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NEW Henry seems to have been a decent man, but completely unsuited to kingship. He was totally dominated by the power-hungry factions at court and powerless to stop the outbreak of bloody civil war. It was clearly too much for him to cope with, as his recurring mental illness from 1453 onwards showed. During the Wars of the Roses it was his queen, Margaret, who was the driving force behind the Lancastrian faction, while Henry was captured first by one side, then the other. Whoever had the king in their possession was able to claim to be ruling in his name.
In 1590, William Shakespeare wrote a trilogy of plays about the life of Henry VI: Henry VI, part 1, Henry VI, part 2, and Henry VI, part 3. Henry also appears as a ghost in Richard III.England, Henry VI, 1422 - 1461 and 1470 - 1471UK113217. Silver groat, Annulet issue, SCBC 1836, North 1424, aF, toned, scratches, weight 3.604 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, Calais (France) mint, first reign, 1427 - 1430; obverse + HENRIC' DI' GRA' REX ANGLIE Z FRANC (Henry, by the Grace of God, King of England and France), facing crowned bust of Henry, an annulet on each side of neck, within a tressure of nine arcs; reverse POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE MEVM (I have made God my helper), VILLA CALISIE (Town of Calais), long cross pattée, three pellets in each quarter, annulets in 2nd and 3rd quarters; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00
Great Britain, George IV, 29 January 1820 - 26 June 1830
From 1811 until his accession, George IV served as regent during his father's mental illness. He forbade his wife from attending his coronation and unsuccessfully attempted to divorce her, which brought the contempt of the people. For most of George's regency and reign, Prime Minister Lord Liverpool controlled the government with little help from George. George's extravagant lifestyle and wasteful spending angered taxpayers at a time when Britain was fighting the Napoleonic Wars. He did not provide leadership in a time of crisis, nor did he act as a role model for his people. Liverpool led Britain's ultimate victory, negotiated the peace settlement, and attempted to deal with the social and economic malaise that followed. George IV was succeeded by his younger brother William.UK98541. Copper farthing, Peck 1414, SCBC 3822, SCWC KM 677, gVF, small scratches and marks, weight 4.622 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, London mint, 1st issue, 1826; obverse GEORGIUS IIII DEI GRATIA (George IV, by the grace of God), laureate and draped bust left; reverse BRITANNIAR: REX FID: DEF: (King of The British territories, Defender of the Faith), Britannia seated right, arm on shield, holding laurel branch and trident, 1826 below; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Anglo-Gallic, Edward III, 1327 - 1377
Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.SH86743. Gold ecu d'or, Schneider 3, Beresford-Jones Anglo-Gallic 13/17, Elias 33, SCBC-SII 8035, VF, obverse triple struck, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, c. 1344 - 1352; obverse +EDWARDVS: DEI x x GRA x x AGL': FRAnCIE: REX (Edward, by the grace of God, King of England and France, double pellet and saltier stops), full-length figure of Edward seated facing on ornate Gothic throne, sword in left hand, right hand resting on shield with arms of France ancien (semé-de-lis); all within tressure of nine arcs, trefoils in spandrels and on cusps; reverse +XP.C: VInCIT: XPC: REGNAT: XPC: IMPERAT (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands, the first stop is a trefoil, the others double pellet), ornate cross fleurée, pierced quatrefoil at center, cross with pierced quatrefoil terminals, each terminal with three pierced stalked trefoils, within beaded and line quatrefoil tressure, with leaf trefoils on cusps, pierced trefoils in spandrels; rare; SOLD
England, King Cnut, 1016 - 1035 A.D.
Cnut the Great was a king of Denmark, England, Norway, and parts of Sweden. He maintained power by uniting Danes and Englishmen under cultural bonds of wealth and custom, rather than by brutality. After the death of his heirs within a decade of his own and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, his legacy was largely lost to history.WO67179. Silver penny, North 790, SCBC 1159, VF, weight 0.959 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Eadraed, London mint, c.1029 - 1035; obverse + CN-VT REX, diademed and cuirassed bust left, scepter with lis head; reverse + EDRED ON LVND, voided short cross with annulet in center; SOLD
England and Ireland, Edward I Longshanks, 20 November 1272 – 7 July 1307 (Lord of Ireland from 1254)
Edward I was a tall man for his era, at 6'2" (1.88 m), hence the nickname "Longshanks." In 1254 his father granted him most of Ireland. Edward was on the 9th crusade when the Mamluk sultan Baibars sent an assassin to kill him. Although Edward killed the assassin, he was struck in the arm by a dagger, perhaps poisoned, and became severely ill. He was in Sicily on his way home when his father died. Edward was proclaimed king after his father's death, rather than at his own coronation, as had until then been customary. Edward was ruthless in pursuing his aims and crushing those who opposed him. After rebellion in Wales, he built a series of castles and towns in the countryside and settled them with English. Edward attempted the conquest of Scotland and had some success but rebellion continued. After Philip IV of France (a Scottish ally) confiscated the Duchy of Gascony, Edward went to war with France. He recovered his duchy but the conflict relieved military pressure against Scotland. When the Edward I died, his son Edward II was left with an ongoing war with Scotland and many financial and political problems.ME98505. Silver penny, SCBC-SII 6264; SCBI 22 357 - 359, gF, toned, clashed dies, light marks, parts of legends weak, weight 1.340 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Dublin mint, 1297 - 1302; obverse EDW R - ANGL' D-NS hYB (Edwardus, Rex Angliae, Dominus Hibernie - Edward King of England, Lord of Ireland, small letters), crowned bust facing, in a triangle, one pellet below bust; reverse CIVI-TAS - DVBL-INIE (City of Dublin, large letters), long cross pattée, three pellets in each quadrant; SOLD
Ireland, Elizabeth I, 1558 - 1603, 2 Coin Lot
1) Ireland, Queen Elizabeth, 1602, copper penny (1.82g, 20.0mm), mintmark martlet, SCBC-SII 6510A, aVF. 2) Ireland, Queen Elizabeth, 1601, copper halfpenny (0.76g, 16.4mm), mintmark six-pointed star, SCBC-SII 6511, Fine.LT89280. Copper Lot, 1602 copper penny and 1601 copper half penny, London, Tower mint (for use in Ireland) mint, obverse (mintmark) ELIZAB D' G' AN' FR: ET: HIBER RE (Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, Queen of England, France and Ireland), quartered coat-of-arms (passant lions and fleurs-de-lis), flanked by E - R (Elizabetha Regina); reverse POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MEV (I have made God my helper), crowned Irish harp, flanked by date; lot is ex Baldwin’s auction 42 (26 Sep 2005), lot 1220 (sold for £100/$177 plus fees); SOLD
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