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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Crusaders||View Options:  |  |  |   

Coins of the Crusaders

The crusades were military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. The origin of the word may be traced to the cross made of cloth and worn as a badge on the outer garment of those who took part in these enterprises. The Crusader states were a number of mostly 12th and 13th century feudal states created by Western European crusaders in Sicily, Greece, Asia Minor, and the Holy Land, and during the Northern Crusades in the eastern Baltic area. Politics were complicated, including a Christian alliance with the Islamic Sultanate of Rûm during the Fifth Crusade. The Crusaders ravaged the countries they marched through, killed 8,000 Jews in the Rhineland in the first of Europe's pogroms, devastated the Mediterranean ports, fought amongst themselves as much as the "Infidel" and fleeced their subjects to fill their coffers. Murder and massacre in the service of the Gospel was commonplace. Seventy thousand civilians were butchered in the sack of Jerusalem. The end came in 1291 with the fall of Acre, the last Christian stronghold in the Holy Land. Near East 1135

Tre Monete Indite Dei Cavalieri Di San Giovanni A Rodi

|Crusaders|, |Tre| |Monete| |Indite| |Dei| |Cavalieri| |Di| |San| |Giovanni| |A| |Rodi|
Three new coins of the Knights of St. John in Rhodes. Excerpt from Ticino journals of numismatics and classical antiquities, Lugano, 1983 - Vol XII.
BL16808. Tre Monete Indite Dei Cavalieri Di San Giovanni A Rodi, Francesco Mannucci, reprinted 1983, in Italian, 6 pages; $.40 (€.38)

Crusaders, County of Edessa, Baldwin II, Second Reign, 1108 - 1118

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |County| |of| |Edessa,| |Baldwin| |II,| |Second| |Reign,| |1108| |-| |1118||follis|NEW
Baldwin II was Count of Edessa from 1100 to 1118, and King of Jerusalem from 1118 until his death. He accompanied his cousins Godfrey of Bouillon and Baldwin of Boulogne to the Holy Land during the First Crusade. In 1098 the unpopular and childless ruler of Edessa, Toros, invited the aid of the crusader Baldwin de Boulogne, adopted him as his son and appointed him co-regent. A month later, Toros was dethroned and executed. Edessa was the first state created by the crusaders, on 10 March 1098, and was also the first to fall. On 3 November 1146, Edessa was conquered by Nur-ad-Din Mahmud.
CR113824. Bronze follis, cf. Metcalf Crusades pl. 7, 112; Malloy Crusaders p. 245, 10a (R); Schlumberger pl. I, 9; Porteous 9; Wäckerlin 172, aVF, uneven strike with weak areas, light deposits, weight 4.246 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Edessa (Urfa, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, 1110 - 1118; obverse BAΓΔOIN (blundered), Count Baldwin II, dressed in chain-armor and conical helmet, standing front, head to left, holding cross in his right hand and placing his left on the hilt of his sword; reverse cross fleuronnée with scroll at base with pelleted wedges in angles; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 26 (8 July 2023), lot 5988; first specimen of the type handled by FORVM; rare; $130.00 (€122.20)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, Guy II de La Roche, 1287 - 1308

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |Guy| |II| |de| |La| |Roche,| |1287| |-| |1308||denier|NEW
Guy II de la Roche was the Duke of Athens from 1287, the last duke of his family. He succeeded as a minor on the death of his father, William I, at a time when the duchy of Athens had exceeded the Principality of Achaea in wealth, power, and importance. Guy was originally under the tutorship and regency of his mother, Helena Angelina Komnene, who was forced to make submission to Isabella of Villehardouin. In 1299, Guy was engaged to Matilda, daughter of Isabella and and her husband, Florent of Hainaut. Charles objected, as his permission had not been sought, but Pope Boniface VIII intervened on the young couple's behalf. In 1307, Guy was made bailli of Achaea by its new prince, Philip I of Taranto. He governed well, but for barely a year. He died, 5 October 1308, at the age of twenty-eight, but was respected and renowned for his chivalry and manners.Frankokratia_Map
CR113826. Billon denier, Metcalf Crusades pl. 42, 1078 (also no stops); Malloy Crusaders p. 388, 96, Choice VF, well centered, dark tone, clashed dies, encrustations, edge splits, weight 0.887 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 315o, Thebes mint, majority, 1294 - 1308; obverse +GVI DVX ATENES (no stops), cross pattée within inner border; reverse ThEBAHI CIVIS (no stops), castle tournois, surmounted by cross dividing legend, pierced mullet (heraldic six-pointed star-shaped spur rowel) below; ex Fritz Rudolf Künker auction 390 (24 Jun 2023), lot 3432 (part of); $140.00 (€131.60)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond III, 1163 - 1201

