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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Thrace & Moesia| ▸ |Marcianopolis||View Options:  |  |  | 

Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

Renamed by Trajan after his sister, Ulpia Marciana, Marcianopolis was an important strategic center, part of Roman Thrace until c. 190, and then belonged to Moesia inferior. Marcianopolis' prosperity was ended by Gothic raids in 248 and 249, another in 267 or 268, and other barbarian invasions from the north. The city recovered and under Diocletian Marcianopolis became the center of the province Moesia Secunda of the Diocese of Thrace, and was thoroughly rebuilt in the late 3rd and early 4th century. During Valens' conflict with the Goths (366 - 369), Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city of Thrace. In 447, it was destroyed by the Huns under Attila, immediately after the bloody Battle of the Utus River. Justinian I restored and fortified it, but it was subject to regular barbarian attacks. An Avar raid finally destroyed it in 614 or 615.

Macrinus and Diadumenian, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Macrinus| |and| |Diadumenian,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice, and skill. Her usual attribute is the owl and Nike is her frequent companion.
RP92889. Bronze pentassarion, Varbanov I 1170b corr. (R3, same dies, leg. description wrong); H-J Marcianopolis 6.24.4.8 (R5); AMNG I/I 734; BMC Thrace p. 32, 30; Moushmov 537, F, excellent portraits, brown toned surfaces with areas of green and brassy high points, weight 11.169 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Pontianus; obverse AVT K M OΠEΛ CEV MAKREINOC K M OΠE ANTΩNINOC, laureate head of Macrinus right facing bare head of Diadumenian left; reverse VΠ ΠONTIANOV MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN (AP ligate), Athena standing left, wearing helmet, aegis and long chiton, owl in extended right hand, inverted spear vertical behind in left hand, E (mark of value) right; $41.51 (38.19)


Macrinus and Diadumenian, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Macrinus| |and| |Diadumenian,| |11| |April| |217| |-| |8| |June| |218| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
On 8 June 218, at the Battle of Antioch, Elagabalus and the Syrian legions defeated the forces of Macrinus. Macrinus fled, but was captured near Chalcedon and later executed in Cappadocia. Diadumenian, son of Macrinus, attempted to escape to the Parthian court, but was captured at Zeugma and also put to death.
MA92892. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.24.46.5 (R5), Varbanov I 1218 (R5), AMNG I -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, brown tone with brassy high points, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, spots of light corrosion, central depressions, weight 14.986 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Pontianus; obverse AVT K OΠEΛ CEY MAKPEINOC K M OΠEΛ ANTΩNEINOC, Laureate head of Macrinus right facing bare head of Diadumenian left; reverse YΠ PONTIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN (AP and ΩN ligate), tetrastyle temple, statue of Tyche-Forutuna within, standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, holding rudder on globe by tiller in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, pellet in pediment, E (mark of value) left; $17.55 (16.15)


Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Severus| |Alexander| |and| |Julia| |Mamaea,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
After her nephew Caracalla was murdered, Julia Maesa successfully used her ample funds to plot the overthrow the usurper Macrinus and place her grandson Elagabalus on the throne. The teenager was a disaster as emperor, scorning Roman values with religious and sexual scandals. She cleverly convinced Elagabalus to adopt her other grandson, Alexander, as his heir. Shortly after Elagabalus and his mother were murdered by the Praetorian Guard, dragged through the streets and thrown into the Tiber. Through it all, Maesa held the power behind the throne.
MA92891. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.34.8.1 (R6), Varbanov 1824 (R5), Moushmov 740, AMNG I -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, Mionnet -, Mionnet Supp. -, F, well centered on a tight flan, brown tone with areas of thin green patina and brassy high points, central depressions, weight 12.231 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 45o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, Umbrius Terebentinus, 225 - 229 A.D.; obverse AYT K M AYP CEVH ALEXANDROC IOYΛIA MAMAIA, confronting busts of Elagabalus, on left, laureate and draped, and Julia Maesa, on right, diademed and draped; reverse HΓ OVM TEPEBENTINOV MAPKIANOΠOΛEI,TΩN (OV ligate, TΩN in exergue), Dionysos standing facing, head left, nude but for boots and chlamys over left arm, pouring wine from kantharos with right hand, thyrsus in left hand, panther left at feet on left, E (mark of value) right; only two sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades, this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; scarce; $25.25 (23.23)


Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Caracalla| |and| |Julia| |Domna,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
Apollo is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in ancient Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology. The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun, truth and prophecy, healing, plague, music, poetry, and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis.
MA92887. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.7.6 (R5), Varbanov I 1001 (R4), AMNG I 663, Moushmov 470, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, F, brown tone with brassy high points, broad flan, edge crack, central depressions, weight 12.263 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOΛIA ∆OMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEIT,ΩN (the last two letters flanking low across field), Apollo standing facing, head right, nude, right hand on head, holding bow and arrow in left hand, serpent entwined column on right, E (mark of value) in left field; only one sale of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades, this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; $56.00 (51.52) ON RESERVE










REFERENCES|

Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Hristova, N. & G. Jekov. The Local Coinage of the Roman Empire - Moesia Inferior, I - III c. A.D., Marcianopolis. (Blagoevgrad, 2006).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Pick, B. & K. Regling. Die antiken Mnzen von Dacien und Moesien. AMNG I/I. (Berlin, 1898).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Mnchen Staatlische Mnzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersones. Sarmatien. Dacia. Moesia superior. Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hungary, Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Mzeum, III: Moesia inferior. (Milan, 2000).
Varbanov, Ivan. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume I: Dacia, Moesia Superior & Moesia Inferior. (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 11, 2020.
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