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Michael II the Amorian, 25 December 820 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Joint rule with Theophilus (his son), from 12 May 821 (or 1 June 822).
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose iconoclasm probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian help, he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs still occupied Crete and initiated an invasion of Sicily.
NEW Anastasi identifies larger examples of this type as folles (Anastasi 513) and smaller examples (Anastasi 514) as half folles. He states the "M" does not indicate the value, but rather is the initial of Michael II. Other references identify this smaller type as a follis. The type has numerous legend and small pellet "secret" control mark variations.BZ113805. Bronze follis, Anastasi 513c; DOC III-1 21; Morrisson BnF 31/Sy/AE/01; SBCV 1652, VF, dark patina, tight flan, rev. off center, weight 4.015 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829; obverse MIXA-HL - S ΘEOF (F upside down), facing crowned busts of Michael, on left with short beard and chlamys, and Theophilus, beardless with loros, pellet between their heads; reverse large M (Michael), cross above, Θ (Theophilus) below; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
Byzantine Empire, Michael VII Ducas, 24 October 1071 - 24 March 1078 A.D.
Cup-shaped coins were more difficult to mint than flat coins. Some scholars have theorized the cup shape was intended to distinguish debased denominations from purer types. Most likely, however, the public would have no trouble distinguishing the lower gold content. Perhaps the shape was just a style.SH94508. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III-2 2d; Morrisson BnF 55/Cp/AV/7; Wroth BMC 8; Ratto 2033; Sommer 55.2; SBCV 1868, Choice VF, well centered, flow lines, die wear, light scratches, weight 4.305 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 24 Oct 1071 - 24 Mar 1078 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ Pantocrator facing with long pointed beard, wearing nimbus cruciger, tunic & himation, right hand raised in benediction, Gospels in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking; reverse + MIXAHΛ RACIΛ O Δ, bearded bust of Michael facing, wearing loros with six jewels on collar and crown with pendilia, vexillum in right hand with pellet on shaft below hand, globus cruciger in left hand; from the Ray Nouri Collection; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Michael II and Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 2 October 829 A.D.
Michael II started his career as a humble soldier. Leo V's assassination while trying to impose iconoclasm probably taught Michael a lesson, as he chose to remain religiously neutral. With Bulgarian help, he defeated the usurper Thomas, who with his Arab allies even besieged Constantinople for one year. Even after the rebellion was crushed, the Arabs still occupied Crete and initiated an invasion of Sicily.SH83906. Gold tremissis, Morrisson BnF 31/Cp/AV/2 corr. (solidi); Anastasi 511; DOC III 18 (not in collection, refs BnF); SBCV 1650; Wroth BMC -; Sommer -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, EF, tight flan, weight 1.275 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 821 - 829 A.D.; obverse MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing bust of Michael, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse ΘE-OFILO b, bearded facing bust of Theophilus, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, cross potent in right hand, cross in right field; from the Robert Watcher Collection, ex Savoca Numismatik; very rare; SOLD
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