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Bohemond| |III,| |1163| |-| |1201||denier|NEW
Bohemond III of Antioch, also known as the Stammerer or the Stutterer, was Prince of Antioch from 1163 to his death. He was a son of Constance of Antioch by her first husband Raymond of Poitiers. His name is sometimes spelled Bohemund. As a child, Bohemond III's mother ruled as regent. Then her second husband Raynald of Châtillon ruled as Prince of Antioch until he was captured. Bohemond was then of legal age to succeed, but Constance refused. King Baldwin III of Jerusalem intervened and declared Bohemond ruler of the principality. Constance asked the he Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia to help her keep rule, but the citizens of Antioch rioted. She was exiled, Bohemond took control, and she died later that year.1165_Map
CR113828. Billon denier, cf. Malloy Crusaders p. 215, 66, Choice VF, centered, toned, slight double strike, weight 0.898 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 270o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1163 - 1201; obverse + BOAIIVIIDVS (O with pellet in center, A with annulets, M and N unbarred, S with pellets), bust left wearing helmet and chain-mail, chain mail of downward crescents, cross on helmet, crescent left horns upward, five pointed star right; reverse +AIITIOCHIA (squared A's with annulets, N and H unbarred, plain C), cross pattée, crescent horn inward in upper right quadrant, dotted inner border; ex Fritz Rudolf Künker auction 390 (24 Jun 2023), lot 3432 (part of); $120.00 (€112.80)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Tancred, Regent, March 1101 - May 1103 and Late 1104 - December 1112

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Tancred,| |Regent,| |March| |1101| |-| |May| |1103| |and| |Late| |1104| |-| |December| |1112||follis|NEW
Tancred, a Norman leader of the 1st Crusade, became Prince of Galilee and regent of the Principality of Antioch when his uncle Bohemund was taken prisoner. He later took the County of Edessa when Baldwin II was captured, but Baldwin was released, defeated him and took it back. Tancred was made regent of Antioch again when Bohemund went to Europe to recruit more Crusaders. Tancred refused to honor a treaty in of fealty to the Byzantine Emperor, making Antioch independent, and ruled until his death in a typhoid epidemic.
CR112964. Bronze follis, cf. Metcalf Crusades pl. 4, 70 (also overstruck on Tacred's 1st type); Malloy Crusaders p. 199, 4a, F, overstruck Tancred's 1st type, cut hexagon flan, off center, weight 45.331 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1104 - 1112 A.D.; obverse bearded facing bust of Tancred, wearing turban and chain armor, sword in right hand; reverse cross pommee, fleuronnée at base, IC - XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ Conquers) in angles; $40.00 (€37.60)

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Raymond of Poitiers 1136 - 1149 A.D.

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Principality| |of| |Antioch,| |Raymond| |of| |Poitiers| |1136| |-| |1149| |A.D.||AE| |16|NEW
Raymond of Poitiers was Prince of Antioch from 1136 to 1149. He was the younger son of William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and his wife Philippa, Countess of Toulouse, born in the very year that his father the Duke began his infamous liaison with Dangereuse de Chatelherault.
CR113210. Bronze AE 16, Malloy Crusaders p. 203, 17; Metcalf pl. 18, 462; Schlumberger pl. 2, 19, VF, dark patina, tight flan as usual, weight 0.715 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 90o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1136 - 1149 A.D.; obverse R A M in ornamental style within a triangular pattern; reverse AN/TIOC/HIE in three lines; very rare; $300.00 (€282.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Duchy of Athens, Florentine Dukes(?), 1388 - 1394 A.D.

