Coins and Antiquities Consignment Shop
  Welcome Guest. Please login or register. All items are guaranteed authentic for eternity! Please call us if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business! Welcome Guest. Please login or register. Internet challenged? We are happy to take your order over the phone. Please call if you have questions 252-646-1958. Thanks for your business!

× Catalog Main Menu
Fine Coins Showcase

Recent Additions

Oct 18, 2019

Oct 17, 2019
Medieval & Modern Coins

Oct 16, 2019

Oct 15, 2019

Oct 14, 2019

Oct 13, 2019

Oct 12, 2019

Oct 11, 2019

Oct 10, 2019

Oct 09, 2019

Oct 08, 2019

Oct 07, 2019

Oct 05, 2019

Oct 04, 2019

Oct 03, 2019

Oct 02, 2019

Oct 01, 2019

Sep 30, 2019
Greek Coins

Sep 29, 2019

Sep 28, 2019
   View Categories
Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Greek Imperial| ▸ |Decapolis, Arabia & Syria||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins from the Decapolis, Syria and Arabia

The Decapolis means "the ten cities" in Greek, yet we don't really know how many cities there were, or where they were. In 106 A.D., under the Roman emperor Trajan, the Nabataean Kingdom and the cities of the Decapolis were incorporated into the newly established Provinces of Syria and Arabia.

Click here to read "The Decapolis of Jordan" by Rami G. Khouri


Gadara, Decapolis, 64 - 63 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
This type and another similar anonymous year one of Rome type, have traditionally been attributed to Gadara. In 64/3 BC Roman troops under Pompey "liberated" the Greek cities conquered by the Judaean king Alexander Jannaeus. Pompey personally supervised reconstruction in Gadara. Commemorating these events, Gadara established the year 64/3 B.C. as the beginning of a new Pompeian era, replacing the previous Seleukid era. Hoover says the attribution to Gadara is in error; that the fabric and style suggest a mint in southern Syria. For now, at least, we retain the traditional attribution.
RP91034. Bronze AE 23, Meshorer City-Coins 217, Spijkerman 1, Rosenberg IV 1, HGC 10 381 (S), RPC I -, aVF, weight 11.043 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 64 - 63 B.C.; obverse bust of Herakles left, draped with lion's skin, club on left shoulder, anepigraphic; reverse galley ram right, L A / PΩMHS (year 1 of Rome [Pompeian Era]) in two lines above, all within wreath; rare; $250.00 (€220.00)
 


Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Abila in Decapolis, Palaestina Secunda

Click for a larger photo
Abila was founded under the Seleucids, and was known for a time as Seleucia. It was later ruled by the Kingdom of Judaea. Under Rome it was included in the province Palaestina Secunda. The second-century geographer Ptolemy, in his Geography, lists 18 cities of the Decapolis and Coele-Syria. He adds Abila and eight others to Pliny's ten.
RP91006. Bronze AE 15, cf. RPC IV online T6509; Spijkerman 6; Rosenberger 5; Sofaer pl. 124, 8; SNG ANS -, F, scratches, corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 2.714 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abila in Decapolis (Quwaylibah, Jordan) mint, c. 161 - 163 A.D.; obverse ΦAYCTEINA CEBACTH, draped bust of Faustina II right; reverse CEΛEYK ABILA EKC (year 226), bunch of grapes hanging from vine; rare; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D., Abila, Decapolis

Click for a larger photo
Abila in the Decapolis, also known for a time as Seleucia, and ancient Raphana, is now called Quwaylibah, a site occupied by two tells (Tell al-Abila and Tell Umm al-Amad). Tell in Arabic means only "hill." The archaeological connotation of "hill of accumulated debris" in this case does not apply. The city was built over two natural hills on the left bank of Wadi ("valley") Qweilibeh, which is, in fact, delineated by hills and escarpments. The largest site is located amidst verdant agricultural fields near the modern Ain Quweilbeh spring. Roman temples, Byzantine churches and early mosques lie amidst olive groves and wheat fields.
RP91008. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online T6512 (3 spec.), Sofaer 10, Rosenberger IV 9, Spijkerman 9, SNG ANS -, VF, well centered, tight flan, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 9.675 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 45o, Abila in Decapolis (Quwaylibah, Jordan) mint, 162 - 163 A.D.; obverse AYT KAICAP Λ AYPOYHPΩC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse CE ABIΛHNW-N I A A I KOI CY (of the people of Seleucia Abila in Coele-Syria), nude Herakles seated left on rocks, right hand resting on grounded club, left hand on rocks behind, ϖKC (year 226) in exergue; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D., Abila, Decapolis

