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Judean Kingdom

Coins of Judaea and Palestine are also presented in our Judean and Biblical catalog section. Here coins of the Judaea Kingdom are grouped together and listed from highest price to lowest. In our Judean and Biblical catalog section coins are organized by types and rulers and are presented with additional historical information and biblical references.

Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
The classical style Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows: YHW(HH)NN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) G/DL (high) H (the) (HH)BR (council) / H (the) YDH/YM (Jews, dalet and he reversed, second yod missing, mem blundered). See Reading Judean Coins in NumisWiki.
JD113050. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6172, Meshorer TJC B, Meshorer AJC N, HGC 10 625, Choice gVF, nice green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, complete inscription, some letters sloppily engraved, rev. edge beveled, weight 1.595 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
John Hyrcanus was the son of Simon the Maccabee and nephew of the folk hero Judah Maccabee, the hero of the Hanukkah story. Soon after Hyrcanus assumed power, the Seleukid kingdom marched on Jerusalem. Antiochus VII and Hyrcanus I negotiated a treaty that left Hyrcanus a vassal to the Syrian king. John Hyrcanus was the first Jewish ruler to issue coins in his own name.
JD113051. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6177, Meshorer TJC F, Meshorer AJC K, Sofaer 124 ff., HGC 10 631, VF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, obv. edge beveled, rev. off center, weight 2.299 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonanan the High Priest and Head of the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD113039. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 59c; Hendin 6219a; Sofaer 30; SNG ANS 206; BMC Palestine p. 224, 44; HGC 10 662, aVF, obv. off center but still near full legend, dark patina, light highlighting deposits, sprue cut, weight 1.468 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 225o, Jerusalem mint, 21 - 12 B.C.; obverse HPW BACI (Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), anchor; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, caduceus between horns, pellets above; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
Josephus writes that Herod the Great (father of Archelaus) was in Jericho at the time of his death. Just prior to this final trip to Jericho, Herod had placed a golden eagle over the Temple entrance. Perceived as blasphemous, protesters chopped down the eagle with axes. Two teachers and approximately 40 youths were arrested for this act and immolated.
JD113042. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6216 (S); Meshorer TJC 55; Sofaer p. 259, 50; HGC 10 666 (S), F, green patina, earthen deposits, casting sprue, weight 0.935 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, Jerusalem mint, c. 27 - 24 B.C.; obverse HPΩΔOY BACIΛEΩΣ (Greek: of King Herod), tripod table with curved legs, shallow bowl or plate upon it; reverse crossed palm fronds in a circle; very scarce; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.||prutah|NEW
The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD113044. Bronze prutah, cf. Hendin 6226 (S); Meshorer TJC 71; RPC I 4915; BMC Palestine p. 231, 1, VF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, broad irregularly shaped flan, sprue remnants, weight 1.124 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse HPΩ (or similar, Greek: of Herod), double cornucopia, adorned with grapes, horns parallel tops to left; reverse EΘN/PAX (or similar, Greek: Ethnarch), war galley facing left with aphlaston, oars, and ram; scarce; $140.00 SALE PRICE $126.00


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
This type has a Greek letter A above the Paleo-Hebrew inscription. The inscription reads, from right to left, as follows: YHW(HH)NN (Yehohanan) / H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) G/DL (high) W (and) (HH)BR (council) H (the) / YHWDYM (Jews). See Reading |Judean |Coins in NumisWiki.
JD113046. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6171; Meshorer TJC A; Meshorer AJC M; SNG ANS 1139, Sofaer p. 242, 6; HGC 10 625, Choice gVF, full inscription and wreath, broad flan, green patina, highlighting deposits, rev. slightly off center, rev. edge beveled, small edge crack, weight 2.058 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Greek letter A above Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehohanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, all surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns, border of dots; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00 ON RESERVE


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows: YHW(HH)N/N (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) H (the) / GDL (high) H (the) (HH)BR (council) / H (the) YHD/YM (Jews). See Reading Judean Coins in NumisWiki.
JD113048. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6172, Meshorer TJC B, Meshorer AJC N, Sofaer 30 ff., HGC 10 626, Choice aVF, dark patina, highlighting earthen deposits, complete inscription with some letters obscure, scratches, rev. edge beveled, sprue cuts, weight 2.449 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD113035. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 59c; Hendin 6219a; Sofaer 30; SNG ANS 206; BMC Palestine p. 224, 44; HGC 10 662, Choice aVF, broad flan, full legend, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, sprue cuts, weight 1.620 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 21 - 12 B.C.; obverse HPW BACI (Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), anchor; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, caduceus between horns, pellets above; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

|Herod| |the| |Great|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |Herod| |the| |Great,| |37| |-| |4| |B.C.||prutah|NEW
Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD113037. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6219; Meshorer TJC 59b; BMC Palestine p. 225, 47; Sofaer 28; HGC 10 661; SNG ANS 206 var. (HPW BACI), Choice VF, complete legend, dark blue-green patina, light deposits, ragged sprue cuts, weight 1.145 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 21 - 12 B.C.; obverse HPW BACIΛ (Greek abbreviation: of King Herod), anchor; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, caduceus between horns, pellets above; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

|John| |Hyrcanus| |I|, |Judean| |Kingdom,| |John| |Hyrcanus| |I| |(Yehohanan),| |134| |-| |104| |B.C.||prutah|
This type is easily recognized because the wreath differs from all others and even appears to be a different plant. The script is "wedge style" with nun a simple vertical line.
JD111408. Bronze prutah, Hendin 6174, Meshorer TJC D, Meshorer AJC P, Sofaer 68 ff., HGC 10 628, VF, near full inscription but a bit carelessly engraved, light earthen deposits, mild porosity, obv. edge beveled, rev. off center, weight 2.235 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription with wedge style script: Yehonanan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse two cornucopias splayed outward, adorned with ribbons, pomegranate or poppy between the horns; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00




  






REFERENCES

Ariel, D. & J. Fontanille. The Coins of Herod: A Modern Analysis and Die Classification. (Leiden, 2012).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.com.
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 6th Edition. (Amphora, 2021).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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