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Duchy| |of| |Athens,| |Florentine| |Dukes(?),| |1388| |-| |1394| |A.D.||denier| |tournois|NEW
This type has been attributed to the "Florentine Dukes of Athens," members of the Acciaioli family, an important Italian noble family from Florence, who ruled Athens, 1388 - 1394. This rare copper type imitated the billon denier tournois types of Guy II de la Roche, struck 1294 - 1308.
CR113213. Copper denier tournois, cf. Malloy Crusaders 105 (R), aVF, uneven strike with weak areas, obv. a little off center, porosity, ragged edge with small splits, weight 0.396 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 135o, Athens mint, 1388 - 1394 A.D. (or later); obverse +GVI DVX ATENIS (or similar), cross pattée; reverse ThEBANI CIVS (or similar), castle tournois, surmounted by cross dividing legend; first example of this type handled by Forum; only one specimen on Coins Archives (and perhaps misattributed); rare; $110.00 (€103.40)

Crusaders, County of Edessa, Joscelin I de Courtenay, 1119 - 1131

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |County| |of| |Edessa,| |Joscelin| |I| |de| |Courtenay,| |1119| |-| |1131||follis|NEW
R. Pesant in "Three Additional Folles Presumably of Joscelyn of Edessa" in NumCirc 100/9 (Nov 1992), pp. 302 - 303, attributed very similar coins to Joscelin I de Courtenay, count of Edessa. He read the inscription in the angles of the cross as corrupt Latin naming Joscelyn. The legend and attribution remain less than certain.
BZ113807. Bronze follis, see Pesant NumCirc 1992 p. 302 - 303 (for similar types); Metcalf Crusades -; Malloy Crusaders -; Wäckerlin -, Porteous -, aVF, crude, irregularly shaped flan, weight 5.211 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Mesopotamia, Edessa (Urfa, Sanliurfa, Turkey) mint, c. 1119 - 1131; obverse nimbate and crowned bust of a Saint facing, gospels in his right hand, cross in his left hand; reverse large cross with uncertain legend in angles; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 26 (8-13 Jul 2023), lot 5993; ex European collection formed before 2005; extremely rare; $1350.00 (€1269.00)

Crusaders, Frankish Greece, Principality of Achaea, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1289

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |Frankish| |Greece,| |Principality| |of| |Achaea,| |Charles| |II| |of| |Anjou,| |1285| |-| |1289||denier| |tournois|NEW
Charles II succeeded his father, Charles I, in Achaea as well as Sicily (now reduced to the Kingdom of Naples), but he was a prisoner in Aragonese hands. In the interim, the rule of Achaea devolved upon a series of baillis chosen from the Morean nobility. Not long after his release and coronation in 1289, he granted the Principality to Isabelle of Villehardouin upon her marriage with Florent of Hainaut, in part to redress the greedy application of the Treaty of Viterbo at William's death. However, he retained feudal overlordship over the Principality, and his grant provided that neither Isabelle nor any daughter who was her heir might marry without his consent.Charles_II_of_Anjou
CR113764. Billon denier tournois, Malloy Crusaders p. 360, 12 (S); Metcalf Crusades pl. 39, 942; Tzamalis Frankish KA101; Schlumberger XII 17, Choice VF, well centered, toned, edge cracks, weight 0.947 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 270o, Clarentza mint, 1285 -1289; obverse + • K•R•PRINC ACh• (curly foot R = Clarentza mint), cross pattée within inner border; reverse :DE: CLARENCIA (colons indicate double x stops, DE probably abbreviates denarius, curly foot R = Clarentza mint), castle tournois surmounted by cross dividing legend; scarce; $150.00 (€141.00) ON RESERVE

Crusaders, County of Edessa, Joscelin I de Courtenay or Joscelin II, 1119 - 1150

|Crusaders|, |Crusaders,| |County| |of| |Edessa,| |Joscelin| |I| |de| |Courtenay| |or| |Joscelin| |II,| |1119| |-| |1150||follis|NEW
R. Pesant in "Folles of Doubtful Attribution to Joscelyn de Courtenay, Count of Edessa" in NumCirc 93 (Jul-Aug 1985), pp. 101, attributed this type to Joscelin I or II. Metcalf notes, "The discovery of a few more specimens, clearly related to the first, has reinforced the proposed attribution."
BZ113787. Bronze follis, Pesant NumCirc 1985, 3; Metcalf Crusades p. 38; Malloy Crusaders -; Wäckerlin -, VF, harshly cleaned, crude as usual, irregularly shaped ragged flan, weight 2.475 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, Mesopotamia, Edessa (Urfa, Sanliurfa, Turkey) mint, 1119 - 1150; obverse nimbate bust of Christ Pantocrator facing, holding book of Gospels in his right hand; reverse IEVSEΛIN (or similar, blundered), traces of legend around large Cross in pellet circle; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 26 (8-13 Jul 2023), lot 5992; ex European collection formed before 2005; very rare; $800.00 (€752.00)



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