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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Kingdoms of Thrace||View Options:  |  |  | 

Kingdoms of Thrace
Kingdom of Thrace, Rhoemetalces I, c. 11 B.C. - 12 A.D., Augustus Reverse

|Kingdom| |of| |Thrace|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Rhoemetalces| |I,| |c.| |11| |B.C.| |-| |12| |A.D.,| |Augustus| |Reverse||AE| |23|
When the Cotys VII, King of Thrace, died about 48 B.C. Rhoemetalces I became the guardian of his nephew Rhescuporis I, his brother's young son and heir. In 13 B.C., Rhescuporis I was defeated and slain in battle by Vologases, chief of the Thracian Bessi, who was leading a revolt against Rome. As Rhescuporis I had left no heir, Rhoemetalces became king. An ally of Augustus, the Roman Historian Tacitus described Rhoemetalces as attractive and civilized. After his death, Augustus divided his realm, half for his son Cotys VIII and the other half for Rhoemetalces' brother Rhescuporis II. Tacitus states that Cotys received the cultivated parts, most towns and most Greek cities of Thrace, while Rhescuporis received the wild and savage portion with enemies on its frontier.
GB110716. Bronze AE 23, Youroukova 204; RPC I 1711; SNG Cop 1188; SNG Tbingen 972; BMC Thrace p. 209, 4; Weber 2743, VF, green patina, porosity, weight 9.792 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ POIMHTAΛKOY, jugate heads of Rhoemetalces I, diademed, and Queen Pythodoris right; reverse KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Augustus right; $90.00 (82.80)


Kingdom of Bosporus, Rheskuporis V, 242 - 276 A.D.

|Bosporan| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Bosporus,| |Rheskuporis| |V,| |242| |-| |276| |A.D.||stater|
The Bosporan Kingdom (or Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus) was in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the Bosphorus beside Istanbul). The mixed population adopted Greek language and civilization. The prosperity of the kingdom was based on the export of wheat, fish and slaves. The kingdom's golden age was 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. At the end of the 2nd century A.D., King Sauromates II inflicted a critical defeat on the Scythians and expanded his state to include the entire Crimea. It was the longest surviving Roman client kingdom, lasting until it was overrun by the Huns c. 375 A.D.
RP99912. Billon stater, Frolova BAR 166 pp. 137-138, pl. IV, 1227, pl. LXXXI, 21-22; RPC Online IX 179; MacDonald Bosporus 608/1 (Rhescuporis IV); Anokhin 697 (same), VF/gVF, small edge cracks, weight 7.200 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, 249 - 250 A.D.; obverse BACIΛEWC PHCKOYΠOPIΔ, diademed and draped bust of Rheskuporis right; reverse laureate and draped bust of Roman emperor (Philip I or Trajan Decius) right, club handle upward before (control), ΣMΦ ([year] 546 [of the Pontic Era]); $110.00 (101.20)


Kings of Thrace, Dynast Skostokos, c. 281 - 245 B.C., In the Name of Lysimachos, Portrait of Alexander the Great

|Kingdoms| |of| |Thrace|, |Kings| |of| |Thrace,| |Dynast| |Skostokos,| |c.| |281| |-| |245| |B.C.,| |In| |the| |Name| |of| |Lysimachos,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||drachm|
According to Youroukova and Mrkholm, Skostokos was a Thracian dynast who proclaimed himself an independent ruler in the unsettled period following Lysimachos' death. Based on the herm control symbol, scholars generally believe that his territory was in south-eastern Thrace near Sestos. Youroukova believes the bronze coinage may have been struck earlier, but the silver was struck during the brief period 281 - 279 B.C. Youroukova and Mrkholm both identify the likely mint for his silver coinage as Ainos, where Skostokos tetradrachm finds have been reported. Youroukova notes there was a Skostokos contemporary with Philip II, so some scholars refer to this ruler as Skostokos II.
SH79680. Silver drachm, apparently unpublished; cf. Fischer-Bossert Skostokos pl. III, 2 - 3 (tetradrachms), Youroukova -, Thompson -, Mller -, SNG Cop -, VF, superb portrait of Alexander, toned, well centered, some light marks and porosity, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 90o, Thrace, Ainos(?) mint, c. 281 - 279 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse Athena enthroned left, Nike standing left crowning name in her right hand, resting left arm on round shield behind, transverse spear against right side, herm facing inner left, BAΣIΛΕΩΣ downward on right, ΛYΣIMAXOY downward on left; ex Rauch e-auction 17 (10 July 2015), lot 52; this is the only example of this Skostokos drachm type known to Forum; unique(?); SOLD


