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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Sicily||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of Medieval Sicily
Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|NEW
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95085. Billon denaro, Spahr 198, MIR Sicilia 136, MEC 14 604, Travaini 69, F, green patina, typical squared small flan, areas of light corrosion, earthen deposits, edge ragged, weight 0.799 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, Cross patte; reverse + REX SICILIE, large S, flanked on each side by a pellet; $28.00 SALE PRICE $25.20


Sicily (or Sardina?), c. 13 Century A.D.

|Sicily|, |Sicily| |(or| |Sardina?),| |c.| |13| |Century| |A.D.||denaro| |piccolo| |(minuto)|
This coin was part of a group of denari of the Kingdom of Sicily, mostly from the 13th century but some later. Although this coin is apparently unpublished and the attribution is uncertain, it is almost certainly from the same time and place as the rest of the coins. The MI on the coin appears to indicate the denomination. The denaro piccolo or picciolo (plural: denari piccoli), is also known as minutus or minuto (plural: minuti).
ME95044. Billon denaro piccolo (minuto), apparently unpublished; attribution is uncertain but we believe most probable; Biaggi -, MEC 14 Italy III -, MIR 10 -, MIR Sicily -, Travaini -, F, dark green patina, small squared flan typical of the area/era, uneven strike, weight 0.348 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, uncertain Sicilian or Sardinian mint, c. 13th Century A.D.; obverse mI (for minuto?), legend obscure, mostly off flan; reverse cross patte, legend obscure, mostly off flan; the only specimen of the type known to FORVM; extremely rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $160.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), 1254 - 1258

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Conrad| |II| |(Conradin),| |1254| |-| |1258||denaro|
Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigor in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.
ME95100. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 591, MIR 10 312 (R2, Brindisi), Spahr 166, Travaini 57, F, typical small squared flan, light corrosion, earthen deposits, uneven strike with almost half unstruck, weight 0.625 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 45o, Messina mint, 1254 - 1258; obverse + CONR SCDS IERL'S (Conrad, the second, Jerusalem), eagle standing facing, open wings, head right; reverse ET SICILIE REX (and Sicily, King), open-ended voided cross with pellets at the corners of each arm, over long cross that divides the legend; rare; $30.00 SALE PRICE $24.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick III of Aragon, 1296 - 1337

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| || |Frederick| |III| |of| |Aragon,| |1296| |-| |1337||denaro|
Frederick was the regent of the Kingdom of Sicily, 1291 - 1295, and subsequently king of Sicily from 1295 until his death on 25 June 1337. He was the third son of Peter III of Aragon and served in the War of the Sicilian Vespers on behalf of his father and brothers, Alfonso III and James II. Although the second Frederick of Sicily, he chose to call himself "Fridericus Tertius" (Frederick III) - presumably because only some fifty years before, his well-known and remembered great-grandfather had reigned Sicily and also used an official ordinal as Holy Roman Emperor: Fridericus secundus.
ME95102. Billon denaro, cf. Spahr 36, MEC Italy III 780, MIR Sicily 185, Biaggi 1312, F, green patina, light earthen deposits, tight flan cutting off most of legend, weight 0.577 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, Messina mint, 1296 - 1337; obverse FRI T DEI GRA (Frederic Tertius, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of Frederic III left; reverse REX SICILIE (King of Sicily), cross patte, star (or florette?) in 2nd quarter; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick III of Aragon, 1296 - 1337

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| || |Frederick| |III| |of| |Aragon,| |1296| |-| |1337||denaro|
Frederick was the regent of the Kingdom of Sicily, 1291 - 1295, and subsequently king of Sicily from 1295 until his death on 25 June 1337. He was the third son of Peter III of Aragon and served in the War of the Sicilian Vespers on behalf of his father and brothers, Alfonso III and James II. Although the second Frederick of Sicily, he chose to call himself "Fridericus Tertius" (Frederick III) - presumably because only some fifty years before, his well-known and remembered great-grandfather had reigned Sicily and also used an official ordinal as Holy Roman Emperor: Fridericus secundus.
ME95032. Billon denaro, Spahr 36, MEC Italy III 780, MIR Sicily 185, Biaggi 1312, aF, green patina, typical small squared flan, rough, marks, porosity, weak legends, weight 0.599 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Messina mint, 1296 - 1337; obverse FRI T DEI GRA (Frederic Tertius, by the Grace of God), crowned bust of Frederic III left; reverse REX SICILIE (King of Sicily), cross patte, star (or crosslet) in 2nd quarter; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95069. Billon denaro, Spahr 211, MIR Sicilia 140, MEC XIV 614, Travaini 78, F, green patina, uneven strike with parts of legends unstruck/weak, weight 0.630 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNF R, tau between three pellets, one above, one on each side; reverse + SICILIE, Cross patte with a pellet at at each corner of end of the arms; scarce; $24.00 SALE PRICE $21.60


