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Coins of Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary emerged in 1000 when the Principality of Hungary, founded in 896, was recognized as a Kingdom. The form of government was changed from Monarchy to Republic briefly in 1918 and again in 1946, ending the Kingdom and creating the Republic of Hungary. The Kingdom of Hungary consisted of present-day Hungary, Transylvania (in present-day Romania), Slovakia, Carpatho Ruthenia (in present-day Ukraine), Vojvodina (in present-day Serbia), Burgenland (in present-day Austria), Slavonia, Dalmatia (present day Croatia), and other smaller territories surrounding present-day Hungary's borders. Attila was regarded as an ancestral ruler of the Hungarians, however, this claim is rejected by most scholars today. The first kings of the Kingdom were from the Árpád dynasty and the first Christian King was Stephen I of Hungary who was canonized as a Catholic saint.


Hungary, Matthias II, 1608 - 1619

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Matthias hoped to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire in order to strengthen it. He granted religious concessions to Protestants but was opposed by the more intransigent Catholic Habsburgs who forced him to revise his liberal policies.
ME91716. Silver denar, Huszár 1140, aVF, edge chips, weight 0.360 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, Kremnitz mint, 1611 - 1613; obverse MAT • II • D •G • HV • BO • REX • 1611 • (or 1612 or 1613), crowned two-part shield with Hungarian arms (Árpádian stripes and double cross in crown on thee hills), K-B (privy mark) in fields; reverse PATRONA 8 HVNGARI, crowned Madonna seated facing holding infant Jesus in her left arm, cross in right; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $18.00 (€15.84)
 


Holy Roman Empire, Frederick II, 1215 - 1250

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Cheb (German: Eger), is a city in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic, with about 33,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the river Ohře (also called Eger in German), at the foot of one of the spurs of the Smrčiny and near the border with Germany. Prior to 1945, which saw the expulsion of the German speaking population, the town was the center of the German-speaking region known as Egerland, and was part of the Northern Austro-Bavarian dialect area.
SH59140. Silver pfennig, Haskova 43, Buchenau 3239, Bonhoff 2034, VF, weight 0.687 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 270o, Cheb mint, obverse crowned bust facing, lis topped scepter in each hand, annulets in fields; reverse two confronted crowned lions, heads turned facing, facing eagle with open wings and head right below; ex Numismatik Lanz auction 136 (2007), lot 6; rare; SOLD


Transylvania, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Empress Maria Theresa, 1740 - 1780

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SH53630. Gold ducat, Friedberg 543, KM 610, aEF, weight 3.465 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Karlsburg mint, 1764; obverse M • THERESIA• D : G • RO• I• GE• HU• BO• R• E•, draped bust right; reverse TRAN• CO• TV• 1764• AR• AU• DUX• BU• ME• P, crowned arms on breast of crown double-headed eagle; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Buchenau, H. "Die Münzen der Propstei Wildeshausen" in ZfN 15 (1887), p. 262-280.
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Frynas, J. Medieval Coins of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. (London, 2015).
Haskova, J. Chebské mince z 12. a 13. století. (Cheb, 1972).
Huszár, L. Münzcatalog Ungarn. (Munich, 1979).
Peus, B. Sammlung Dr. F. Bonhoff, auction 293, Frankfurt, 27 October 1977.
Réthy, L. Egyetemes Magyar Éremtár, I-II kötet. (Budapest, 1899-1907).
Unger, E. Magyar éremhatározó. (Budapest, 1997).

Catalog current as of Saturday, October 19, 2019.
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Hungarian Coins