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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Numismatics| ▸ |Mint Errors||View Options:  |  |  | 

Mint Errors

Ancient coins dies were hand engraved and the coins were hand struck. Significant variation is normal and errors, including spelling errors, off center strikes, double strikes, etc. usually decrease, not increase, the value of ancient coins. On this page we will list only the more unusual errors, beyond those ordinarily expected.

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D., Brockage

|Mint| |Errors|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.,| |Brockage||centenionalis|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
MA96589. Billon centenionalis, Brockage, aF, centered, rough, weight 1.863 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, obverse FL VAL CONSTANT[....], diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse incuse of obverse; $16.80 (16.97)


Julia Titi, Augusta c. 79 - 89 A.D., Unpublished Mule

|Julia| |Titi|, |Julia| |Titi,| |Augusta| |c.| |79| |-| |89| |A.D.,| |Unpublished| |Mule||dupondius|
This coin is an extremely rare apparently unpublished mule of two very similar rare varieties from the same issue. This coin has the obverse of RIC II-1 T395 with Julia's hair in a coiled bun at the back. That type has the reverse legend CONCORDIA AVG. The obverse of RIC II-1 T394, with this CONCORD AVGVST reverse legend, has a different portrait with a smaller bun lower on the back of her head.
RB110098. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II-1 T395/394 (R/R2); BnF III T268/T269; cf. Cohen I 3 (CONCORDIA AVG); Hunter I 5 (same); SRCV I 2616 (CONCORDIA AVG); BMCRE II -, aF, green patina, weight 10.442 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, struck under Titus, 80 - 81 A.D.; obverse IVLIA IMP T AVG F AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair piled high in the front, coiled in a bun at the back; reverse CONCORD AVGVST, Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Shawn Caza Collection, ex Kunst-und Antikmarkt Am Hof (Vienna, Austria); this coin is an extremely rare apparently unpublished mule of two very similar rare varieties from the same issue; zero sales of this mule type are recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; extremely rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $160.00


German States, City of Stralsund, 1538

|Germany|, |German| |States,| |City| |of| |Stralsund,| |1538||schilling|
Stralsund began as a fishing village called Strale or Stralow, from the Polabian Slav word for "arrow," which explains why the city's coat of arms is an arrowhead and cross.
WO92115. Silver schilling, Saurma 4999 (normal date), gF, toned, uneven strike; engraving error: the 38 is reversed to 83, weight 1.102 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, Stralsund mint, 1538; obverse 83 (sic!, 38 reversed) MONETANOVASVNDE (new money shilling), city arms: arrowhead with socket mount; reverse DEVSINNOMTVOSALV: (God, in your name, save us), cross patte, S in one quadrant; ex Mnzenhdl. Brom (Berlin); we looked and could not find another specimen with the date reversed; very rare; $150.00 SALE PRICE $120.00


Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266, Reverse Brockage

|Sicily|, |Kingdom| |of| |Sicily,| |Manfred| |von| |Hohenstaufen,| |1258| |-| |1266,| |Reverse| |Brockage||denaro|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred.
ME95079. Billon denaro, Spahr 215, MEC Italy III 616, MIR 10 484 (R, Manfredonia), Travaini 81,, VF, brockage mint error, typical small squared flan, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 0.428 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, Messina mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse incuse of the reverse; the normal type is: MAYNFRID, Ω over M; reverse REX SICILIE, two intersecting crosses; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C., Overstrike

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.,| |Overstrike||prutah|
This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint.
JD97426. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6185b, Meshorer TJC T1, Meshorer AJC I; undertype Hendin 6184 (Jannaeus, lily/anchor), VF, both undertype and overtype off center, dark patina, highlighting light earthen deposits, weight 1.589 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription in classic style: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath, struck over lily; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns, struck over anchor; from an Israeli collection; $80.00 SALE PRICE $64.00


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.

In his will, his father named his younger brother king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a share of the kingdom. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD98793. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6228; Meshorer TJC 72; Meshorer AJC 5; SNG ANS 243; RPC Online I 4916; BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, VF, brockage, scratches, green patina, weight 1.070 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPω (counterclockwise from below, Greek: of Herod), prow of war galley left; reverse incuse of obverse (brockage, normal reverse: EΘN (Greek: Ethnarch), surrounded by wreath); from an Israeli collection; $140.00 SALE PRICE $112.00


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect Under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |Under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.||prutah|
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72795. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 333g; Sofaer 49; Hendin 6371d, Fair, rough, reverse edge beveled, weight 1.966 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem (or unofficial?) mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (retrograde, counterclockwise), lituus (augural wand) curving left (reversed from the normal); reverse LIς in wreath; very rare; $400.00 SALE PRICE $320.00


FORVM The First Jewish Revolt 66 - 70 AD

|First| |Jewish| |Revolt|, |FORVM| |The| |First| |Jewish| |Revolt| |66| |-| |70| |AD||prutah|
In 69 A.D., Vespasian began to lay siege to Jerusalem, the city was captured the following year by his son Titus. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.
JD97732. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6392; Meshorer TJC 204; SNG ANS 446; Sofaer pl. 223, 31, gF, nice patina, off center, tight flan, obverse edge beveled, chisel cut from misplaced first attempt to remove pre-strike casting sprue, weight 2.511 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 210o, Jerusalem mint, year 3, 68 - 69 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew: Year three, amphora with fluted body, narrow neck, broad rim, two handles, and conical fluted lid decorated with tiny globule at peak and row of tiny globules around edge; reverse Paleo-Hebrew: The freedom of Zion, vine leaf on small branch with tendril; $100.00 SALE PRICE $80.00


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 104 - 76 B.C., Overstrike

|Alexander| |Jannaeus|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Alexander| |Jannaeus| |(Yehonatan),| |104| |-| |76| |B.C.,| |Overstrike||prutah|
This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint.
JD97681. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6185b, Meshorer TJC T1, Meshorer AJC I; undertype Hendin 6184 (Jannaeus, lily/anchor), aVF, highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 2.688 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath, struck over lily; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns, struck over anchor; from an Israeli collection; $90.00 SALE PRICE $72.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Provincial Bronze Brockage

|Elagabalus|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Provincial| |Bronze| |Brockage||AE| |21|
A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. Click here to read a detailed explanation.
ER62248. Bronze AE 21, Brockage, VF, weight 5.289 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, Provincial mint, obverse AYT K M AYPH − ANTΩNINOC, laureate head right, bare shoulders from behind; reverse incuse of the obverse; SOLD











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