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Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Apparently unpublished, we know of only one other example of this extremely rare type with this obverse legend, Emporium Hamburg, auction 67 (10 May 2012), lot 707. King Unmarked pl. 1, 12 shares the same reverse die but has the obverse legend IMP CARAVSIVS P AVG. King notes of the style of that coin, "although clumsy, is acceptable and stylistically compatible...No. 12 is almost certainly genuine." By genuine, he means from an official mint, not an unofficial imitative.
RA73250. Billon antoninianus, King Unmarked pl. 1, 12 var. (different obv. leg., same rev. die), RIC V-2 1003 (R2) var. (obv. leg.), Hunter IV 199 (same), SRCV 13719 var. (same), VF, green patina, ragged flan, flan cracks, some corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 3.626 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 225o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. mid 286 - early/mid 287; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse SECVRIT ORBIS (the world is safe), Securitas seated left, short scepter in right hand, left hand raised to the back of her head; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; extremely rare; $240.00 (204.00)

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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We were unable to find another example of this extremely rare type.
RA86486. Billon antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 67, 9 Em., 3; RIC V-2 503 (R2) var. (XXIT); Cohen VI 588 var. (obv. legend); Hunter V -, gVF, centered on a broad flan, uneven strike with weak areas, weight 3.591 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 9, Jul - end 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG CONS IIII, radiate consular bust left, eagle-tipped scepter in right hand; reverse SALVS AVG, Salus standing half left, feeding snake in her arms, V left, TXXI in exergue; extremely rare; $140.00 (119.00)

City of Constantinople Commemorative, 333 - 335 A.D.

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Constantinople Commemoratives minted by the actual city of Constantinople mint are much scarcer than those minted by other Eastern mints.
RL85615. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 79 (R4); LRBC I 1014; SRCV IV 16474; Cohen VII 21; Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, nice style, black patina with red earthen highlighting, weight 1.968 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 333 - 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, CONSZ in exergue; ex Zurqieh (UAE, 2011); rare; $80.00 (68.00)

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RL85638. Billon half follis, RIC VII Trier 897 (S), SRCV IV 16156, Cohen VII 323, Hunter V -, aEF, some silvering, full circle centering on obverse, die wear reverse slightly off center, some porosity, weight 1.842 g, maximum diameter 9.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI CONSERV (Mars the Protector), Mars standing half right, helmeted, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders, inverted spear in right hand, left hand on grounded shield at side, PTR in exergue; rare; $100.00 (85.00)

Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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RT85652. Bronze denarius communis, RIC VI p. 283, 27a (R2), Cohen VI 547, SRCV IV 12849, gF, well centered, a little rough, edge cracks, weight 1.422 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 294 - 295 A.D.; obverse DIOCLETI-ANVS AVG, laureate head right ; reverse VTILITAS PVBLICA, Utilitas standing facing, head left, hands in drapery; very rare denomination, reverse type and coin; $180.00 (153.00)

Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Xerxes II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.

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This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire

SH86216. Gold daric, Carradice Type IIIb, group C (pl. XIV, 42); BMC Arabia pl. XXV, 12; SNG Cop 276; Meadows Administration 323; Sunrise 28, gVF, tight flan, marks, reverse struck with a worn broken punch, weight 8.328 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 375 B.C.; obverse kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, crowned, wearing kidaris and kandys, quiver on shoulder, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand; reverse oblong irregular rectangular incuse punch; $2700.00 (2295.00)

Mytilene, Lesbos, c. 454 - 427 B.C.

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Mytilene was famous in ancient times for its great output of electrum coins struck from the late 6th through mid - 4th centuries B.C. The usual denomination was the hekte (1/6th stater). Warwick Wroth noted in the British Museum Catalog, "The Sixths of [this Lesbos electrum series] form one of the most beautiful coin-series of the ancient world. This will be evident from a glance."
SH86288. Electrum hekte, Bodenstedt 57 (c/γ); SNG Cop 305; BMC Lesbos p. 160, 44; Boston MFA 1703 (also palmette below); HGC 6 983 (R2); SNGvA -, VF, centered, scratches, tiny flan flaws, weight 2.520 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 90o, Mytilene mint, c. 454 - 428/427 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse two confronted ram heads butting, palmette above, all within incuse square; rare; $500.00 (425.00)

Phokaia, Ionia, c. 478 - 387 B.C.

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Io was a priestess of Hera in Argos. Zeus lusted for her. In the version of the myth told in Prometheus Bound she initially rejected Zeus' advances, until her father threw her out of his house on the advice of oracles. According to some stories, Zeus then turned Io into a heifer to hide her from his wife; others maintain that it was jealous Hera that transformed Io. The female head on this coin can be identified as Io by the horn and the fillet with beaded tassels worn by heifers or bulls selected for sacrifice to Zeus, as seen in the image right. She was an ancestor of many kings and heroes such as Perseus, Cadmus, Heracles, Minos, Lynceus, Cepheus, and Danaus. The astronomer Simon Marius named a moon of Jupiter after Io in 1614.sacrificial_fillet

SH86290. Electrum hekte, Bodenstedt 96 (g/-); BMC Ionia p. 211, 57; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Kayhan -; Rosen -; Boston MFA -, VF, well centered on a tight flan, bumps and scratches, weight 2.494 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 478 - 387 B.C.; obverse horned head of Io left, wearing sacrificial fillet ending in beaded tassels hanging from horns, seal (symbol of Phokaia) swimming left below; reverse quadripartite incuse square; rare; $400.00 (340.00)

Phokaia, Ionia, c. 521 - 478 B.C.

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Phocaea, or Phokaia, was the northernmost Ionian city, on the boundary with Aeolis. The Phocaeans were the first Greeks to make long sea-voyages, developed a thriving seafaring economy, became a great naval power, and founded the colonies Massalia (Marseille, France), Emporion (Empries, Spain) and Elea (Velia, Italy). They remained independent until all of mainland Ionia fell to Croesus of Lydia (c. 560-545 B.C.). In 546 B.C., Lydia was conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia. After the Greeks defeated Xerxes I, Phocaea joined the Delian League, but later rebelled with the rest of Ionia. In 387 B.C., Phocaea returned to Persian control. After Alexander, it fell under Seleucid, then Attalid, and finally Roman rule.
SH86291. Electrum hekte, Bodenstedt 32, 7 (c/γ); Weber III 5736 (= Bodenstedt 7); Boston MFA 1906, SNG Kayhan -; SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Ionia -, Rosen -, EF, superb archaic style, well struck, tight flan, bumps and scratches (mostly on edge), tiny edge crack, weight 2.566 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 521 - 478 B.C.; obverse archaic style head of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet, almond shaped eye, slight smile, long hair in rows of dots, dotted necklace, seal upward behind; reverse quadripartite incuse square; $2000.00 (1700.00)

Phokaia, Ionia, c. 477 - 387 B.C.

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Recent archaeological surveys have shown that the city of Phocaea was large for the archaic period. Herodotus gives an idea of the size of Phocaea by the describing the walls of Phocaea as having a length of several stadia.
SH86294. Electrum hekte, Bodenstedt 89 (c/-?), McClean 8253, SNG Kayhan 535, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Ionia -, Boston MFA -, VF, attractive style, centered on a tight flan, weight 2.529 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, c. 477 - 388 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos left, wreathed in ivy, small seal (symbol of Phokaia) downward behind; reverse quadripartite incuse square; scarce; $400.00 (340.00)

Catalog current as of Saturday, January 20, 2018.
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