Click for a larger photo
Abila in the Decapolis, also known for a time as Seleucia, and ancient Raphana, is now called Quwaylibah, a site occupied by two tells (Tell al-Abila and Tell Umm al-Amad). Tell in Arabic means only "hill." The archaeological connotation of "hill of accumulated debris" in this case does not apply. The city was built over two natural hills on the left bank of Wadi ("valley") Qweilibeh, which is, in fact, delineated by hills and escarpments. The largest site is located amidst verdant agricultural fields near the modern Ain Quweilbeh spring. Roman temples, Byzantine churches and early mosques lie amidst olive groves and wheat fields.
RP91009. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online T6512 (3 spec.), Sofaer 10, Rosenberger IV 9, Spijkerman 9, SNG ANS -, VF, well centered on tight flan, sage green patina, earthen deposits, weight 11.291 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Abila in Decapolis (Quwaylibah, Jordan) mint, 162 - 163 A.D.; obverse AYT KAICAP Λ AYPOYHPΩC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse CE ABIΛHNW-N I A A I KOI CY (of the people of Seleucia Abila in Coele-Syria), nude Herakles seated left on rocks, right hand resting on grounded club, left hand on rocks behind, ϖKC (year 226) in exergue; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
 


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D., Antioch ad Hippum, Decapolis

Click for a larger photo
Hippos is an archaeological site located on a hill overlooking the Sea of Galilee in the Mt. Sussita National Park, Israel. Between the 3rd century B.C. and the 7th century A.D., Hippos was the site of a Greco-Roman city, which declined under Muslim rule and was abandoned after an earthquake in 749. Besides the fortified city itself, Hippos controlled two port facilities on the lake and an area of the surrounding countryside. Hippos was part of the Decapolis, or Ten Cities, a region in Roman Jordan, Syria and Israel that were culturally tied more closely to Greece and Rome than to the Semitic ethnoi around.
RP91033. Bronze AE 26, RPC IV Online T6576 (11 spec.); Spijkerman 19; Sofaer 13; SNG ANS 1139, VF, well centered, earthen deposits, scratches, tiny edge splits, weight 10.410 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, Hippos (Mt. Sussita National Park) mint, 7 Mar 161 - Feb 169 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI Λ AYPH-ΛIOC OYHPOC, laureate head right, slight drapery on far (left) shoulder; reverse ANTIO TΩ ΠP IΠ THC IEP K ACYΛOY, Tyche standing left, turreted, cornucopia in left hand, holding bridle of horse standing left on her far side; scarce; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Antioch, Roman Provincial Syria, c. 47 - 45 B.C., Cleopatra Countermark

Click for a larger photo
McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch, p. 74, note 25 says tetrachalkoi of this time, "...are frequently seen with a countermark on the obverse which was previously described as 'head of Apollo r. in an oval...it now seems likely that the countermark portrays Cleopatra, and was used to mark coins circulating in the Syro-Phoenician territories which were given to her by Mark Antony."
RP93064. Bronze tetrachalkon, cf. McAlee 46 - 50, Butcher 15 - 17, RPC I 4219 - 4221, HGC 9 1367, DCA 392; countermark: McAlee p. 74, note 25; Butcher 18, VF, reverse flat spot opposite countermark, weight 12.469 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 47 - 45 B.C.; countermark: c. 36 - 30 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; countermark: bust of Cleopatra right in an incuse oval; reverse Zeus Nicephorus enthroned left, chest bare, himation around hips and legs, Nike offering wreath in his right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, thunderbolt above, uncertain Pompeian Era date below, MHTPOΠOΛEΩΣ downward on left, ANTIOCEΩN / THΣ in two downward lines on right, all within laurel wreath; $130.00 (€114.40)
 


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Seleucis and Pieria, Antioch(?)

Click for a larger photo
"C•A" on the reverse has been interpreted several ways, including Caesaris Auctoritate, Commune Asia, and Caesar Augustus. RPC notes the mint, the meaning of ΛT, and the date are all uncertain. The mint was certainly in Syria, where nearly all examples have been found and the type shares a countermark which otherwise only found on Antioch SC bronzes. ΛT could be the Greek numeral 330, but, if a date, it does not fit any known era for Syria.
RY92807. Bronze AE 22, McAlee 197 (R), RPC I 4106 (26 spec.), BMCRE I 743, Butcher 61 , VF, porosity, some obv die wear, edge crack, weight 6.338 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Syrian mint, 16 Jan 27 B.C. - 19 Aug 14 A.D.; obverse AVGVST TR POT (from upper right), laureate head right; reverse C•A, smaller ΛT above, all within a laurel wreath with eight bunches of leaves, the wreath between an inner and outer linear border; ex Leu Numismatik web auction 8 (29-30 Jun 2019), lot 799; rare; $200.00 (€176.00)
 