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Italy|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95034. Billon denaro, Spahr 211, MIR Sicilia 140 (R), MEC XIV 614, Travaini 78, aF, green patina, typical squared flan, a little rough, legends weak, weight 0.366 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNF R, tau between three pellets, one above, one on each side; reverse + SICILIE, Cross patte with a pellet at at each corner of end of the arms; scarce; $30.00 SALE PRICE $27.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266||denaro|
The reading of the legends on this rare type is not certain. Biaggi did not have an adequate specimen and used a line drawing in place of the usual photograph. MEC notes there are no know specimens with clear legends.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95078. Billon denaro, Spahr 199, MEC Italy III 609A, MIR Sicily 138, Biaggi 1277 (R2), F, typical small flan, scratches, uneven strike, weight 0.460 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1266; obverse + MAYNFRID, S entwined around cross; reverse + SICILIE REX, Ω over R ; $32.00 SALE PRICE $28.80


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266, Reverse Brockage

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266,| |Reverse| |Brockage||denaro|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95079. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81,, VF, brockage mint error, typical small squared flan, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 0.428 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse incuse of the reverse; the normal type is: MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00


Kingdom of Sicily, John II of Aragon (the Faithless), 1458 - 1479

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |John| |II| |of| |Aragon| |(the| |Faithless),| |1458| |-| |1479||denaro|
John II the Faithless (Jun 29, 1398 - Jan 20, 1479) was the King of Aragon from 1458 and King of Navarre from 1425 until his death. His second wife encouraged his jealousy of his own son, Charles, to grow into absolute hatred. After John tried to deprive his son of his rights, a civil war ensued, which continued even after Charles died in 1461, poisoned by his stepmother.
ME95108. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 883 ff., MIR 233, F, green patina, typical small squared flan, rough, light corrosion, earthen deposits, weak legends, weight 0.386 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, Messina mint, 1458 - 1479; obverse IO ANNES D G, eagle facing, wings spread, head right; reverse REX SICILIE I (or similar), coat of arms, I - I (initials of mint master Giovanni de Iudice) flanking; $24.00 SALE PRICE $21.60




  






REFERENCES

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Biaggi, E. Monete e Zecche medievali Italiane dal Sec. VIII al Sec. XV. (Torino, 1992).
Calciati, R. Monete Bizantine di Bronzo della Sicilia. (Cairo, 2000).
Chimiernti, M. & F. Rapposelli. Monete Italiane Regionali: Italia meridionale continentale: zecche minori. (Pavia, 2010).
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Fabrizi, D. Monete Italiane Regionali: Napoli. (Pavie, 2010).
Grierson, P. & L. Travaini. Medieval European Coinage, Vol. 14: Italy III: South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia. (Cambridge, 1998).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973 - 1981).
Hahn, W. Money of the Incipient Byzantine Empire (Anastasius I - Justinian I, 491 - 565). (Wien, 2000).
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Levinson, R. The early dated coins of Europe 1234-1500. (Williston, VT, 2007).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothque Nationale. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines l'poque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sambon, A. Les monnaies antiques de l'Italie. (Paris, 1903).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Spahr, R. Le Monete Siciliane, dai Bizantini a Carlo I d' Angio (582 - 1282). (Graz, 1976).
Spahr, R. Le Monete Siciliane, dagli Aragonesi ai Borboni (1282 - 1836). (Basel/Graz, 1982).
Trivero, A. La monetazione di rame della Sicilia bizantina (testo e archivio fotografico allegato). (Achao, 2006).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 1914).
Travaini, L. "Hohenstaufen and Angevin denari of Sicily and Southern Italy: their mint attributions" in NC 1993.
Varesi, A. Monete Italiane Regionali - Sicilia. (Florence, 2001).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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