Kings of Thrace, Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.

|Kingdoms| |of| |Thrace|, |Kings| |of| |Thrace,| |Thracian| |Kainoi,| |Mostis,| |c.| |126| |-| |86| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was king of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East Thrace to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He king is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and rare tetradrachms.
GB77206. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 311 - 312, Youroukova 134, SNG Stancomb -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, VF, green patina, some light corrosion, weight 4.750 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; obverse jugate heads of Zeus and Hera right; countermark: monogram; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTIΔOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, monogram above right; very rare; SOLD


Scythian Kingdom of Thrace, Sparadokos, c. 464 - 435 B.C.

|Kingdoms| |of| |Thrace|, |Scythian| |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Sparadokos,| |c.| |464| |-| |435| |B.C.||diobol|
The Sophia specimen referenced by Youroukova is the only other example of this variant known to Forum. The usual type, which is not rare, has the horse forepart left; see Topalov 63; Peter p.63, fig 2; SNG Stancomb 287; SNG Cop 1067; SNG Tbingen 951.
SH68734. Silver diobol, Youroukova 23 (= Sophia 4545), otherwise apparently unpublished and 2nd known with horse forepart right, VF, weight 1.163 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 45o, c. 464 - 435 B.C.; obverse ΣΠANT, forepart of galloping horse left., large dot border; reverse eagle facing, wings spread, head right, snake in beak, within shallow incuse square; extremely rare variant; SOLD


Thracian Kings, Kavaros, c. 230 - 218 B.C.

|Thracian| |Tribes|, |Thracian| |Kings,| |Kavaros,| |c.| |230| |-| |218| |B.C.||AE| |20|
Kavaros was a Gallic King of Thrace, the last Gaul to rule Thrace and the only Gallic king in Thrace to strike coins.
GB96852. Bronze AE 20, SNG Cop 1176, SNG Black Sear 194 - 195 var. (monogram different), SNG Stancomb 304 var. (same), BMC Thrace p. 207, 1 var. (same), HGC 3.2 1357 (S), aVF, bumps and marks, reverse off center, obverse edge beveled, weight 5.735 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Kabyle (Kabile, Bulgaria) mint, c. 240/230 - 218/213 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse Nike standing left, crowning name wreath in right hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right KAYAPOY downward on left, KTI monogram inner left; ex Trusted Coins; scarce; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Struck in the Name of Alexander the Great

|Colophon|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Lysimachos,| |305| |-| |281| |B.C.,| |Struck| |in| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||drachm|
Lysimachus, one of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguards, was appointed strategos (general) in Thrace and Chersonesos after Alexander's death. He became one of the diadochi (successors of Alexander) who were initially generals and governors, but who continuously allied and warred with each other and eventually divided the empire. In 309, he founded his capital Lysimachia in a commanding situation on the neck connecting the Chersonesos with the mainland. In 306, he followed the example of Antigonus in taking the title of king, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedonia. In 281, he was killed in battle against Seleucus, another successor of Alexander.
GS73093. Silver drachm, Price 1841 (same dies), Mller Alexander -, SNG Cop -, gF, attractive light toning, slightly porous, small scratch on chin, weight 4.044 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 301 - 297 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse AΛΕΞANΔPOY, Zeus Atophoros enthroned left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, Φ over lion forepart left on left, pentagram under throne; very rare - this is the first time we have handled this type and only a few examples are known to Forum; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

|Kingdom| |of| |Thrace|, |Kingdom| |of| |Thrace,| |Lysimachos,| |305| |-| |281| |B.C.,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||stater|
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.
SH48867. Gold stater, Mller 162; SNG Cop 1086 ff. var. (monogram), EF, weight 8.544 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Byzantion (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, posthumous, c. 250 - 150 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena seated left, Victory in extended right hand, resting left elbow on shield, monogram inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue ornamented with two small dolphins; extraordinary mint luster, high relief, nice style, fantastic coin!; SOLD


