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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Egypt||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Egypt

From Augustus' conquest until Diocletian's monetary reforms, Egypt maintained a separate currency. Hoard evidence indicates that when crossing into Egypt all imperial coinage had to be exchanged for Egyptian and when leaving all Egyptian coinage had to be exchanged for imperial coinage. Coins are dated according to the Egyptian year which began on 29 August, or 30 August following a leap year. The Egyptian tetradrachm was officially valued at one denarius.

Carinus, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Carinus,| |First| |Half| |283| |-| |Spring| |285| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|NEW
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
RX93110. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4667; Curtis 1929; Geissen 3172; Dattari 5576; BMC Alexandria p. 317, 2448; Kampmann 115.3; Emmett 4012, VF, well centered, flow lines, light corrosion, slightly ragged edge, weight 6.239 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, as caesar, 29 Aug 282 - first half 283 A.D.; obverse AK M A KAPINOC K, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse Tyche standing left, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, LA (year 1) above left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 (€55.20)
 


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||obol|NEW
In 127 A.D., Hadrian, acting on the advice of his proconsul of Asia, Gaius Minicius Fundanus, determined that Christians shall not be put to death without a trial.
RX92542. Bronze obol, RPC Online III 5681; Geissen 961; Dattari 1915; Milne 1236; BMC Alexandria p. 104, 894; SNG Cop 337; Kampmann 32.436; Emmett 1149/11 (R1), aVF, partial green patina, obverse edge beveled, porous, many tiny edge splits, weight 5.184 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse two cornucopias, upright tops curving outward, overflowing with fruits, LIA (year 11) between; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 (€64.40)
 


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Dikaiosyne is the Greek personification of justice and fair dealing. One of the most common reverse types of Alexandria, she always holds scales and a cornucopia.
RX93103. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 3127; Dattari 5527; Milne 4521; SNG Cop 913; SNG Milan 2044; BMC Alexandria p. 313, 2412; Kampmann 112.7; Emmett 3979/2 (R1), VF, nice portrait and reverse style, well centered, flow lines, dark tone, porosity, die wear, weight 6.770 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 276 - 28 Aug 277 A.D.; obverse A K M AVP ΠPOBOC CEB, laureate bust right; reverse Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, date LB (year 2) left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $60.00 (€55.20)
 


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
RX93113. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 3230; Dattari 5755; Milne 4821; Curtis 2025; SNG Cop 985; BMC Alexandria p. 314, 2523; Kampmann 119.37; Emmett 4182/3 (R1), F, centered on a tight flan, weight 7.447 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 286 - 28 Aug 287 A.D.; obverse A K Γ OYA ∆IOKΛHTIANOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Tyche standing left, rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, LΓ (year 3) right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $40.00 (€36.80)
 


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Salonina,| |Augusta| |254| |-| |c.| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Dikaiosyne is the Greek personification of justice and fair dealing. One of the most common reverse types of Alexandria, she always holds scales and a cornucopia.
RX93395. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 2974; Dattari 5328; SNG Cop 811; SNG Milan 1819; Milne 4113; BMC Alexandria p. 292, 2246; Kampmann 91.39; Emmett 3848/13 (R1), VF, dark patina, porous, obverse off center on a broad flan, die wear, small edge split, weight 8.841 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 265 - 28 Aug 266 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, date LIΓ (year 13) upper left, palm frond right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (€46.00)
 


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Gallienus,| |August| |253| |-| |September| |268| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
In 258, Gallienus issued a second Imperial edict which prohibited Christianity. This edict divided Christians into four categories: priests, who were to be put to death; senators and equestrians, who were to be stripped of their positions and their property confiscated; nuns, who were to be exiled; and imperial civil servants, who were to be condemned to forced labor.
RX94152. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 2896; Dattari 5220; Milne 3986; BMC Alexandria p. 289, 2220; Kampmann 90.25; Emmett 3728/5 (R1): SNG Cop -, aVF, obverse slightly off center, corrosion, small edge cracks, weight 8.776 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 270o, Alexandria mint, 29 Sep 257 - 28 Sep 258 A.D.; obverse A K Π ΛI OY ΓAΛΛIHNOC EV EVC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse eagle standing left, wings closed, head turned back right, wreath in beak, date L - E (year 5) across fields; $36.00 (€33.12)
 


