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Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, James I, 1382 - 1398
The Lusignan Kingdom of Cyprus was founded after the Third Crusade, ruling from 1192 until 1489. The Parliament of Cyprus named James king while he was captive in Genoa. To gain his release James agreed to new privileges for Genoese merchants and accepted Genoese sovereignty over the captured city of Famagusta, something that no previous king had conceded. Until he was released, Cyprus was governed by 12 nobles. Some of them opposed his return. In April 1385, James returned to Cyprus and was welcomed at Nicosia with great enthusiasm. He was crowned in May 1385 in Saint Sophia Cathedral. After his crowning, his opponents were arrested and punished. He was crowned King of Jerusalem in 1389. In 1393, Leo VI of Armenia died, and James assumed the title of King of Armenia. He was formally given the title in 1396. That kingdom was by now reduced to the city of Korikos, which had been in Cypriot hands since its conquest by Peter I of Cyprus. Upon his death, James was succeeded by his son Janus.CR111260. Billon carzia, Malloy Crusaders 113a (denier); Metcalf Crusades 797 (denier), aVF, toned, earthen deposits, weight 0.508 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Nicosia mint, May 1385 - 9 Sep 1398; obverse + IAQVE ROI DE (or similar), lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse + IERV3ALEm D (or similar), cross pattée; ex Morton & Eden auction 119 (6 Dec 2022), lot 333 (part of); $90.00 (€84.60)
Cyprus, Colony of the Venetian Republic, Emergency Issue, Ottoman Siege, 1570 A.D.
Cyprus became an overseas colony of the Venetian Republic after it was purchased in 1489. This coin was an emergency issue minted while Famagusta was under siege by the Turks. It was to be redeemable in silver after the war. In 1571 Famagusta was captured and Cyprus became part of the Ottoman Empire.ME111236. Bronze Bisante, Paolucci 907; Lambros 107; Neumann I 917; Gardiakos Cyprus 64; Schlumberger tf. 8, 14; Montenegro p. 870, 11, VF, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, double strike, weight 5.344 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 45o, Farmagusta mint, 1570 A.D.; obverse PRO REG PRO REGNI CYPRI PRESSIDIO (Latin: For the siege of the Kingdom of Cyprus), winged lion of St Mark left, 1570 below; reverse VENETORV / FIDES INVI/OLABILIS / BISANTE / I in five lines, small Cupid above; ex Morton & Eden auction 119 (6 Dec 2022), lot 333 (part of); scarce; SOLD
Menorah Appliqué From a Ring or Other Use
From 114 to 117 A.D. the Jews of Cyprus revolted and massacred gentiles in great numbers. After the uprising was put down, every known Jew in Cyprus was killed and a law was passed forbidding any Jew, even from a shipwreck, to set foot on the island. Nevertheless Jewish residents remained on the island and in 610 A.D. they were sufficiently numerous to participate in an insurrection against Heraclius. In 646, and again in 1154, Cyprus was devastated by Arabs.SH17036. Reportedly found on Cyprus, weight 0.537 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, uncertain date; obverse oval appliqué from a ring or other use, with a seven branched menorah surrounded by a Greek inscription; reverse blank; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Isaac Comnenus, Usurper in Cyprus, 1184 - 1191 A.D.
Isaac Comnenus maintained independent rule in Cyprus for 7 years. He was defeated by Richard the Lionheart of England during the third crusade. Isaac was imprisoned and Cyprus was never recovered by the empire.SL95154. Bronze tetarteron, CLBC I 6.3.6 B (R4); Hendy pl., 21, 13; SBCV 1998 (extremely rare); Morrisson BnF 63/Ch(B)03; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, NGC VF, strike 3/5, surface 2/5 (5770405-006), weight 2.940 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Cyprus mint, 1184 - 1191 A.D.; obverse O EMMA-NOVHΛ (Latinized Hebrew: "God with us"), Christ enthroned facing, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; reverse ICAAKIOC ΔECΠOTIC (or similar, Isaac, despot), Isaac (on left) standing facing, crowned by the Virgin (on right), emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and simplified jeweled, cruciform scepter in left hand, akakia in right hand, Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, Greek MHTP monogram (Mother) above center; from the S. Lindner Collection; NGC| Lookup; extremely rare; SOLD
Gardiakos, S. The Coins of Cyprus, 1489 - 1571. 2nd edition. (Chicago, 1975).
Lambros, P. Coins of the Medieval Kingdom of Cyprus. (Vienna, 1873).
Levinson, R. The early dated coins of Europe 1234-1500. (Williston, VT, 2007).
Malloy, A., I. Preston, & A. Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D. & A. Pitsillides. The Silver Coinage of Cyprus, 1285-1382. (Nicosia, 1996).
Metcalf, D. & A. Pitsillides. Corpus of Lusignan Coinage. (Nicosia, 1996 - 2000).
Michaelidou, L. & E. Zapiti. Coins of Cyprus. From the Collection of the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. (Nicosia, 2008).
Montenegro, E. I dogi e le loro monete. (Torino, 2012).
Neumann, J. Kupfermünzen. (Prague, 1858).
Paolucci, R. Le Monete Dei Dogi Di Venezia - The Coinage of the Doges of Venice. 2nd Edition. (Padova, 2001).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sothebys. The John J. Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades. Catalog of public auction, 6 March 1997. London.
Tziambazis, E. A Catalogue of the Coins of Cyprus (from 560 B.C. to 1571 A.D.). (Larnaca, 2002).
Catalog current as of Sunday, December 3, 2023. Page created in 1.373 seconds.