Byzantium, Thrace, c. 170 - 100 B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type

|Byzantion|, |Byzantium,| |Thrace,| |c.| |170| |-| |100| |B.C.,| |Restoration| |of| |Lysimachos'| |Type||tetradrachm|
In the years following his death Alexander the Great came to be the subject of cult worship throughout the Mediterranean basin. His corpse was appropriated by Ptolemy I who transported it to Egypt, initially interring it at Memphis, then to a mausoleum and center of worship in Alexandria. It survived until the 4th century A.D. when Theodosius banned paganism, only to disappear without trace.
SH67479. Silver tetradrachm, Arslan-Lightfoot 731, Thompson -, Mller -, SNG -, Armenak Hoard -, Meydancikkale Hoard -, et al. -, VF, well centered, obv porous, small spots of silver oxide encrustation, weight 16.743 g, maximum diameter 32.5 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 170 - 100 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, left arm on shield decorated with Gorgoneion, transverse spear against right side, Nike crowning name in right, monogram left, BY on throne, trident left flanked by dolphins in exergue; very rare variant; SOLD


Byzantion, Thrace, 2nd - 1st Century B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos' Type, Portrait of Alexander the Great

|Byzantion|, |Byzantion,| |Thrace,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.,| |Restoration| |of| |Lysimachos'| |Type,| |Portrait| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||tetradrachm|
SH58093. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 1140, Choice EF, weight 16.635 g, maximum diameter 33.0 mm, die axis 0o, Byzantium (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 250 - 100 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great right, wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛΕΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name in right, herm facing inner left, BY on throne, trident in exergue; uncleaned with hoard patina!; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Arnold-Biucchi, C. "The Pergamene Mint under Lysimachos" in Studies Price.
Arslan, M. and C. Lightfoot. Greek Coin Hoards in Turkey. (Ankara, 1999).
Bloesch, H. Griechische Mnzen In Winterthur, Volume 1: Spain, Gaul, Italy, Sicily, Moesia, Dacia, Sarmatia, Thrace, and Macedonia. (Winterthur, 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Davesne, A. & G. Le Rider. Le trsor de Meydancikkale. (Paris, 1989).
Draganov, D. The Coinage of Cabyle. (Sofia, 1993).
Fischer-Bossert, W. "Die Lysimachaeier des Skostokos" in RBN CLI (2005).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. II: Macedon, Thrace, Thessaly, NW, central & S. Greece. (London, 1924).
Grueber, H. A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Ionia. (London, 1892).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Lorber, C. "The Goats of 'Aigai'" in pour Denyse.
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Mller, L. Numismatique d'Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Mller, L. Die Mnzen Des Thracishen Konigs Lysimacus. (Copenhagen, 1858).
Olcay, N., and Seyrig, H. Trsors montaires sleucides. I: Le trsor de Mektepini en Phrygie. (Paris, 1965).
Peter, U. Die Mnzen der Thrakischen Dynasten (5-3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.). (Berlin, 1997).
Price, M. J. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
Poole, R. S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Seyrig, H. "Monnaies Hellnistiques de Byzance et de Calcdoine" in Essays Robinson.
Seyrig, H. "Parion au 3e sicle avant notre re" in Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society. (New York, 1958).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnzsammlung Universitt Tbingen, Part 2: Taurische Chersones-Korkyra. (Berlin, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia...Posthumous Lysimachus, Alexander tetradrachms. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Cabinet des Mdailles, Bibliothque Nationale. (Paris, 1993 - 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
Thompson, M. "The Mints of Lysimachus," in Essays Robinson.
Topalov, S. Ancient Thrace: Contributions to the Study of the Early Thracian Tribal Coinage and its Relations to the Coinage of the Odrysians...6th-4th C. B.C. (Sophia, 2003).
Youroukova, Y. The Coins of the Ancient Thracians. (Oxford, 1976).
Zograph, A. N. Ancient Coinage, Part II: Ancient Coins of the Northern Black Sea Littoral. (Oxford, 1977).

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