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||dichalkon|
The Hemhem crown, also known as the triple Atef crown, was symbol of Pharaonic power and authority credited with magical abilities that would protect Egypt from any enemy. It originated during the 18th dynasty was first seen in an image of the pharaoh Akhenaten in a tomb at Amarna. A Hemhem crown is worn Tutankhamen on the back of the gilded throne discovered in his tomb. No examples of this type of crown are known to have survived.
RX94981. Bronze dichalkon, Geissen 643; BMC Alexandria p. 68, 561; Milne 710; SNG Cop 265; SRCV II 3320; Kampmann 27.574; Emmett 707/7 (R5); Dattari -, VF, green patina, earthen deposits, bumps, marks, irregular flan shape. reverse edge beveled, weight 1.631 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 113 - 28 Aug 114 A.D.; obverse no legend, laureate head right; reverse no legend, Hemhem crown, L I-Z (year 17) in lower field flanking ram horns; from the Ray Nouri Collection; $80.00 (€73.60)
 


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Ptolemy Soter integrated Egyptian religion with that of the Hellenic rulers by creating Serapis, a deity that would win the reverence of both groups. This was despite the curses of the Egyptian priests against the gods of previous foreign rulers (i.e Set who was lauded by the Hyksos). Alexander the Great had attempted to use Amun for this purpose, but Amum was more prominent in Upper Egypt, and not as popular in Lower Egypt, where the Greeks had stronger influence. The Greeks had little respect for animal-headed figures, and so an anthropomorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis. It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force). Ptolemy's efforts were successful - in time Serapis was held by the Egyptians in the highest reverence above all other deities, and he was adored in Athens and other Greek cities.
RX92602. Billon tetradrachm, RPC Online III 4883; Geissen 223; Dattari 686; Milne 742; SNG Cop 269; BMC Alexandria p. 45, 370; Kampmann 27.627; Emmett 391/19 (R1), VF, well centered, porous/rough, corrosion, weight 10.969 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 115 - 28 Aug 116 A.D.; obverse AYT TPAIAN API CEB ΓEPM ∆AKIK ΠAP, radiate bust right, star lower right; reverse bust of Serapis right, wearing taenia and kalathos, LI - Θ (year 19) across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 (€92.00)
 


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Claudius| |II| |Gothicus,| |September| |268| |-| |August| |or| |September| |270| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
In 270, the Empire suffered an economic crisis due to usurpations, partition of the empire, invasions, and sackings of the countryside and cities. Agricultural and industrial productions were significantly decreased, and mines went unused. A monetary crisis ensued. Inflation was up to 1,000% in some areas of the empire.
RX93095. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 3027; Milne 4265; SNG Cop 850; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2332; Dattari 5415; Kampmann 104.17; Emmett 3878/2 (R1), VF, nice portrait, flow lines, tight flan, spots of corrosion, small edge splits, weight 8.592 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 269 - 28 Aug 270 A.D.; obverse AVT K KLAV∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right from behind; reverse eagle standing right, head turned back left, filleted wreath in beak, L - B (year 2) divided across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 (€82.80)
 


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

|Roman| |Egypt|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Roman| |Provincial| |Egypt||tetradrachm|
Dikaiosyne is the Greek personification of justice and fair dealing. One of the most common reverse types of Alexandria, she always holds scales and a cornucopia.
RX96896. Billon tetradrachm, RPC Online T10298; Geissen 2429; Dattari 4292; Milne 2951; Curtis 1059; SNG Cop 628; BMC Alexandria p. 208, 1617; Emmett 3096/5 (R1), Choice aVF, nice portrait, porosity, slightly off center, spots of corrosion on reverse edge, tiny edge cracks, weight 12.728 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 225 - 28 Aug 226 A.D.; obverse A KAI MAP AYP CEY AΛEΞAN∆POC EV, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse Dikaiosyne (Aequitas) standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, L E (year 5) upper left; $130.00 (€119.60)
 




  






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