the Empire in its entirety. He was responsible for the construction of the Aurelian Walls in Rome. His successes were instrumental in ending the Crisis of the Third Century, earning him the title Restitutor Orbis or "Restorer of the World."
RA93271. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC T1340, RIC V-1 6, Bastien 3, BnF XII 2, Cohen VI 161, SRCV III 11576a, Venra 1532 - 1535, Hunter IV -, aVF, dark patina, tight flan, weight 3.464 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Lugdunum (Lyons, France) mint, issue 2, end 274 - early 275; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse PACATOR ORBIS, Sol advancing left, raising right hand commanding sunrise, whip in left hand, nude but for cloak on shoulders and flying behind, CL in exergue; $115.00 SALE |PRICE| $104.00


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

|Galerius|, |Galerius,| |1| |March| |305| |-| |5| |May| |311| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In 295, Galerius, caesar in the Balkans, was dispatched to Egypt to fight against the rebellious cities Busiris and Coptos.
RA93259. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-II Lugdunum 678, Cohen VII 19, SRCV IV 14293, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, attractive dark patina, traces of silvering, well centered, flow lines, edge splits, weight 3.808 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, 293 - 294 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony of the emperors), two Concordia standing confronted clasping right hands, each holding a cornucopia in their left hand, B in exergue; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA93261. Billon antoninianus, Bastien XI 424 (8 spec.), RIC V-2 447 (S), Cohen VI 555, SRCV IV 13191, Hunter IV - p. clxxxvi, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, traces of silvering, weight 4.220 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 7th emission, spring 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), soldier standing left, olive branch in right hand, spear in left hand, grounded shield to left, C in exergue; scarce; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

|Numerian|, |Numerian,| |February| |or| |March| |283| |-| |October| |or| |November| |284| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Consular busts are scarce for this dynasty.
RA93244. Billon antoninianus, Bastien 562 (3 spec. cited), RIC V-2 -, Cohen VI -, SRCV III -, Hunter V -, La Venra -, Choice aVF, well centered, flow lines, tiny encrustations, scattered light porosity, weight 3.080 g, maximum diameter 22.85 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 6th emission, c. 284 A.D.; obverse IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG, radiate bust wearing imperial mantle right, eagle-tipped scepter in right hand; reverse MARS VICTOR (Mars the Victor), Mars advancing right, nude except for helmet and cloak tied in belt at waist and flying behind, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over left shoulder in left hand, C in right field; very rare; $475.00 SALE |PRICE| $425.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |follis|
Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RL93243. Billon follis, RIC VI Lugdunum 304, SRCV IV 15986, Cohen VII 342, Hunter V 82, Choice gVF, dark patina, flow lines, areas of porosity, weight 3.989 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 45o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI CONSERVATORI (Mars the Protector), Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, F left, T right, PLG in exergue; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In 280, Proculus, a Roman usurper, started a rebellion at Lugdunum (Lyon, France) and proclaimed himself emperor. Probus suppressed the revolt and Proculus was executed.
RL93295. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 53, SRCV III 12050, Cohen VI 728, Hunter III - (p. cxxxviii), Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, light marks, light encrustations, part of reverse legend unstruck, weight 4.270 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse TEMPORVM FELICITAS (time of good fortune), Felicitas standing right, long caduceus in right hand, cornucopia inwardly in left hand, I in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $55.00 SALE |PRICE| $49.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In 290, Diocletian and Maximian met in Milan, on the five-year anniversary of their rule, to discuss politics and war. Rome had become only the ceremonial capital of the Empire.
RA93167. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 33 (also 1st officina), RIC V-2 28; Cohen VI 147, SRCV IV 12655 var. (bust left), Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, light encrustations, reverse die wear, edge splits, weight 4.267 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 7th Issue, spring 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulders, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, eagle left at feet on left, P in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $67.50


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RA93173. Billon antoninianus, Bastien 380, Hunter IV 31, RIC V-2 399, Cohen VI 438, SRCV IV 13155, Choice VF, well centered, silvering, flow lines, porosity, tiny edge crack, weight 4.228 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 290 - 294 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse PAX AVGG (the peace of the two emperors), Pax standing slightly left, head left, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, B in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50




  






REFERENCES|

Bastien, P., J-B. Giard, et al. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. (Wetteren, 1972 - 2003).
Compas, D., N. Parisot, M. Prieur & L Schmitt. Lyon Monnaies Romaines Collection Daniel Compas. cgb.fr. (2006).

Catalog current as of Sunday, July 12, 2020.
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