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Damascus, Coele-Syria

Click for a larger photo
Damascus was an important caravan city with trade routes from southern Arabia, Palmyra, Petra, and silk routes from China all converging on it delivering eastern luxuries to Rome. Saul (later known as Paul) was on his way to Damascus to persecute Christians when he was blinded by a light from the presence of Jesus. He spent three days in Damascus, blind, until Jesus sent a disciple named Ananias to Saul. Damascus was the city in which Paul began his work as a great evangelist. Hadrian promoted Damascus to the Metropolis of Coele-Syria about 125 A.D. Severus Alexander upgraded it to a colonia in 222 A.D.
RY89578. Bronze AE 28, SNG Cop 421, Rosenberger V 20, SNG München -, aF/VF, crude style, inscriptions blundered and mostly off flan (normal for the type), weight 9.608 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Damascus mint, 9 Apr 193 - 4 Feb 211 A.D.; obverse CEYΠECV - AVTOK KAI (or similar), laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse ∆MACKHNΩ - MHTPΠOΛ... (or similar), turreted and draped bust of city goddess Tyche left within an arched tetrastyle shrine; ex Ancient Imports (Marc Breitsprecher); very rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria

Click for a larger photo
On 8 June 218, at the Battle of Antioch, Elagabalus, with support of the Syrian legions, defeated the forces of Macrinus. Macrinus fled but was captured near Chalcedon and later executed in Cappadocia. Diadumenian, son of Macrinus, escaped to the Parthian court, but was captured at Zeugma and was also put to death.
RP89899. Bronze as, McAlee 784(a) (rare, same dies); BMC Galatia p. 203, 432; Waage 591 var. (wreath closed with star); cf. SNG Cop 247 (legend uncertain), SNG München -, Choice VF, highlighting red earthen fill "desert" patina, well centered, nice youth portrait with Elagabalus' distinctive cheeks, well centered and struck, weight 4.833 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse AVT KAI MAP AVP ANTΩNEINOC (clockwise from 12:00), laureate head left; reverse large S • C, ∆ E above, eagle wings open and head right below, all in laurel wreath closed at the top with a garland; rare; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Antioch, Roman Provincial Syria, 30 - 29 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
RY91693. Bronze tetrachalkon, cf. McAlee 68(c); RPC I 4236; SNG Munchen 617 (year 25); BMC Galatia -; SNG Cop -, VF, brown tone, tight flan, obverse a little off center, small edge split, weight 6.948 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 30 - 29 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse Zeus enthroned left holding Nike and scepter, winged caduceus inner left, date K (year 20 of the Caesarian era) in exergue (off flan), ANTIOXEΩN / MHTPOΠOΛEΩΣ in two downward lines on the right, AVTONOMOV downward on left, all in laurel wreath closed at the top with a thunderbolt; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $80.00 (€70.40)
 




  






REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society Collections Database - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
Barkay, R. The Coinage of Nysa-Scythopolis (Beth-Shean). (Jerusalem, 2003).
Bellinger, A. The Syrian Tetradrachms of Caracalla and Macrinus. ANSNS 3. (New York, 1940).
Bland, R. "Six Hoards of Syrian Tetradrachms of the Third Century AD" in NC 151 (1991).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Butcher, K. Coinage in Roman Syria: Northern Syria, 64 BC - AD 253. RNS Special Pub. 34. (London, 2004).
Clay, C. "The Roman Coinage of Macrinus and Diadumenian" in NZ 1979.
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Herman, D. "The Coins of the Ituraeans" in INR 1 (2006), pp. 51-72.
Hill, G. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Syrian Coins, Royal and Civic Issues, Fourth to First Centuries BC. HGC 9. (Lancaster, PA, 2009).
Kindler, A. The Coinage of Bostra. (Oxford, 1983).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, 2007).
McAlee, R. "Severan Tetradrachms of Laodicea" in ANSMN 29 (1984).
Meshorer, Y. Nabataean Coins. Qedem 3. (Jerusalem, 1975).
Metcalf, W. "The Tell Kalak Hoard and Trajan's Arabian Mint" in ANSMN 20 (1975).
Mørkholm, O. "Autonomous Tetradrachms of Laodicea" in ANSMN 28 (New York, 1983).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/.
Sawaya, Z. Histoire de Bérytos et d'Héliopolis d'après leurs monnaies : Ier siècle av. J.-C. - IIIe siècle apr. J.-C. (Beirut, 1999).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Spijkerman, A. The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sutherland, C. & C. Kraay. Catalogue of Coins of the Roman Empire in the Ashmolean Museum, Part I: Augustus. (Oxford, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 28: Syrien: Nicht-königliche Prägungen. (Berlin, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 8: Syria-Nabataea. (London, 1971).(London, 1940-1971).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Van Heesch, J. "The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza (AD 312)" in NC 1993.
Waage, D. Antioch-on-the-Orontes, Vol. 4, Part 2: Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusaders' Coins. (Princeton, 1952).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).
Wruck, W. Die Syrische Provinzialprägung von Augustus bis Traian. (Stuttgart, 1931).

Catalog current as of Friday, October 18, 2019.
Page created in 3.609 seconds.
Roman Decapolis, Syria and Arabia